Dominic Rennie Raab (/rɑːb/; born 25 February 1974) is a British Conservative Party politician who served as Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Justice Secretary and Lord Chancellor from September 2021 to September 2022 and again from October 2022 to April 2023. He previously served as First Secretary of State and Foreign Secretary from 2019 to 2021. Raab was Member of Parliament (MP) for Esher and Walton from 2010 to 2024.

Dominic Raab
Portrait photograph of Dominic Raab
Official portrait, 2022
Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
25 October 2022 – 21 April 2023
Prime MinisterRishi Sunak
Preceded byThérèse Coffey
Succeeded byOliver Dowden
In office
15 September 2021 – 6 September 2022
Prime MinisterBoris Johnson
Preceded byNick Clegg[a]
Succeeded byThérèse Coffey
First Secretary of State
In office
24 July 2019 – 15 September 2021
Prime MinisterBoris Johnson
Preceded byDamian Green[b]
Succeeded byVacant
Cabinet offices
2018–2023
Secretary of State for Justice
Lord Chancellor
In office
25 October 2022 – 21 April 2023
Prime MinisterRishi Sunak
Preceded byBrandon Lewis
Succeeded byAlex Chalk
In office
15 September 2021 – 6 September 2022
Prime MinisterBoris Johnson
Preceded byRobert Buckland
Succeeded byBrandon Lewis
Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs[c]
In office
24 July 2019 – 15 September 2021
Prime MinisterBoris Johnson
Preceded byJeremy Hunt
Succeeded byLiz Truss
Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union
In office
9 July 2018 – 15 November 2018
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byDavid Davis
Succeeded bySteve Barclay
Junior ministerial offices
2015–2018
Minister of State for Housing and Planning
In office
9 January 2018 – 9 July 2018
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byAlok Sharma
Succeeded byKit Malthouse
Minister of State for Courts and Justice
In office
12 June 2017 – 9 January 2018
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byOliver Heald
Succeeded byRory Stewart
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Civil Liberties and Human Rights
In office
12 May 2015 – 16 July 2016
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded bySimon Hughes
Succeeded byPhillip Lee
Member of Parliament
for Esher and Walton
In office
6 May 2010 – 30 May 2024
Preceded byIan Taylor
Succeeded byTBC
Personal details
Born
Dominic Rennie Raab

(1974-02-25) 25 February 1974 (age 50)
Buckinghamshire, England
Political partyConservative
SpouseErika Rey
Children2
Residence(s)Thames Ditton, Surrey, England
EducationLady Margaret Hall, Oxford (BA)
Jesus College, Cambridge (LLM)
Occupation
  • Politician
  • solicitor
  • civil servant
Signature
Websitewww.dominicraab.com Edit this at Wikidata

Born in Buckinghamshire, Raab attended Dr Challoner's Grammar School. He studied law at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford and went on to study for a master's degree at Jesus College, Cambridge. He began his career as a solicitor at Linklaters, before working at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and as a political aide. He was elected for Esher and Walton at the 2010 general election. As a backbencher, Raab co-wrote a number of papers and books, including After the Coalition (2011) and Britannia Unchained (2012). He served as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice in the second government of David Cameron from 2015 to 2016. Following Theresa May's appointment as Prime Minister, Raab returned to the backbenches but was appointed to the second May government as Minister of State for Courts and Justice following the 2017 general election. In the 2018 cabinet reshuffle, he was moved to the post of Minister of State for Housing and Planning.

In 2018, Raab was promoted to Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union following the resignation of David Davis. Two weeks later, May announced that she would take control of negotiations with the European Union, with Raab deputising for her and taking charge of domestic preparations for Brexit. Four months later, Raab resigned as Brexit Secretary in opposition to May's draft Brexit withdrawal agreement.

Following May's resignation in 2019, Raab ran to succeed her in the 2019 Conservative Party leadership election; he was eliminated in the second ballot of Conservative MPs. Following Boris Johnson's appointment as Prime Minister, Raab was appointed First Secretary of State and Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs. In 2020, when the Department for International Development was merged with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Raab's post was retitled Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs. In the 2021 cabinet reshuffle, he was moved to the posts of Deputy Prime Minister, Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor. Following a stint on the backbenches during the premiership of Liz Truss, he was re-appointed to the posts in Rishi Sunak's ministry. He resigned from Sunak's government in April 2023 after an investigation upheld some complaints that he had bullied civil servants. Raab was critical of the investigation's findings and said that the threshold for bullying had been set too low. A month after his resignation he announced that he would be standing down as an MP at the 2024 general election.

Early life and education

edit

Dominic Raab was born on 25 February 1974 in Buckinghamshire.[1][2] He is the son of Jean, a clothes buyer, and Peter, a food manager for Marks & Spencer.[3] His father, who was Jewish, was born in Czechoslovakia and fled the Nazis with his family in 1938 at age six.[4][5] The family arrived in Britain in 1940, having spent some time in a refugee camp in Tangiers.[6] Raab was brought up in the Church of England, his mother's faith.[5] He grew up in Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire.[7] Raab was 12 years old when his father died of cancer.[5]

Raab attended Dr Challoner's Grammar School, Amersham,[8] and spent a brief period as a volunteer on a kibbutz[9] before studying law at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, where he captained the university karate team.[3] He then studied for a Master of Laws degree at Jesus College, Cambridge, where he won the Clive Parry Prize for International Law.[8][10]

Early career

edit

After graduating from Cambridge, Raab trained professionally at the City of London law firm Linklaters, completing his two-year training contract at the firm. Raab qualified as a solicitor in the UK under Linklaters in the year 2000,[11][12] leaving the firm shortly after qualifying, also in 2000.[13] At Linklaters, Raab worked on project finance, international litigation and competition law.[11][14] This included time on secondments at Liberty (the human rights NGO) and in Brussels advising on EU and WTO law.[15][16]

Raab worked for six years professionally as a solicitor after qualifying, in both commercial work and civil service positions for the government in the Foreign Office, before leaving the legal profession to pursue politics in 2006.[11][12]

During his time as a lawyer in the Civil Service under the Labour Government until 2006, Raab's briefs included leading a team at the British Embassy in The Hague, dedicated to bringing war criminals to justice in a position closely linked to Tony Blair. After returning to London, he advised on the Arab–Israeli conflict, the European Union and Gibraltar.[17] He defended Tony Blair against a subpoena from former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milošević.[18]

On moving from the legal profession to politics in 2006, Raab's first political roles as part of the Conservative Party were as an aide to MP David Davis, and then to Dominic Grieve.[12] When Raab was appointed Justice Secretary in 2021 he was described within the legal press as an "ex-rookie" solicitor of a major law firm.[11]

Parliamentary career

edit

Member of Parliament

edit

Raab was elected to Parliament at the 2010 general election as MP for Esher and Walton with a vote share of 58.9% and a majority of 18,593.[19][20]

In July 2010, Raab criticised the government for opting into the EU directive on the European Investigation Order, arguing it would strain operational policing resources, and would dilute safeguards protecting British citizens from misuse of personal data and guaranteeing a fair trial.[21]

Raab came to media attention in August 2010, after requesting that the pressure group 38 Degrees remove his parliamentary email address from their website, arguing that lobby groups sending or coordinating 'clone emails' designed to deluge MPs' inboxes detracted from their ability to correspond with constituents and help those in real need. 38 Degrees said that the email address is paid for by taxpayers' money and is in the public domain, thus they have every right to host it on their website and use it for campaigning.[22][23]

In April 2011, he presented an ultimately unsuccessful Ten Minute Rule Bill proposing that emergency services and transport unions should be required by law to ensure that strike votes receive 50% support of union members. Raab argued that reform was needed to prevent "militant union bosses" holding the "hard working majority" to ransom.[24][25]

In January 2012, Raab spoke in support of the coalition government's plans to cut the budget deficit, expand academy schools, repeal the Identity Cards Act 2006, and enact a Freedom Bill.[26]

 
Raab at the 2012 Policy Exchange

On 7 March 2012, Raab opened a debate in the House of Commons on Sergei Magnitsky and Impunity for Gross Human Rights Abuses, calling on the UK government to bring forward legislative proposals that would allow it to impose visa bans and asset freezes on state officials responsible for gross human rights abuses against individuals. The motion was supported by three former Foreign Secretaries and two former Foreign Ministers and had cross-party support[27] and was passed unanimously by MPs.[28]

On 30 January 2014, Raab proposed an amendment to the Immigration Bill to deport all prisoners given a sentence of a year or more. It was defeated, but allowed 99 members to voice that change was necessary to prevent immigrants convicted of crimes from using the ECHR as support to remain in the UK.[29]

At the 2015 general election, Raab was re-elected as MP for Esher and Walton with an increased vote share of 62.9% and an increased majority of 28,616.[30][31] After the election, he was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Ministry of Justice under Michael Gove, with responsibility for human rights questions.[32] In September 2015, in this capacity, he addressed representatives of the 46 other member states of the Council of Europe on the question of the UK's blanket ban on prisoner voting.[33]

Since being elected Raab has campaigned for fairer funding for local services in Elmbridge, stronger local democracy in the running of community hospitals in Cobham, Walton and Molesey, more visible and responsive policing, and against the construction of an M25 service station at Downside.[34]

At the snap 2017 general election, Raab was again re-elected, with a decreased vote share of 58.6% and a decreased majority of 23,298.[35]

In February 2018, Raab advertised for an unpaid intern just ahead of a Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) publication responding to the Taylor review on insecure work. The BEIS report criticised "exploitative unpaid internships", saying "an employer cannot avoid paying someone the minimum wage simply by calling them an 'intern' or saying that they are doing an internship."[36]

In the 2018 cabinet reshuffle Raab was appointed Minister of State for Housing and Planning.[37]

Raab was again re-elected at the 2019 general election with a decreased vote share of 49.4% and a decreased majority of 2,743.[38][39]

Libel case

edit

In August 2007, while Raab was working in the office of David Davis MP, he signed a compromise agreement with Davis and a female employee who was intending to bring an employment tribunal claim. The agreement contained a confidentiality clause.[40] In January 2011, The Mail on Sunday published an article about the case and Raab subsequently sued the newspaper for libel, arguing that the article insinuated that he had "bullied and sexually discriminated against" the young woman causing her "to become traumatised, to feel worthless and to leave a job which she had otherwise enjoyed", and that the £20,000 she had been paid as part of the compromise agreement was "hush money to keep [his] appalling behaviour secret".[41][40] Raab refused to release the woman from the confidentiality clause of the compromise agreement, leaving the newspaper hampered in mounting a defence, and the court refused to strike out the libel claim or order the disclosure of a witness statement made by the woman.[40][41] The newspaper settled out of court with Raab, paying him a five-figure sum and printing a retraction and apology in March 2012.[42]

EU referendum campaign

edit

Raab was an active campaigner in the 2016 EU membership referendum, advocating that Britain should leave the European Union. He said in an interview that it would be better for the British economy to leave: "We'll be better off if we're freed up to trade more energetically with the growth markets like Latin America and Asia. I think it will be good for job creation and also cut prices in the stores." He also argued that there was too much waste and corruption in the EU.[43] During the Brexit campaign, Raab repeatedly argued that there was no doubt that the UK would get a trade deal with the EU.[44]

Westminster dossier

edit

In late October 2017, a dossier listing allegations of a mainly sexual nature against several dozen Conservative MPs made internally by party researchers was circulated at Westminster and amongst journalists.[45] Raab wrote on his website at the beginning of November that his entry made a false accusation of an "Injunction for inappropriate behaviour with a woman".[46] He commented: "I have never been served with any injunction for anything. Nor have I ever sought one". It was "false and malicious" to make "any insinuation that I have engaged in anything resembling sexual harassment, sexually abusive behaviour or lewd remarks". He believed the dossier itself was a "form of harassment and intimidation".[46] Raab said he was taking legal advice.[45]

Impact of immigration on the housing market

edit

In April 2018, as Minister of State for Housing and Planning Raab said in an interview that immigration had "put house prices up by something like 20%" over the past 25 years.[47] The UK Statistics Authority asked Raab to publish the evidence for his claim. A document published by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government shows that the finding was based on an out-of-date model that had never been intended for this kind of analysis. Raab defended the model and said: "I did indeed say care was needed with the data, and I was right that immigration put average prices up by 20%. We need a balanced approach."[48]

Brexit Secretary

edit
 
Raab meets with Fabian Picardo, the Chief Minister of Gibraltar, in September 2018

On 9 July 2018, following the resignation of David Davis, Raab was appointed Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union.[49] Two weeks later, May announced that she would take control of negotiations with the European Union, while Raab would deputise for her and oversee domestic preparations for Brexit.[50]

In November 2018, Raab was criticised by Labour's shadow Brexit minister, Jenny Chapman, after Raab said that he "hadn't quite understood the full extent" of how much UK trade relies on the Dover–Calais crossing.[51][52]

On 15 November 2018, Raab announced his resignation as Brexit Secretary, citing his disapproval over the Cabinet position on the draft Brexit withdrawal agreement.[53] According to a BBC News report, Raab was concerned with "two major and fatal flaws" in the draft agreement, namely that the proposed terms "threaten the integrity of the United Kingdom" and that "they would lead to an indefinite if not permanent situation where the UK is locked into a regime with no say over the rules being applied, with no exit mechanism", flaws which would prove "damaging for the economy but devastating for public trust in our democracy".[54] While subsequently describing May's deal as worse than remaining in the EU,[55] he voted in favour of it at the occasion of the third vote on the withdrawal agreement on 29 March 2019.[56] He described the Irish backstop as "undemocratic and [...] something that will have to be removed."[57]

Following his resignation, Raab defended the position that the UK should not pay the so-called Brexit divorce bill (amounting to around £39 billion) in the event of a no-deal Brexit.[58] This bill reflects commitments which the UK entered into for the EU's Multiannual Financial Framework for the years 2014–2020 and so according to some interpretations is not linked to Britain's exit from the European Union.[59] The House of Lords alternatively found that the UK would not be liable for such payments.[60]

In June 2019, unnamed EU sources claimed that Raab had been nicknamed "The Turnip" in Brussels, a play on raap, the Dutch word for the vegetable, suggesting EU dissatisfaction with his negotiation strategy.[61]

2019 Conservative Party leadership election

edit

On 25 May 2019, Raab announced he was standing in the Conservative Party leadership election after Theresa May announced her resignation.[62] In the second round of voting, on 18 June, Raab failed to obtain the required minimum number of 33 votes, winning 30 and finishing in sixth place, behind Sajid Javid.[63] After being eliminated, he endorsed the frontrunner Boris Johnson,[64] who subsequently won the contest.

First Secretary of State and Foreign Secretary

edit
 
Raab with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in Washington, D.C., August 2019
 
Raab speaks with newly sworn in U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken in January 2021
 
Raab at NATO headquarters in Brussels in April 2021

On 24 July 2019, Boris Johnson appointed Raab Foreign Secretary, succeeding Jeremy Hunt, and handed him the additional title First Secretary of State.[65] On arrival at the Foreign Office, Raab said: "I'm hugely humbled to take on this role at this time and excited about the opportunities that lie ahead."[66]

In 2019, the International Court of Justice in The Hague ruled that the United Kingdom must transfer the Chagos Archipelago to Mauritius as they were not legally separated from the latter in 1965. In its statement rejecting the ruling, the Foreign Office said: "The United Kingdom has no doubt about its sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago, which has been under continuous British sovereignty since 1814."[67] The shadow foreign secretary, Lisa Nandy, in a letter to Raab said the UK position "is damaging to Britain's reputation, undermines your credibility and moral authority".[68]

Raab stood in for Johnson at Prime Minister's Questions on 2 October 2019, as First Secretary of State.[69]

On 3 January 2020, the high-level Iranian General Qasem Soleimani was assassinated by the United States, which considerably heightened the existing tensions between the two countries. Raab backed the strike, describing the American action as self-defence.[70] He said that his government had "always recognised the aggressive threat posed by the Iranian Quds force".[71]

Raab supported Johnson's decision to allow China's Huawei to build part of UK's 5G network despite U.S. and Australian opposition.[72][73]

On 23 March, during the coronavirus pandemic, the government confirmed that Raab, as First Secretary of State, was to deputise for Johnson if he became "incapacitated" due to COVID-19.[74] On 6 April, after Johnson was admitted to an intensive care unit due to his illness with COVID-19, Raab was asked to deputise for Johnson.[75][76] In April 2020, Raab was questioned in the first two sessions of virtual Prime Minister's Questions by new Labour Leader Keir Starmer.[77]

In April 2020, Raab warned that the UK cannot go back to "business as usual" with China after the end of the COVID-19 pandemic.[78]

On 16 June, it was announced by the Prime Minister that Raab would absorb the responsibilities of the Secretary of State for International Development in September 2020 upon the formation of a joint department called the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office.[79][80] His brief changed to Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs on 2 September, and he said that the UK would continue to spend 0.7% of its national income on foreign aid.[81]

After the 30 June 2020 imposition by the Xi Jinping regime of the national security law in Hong Kong, Raab described the following day in the Commons what he saw as a "grave and deeply disturbing" event, dissected the affront to the Sino-British Joint Declaration in the Commons, and announced a new chapter in Hong Kong–United Kingdom relations with substantial changes to the idea of British National (Overseas) permits.[82][83] Raab did not rule out boycotting the 2022 Winter Olympics over the treatment of the Uyghur Muslims by the Chinese government.[84]

Raab welcomed the peace agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates,[85] saying he was gladdened by suspension of Israel's plans to annex parts of the occupied Palestinian territories in the West Bank.[86] Raab also welcomed the normalization of relations between Israel and Sudan, saying that it is "a positive step between two valued friends."[87]

In March 2020, Raab visited the mausoleum of the Turkish leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and called Turkey a "staunch ally in NATO and one of its largest contributors of military personnel." Raab said, "The UK stands with Turkey in the fight against terrorism, and recognises the serious threat posed" by the Kurdish separatist movement PKK.[88] On 6 October, Raab warned that the result of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan may be the strengthening of relations between Russia and Turkey, saying that a "battle for geopolitical stances is in progress. I believe that even though the behavior of our Turkish partners in NATO is sometimes disappointing, we need to be very careful with the risk that Turkey is falling into Russia's arms."[89]

On 10 May 2021, Raab condemned rocket attacks on Israel and called for "immediate de-escalation on all sides" and an "end to targeting of civilian populations".[90]

On 15 August 2021, as the Taliban militant group once again controlled a vast majority of Afghan territory, the Taliban began capturing the capital city of Kabul. Raab was abroad on holiday when Kabul fell to the Taliban. He returned to the UK on 16 August and said the UK government was surprised by the "scale and pace" of the Taliban's takeover of Afghanistan. Defence secretary Ben Wallace admitted all remaining UK nationals and Afghan allies might not get away and said "Some people won't get back".[91] Unnamed sources told The Guardian Raab refused to talk to some Foreign Office staff and this allegedly caused problems during the Afghanistan evacuation. Raab denies the claims. The Foreign Affairs Select Committee said the government was "missing in action" after examining the episode. Unnamed insiders told The Guardian in November 2022 that Raab limited the number of senior staff he dealt with. Unnamed sources said "Decisions that should have taken hours took days or simply did not happen." Raab allegedly avoided communicating with "those he found to be challenging voices".[92]

On 20 August 2021, Labour MP Kevin Brennan accused Rabb of hypocrisy by refusing to be contacted and remaining on holiday in Crete while Kabul fell to the Taliban, despite having previously co-authored the book Britannia Unchained[93] which criticized British workers by calling them the "worst idlers in the world".[94]

Deputy Prime Minister and Justice Secretary

edit

First term (2021–2022)

edit

In a cabinet reshuffle on 15 September 2021, Raab was appointed Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor. He was also given the title of Deputy Prime Minister, a post unused since the Cameron–Clegg coalition.[95]

Raab declined to run in the July–September 2022 Conservative Party leadership election.[96] He endorsed Sunak's leadership bid.[97]

In August 2022, Raab moved to block the release of the parents of now seven-year-old Tony Hudgell, who had been abused by them and had to have his legs amputated.[98]

The Guardian reported in December 2022 that Raab prevented the victims' commissioner for England and Wales being reappointed and is not expected to replace her for months. According to victims' groups, critical legislation was going through parliament without an independent reviewer. Unnamed sources stated Raab intervened to stop Vera Baird staying as victims' commissioner.[99]

Second term (2022–2023)

edit
 
Raab meeting with Prime Minister Rishi Sunak after his appointment as Deputy Prime Minister, Lord Chancellor and Justice Secretary on 25 October 2022.

Raab was reappointed by Sunak as Deputy Prime Minister, Justice Secretary and Lord Chancellor on 25 October 2022.[100] In November 2022, Raab said that terrorist offenders would face longer sentences if they committed crime, such as vandalising cells, while in prison.[101]

Raab resigned as both Deputy Prime Minister and Justice Secretary on 21 April 2023, after an independent investigation found that his behaviour towards civil servants at the Ministry of Justice and at the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office had amounted to bullying in two cases.[102] The report of the investigation was published on the same day.[103]

Bullying investigation and resignation

edit

On 15 November 2022, two formal bullying complaints were made by civil servants about Raab's behaviour when Justice Secretary and Foreign Secretary in Boris Johnson's government.[104] Allegations against Raab included claims that he lost his temper at work and left staff scared to enter his office and that his behaviour was "abrasive and controlling".[105] After Raab had been notified about the two formal complaints, he asked Sunak to commission an independent investigation, saying that he would "thoroughly rebut and refute" the claims against him, that he had "never tolerated bullying" and was confident that he had "behaved professionally throughout".[104] Adam Tolley KC was appointed to undertake the investigation, while the responsibility to decide whether Raab had breached the ministerial code of conduct would remain with Sunak.[106] During an interview on Sky News in February 2023, Raab said he would resign if the investigation found that he had bullied civil servants.[107]

The story of bullying allegations against Raab, which eventually led to the investigation and his resignation, had broken on 11 November 2022 when The Guardian newspaper reported that that senior civil servants in the Ministry of Justice were offered "respite or a route out" of the department after Raab was reappointed, as they had been affected by his behaviour, described as "bullying and unprofessional", during his previous tenure.[108] The Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Justice, Antonia Romeo, had had to ask Raab to treat staff professionally and with respect on his return.[108] The following days brought further media coverage of allegations of bullying: The Sun suggested that Raab had once thrown tomatoes from a salad across a room in a fit of anger, a claim Raab's spokesman dismissed as nonsense, while The Mirror reported that he "burns through" staff.[109]

The former Permanent Secretary at the Foreign Office, Lord McDonald was interviewed on LBC Radio and said that he had spoken to Raab on several occasions about the way he treated staff.[110] A report in The Times said that civil servants at the Ministry of Justice had been "signed off work for extended periods of time" when Raab was Justice Secretary and that a complaint had been made about him in March 2022, with reference to a "dysfunctional working culture" that had begun to hinder effective work in the department.[111] Raab denied the allegations with a spokesman saying "He consistently holds himself to the highest standards of professionalism and has never received nor been made aware of any formal complaint against him".[109]

Initially the terms of reference of the bullying investigation included just the two formal complaints made on 15 November but they were expanded as more complaints were made between 23 November and 13 December and eventually included eight formal complaints, six dating from Raab's time at the Ministry of Justice, one from his time as Foreign Secretary and one from his time as Brexit Secretary.[112][103]: 2-3  The eight complaints involved 24 civil servants.[112] Tolly conducted 66 interviews including four with Raab, who also made written representations to the investigation.[103]: 16-17,22 

The report, which was handed to Sunak on 20 April 2023, found that on occasion, both at the Ministry of Justice and at the Foreign Office, Raab's conduct towards civil servants had crossed the threshold between abrasive and bullying.[112] Raab's style was, in his own words, "inquisitorial, direct, impatient and fastidious", but the report found that he did not shout or swear at people, and did not refer to them as "snowflakes".[112] Both the Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Justice, Antonia Romero, and the Permanent Under Secretary at the Foreign Office, Sir Philip Barton, had previously spoken to him about his behaviour, although not using the term "bullying", but their advice had not had any impact.[103]: 29-30  It was only after the investigation was announced, that Raab modified his abrasive style.[103]: 43 

The report found that Raab had been aggressive at a meeting at the Foreign Office and his conduct had involved misuse of power to undermine and humiliate.[103]: 35  No finding on the original Ministry of Justice group complaint was made, as it had been signed by a number of people, not all of whom had had direct contact with Raab.[103]: 39  Regarding the additional Ministry of Justice complaints, the report found that on occasion during meetings with policy officials, Raab's behaviour had been intimidating and insulting.[112][103]: 40  As far as the Brexit Office complaint was concerned, the report found that Raab's behaviour was intimidating but not offensive, malicious or insulting and so did not meet the threshold for bullying.[103]: 34  Tolley found that all complainants acted in good faith and had no ulterior agenda.[103]: 32,39 

It was up to the Prime Minister to decide whether or not Raab's conduct breached the ministerial code, which states that: "Harassing, bullying or other inappropriate or discriminating behaviour wherever it takes place is not consistent with the Ministerial Code and will not be tolerated"[103]: 5  Raab however had previously said he would resign if the investigation found that he had bullied civil servants and so he did not wait for Sunak's decision but submitted his resignation as Minister of Justice and Deputy Prime Minister on 21 April 2023, the day after the report was handed to Sunak.[113] In his resignation letter Raab was critical of the investigation, saying that the adverse findings were flawed and that the threshold for bullying had been set too low. He also complained that there had been "skewed and fabricated claims" leaked to the media during the investigation.[113] One leak was reported by The Telegraph in March 2023, which said that former Prime Minister Johnson had privately warned Raab about his conduct and given evidence to the investigation.[114] Johnson's warning was not mentioned in the report, which said that there had been "a series of inaccurate and misleading media reports about the investigation".[103]: 5 

A month after resigning as a minister, Raab announced that he would stand down as an MP at the 2024 general election.[115]

Political positions

edit
 
Raab and Donald Trump at the 2019 NATO Summit

Human Rights Act

edit

In 2009, prior to becoming an MP, Raab said he did not support the Human Rights Act, stating that "The very enactment of the Human Rights Act has served as a trigger for the formulation of claims by lawyers and judicial reasoning by courts, using human rights arguments that would never have been dared before. The spread of rights has become contagious and, since the Human Rights Act, opened the door to vast new categories of claims, which can be judicially enforced against the government through the courts."[116][117]

Positive discrimination

edit

In July 2010, he secured a review of positive discrimination rules being applied to Foreign and Commonwealth Office work experience schemes, having been contacted by a constituent who had been rejected from the scheme for failing to meet "the social criteria". The two programmes at the organisation barred white males from applying, other than those from low-income backgrounds; Raab argued they re-introduced discrimination 'via the backdoor'.[118] The MP welcomed the review, blaming the situation on the previous Labour government. He stated "positive discrimination is wrong in the same way as negative discrimination. It means people are thinking in terms of social criteria and it is anti-meritocratic."[119]

Prisoners' rights

edit

On 10 February 2011, Raab gave the winding-up speech in the debate on whether to give prisoners the vote, arguing that freedom entails responsibility and that elected lawmakers in the House of Commons rather than "unaccountable" judges in Strasbourg should decide the matter.[120][121]

On 22 June 2011, the Joint Committee on Human Rights (JCHR) published a report on The Human Rights Implications of British extradition.[122] As a member of the JCHR, Raab proposed that the committee look into the issue of fast-track extradition of British citizens following several instances of miscarriages of justice. In an article for The Times,[123] Raab argued that more needed to be done to protect British citizens subject to European Arrest Warrants. The JCHR has called for safeguards to ensure warrants are not issued for minor offences and when there is minimal evidence, and for checks to prevent extradition for investigation rather than prosecution. On 24 November 2011, Raab led a debate in the House of Commons calling for extradition reform.[124] His motion had cross-party support, and was backed by Gary McKinnon's mother, Janis Sharpe.[125][126]

Palestinian state

edit

In September 2011, Raab wrote that "Peace must precede Palestinian statehood", and criticised the Israeli settlements as undermining "the prospects for a continuous Palestinian state."[127]

In August 2020, in his capacity of Foreign Secretary, Raab visited Israel and the West Bank to "press for renewed dialogue" between the two sides.[128]

The Miller case

edit

On 3 November 2016, and in response to the decision of the High Court in R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union on whether the government was entitled to notify an intention to leave the European Union under Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union without a vote in Parliament, Raab stated that in the 2016 EU membership referendum "the British people gave a clear mandate for the UK Government to leave the EU and take back control of our borders, laws, money and trade. It is disappointing that today the court has chosen to ignore their decision". He went on to state that the decision was "a plain attempt to block Brexit by people who are out of touch with the country and refuse to accept the result. However, the vote to leave the EU was clear and they should not seek to obstruct it".[129]

Saudi Arabia

edit

In October 2018, Raab told BBC One's The Andrew Marr Show that the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi was a "terrible case" but the UK government was "not throwing our hands in the air and terminating the relationship with Saudi Arabia, not just because of the huge number of British jobs that depend on it but also because if you exert influence over your partners you need to be able to talk to them... The problem with Labour's position is it would cost thousands of British jobs."[130][131]

Writings

edit

Civil liberties and justice

edit

In 2009, Raab published his first book, The Assault on Liberty – What Went Wrong with Rights.[132] In October 2010, he published Fight Terror, Defend Freedom, a pamphlet on the Home Office counter-terrorism review.[133]

In January 2011, Raab wrote an article on the use of control orders in counter-terrorism cases in which he contended that they are ineffective and should be scrapped with a greater focus on prosecutions.[134]

In April 2011 Raab published a pamphlet with the think tank Civitas entitled Strasbourg in the Dock.[135] The pamphlet followed Parliament's recent rejection of a European Court of Human Rights ruling (the Hirst case) that at least some prisoners should have the right to vote. Raab argued that judges had overstepped the mark in relation to the case because they were not elected. The Strasbourg judges are elected by the 324 members of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe; members are drawn from the national parliaments of the Council of Europe's member states. Raab contended that many of the judges were lacking experience and as a result "are undermining the credibility and value of the Court".[135] Raab made a range of proposals to strengthen the authority of Britain's Supreme Court, give elected lawmakers the last word on the creation of new rights, and reform the Strasbourg Court.

In July 2011, Raab called for reform of the UK Borders Act 2007, which allows foreign criminals to avoid deportation by claiming a "right to family life" under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. He proposed that the reference to the Human Rights Act be removed. He argued this could be done in a way that ensures foreign criminals could avoid deportation only if there is a "serious risk" they will be tortured on their return.[136]

Equality, meritocracy, and positive discrimination

edit

On 30 January 2011, he wrote a comment piece for The Sunday Times on implementation of the Equality Act 2010. Raab argued for a meritocratic approach against positive discrimination and highlighted the lower standard of human rights protections in extradition cases compared with deportation cases.[137]

In an article in January 2011 on the Politics Home website, Raab argued in favour of transferable paternity leave and against "the equality bandwagon ... pitting men and women against each other". He argued in favour of a consistent approach to sexism against men and women commenting that some feminists were "now amongst the most obnoxious bigots" and it was sexist to blame men for the recession.[138]

Raab highlighted the wide range of sex discrimination he said was faced by males including "anti-male discrimination in rights of maternity/paternity leave", young boys being "educationally disadvantaged compared to girls", and how "divorced or separated fathers are systematically ignored by the courts". Raab stated "from the cradle to the grave, men are getting a raw deal. Men work longer hours, die earlier, but retire later than women", noting that the pensions inequalities were still not going to be rectified for another seven years.[139][140]

He was subsequently interviewed on the piece by the London Evening Standard,[141] as well as BBC Radio 4.[142] Theresa May, who was Minister for Women and Equalities at the time, criticised Raab's "obnoxious bigots" comment but agreed with his suggestions on paternity leave and ending gender warfare.[143][144] Her remarks took place during a debate on employment law in the House of Commons.[145]

Raab's remarks were criticised by some Labour MPs, including Harriet Harman and Nia Griffith, who said Raab should "stop being so self-pitying. The reality is that women with very good qualifications time and time again do not get the top jobs and opportunities."[146] Raab stood by his comments in a comment piece for The Daily Telegraph, highlighting the various statements Harman had made about men, contrasting them with similar comments about women by the likes of Andy Gray.[147] Raab also stated he had received an "overwhelmingly positive" reaction to his comments "from both men and women".[148]

In July 2012, Raab published a pamphlet with the Centre for Policy Studies entitled Unleashing the British Underdog: 10 Bets on the Little Guy. In the report, Raab outlines 10 policies to improve social mobility and provide opportunities for those from non-traditional backgrounds to succeed.[149]

After the Coalition

edit

In October 2011, Dominic Raab and four other MPs of the 2010 intake published After the Coalition, an argument that Conservative principles adapted to the modern world would be essential for the future national success of the party. The book was serialised in The Daily Telegraph. Raab wrote his piece for the paper on British foreign policy, arguing it should reflect the national interest: Britain should not overextend itself in foreign conflicts, aid should be focused on the poorest countries and Britain should champion free trade abroad.[150]

Regulation

edit

In November 2011, Raab wrote a pamphlet published by the Centre for Policy Studies, Escaping the Strait Jacket – Ten Regulatory Reforms to Create Jobs. The paper makes the case for reforming red tape to boost job creation on grounds of economic competitiveness and social fairness.[151]

Britannia Unchained

edit
 
From left to right: Chris Skidmore, Raab, James Forsyth, Priti Patel and Kwasi Kwarteng at a panel for the book Britannia Unchained in 2012

In September 2012 Raab co-authored the book Britannia Unchained.[93] The book addressed issues of the national debt, state education, innovation and work ethic,[152] and asserted that in the opinion of its authors British workers were "the worst idlers in the world” due to their low productivity and a perceived aversion to hard work.[94]

Raab called for measures to cut regulation on start-up companies, expand vocational training, reduce childcare costs and lower marginal (income-focused) rates of taxation to "rediscover and reward the lost virtue of hard-work – a tried and tested route to individual success, a more prosperous economy and a fairer society."[153]

Writing on work ethic in The Daily Telegraph, Raab said that longer periods in education, earlier retirement, welfare dependency and high marginal rates of taxation had led to a situation where "(w)e have a smaller proportion of the workforce pedalling harder to sustain the rest – which is economically debilitating and socially divisive."[153]

Personal life

edit

Raab is married to Erika Rey, a Brazilian marketing executive who until 2020 worked for Google.[154] They live in Thames Ditton, Surrey,[155] and have two children.[8]

Raab holds a black belt, third dan in karate.[5]

In October 2021, following the murder of Sir David Amess, Raab told ITV News that he had received three death threats in the previous two years.[156]

Awards

edit

Raab won Newcomer of the Year for 2011 at The Spectator magazine's Parliamentary Awards.[157]

In 2019, LBC's Iain Dale and a panel placed Raab fourth in a list of that year's "Top 100 Most Influential Conservatives".[158]

Honours

edit

Notes

edit
  1. ^ Office vacant between May 2015 and September 2021.
  2. ^ Office vacant between December 2017 and July 2019.
  3. ^ Raab served as Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Secretary from 2019 to 2020. In September 2020, Raab took over the duties of the former role of Secretary of State for International Development, held by Anne-Marie Trevelyan until the role was abolished. Raab then became Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs Secretary.

References

edit
  1. ^ "No. 59418". The London Gazette. 13 May 2010. p. 8745.
  2. ^ "Profile: Dominic Raab". BBC News. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 23 June 2020. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  3. ^ a b Jones, Amy (15 April 2020). "Dominic Raab: The 'ambitious' former lawyer who has the same lunch from Pret every day". The Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 19 October 2020. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Dominic Raab: One kick and the Tory karate kid bloodies No 10". The Sunday Times. London. 2 February 2014. Archived from the original on 16 January 2021. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d Millard, Robin (10 July 2018). "Dominic Raab: Karate kid, with a Jewish father, in the UK Brexit hotseat". The Times of Israel. Jerusalem. Archived from the original on 13 December 2020. Retrieved 25 April 2023.
  6. ^ Raab, Dominic (29 January 2020). "Holocaust Memorial Day 2020: Foreign Secretary's speech". Foreign & Commonwealth Office. Retrieved 25 April 2023.
  7. ^ Shipman, Tim (5 May 2019). "Interview: will Dominic Raab become Britain's next prime minister?". The Sunday Times. London. Archived from the original on 12 January 2021. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  8. ^ a b c "Dominic Raab MP". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 20 February 2020. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  9. ^ Hutton, Robert; Donaldson, Kitty (7 April 2020). "Blunt lawyer, ally, rival: Who is Dominic Raab, Boris Johnson's stand-in as U.K. prime minister?". Fortune. New York. Archived from the original on 14 April 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Jesuan takes up new ministerial position". Jesus College, Cambridge. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2023.
  11. ^ a b c d "Cabinet Reshuffle: Ex-Magic Circle Rookie Raab Appointed Justice Sec". Legal Cheek. 15 September 2021. Archived from the original on 16 September 2021. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
  12. ^ a b c "Who is Dominic Raab? Karate black-belt who is no stranger to controversy". BBC News. 15 September 2021. Archived from the original on 17 September 2021. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  13. ^ "Dominic Raab has the brains for Brexit deal, but has he got the charm?". The Times. 10 July 2018. Archived from the original on 6 May 2022. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
  14. ^ "Dominic Raab". politics.co.uk. 13 October 2013. Archived from the original on 2 September 2021. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  15. ^ "Dominic Raab MP". Dominicraab.com. Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Dominic Raab". David Higham Associates. 9 August 2019. Archived from the original on 16 September 2021. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  17. ^ "Dominic Raab: bullish Brexiter with outspoken reputation". The Guardian. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 17 September 2021. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  18. ^ "DECISION ON ASSIGNED COUNSEL APPLICATION FOR INTERVIEW AND TESTIMONY OF TONY BLAIR AND GERHARD SCHRÖDER". International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. 9 December 2005. Archived from the original on 15 November 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  19. ^ "Esher & Walton". BBC News. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  20. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  21. ^ Whitehead, Tom; Porter, Andrew (26 July 2010). "Britons to be spied on by foreign police". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 25 January 2021. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  22. ^ Pidd, Helen (9 August 2010). "Conservative MP tried to remove email address from websites". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 13 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  23. ^ "Lobby Group Politics | Dom Raab's Blog". Domraab.blogspot.com. 9 August 2010. Archived from the original on 13 December 2020. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  24. ^ The Times, 26 April 2011
  25. ^ "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 26 Apr 2011 (pt 0002)". Publications.parliament.uk. Archived from the original on 13 December 2020. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  26. ^ "Hansard – Commons | Houses of Parliament – Archives (11th January 2012): Dominic Raab: Spoken material by date". Publications.parliament.uk. Archived from the original on 14 September 2020. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  27. ^ "MPs urge government sanctions against Russia over Magnitsky death". BBC News. 7 March 2012. Archived from the original on 13 December 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  28. ^ "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 07 Mar 2012 (pt 0003)". Publications.parliament.uk. Archived from the original on 13 December 2020. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  29. ^ "The full list of MCs who voted for the Raab amendment". Conservative Home. 30 January 2014. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  30. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  31. ^ Tobitt, Charlotte (7 May 2015). "Election 2015: Dominic Raab holds onto Esher and Walton seat with huge majority". Get Surrey. Archived from the original on 31 January 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  32. ^ Prince, Rosa (12 May 2015). "David Cameron addresses his Cabinet with pledge to implement Conservative manifesto in full – as it happened". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 26 November 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  33. ^ @SwedeninCoE (22 September 2015). "Sweden in CoE on Twitter: "2/2… as well as blanket ban on #voting imposed on prison convicts in #UK . @MoJGovUK Minister Dominic Raab represents UK."" (Tweet). Retrieved 1 August 2019 – via Twitter.
  34. ^ "Dom in the media". Dominicraab.com. Archived from the original on 22 November 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  35. ^ "Esher and Walton Candidates". Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  36. ^ Jessica Elgot (7 February 2018). "Minister seeks unpaid intern as government tackles unfair work". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  37. ^ "Theresa May promotes rising stars as reshuffle continues". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 31 May 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  38. ^ "Esher & Walton Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. Archived from the original on 13 December 2019. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  39. ^ "Esher & Walton Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  40. ^ a b c "[2011] EWHC 3375 (QB)". British and Irish Legal Information Institute. 8 December 2011.
  41. ^ a b Halliday, Josh (16 December 2011). "Tory MP gets green light to sue Mail on Sunday". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  42. ^ "A Minister Named On The Westminster "Sleaze" List Says It Is Intimidating Innocent Tory MPs". BuzzFeed News. 1 November 2017.
  43. ^ "Dominic Raab: "Remain are getting jittery – we're winning this debate"". The House. London. 9 June 2016. Archived from the original on 24 July 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  44. ^ "Did Raab talk about no-deal Brexit during referendum?". BBC News. 1 August 2019. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  45. ^ a b Walker, Peter (1 November 2017). "Tory minister hits out at 'malicious' sexual abuse claims against MPs". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 1 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  46. ^ a b Allegretti, Aubrey (1 November 2017). "Conservative Dominic Raab denies dossier's injunction claim". Sky News. Archived from the original on 1 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  47. ^ Shipman, Tim (8 April 2018). "Tory housing minister Dominic Raab warns that immigration has pushed up house prices". The Sunday Times. ISSN 0956-1382. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  48. ^ Perkins, Anne (13 April 2018). "Housing minister defends claim of immigration impact on house prices". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 April 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  49. ^ "PM replaces Davis with Raab as she battles Brexit crisis". Sky News. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 16 January 2021. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  50. ^ "Theresa May takes personal charge of Brexit talks". BBC News. 24 July 2018.
  51. ^ "Raab under fire over Dover-Calais comment". BBC News. 8 November 2018. Archived from the original on 8 November 2018. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  52. ^ "Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab admits he 'did not quite understand' UK's reliance on Dover trade route". Sky News. Archived from the original on 9 November 2018. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  53. ^ "Brexit Secretary Raab resigns". BBC News. 15 November 2018. Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  54. ^ "Brexit: Dominic Raab and Esther McVey among ministers to quit over EU agreement". BBC News. 16 November 2018. Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  55. ^ Simon Murphy (23 November 2018). "Dominic Raab: Theresa May's deal worse than staying in EU". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 November 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  56. ^ Syal, Rajeev (29 March 2019). "Third vote on May deal exposes splits among Tory Brexiters". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  57. ^ Graham, Dave (8 August 2019). "It's up to EU to avoid no-deal Brexit, says Raab". Reuters. Archived from the original on 8 August 2019. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  58. ^ Raab, Dominic (21 November 2018). "We must be willing to walk away with no deal - taking our £39bn with us". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  59. ^ Michael Waibel (30 March 2017). "The financial cost to the UK of leaving the EU". University of Cambridge, Judge Business School, Centre for Business Research. Archived from the original on 26 November 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  60. ^ "UK payments to EU budget could end but political consequences would be profound". Parliament.uk. 4 March 2017. Archived from the original on 8 March 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  61. ^ Crisp, James (17 June 2019). "Brussels nicknamed Dominic Raab 'The Turnip' during his disastrous spell as Brexit secretary". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2019 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  62. ^ "Dominic Raab and Andrea Leadsom join race". BBC News. 25 May 2019. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  63. ^ "Dominic Raab out of Tory leadership race". BBC News. 18 June 2019. Archived from the original on 18 June 2019. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  64. ^ "Raab throws support behind Boris Johnson". BBC News. Archived from the original on 19 June 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  65. ^ Stewart, Heather (24 July 2019). "Javid, Patel and Raab take top posts in Boris Johnson's cabinet". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  66. ^ "Dominic Raab appointed new Foreign Secretary". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  67. ^ "Foreign Office quietly rejects International Court ruling to hand back Chagos Islands". inews.co.uk. 18 June 2020. Archived from the original on 30 January 2021. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  68. ^ "UK's 'colonial' stance over Chagos Islands could derail court bid". The Guardian. 9 February 2021. Archived from the original on 19 February 2021. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  69. ^ D'Arcy, Mark (2 October 2019). "PMQs verdict: Raab and Abbott's first duel". BBC News. Archived from the original on 3 October 2019. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  70. ^ "Qasem Soleimani: PM 'will not lament' Iranian general's death". BBC News. 6 January 2020. Archived from the original on 14 January 2020.
  71. ^ Leiceister, John (3 January 2020). "'A more dangerous world': U.S. airstrike responsible for killing Iran's top general triggers global alarm". Nation & World. Associated Press (via the Chicago Tribune). Archived from the original on 5 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  72. ^ "Britain and America Have a China Problem". The Atlantic. 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 11 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  73. ^ "Huawei row: Australian MPs cancel UK trip amid tensions over leak". BBC News. 15 February 2020. Archived from the original on 18 February 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  74. ^ "Dominic Raab to become acting PM if Boris Johnson incapacitated due to coronavirus". The Independent. 23 March 2020. Archived from the original on 26 May 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  75. ^ "Coronavirus: Boris Johnson moved to intensive care". BBC News. Archived from the original on 3 June 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  76. ^ Douglas, Jason (6 April 2020). "Dominic Raab, Johnson Ally and Brexit Stalwart, Steps In to Manage U.K. Coronavirus". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 27 April 2020. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  77. ^ Proctor, Kate (22 April 2020). "Starmer grills Raab over care home deaths in first virtual PMQs". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 6 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  78. ^ "It cannot be 'business as usual' with China after coronavirus crisis, Dominic Raab warns". The Daily Telegraph. 16 April 2020. Archived from the original on 20 April 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  79. ^ "Prime Minister announces merger of Department for International Development and Foreign Office" (Press release). GOV.UK. 16 June 2020. Archived from the original on 14 January 2021. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  80. ^ Hope, Christopher (16 June 2020). "Boris Johnson announces abolition of Dfid, with Foreign Office to take direct control of aid budget". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 16 June 2020. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  81. ^ "UK won't cut foreign aid budget - Dominic Raab". BBC News. 2 September 2020. Archived from the original on 2 September 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  82. ^ "Hong Kong: UK makes citizenship offer to residents". BBC News. 1 July 2020. Archived from the original on 1 July 2020. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  83. ^ Raab, Dominic (1 July 2020). "Dominic Raab describes China-imposed Hong Kong law as 'grave and deeply disturbing'". Daily Telegraph. YouTube. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  84. ^ "Dominic Raab hints UK could boycott 2022 Beijing winter Olympics amid evidence of 'egregious' human rights abuses of Uighur people". The Independent. 6 October 2020. Archived from the original on 5 January 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  85. ^ "Britain and France welcome UAE-Israel deal". The National. 13 August 2020. Archived from the original on 14 August 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  86. ^ "Israel to halt Palestinian land annexation in 'historic' deal with UAE". Sky News. 14 August 2020. Archived from the original on 18 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  87. ^ "Foreign Secretary statement on normalisation of Israel and Sudan relations". Agenparl. 25 October 2020. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  88. ^ "UK Foreign Minister Dominic Raab offers "solidarity" to Turkey over Syria and its fight against terror". T-VINE. 5 March 2020. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  89. ^ "Raab: Result of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict may be the strengthening of Russia-Turkey relations". Armenia News. 6 October 2020. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  90. ^ "World reacts after Israeli forces wound hundreds in Al-Aqsa raid". Al Jazeera. 10 May 2021. Archived from the original on 16 May 2021. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  91. ^ "Afghanistan: Dominic Raab admits government was surprised by 'scale and pace' of Taliban takeover". The Independent. 16 August 2021. Archived from the original on 17 August 2021. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  92. ^ Dominic Raab's conflicts with staff led to delays in Afghanistan evacuation, sources claim The Guardian. 19 November 2022
  93. ^ a b Kwarteng, Kwasi; Patel, Priti; Raab, Dominic; Skidmore, Chris; Truss, Liz (2012). Britannia Unchained: Global Lessons for Growth and Prosperity. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-137-03223-2. Archived from the original on 7 August 2022. Retrieved 6 August 2022. "The British are among the worst idlers in the world. We work among the lowest hours, we retire early and our productivity is poor. Whereas Indian children aspire to be doctors or businessmen, the British are more interested in football and pop music"
  94. ^ a b "Dominic Raab accused of hypocrisy after calling British workers 'worst idlers in the world'". The Independent. 20 August 2021.
  95. ^ "Ministerial appointments: September 2021". GOV.UK. 16 September 2021. Archived from the original on 17 September 2021. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  96. ^ Webster, Laura (7 July 2022). "Here's who's confirmed to stand in - and ruled out of - the Tory leadership race". The National. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 24 August 2022.
  97. ^ Browning, Oliver (12 July 2022). "'He makes things happen': Dominic Raab endorses Rishi Sunak as prime minister". The Independent. Retrieved 24 August 2022.
  98. ^ Zakir-Hussain, Maryam (28 August 2022). "Dominic Raab moves to block release of dangerous offender who tortured baby son". The Independent. Retrieved 29 August 2022.
  99. ^ Dominic Raab blocked victims’ commissioner’s reappointment The Guardian. 14 December 2022
  100. ^ "Dominic Raab Appointed Deputy Prime Minister In Rishi Sunak's New Cabinet". Yahoo UK. 25 October 2022. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  101. ^ "Dominic Raab warns terrorists over further prison time". BBC News. 20 November 2022. Retrieved 16 December 2022.
  102. ^ Lee, Dulcie (21 April 2023). "Dominic Raab resigns over bullying report". BBC News. Retrieved 21 April 2023.
  103. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Tolley KC, Adam (21 April 2023). "Formal complaints about the conduct of the Right Honourable Dominic Raab MP, Deputy Prime Minister, Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice: Investigation report to the Prime Minister" (PDF). gov.uk. Retrieved 22 April 2023.
  104. ^ a b "Dominic Raab facing two complaints over behaviour". BBC News. 16 November 2022. Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  105. ^ "Read Dominic Raab's statement in full as he confirms formal bullying complaints". The Independent. 16 November 2022.
  106. ^ "Lawyer appointed to investigate complaints about Dominic Raab's conduct". BBC News. 23 November 2022.
  107. ^ "Dominic Raab: Justice secretary vows to resign if bullying claims upheld". Sky News. 26 February 2023.
  108. ^ a b "MoJ staff offered 'route out' amid concerns over Dominic Raab behaviour". The Guardian. 11 November 2022.
  109. ^ a b "Rishi Sunak says he is unaware of any formal complaints against Dominic Raab". BBC News. 14 November 2022.
  110. ^ "Dominic Raab: how the Guardian revealed bullying allegations". The Guardian. 21 April 2023.
  111. ^ Bancroft, Holly (17 November 2022). "Civil servants under Dominic Raab 'signed off sick' because of stress, complaint reportedly alleges". Independent.
  112. ^ a b c d e "Dominic Raab bullying report: Key findings at a glance". BBC News. 21 April 2023.
  113. ^ a b "Dominic Raab quits as report criticises his 'unreasonably aggressive conduct'". The Guardian. 21 April 2023.
  114. ^ Riley-Smith, Ben (8 March 2023). "Boris Johnson warned Dominic Raab about his conduct and gave evidence to bullying investigation". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 8 May 2023.
  115. ^ "Dominic Raab to stand down as MP at next election". BBC News. 22 May 2023.
  116. ^ "Labour fears Dominic Raab will target rights act in new justice post". The Guardian. 16 September 2021. Archived from the original on 19 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  117. ^ "Dominic Raab said 'I don't support the Human Rights Act' ahead of being put in charge of overhaul". www.msn.com. Archived from the original on 29 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  118. ^ "What does new Brexit secretary Dominic Raab stand for?". The Scotsman. 11 July 2018. Archived from the original on 6 April 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  119. ^ "MP wins review of "discriminatory" Foreign Office policy". Thisislocallondon.co.uk. 28 July 2010. Archived from the original on 10 July 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  120. ^ Raab, Dominic (2 February 2011). "What happens if we defy Europe? Nothing". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 6 February 2011.
  121. ^ Oborne, Peter (11 February 2011). "Will David Cameron defy Parliament on prisoners' votes, or Europe?". Telegraph Blogs. London. Archived from the original on 14 February 2011.
  122. ^ The Committee Office, House of Lords/Commons. "The Human Rights Implications of UK Extradition Policy – Human Rights Joint Committee". Publications.parliament.uk. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  123. ^ Raab, Dominic (22 June 2011). "Stop condemning Britons to sham justice abroad". The Times. Archived from the original on 15 September 2021. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  124. ^ "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 24 Nov 2011 (pt 0001)". Publications.parliament.uk. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  125. ^ Mulholland, Hélène (5 December 2011). "Gary McKinnon's mother urges MPs to support extradition motion". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  126. ^ Bingham, John (6 December 2011). "Extradition row: Gary McKinnon's mother attacks 'ludicrous' disparity with US". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  127. ^ Raab, Dominic (25 September 2011). "Peace must precede Palestinian statehood". The Times. Archived from the original on 13 December 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  128. ^ "British FM heads to Israel to push dialogue with Palestinians". Times of Israel. 24 August 2020. Archived from the original on 1 February 2021. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  129. ^ "Judges vs the people: Government ministers resigned to losing appeal against High Court ruling". The Daily Telegraph. London. 3 November 2016. Archived from the original on 25 March 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  130. ^ "Dominic Raab says Saudi explanation for death of Jamal Khashoggi 'not credible' - but UK won't 'terminate relationship'". ITV News. 23 October 2018. Archived from the original on 28 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  131. ^ "Saudi explanation of Khashoggi death not credible - British minister". Reuters. 21 October 2018. Archived from the original on 6 November 2018.
  132. ^ Published by Fourth Estate on 19 January 2009 as a 276-page paperback (ISBN 0-007-29339-9). Not to be confused with The Assault on Liberty: Rambling Thoughts of a Roads Scholar by Mason Mccoy
  133. ^ "Book launch this evening: 'Fight Terror, Defend Freedom' by Dominic Raab MP". Big Brother Watch. 18 October 2010. Archived from the original on 28 January 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  134. ^ Raab, Dominic (6 January 2011). "Control orders are a sideshow". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  135. ^ a b "Strasbourg Court flouting democratic self-government". Civitas: Institute for the Study of Civil Society. 21 April 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011.
  136. ^ Barrett, David (17 July 2011). "MP seeks to stop criminals using human rights to avoid deportation". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 13 July 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  137. ^ Raab, Dominic (30 January 2011). "Tick the double standards box now". The Sunday Times. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2017.(subscription required)
  138. ^ Raab, Dominic (24 January 2011). "We must end feminist bigotry". Politics Home. Archived from the original on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  139. ^ "MP Dominic Raab says men victims of discrimination". BBC News. 25 January 2011. Archived from the original on 2 September 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  140. ^ Prince, Rosa (24 January 2011). "Dominic Raab: men should 'burn their briefs' in protest at 'obnoxious feminist bigots'". The Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 13 July 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  141. ^ Crerar, Pippa (25 January 2011). "Feminism is for out of touch Lefties". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 3 February 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  142. ^ Mair, Eddie (25 January 2011). "Dominic Raab update". BBC Radio 4. Archived from the original on 29 December 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  143. ^ "Theresa May slaps down 'feminist bigots' MP Raab". BBC News. 27 January 2011. Archived from the original on 4 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  144. ^ Press Association (27 January 2011). "Theresa May attacks Tory MP Dominic Raab over 'feminist bigots' remark". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 December 2020. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  145. ^ Dominic Rabb and Theresa May, MP for Esher and Walton, Minister for Women and Equalities (27 January 2011). "Employment Law (Gender Discrimination)". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Vol. 522. United Kingdom: House of Commons. col. 443–444. "Employment Law (Gender Discrimination) - Hansard Online". Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  146. ^ Prince, Rosa (24 January 2011). "Dominic Raab: men should 'burn their briefs' in protest at 'obnoxious feminist bigots'". The Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 27 January 2011.
  147. ^ Weldon, Fay (26 January 2011). "Are men victims of obnoxious feminism?". The Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 29 January 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  148. ^ "MP Raab claims support for male discrimination view". Get Surrey. 31 January 2011. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  149. ^ Raab, Dominic (July 2012). "Pointmaker: Unleashing The British Underdog" (PDF). Centre for Policy Studies. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 June 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
  150. ^ Raab, Dominic (14 September 2011). "Time for a foreign policy that puts Britain first". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 13 July 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  151. ^ Raab, Dominic (November 2011). "Pointmaker : Escaping The Strait Jacket" (PDF). Centre for Policy Studies. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 December 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  152. ^ Raab, Dominic (9 October 2012). "Our book isn't about a 'sink or swim' Britain". The Guardian.
  153. ^ a b Raab, Dominic (4 September 2012). "Hard graft can make Britain great again". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  154. ^ "Raab unchained". Private Eye. London: Pressdram Ltd. 13 July 2018.
  155. ^ "Dominic Raab re-elected MP with 59% of vote". Esher & Walton Conservatives. 9 June 2017. Archived from the original on 15 January 2021. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  156. ^ "Acid attack among three threats to 'life and limb' issued to Deputy PM Dominic Raab in two years". ITV News. 18 October 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  157. ^ "The Spectator Parliamentarian of the Year Awards winners – Spectator Blogs". The Spectator. 16 November 2011. Archived from the original on 7 April 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  158. ^ Dale, Iain (30 September 2019). "The Top 100 Most Influential Conservatives of 2019". LBC. Archived from the original on 13 October 2019. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  159. ^ Tilbrook, Richard (11 July 2018). "ORDERS APPROVED AND BUSINESS TRANSACTED AT THE PRIVY COUNCIL HELD BY THE QUEEN AT BUCKINGHAM PALACE ON 11TH JULY 2018" (PDF). The Privy Council Office. Retrieved 19 April 2023.
edit
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Esher and Walton

20102024
Succeeded by
To Be Elected
Political offices
Preceded by Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Civil Liberties and Human Rights
2015–2016
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of State for Courts and Justice
2017–2018
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of State for Housing and Planning
2018
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union
2018
Succeeded by
Preceded by First Secretary of State
2019–2021
Vacant
Preceded by Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
2019–2020
Succeeded by
Himself
as Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs
Preceded by
Himself
as Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs
2020–2021
Succeeded by
Vacant
Title last held by
Nick Clegg
Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
2021–2022
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of State for Justice
2021–2022
Succeeded by
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
2021–2022
Preceded by Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
2022-2023
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of State for Justice
2022-2023
Succeeded by
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
2022-2023