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Qena Governorate (Arabic: محافظة قناMuḥāfāzah Qinā) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Located in the southern part of the country, it covers a stretch of the Nile valley. Its capital is the city of Qena.

Qena Governorate
Flag of Qena Governorate
Flag
Official logo of Qena Governorate
Qena Governorate on the map of Egypt
Qena Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 26°12′32″N 32°46′05″E / 26.209°N 32.768°E / 26.209; 32.768Coordinates: 26°12′32″N 32°46′05″E / 26.209°N 32.768°E / 26.209; 32.768
Country Egypt
SeatQena (capital)
Government
 • GovernorAbdel Hamid Abdel Aziz El Hagan[2]
Area
 • Total9,565 km2 (3,693 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2018)
 • Total3,224,000[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.673[3]
medium
Websitewww.qena.gov.eg

OverviewEdit

The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.[4]

Municipal divisionsEdit

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 3,181,688. In the case of Qena governorate, there is one kism, a number of marakiz and 1 new city. Sometimes a markaz and a kism share a name.[5][6]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
Type
Abu Tesht مركز أبو طشت Abū Ṭisht 466,395 Markaz
El Waqf مركز الوقف Al-Waqf 81,806 Markaz
Dishna مركز دشنا Dishnā 390,637 Markaz
Farshut مركز فرشوط Farshūṭ 190,064 Markaz
New Qena مدينة قنا الجديدة Madīnat Qinā al-Jadīdah 1,534 New City
Nag Hammadi مركز نجع حمادى Naj' Ḥammādī 581,507 Markaz
Naqada مركز نقادة Naqādah 171,910 Markaz
Gebtu or Coptos مركز قفط Qifṭ 143,215 Markaz
Qena قسم قنا Qinā 236,624 Kism (fully urban)
Qena مركز قنا Qinā 451,141 Markaz
Qus مركز قوص Qūṣ 466,855 Markaz

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
1937 1,017,569—    
1947 1,106,302+8.7%
1957 1,219,000+10.2%
1966 1,471,000+20.7%
1976 1,705,594+15.9%
1986 2,252,315+32.1%
1996 2,027,603−10.0%
2006 2,499,964+23.3%
2015 3,045,504+21.8%
2017E 3,181,688+4.5%
2018E 3,224,000+1.3%
sources:[7][8][9][5]

According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 19.7%. Out of an estimated 3,045,504 people residing in the governorate, 2,445,051 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 600,453 in urban areas.[10]

According to population estimates from 2018 the majority of residents in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 18.7%. Out of an estimated 3,224,000 people residing in the governorate, 2,621,000 people live in rural areas as opposed to only 603,000 in urban areas.[11]

Cities and townsEdit

As of 2018, nine cities (or towns) in Qena had a population of over 15,000 inhabitants.[12]

City or Town Native Name Arabic Name Nov. 1996 Census Nov. 2006 Census July 2017 Pop. Est.
Abu Tesht أبو تشت Abū Tisht 10,469 13,015 17,022
El Waqf الوقف Al-Waqf 24,033 27,525 32,495
Dishna دشنا Dishnā 44,125 52,534 60,585
Farshut فرشوط Farshūṭ 43,796 51,052 66,447
Nag Hammadi نجع حمادى Naj' Ḥammādī 33,252 45,038 55,767
Naqada نقادة Naqādah 18,905 21,530 25,050
Qift قفط Qifṭ 17,918 22,063 22,465
Qena قنا Qinā 155,382 201,191 236,624
Qus قوص Qūṣ 49,054 60,068 78,959

Industrial zonesEdit

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), there are two industrial zones in this governorate: Al-Kalaheen Industrial Zone - Qeft, and Hou Industrial Zone Nag'a Hamadi.[13]

Projects and programsEdit

In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS) had several water, road and other projects going on in several marakiz in the Qena Governorate.[14]

In 2016, Switzerland committed to funding a solid waste management program in Qena, a project with the Egyptian Ministry of Environment that will conclude in 2021. The National Solid Waste Management Programme (NSWMP) involves the construction of infrastructure for new as well as the expansion and improvement of existing waste treatment, landfill, and recycling facilities.[15]

In 2018, the Our District (Hayenna) project was launched with the help and investment of Switzerland. The project is to improve land use, and living conditions for people in Qena governorate.[16]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Qena Governorate Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-04-28. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  6. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  7. ^ "اPop. Estimates by Governorate 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02.
  8. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  9. ^ Law, Gwillim (November 23, 1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 Through 1998. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6097-7.
  10. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  11. ^ "Population by governorate - CAPMAS". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  12. ^ "Cities". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-10-05. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  13. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-10-19. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  15. ^ "Switzerland funds programme to improve solid waste management in 4 Egyptian governorates". Daily News Egypt. 5 October 2016.
  16. ^ Omran, Hagar (23 April 2018). "Swiss embassy, Egypt's Ministry of Housing launch urban development project in Qena". Daily News Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-06-16. Retrieved 2018-11-24.

External linksEdit