Minya Governorate on the map of Egypt
|• Governor||Qassem Mohammed Hussein Qassem |
|• Total||32,279 km2 (12,463 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
The name originates from the chief city of the governorate, originally known in Sahidic Coptic as Tmoone and in Bohairic as Thmonē, meaning “the residence”, in reference to a monastery formerly in the area. The name may also originate from the city's name in Egyptian Men'at Khufu.
The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.
The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 5,526,919. In the case of Minya governorate, there are a number of aqsam, and marakiz, and a new city. Sometimes a markaz and a kism share a name.
|Anglicized name||Native name||Arabic transliteration||Population
(July 2017 Est.)
|Abu Qirqas||مركز ابو قرقاص||Abū Qurqās||604,773||Markaz|
|El Idwa||مركز العدوة||Al-'Idwah||281,729||Markaz|
|Minya 1||قسم أول المنيا||Al-Minyā 1||46,999||Kism (fully urban)|
|Minya 2||قسم ثان المنيا||Al-Minyā 2||108,689||Kism (fully urban)|
|Minya 3||قسم ثالث المنيا||Al-Minyā 3||89,790||Kism (fully urban)|
|Beni Mazar||مركز بنى مزار||Banī Mazār||639,122||Markaz|
|Deir Mawas||مركز دير مواس||Dayr Mawās||412,089||Markaz|
|New Minya||مدينة المنيا الجديدة||Madīnat al-Minyā al-Jadīdah||15,122||New City|
|Malawit Gharb||مركز سمالوط غرب||Malawiṭ Gharb||488,482||Markaz|
|Mallawi||قسم ملوى||Mallawī||184,048||Kism (fully urban)|
Cities and townsEdit
As of 2018, 10 cities (or towns) in Minya had a population of over 15,000 inhabitants.
|English name||Native name||Arabic transliteration||Nov. 1996 Census||Nov. 2006 Census||Population|
(July 2017 Est.)
|Abu Qirqas||أبو قرقاس||Abū Qurqās||50,031||57,892||78,134|
|New Minya||المنيا الجديدة||Al-Minyā al-Jadīdah||68||4,567||15,122|
|Beni Mazar||بنى مزار||Banī Mazār||52,690||79,553||100,201|
|Deir Mawas||دير مواس||Dayr Mawās||33,197||40,640||52,658|
According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 18.9%. Out of an estimated 5,566,702 people residing in the governorate, 4,683,284 people live in rural areas as opposed to only 979,418 in urban areas.
Little is known today about Minya Governorate compared to its great wealth of important archaeological sites. Its remarkable history, including Ancient Egyptian, Hellenistic, Roman and Arab periods, has not yet received the full attention of scholars.
Ancient Egyptian periodEdit
The village of Bani Hasan al Shurruq houses 390 rock-cut decorated tombs and chapels from the Middle Kingdom (2000–1580 BC, especially the sixteenth dynasty). The Speos Artemidos is nearby, and hosts temples built by Queen Hatshepsut.
Akhetaten was built by Pharaoh Akhenaten and dedicated to the god Aten. Akhenaten lived there in isolation with his beautiful wife, Nefertiti, and daughters, devoting himself to the monotheistic religion that he preached. The glorious remains of the palaces, temples and tombs still exist today.
El Ashmunein (Hermopolis Magna) was the capital of the region during this period. It was the main center of worship of the god Thoth. Today, the ruins of a Greek temple, similar to the Parthenon, can be still found.
The Monastery of the Virgin Mary at Gebel el-Teir is an important Christian site near the city of Samalut. Its church was built by Empress Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, in 328, on one of the sites where the Holy Family is believed to have stayed during its Flight into Egypt.
Today, Minya governorate has the highest concentration of Coptic Christians of 50% of the total population. There are also a number of active monasteries in the region.
In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS) of USAID, had several water, and road projects, going on in several markazes in the Minya Governorate. In 2013, The United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security helped farmers in Minya by doing consultation work with them and taking soil samples.
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
- Al Matahra, east of the Nile
- Heavy industrial zone - Wadi el Sararyah
- New Minya
Agriculture and industryEdit
Minya Governorate is an important agricultural and industrial region. Among its principal crops are sugarcane, cotton, beans, soybeans, garlic, onions, vegetables of various sorts, tomatoes, potatoes, watermelons, and grapes. Among the leading local industries are food processing (especially sugar and the drying and grinding of onions), spinning and weaving of cotton, perfumes, oils and fats, cement-making, quarrying (especially limestone), and brick-making.
- Akhetaten (Amarna)
- Dehenet (Akoris or Tihna el-Gebel)
- Ansena (Antinopolis or Sheikh Ibada)
- Beni Hasan
- Deir el-Bersha
- el-Sheikh Sa'id
- Fraser Tombs
- Hebenu (Kom el-Ahmar)
- Herwer (Hur)
- Khmun (Hermopolis Magna or el-Ashmunein)
- Per Medjed (Oxyrhynchus or el-Bahnasa)
- Sharuna (el-Kom el-Ahmar Sawaris)
- Speos Artemidos (Istabl Antar)
- Tuna el-Gebel
- Zawyet el-Maiyitin
Monasteries in the Minya GovernorateEdit
- Abdel Hakim Amer, military general
- Akhenaten, Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty
- Hakim, folkloric singer
- Hoda Shaarawi, female activist
- Khufu, second Pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty
- Louis Awad, writer and intellectual
- Maria al-Qibtiyya, wife of Muhammad
- Sanaa Gamil, actress
- Suzanne Mubarak, the first lady of Egypt
- Taha Hussein, writer and intellectual
- Mervat Amin, artist
- Ahmed Hassan, leader of Egyptian Football Team
- Total area: 32,279 km².
- Percentage to total area of Egypt: 3.2%.
- Population: around 5.56 million
- Population density: 115 people/km²
- Rural population:
- Percentage to the whole population of Egypt: 5.1%
- Population growth rate:
- Minya Governorate administrative divisions: 9 localities, 57 local administrative units, 346 small villages, and 1,429 tiny villages.
- The Egyptian Tourist Authority, - ETA.
- "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
- Merriam Webster's Geographical Dictionary (Third ed.). Merriam Webster. p. 354.
- "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
- "Minya Governorate Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-04-28. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
- "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
- "Cities". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-10-05. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
- "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
- "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-10-19. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
- "UN Beneficiary Stories by UNIDO" (PDF). United Nations (unocha). Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- "Al-Minyā GOVERNORATE, EGYPT". britannica.