Colleges of the University of Cambridge

This is a list of the colleges within the University of Cambridge.

The colleges provide most of the accommodation for undergraduates and graduates at the University. At the undergraduate level they have responsibility for admitting students to the university and organising elements of their tuition, though lectures and examinations are organised by the faculties and departments of the central University.[1] For graduates, research is conducted virtually entirely centrally in the faculties, departments and other university-affiliated research centres, though the colleges provide a central social and intellectual hub for students.

They also provide funding, accommodation, or both, for some of the academic posts in the university, with the majority of Cambridge academics being a fellow of a college in addition to their Faculty/Departmental role.[2] They are self-governed charities in their own right, with their own endowments and possessions. Until the mid-19th century, both Cambridge and Oxford comprised a group of colleges with a small central university administration, rather than universities in the common sense.

"Old" and "new" collegesEdit

The University of Cambridge has 31 colleges,[2] founded between the 13th and 20th centuries. No colleges were founded between 1596 (Sidney Sussex College) and 1800 (Downing College), which allows the colleges to be distinguished into two groups according to foundation date:

  • the 16 'old' colleges, founded between 1284 and 1596, and
  • the 15 'new' colleges, founded between 1800 and 1977.

The oldest college is Peterhouse, founded in 1284,[3] and the newest is Robinson, founded in 1977.[4] Homerton, which was first founded in the eighteenth century as a dissenting academy (and later teacher training college), attained full college status in 2010.

Restrictions on entryEdit

All 16 of the "old" colleges and 7 of the 15 "new" ones admit both male and female students as both undergraduates and postgraduates, without any age restrictions. Eight colleges restrict entry by sex, or by age of undergraduates, or admit only postgraduates:

No colleges are all-male, although most originally were. Darwin, founded in 1964, was the first mixed college, while in 1972 Churchill, Clare and King's colleges were the first previously all-male colleges to admit women. The last all-male college to become mixed was Magdalene, in 1988.[6] In 1973 Hughes Hall became the first all-female college to admit men, and Girton admitted men in 1979.

Lucy Cavendish also places restrictions on the admission of staff members, allowing only females to become fellows of the college.[7] The same is true of Newnham, but not Murray Edwards.

Architectural influenceEdit

The Cambridge and Oxford colleges have served as an architectural inspiration for Collegiate Gothic Architecture, used by a number of American universities including Princeton University and Washington University in St. Louis since the late nineteenth century.[8][9]

List of collegesEdit

College, with logo and scarf colours[10]
Founded[11]
Head
Undergraduates
Postgraduates
Total[12]
Endowment (2019)
Net Assets (2019) Assets per student
(2019)
Annual Accounts (2019)
Abbreviation[13]
Notes
  Christ's
1505 Dr Jane Stapleton, Master 433 256 689 £126,626,000 £196,757,000 £285,586 [14] CHR
  Churchill
1960 Professor Dame Athene Donald, Master 499 346 845 £108,833,000 £181,280,000 £214,532 [15] CHU
  Clare
1326 Anthony Grabiner, Baron Grabiner QC, Master
Loretta Minghella, Master-elect
519 289 808 £128,953,000 £283,106,000 £350,378 [16] CL
  Clare Hall
1966 Professor Alan Short, President 0 249 249 £29,004,099 £34,931,819 £140,288 [17] CLH Graduate students only.
  Corpus Christi
1352 Professor Christopher Kelly, Master 294 259 553 £94,390,000 £231,571,000 £418,754 [18] CC
  Darwin
1964 Dr Mike Rands, Master 0 755 755 £26,667,686 £74,424,534 £98,575 [19] DAR Graduate students only.
  Downing
1800 Alan Bookbinder, Master 463 382 845 £49,800,000 £197,200,000 £233,372 [20] DOW
  Emmanuel
1584 Dame Fiona Reynolds, Master 512 206 718 £102,465,915 £282,706,712 £393,741 [21] EM
  Fitzwilliam
1869 (1966) Sally Morgan, Baroness Morgan of Huyton, Master 486 413 899 £61,074,000 £135,672,000 £150,914 [22] F
  Girton
1869 Professor Susan J. Smith, Mistress 516 292 808 £53,123,000 £153,413,000 £189,867 [23] G Formerly women's only; became mixed in 1976.
  Gonville and Caius
1348 Dr Pippa Rogerson, Master 602 247 849 £227,459,000 £337,917,000 £398,017 [24] CAI
  Homerton
1768 (1976) Professor Geoffrey Ward, Principal 594 645 1239 £124,425,000 £198,304,000 £160,051 [25] HO
  Hughes Hall
1885 (1949) Dr Anthony Freeling, President 150 711 861 £13,840,000 £45,734,088 £53,117 [26] HH Mature undergrad, and grad students only. Became mixed in 1973.
  Jesus
1496 Sonita Alleyne, Master 513 411 924 £203,565,936 £344,813,325 £373,174 [27] JE
  King's
1441 Professor Michael Proctor, Provost 442 284 726 £100,380,000 £376,940,000 £519,201 [28] K
  Lucy Cavendish
1965 Professor Dame Madeleine Atkins, President 120 320 440 £13,754,000 £45,018,000 £102,313 [29] LC Mature female undergrad, and female grad students only. Mixed from 2021 entry.
  Magdalene
1428 Professor Sir Christopher Greenwood, Master 382 190 572 £62,619,000 £178,556,000 £312,160 [30] M
  Murray Edwards
1954 Dame Barbara Stocking, President 376 189 565 £46,457,000 £105,100,000 £186,017 [31] MUR Female only. Formerly New Hall.
  Newnham
1871 Alison Rose, Principal 416 290 706 £59,172,000 £218,882,000 £310,031 [32] N Female students only.
  Pembroke
1347 Chris Smith, Baron Smith of Finsbury, Master 475 285 760 £80,445,000 £259,162,000 £341,002 [33] PEM
  Peterhouse
1284 Bridget Kendall, Master 292 178 470 £204,078,000 £328,230,000 £698,361 [34] PET
  Queens'
1448 Dr Mohamed A. El-Erian, President 521 500 1021 £59,785,000 £123,464,000 £120,924 [35] Q
  Robinson
1977 Professor David Yates, Warden 412 252 664 £21,345,000 £92,958,000 £139,996 [36] R
  Selwyn
1882 Roger Mosey, Master 419 249 668 £67,600,000 £121,639,000 £182,094 [37] SE
  Sidney Sussex
1596 Professor Richard Penty, Master 380 247 627 £27,960,000 £131,665,000 £209,992 [38] SID
  St Catharine's
1473 Professor Sir Mark Welland, Master 481 287 768 £67,689,000 £145,952,000 £190,041 [39] CTH
  St Edmund's
1896 Catherine Arnold, Master 121 452 573 £18,127,000 £40,904,000 £71,385 [40] ED Mature undergrad, and grad students only.
  St John's
1511 Heather Hancock, Master 658 319 977 £542,446,000 £834,697,000 £854,346 [41] JN
  Trinity
1546 Professor Dame Sally Davies, Master 722 332 1054 £1,286,289,000 £1,532,280,000 £1,453,776 [42] T
  Trinity Hall
1350 The Reverend Jeremy Morris, Master 376 226 602 £286,665,000 £320,529,000 £532,440 [43] TH
  Wolfson
1965 Professor Jane Clarke, President 180 832 1012 £25,820,000 £67,285,000 £66,487 [44] W Mature undergrad, and grad students only.
Totals 12,354 10,893 23,247 £4,101,210,636 £7,424,334,478 £319,367
University and Colleges Consolidated Information
Institutions(s) Founded Head
Undergraduates
Postgraduates
Total[45]
Endowment (2019)
Net Assets (2019) Assets per student
(2019)
Annual Accounts (2019)
University of Cambridge c. 1209 Professor Stephen Toope, Vice-Chancellor 12,354 10,893 23,247 £3,020,000,000 £5,144,800,000 £221,310 [46]
Colleges (Total) " " " " " " £4,101,210,636 £7,424,334,478 £319,367
Totals 12,354 10,893 23,247 £7,121,210,636 £12,569,134,478 £540,677


There are also several theological colleges in Cambridge (for example Ridley Hall, Wesley House, Westcott House and Westminster College) that are affiliated with the university through the Cambridge Theological Federation. These colleges, while not officially part of the University of Cambridge, operate programmes that are either validated by or are taught on behalf either of the university or of Anglia Ruskin or Durham Universities.[47]

Timeline of the colleges in the order their students are presented for graduation, compared with some events in British history.

Heads of collegesEdit

Most colleges are led by a Master, even when the Master is female. However, there are some exceptions, listed below. Girton College has always had a Mistress, even though male candidates have been able to run for the office since 1976.

  • Mistress: Girton College
  • President: Clare Hall, Hughes Hall, Lucy Cavendish College, Murray Edwards College, Queens' College, Wolfson College
  • Principal: Homerton College, Newnham College
  • Provost: King's College
  • Warden: Robinson College

Also see List of current heads of University of Cambridge colleges.

Former collegesEdit

The above list does not include several former colleges that no longer exist. These include:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ a b "The Colleges of the University". University of Cambridge. 2009. Retrieved 6 April 2009.
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  5. ^ "Cambridge University seeks mature students". University of Cambridge. 5 January 2007. Archived from the original on 21 February 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2008.
  6. ^ O'Grady, Jane (13 June 2003). "Obituary - Professor Sir Bernard Williams". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
  7. ^ Lucy Cavendish College | University of Cambridge Archived 29 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine
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  9. ^ "Danforth Campus". Washington University in St. Louis. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
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