Jesus College, Cambridge
Jesus College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. The college's full name is The College of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist and the glorious Virgin Saint Radegund, near Cambridge. Its common name comes from the name of its chapel, Jesus Chapel.
|University of Cambridge|
|Location||Jesus Lane (map)|
|Full name||The College of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist and the glorious Virgin Saint Radegund, within the City and University of Cambridge|
|Motto||Prosperum iter facias (Latin)|
|Motto in English||"May your journey be successful"|
|Named for||Jesus Christ|
|Sister college||Jesus College, Oxford|
|Endowment||£196.3m (as of 30 June 2017)|
Jesus College was established between 1496 and 1516 on the site of the twelfth-century Benedictine nunnery of St Mary and St Radegund by John Alcock, then Bishop of Ely. The cockerel is the symbol of Jesus College, after the surname of its founder.
Three members of Jesus College have received a Nobel Prize. Two fellows of the college have been appointed to the International Court of Justice. Notable alumni include Thomas Cranmer, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lord Reid, Lord Toulson, Sir Rupert Jackson, Sir David Hare, Sir Roger Scruton, and Nick Hornby.
Jesus College has assets of approximately £243m making it Cambridge’s third-wealthiest college. The college is known for its particularly expansive grounds which include its sporting fields and for its close proximity to its boathouse.
When founded in 1496, the College consisted of buildings taken over from the Nunnery of St Mary and St Radegund, which was founded at the beginning of the 12th century; the Chapel is the oldest university building in Cambridge still in use, and predates the foundation of the College by 350 years, the University by half a century.
The Benedictine Convent, upon dissolution, included the chapel and the cloister attached to it; the nuns’ refectory, which became the college hall; and the former lodging of the prioress, which became the Master’s Lodge. This set of buildings remains the core of the college to this day and this accounts for its distinctly monastic architectural style, which sets it apart from other Cambridge colleges. A library was soon added, and the chapel was considerably modified and reduced in scale by Alcock. At its foundation, the college had a master, six fellows and six scholars.
Jesus College admits undergraduate and graduates students to all subjects at the university though typically accepts a larger number of students for engineering, medicine, law, natural sciences, mathematics, economics, history, languages, and human, social and political sciences. The college offers a wide range of scholarships.
The college consistently performs well in the informal Tompkins Table, which ranks Cambridge colleges by undergraduate results. Along with students from Trinity, King's, Christ's and St John's, students of the college have been members of the Cambridge Apostles.
Buildings and groundsEdit
The main entrance to Jesus College is a walled passage known as the "Chimney". The term is derived the Middle French word chemin, for "path" or "way". The Chimney leads directly to the Porter's Lodge and then into First Court. All the courts at the college, with the exception of the cloister, are open on at least one side.
The Quincentenary Library is the main library of Jesus College and is open 24 hours a day. The library was designed by Eldred Evans and David Shalev in commemoration of the 500th anniversary of the foundation of the college in 1996. Completion of the library was shortly followed by a new accommodation building in 2000, now known as Library Court. The Quincentenary Library has a particularly large law collection, housed in a law library on the ground floor.
The Old Library was in regular use until 1912. It still contains over 9,000 books and is available to private researchers upon appointment. The Old Library includes the Malthus Collection, being the family collection of alumnus Thomas Malthus.
Jesus College has large sporting grounds all on-site. These include football, rugby, cricket, tennis, squash, basketball and hockey pitches. The Jesus College Boat House is only 400 yards away, across Midsummer Common.
The college frequently hosts exhibitions of sculpture by contemporary artists. It has hosted work by Sir Antony Gormley, Sir Eduardo Paolozzi, and Barry Flanagan. The college grounds also include a nature trail, inspired by poetry composed by Samuel Taylor Coleridge during his time as a student.
Jesus College is one of the few colleges to allow anyone to walk on the lawns of its courts, with the exception of First Court, Cloister Court and those that are burial sites for deceased nuns from the original nunnery. In common with other Cambridge colleges, this privilege is only extended during Easter term.
Chapel and ChoirEdit
Jesus College ChapelEdit
The College Chapel was founded in 1157 and took until 1245 to complete, and is believed to be the oldest university building in Cambridge still in use. Originally it was the Benedictine Convent of St Mary and St Radegund, which was dissolved by Bishop John Alcock.
The original structure of the chapel was cruciform in shape and the nave had both north and south aisles. A high, pitched roof was surmounted by a belfry and steeple; this collapsed in 1277. The chapel was also used as the parish church of St Radegund. Twice the chapel was ravaged by fire, in 1313 and 1376.
When the College took over the precincts during the 15th century, the parish was renamed after the College as Jesus parish, with the churchyard still being used for burials. This, however, was short lived, as by the middle of the 16th century Jesus parish was absorbed into that of All Saints. Significant alterations were carried out to the church under Alcock, transforming the cathedral-sized church, which was the largest in Cambridge into a College chapel for a small group of scholars. A large part of the original nave was replaced by College rooms, and subsequently part of the Master's Lodge.
The misericords were created by the famous English architect Augustus Pugin between 1849 and 1853. Pugin used fragments of the misericords dating from 1500, which had been preserved in the Master's Lodge as templates. Repairs were also undertaken by George Frederick Bodley between 1864 and 1867.
Said and sung services are held every day during term. Choral Evensong take place four times a week (Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays), and sung Eucharist on Sunday mornings. There are also Compline twice a term, as well as Masses on major holy days. The Chapel, famed for its warm but clean acoustics, is also a much sought-after space for concerts and recitals, as well as recordings.
Jesus College ChoirEdit
Jesus College maintains two highly regarded choirs, the College Choir and the Chapel Choir.
- The College Choir consists of male and female students and sings regular services twice a week in the chapel. One of the leading choirs in Cambridge, its singers are mainly drawn from the College's own students, but also includes singers from a number of other colleges. Evensong is sung by the College Choir on Tuesdays at 6.30pm and Sundays at 6pm during Full Term; Sunday Eucharists are sung by a consort of singers from the College Choir.
- The Chapel Choir, which is likely to have existed since the foundation of the College, consists of around 20 choristers combined with the gentlemen of the College Choir and also sings services twice a week in the chapel. It is unique among Cambridge college choirs in that the choristers are volunteers: that is, they are drawn from schools around the city and do not attend a particular choir school. The Chapel Choir sings Evensong on Thursdays and Saturdays at 6.30pm.
Until December 2016, Mark Williams, former assistant organist at St Paul's Cathedral had been the Director of Music since September 2009; Richard Pinel, former assistant organist at St George's Chapel, Windsor and Organ Scholar at Magdalen College, Oxford, is currently the Director of Music. Former Organ Scholars include Malcolm Archer, who is (as of 2012) the Organist and Director of Chapel Music, Winchester College, James O'Donnell, Organist and Master of the Choristers of Westminster Abbey and Charles Harrison, Organist and Master of the Choristers of Chichester Cathedral.
The following Latin grace is recited before formal dinners at Jesus College (Oratio Ante Cibum):
Oculi omnium in te aspiciunt et in te sperant, Deus. Tu das illis escam tempore opportuno. Aperis tu manus, et imples omne animal benedictione tua. Benedic nobis, Domine, et omnibus tuis donis, quae ex larga liberalitate tua sumpturi sumus, per Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum. Deus est caritas. Qui manet in caritate manet in Deo et Deus in illo. Sit Deus in nobis, et nos maneamus in illo.
Translated into English, the Oratio Ante Cibum reads as follows:
The eyes of all look towards you and trust in you, O God. You give them food in due season. You open your hands and fill every living thing with your blessing. Bless us, O Lord, and all your gifts, which through your great generosity we are about to receive, through Jesus Christ our Lord. God is love. He who abides in love abides in God and God in him. May God be in us and may we abide in him.
The following Oratio Post Cibum is sometimes read after dinner:
Deus pacis et dilectionis semper maneat nobiscum; tu autem, Domine, miserere nostrum. Agimus tibi gratias pro omnibus tuis beneficiis, qui vivis et regnas, Deus, per omnia saecula saeculorum. Deus conservet Ecclesiam, Reginam, regnum, senatum, et pacem.
Translated into English, the Oratio Post Cibum ["Prayer After Food"] reads as follows:
May the God of peace and love always abide with us; have mercy upon us, O Lord. We thank you for all your mercies, who live and reign, God, for ever and ever. May God preserve the Church, the Queen, the realm, Parliament and peace.
However after a normal formal dinner in Hall the following short responsory is usually used:
- The Presiding Fellow: Laus Deo (Praise be to God)
- The College: Deo Gratias (Thanks be to God)
Although Jesus College is one of the older colleges at the university, it is known for having a relaxed and informal atmosphere. This is in large part attributable to its active student unions, the Jesus College Student Union (JSCU) and the Jesus College Graduate Union (MCR). These unions organise a wide range of social, cultural, welfare and sporting events throughout the year. The John Hughes Arts Festival, founded by College students in 2014 in memory of the late Dean of Chapel, John Hughes, enters its third year in 2017, providing a broad programme of arts events.
Jesus College offers a large number of sports, including rowing, football, rugby, hockey, tennis, squash and basketball. The college typically fields a number of teams in each sport. The Jesus College Boat Club is particularly strong, with the 1st Men's VIII never having dropped below 12th place in the May Bumps and 11th position in the Lent Bumps. The JCBC organises the annual Fairbairn Cup Races.
A three-course dinner known as Formal Hall is served in the college's main dining hall five nights a week. Gowns are worn by all members of the college, along with lounge suit for men and formal dress for women. A four-course dinner for graduate students of the college known as Grad Hall is served in Upper Hall each Wednesday. Unlike most traditional Oxbridge colleges, the college allows graduate students to dine at High Table on Tuesdays.
The college also offers informal dining at lunch and dinner known as Caff, as well as brunch on Saturday mornings and a carvery lunch on Sundays. The college also has a popular student bar known as JBar which sells a wide variety of drinks, including JPA (Jesus Pale Ale).
Masters and fellowsEdit
Masters of the collegeEdit
Ian White, current Van Eck Professor of Engineering has been master of the college since 2011. He was preceded by Robert Mair, the Sir Kirby Laing Professor of Civil Engineering. Previous masters of the college include:
- Professor David Crighton (1997–2000), former Professor of Applied Mathematics at the university;
- Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthron (1986–1996), former Disney Professor of Archaeology at the university;
- Sir Alan Cottrell (1973–1986), former Goldsmiths' Professor of Materials Science and later Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister; and
- Sir Denys Page (1959–1973), former Regius Professor of Greek and President of the British Academy.
Fellows of the collegeEdit
Three members of the college have received Nobel Prizes. Philip W. Anderson was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics (1977). Anderson was a fellow from 1969 to 1975 while he held a visiting professorship at the Cavendish Laboratory and has been an Honorary Fellow since 1978. Peter D. Mitchell, an undergraduate and later research student, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1978). Mitchell had been an undergraduate and later a research student at the college. He became an Honorary Fellow in 1979. Eric Maskin was a joint winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2007. Maskin was a research fellow from 1976 to 1977 and has been an Honorary Fellow since 2009.
Several prominent figures in the law have been fellows of the college. Professor Glanville Williams, described as Britain's foremost scholar of criminal law, was a Fellow from 1957 to 1978. The Glanville Williams Society, consisting of current and former members of Jesus College, meets annually in his honour. Justice David Hayton, editor of Underhill and Hayton's Law of Trusts and Trustees and current judge of the Caribbean Court of Justice was a Fellow from 1973 to 1987. Professor Robert Jennings was a Fellow of the college and later Whewhell Professor of International Law (1955–1982) before his appointment to the International Court of Justice (ICJ), where he served as a Judge (1982–1991) and later as President (1991–1995). Professor James Crawford was also a Fellow of the college and later Whewhell Professor of International Law (1992–2014) before his appointment to the International Court of Justice in November 2014. Current Honorary Fellows include Lord Roger Toulson of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, Sir Rupert Jackson of the Court of Appeal, and Sir Colman Treacy, also of the Court of Appeal, all of whom were students of the college.
|Thomas Cranmer||1489||1556||Archbishop of Canterbury|
|John Bale||1495||1563||Bishop of Ossory|
|Thomas Goodrich||1494||1554||Bishop of Ely|
|Arthur Golding||1535/6||1606||Protestant propagandist|
|Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke||1554||1628||Elizabethan poet, playwright, statesman and biographer of Sir Philip Sidney|
|Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Baronet, of Connington||1570/1||1631||Antiquarian, MP and founder of the Cotton Library.|
|Thomas Beard||1632||English cleric, theologian, Puritan and schoolmaster of Oliver Cromwell.|
|Francis Higginson||1588||1630||Early Puritan minister in Colonial New England, and first minister of Salem, Massachusetts.|
|Richard Sterne||1596||1683||Archbishop of York, Master of Jesus College (1634)|
|John Eliot||1604||1690||Puritan missionary who translated the Bible into Algonquian.|
|Sir Richard Fanshawe, 1st Baronet||1608||1666||English diplomat, translator and poet.|
|John Strype||1643||1737||English cleric, historian and biographer|
|William Beale||1784||1854||Master of Jesus College (1632)|
|John Flamsteed||1646||1719||First Astronomer Royal|
|Thomas Herring||1693||1757||Archbishop of Canterbury|
|Matthew Hutton||1693||1758||Archbishop of Canterbury|
|John Jortin||1698||1770||Ecclesiastical historian|
|Henry Venn||1725||1797||A leader of the Evangelical movement in the Church of England|
|Gilbert Wakefield||1756||1801||Principal of two nonconformist academies|
|Thomas Robert Malthus||1766||1834||Population theorist|
|William Otter||1768||1840||First Principal of King's College London|
|Samuel Taylor Coleridge||1772||1834||Poet, critic and philosopher|
|William Percy Carpmael||1853||1936||Founder of the Barbarians' Rugby Club|
|Sandford Schultz||1857||1937||England cricketer|
|Charles Whibley||1859||1930||Journalist and author|
|Herbert Williams||1860||1937||Bishop of Waiapu, New Zealand|
|Steve Fairbairn||1862||1938||Rowing coach|
|Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch||1863||1944||Novelist and critic|
|Gregor MacGregor||1869||1919||Scotland Rugby Union player and England cricketer|
|John Maxwell Edmonds||1875||1958||Classicist, poet. dramatist and writer of celebrated epitaphs|
|Robert Stanford Wood||1886||1963||First Vice-Chancellor of the University of Southampton|
|Bernard Vann||1887||1918||Recipient of the Victoria Cross and League footballer for Derby County from 1906 to 1907|
|Sir Harold Scott||1887||1969||Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Service from 1945 to 1953|
|E. M. W. Tillyard||1889||1962||Literary critic, master (1945–1959)|
|Hon. F.S.G. Calthorpe||1892||1935||England Cricket Captain|
|Tom Lowry||1898||1976||New Zealand Cricket Captain|
|Jacob Bronowski||1908||1974||Scientist and mathematician|
|Tom Killick||1907||1953||England cricketer|
|Lord (Saville) Garner||1908||1983||British High Commissioner to Canada, Head of the Diplomatic Service|
|James Reeves||1909||1978||Author and literary critic|
|Don Siegel||1912||1991||American film director and producer|
|David Clive Crosbie Trench||1915||1988||24th Governor of Hong Kong|
|Peter Mitchell||1920||1992||Biochemist and winner of the 1978 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his discovery the chemiosmotic mechanism of ATP synthesis|
|Sir John Jardine Paterson||1920||2000||Businessman in India|
|Raymond Williams||1921||1988||Literary and cultural critic|
|Edwin Boston||1924||1986||Clergyman and steam enthusiast|
|Maurice Cowling||1926||2005||Historian of 'high politics'|
|Harold Perkin||1926||2004||Social historian|
|J.B. Steane||1928||2011||Music critic and musicologist|
|Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon||1930||2017||Photographer and film-maker|
|Peter Hurford||1930||Organist and composer|
|Michael Podro||1931||2008||Art historian|
|Richard Hey Lloyd||1933||Organist and composer|
|Ted Dexter||1935||England Cricket Captain|
|Peter G. Fletcher||1936||1996||British conductor and author|
|Colin Renfrew, Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn||1937||Archaeologist|
|Fernando Vianello||1939||2009||Italian economist|
|Deryck Murray||1943||West Indies cricketer|
|Lisa Jardine||1944||2015||Literary critic|
|Paul Harrison||1945||Founder of the World Pantheist Movement, UNEP Global 500 Roll of Honour, author|
|Roger Toulson||1946||2017||Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
|Sir David Hare||1947||Playwright|
|Sir Rupert Jackson||1948||Justice of the Court of Appeal of England and Wales|
|Simon Hornblower||1949||Prof. of Classics and Grote Prof. of Ancient History, UCL|
|Tony Wilson||1950||2007||Journalist, founder of Factory Records|
|David Wootton||1950||Lord Mayor of London|
|Malcolm Archer||1952||Director of Chapel Music at Winchester College|
|Bernard Silverman||1952||British statistician and Master of St Peter's College, Oxford.|
|Geoff Hoon||1953||Former Secretary of State for Defence, Chief Whip, Secretary to the Treasury and Secretary of State for Transport|
|Anthony Julius||1956||British lawyer|
|Andrew Mitchell||1956||Secretary of State for International Development (from May 2010)|
|Nick Hornby||1957||Novelist and journalist|
|Shaun Woodward||1958||British politician, former Secretary of State for Northern Ireland|
|John Baron||1959||British Conservative politician|
|Kimberley Rew||1951||Songwriter and guitarist|
|James O'Donnell||1961||Organist and Master of the Choristers of Westminster Abbey|
|Theodore Huckle||1962||Counsel General for Wales|
|Glen Goei||1962||Film and theatre director|
|Quentin Letts||1963||British journalist, currently writing for the New Statesman|
|Prince Edward||1964||Earl of Wessex|
|James Wood||1965||Literary critic|
|Stephanie Theobald||1966||Novelist and journalist|
|Lewis Pugh||1969||Endurance swimmer and Ocean advocate|
|Giles Dilnot||1971||Television presenter and journalist|
|Alexis Taylor||Hot Chip musician, composer, singer|
|Charles Harrison||1974||Organist and Master of the Choristers of Chichester Cathedral|
|Jason Forbes||1990||Actor, comedian|
Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, Elizabethan poet, dramatist and statesman.
Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, noted Whig and Hanoverian supporter.
Laurence Sterne, Irish novelist and Anglican clergyman.
Steve Fairbairn, Australian rower and influential rowing coach.
Alistair Cooke, British/American journalist.
Andrew Mitchell, Conservative MP
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