2019 Conservative Party leadership election
The 2019 Conservative Party leadership election was triggered when Theresa May announced on 24 May 2019 that she would resign as leader of the Conservative Party on 7 June, and as Prime Minister once a successor had been elected. Nominations opened on 10 June, and 10 candidates were nominated. The first ballot of MPs took place on 13 June, with exhaustive ballots of MPs also taking place on 18, 19 and 20 June, reducing the candidates to two. The general membership of the party elected the leader by postal ballot with the result announced on 23 July, with Boris Johnson being elected as leader with almost twice as many votes as his opponent Jeremy Hunt.
Full results for all candidates below
|Turnout||87.4% (members' vote)|
Speculation about a leadership election first arose following the party's poor showing at the 2017 snap general election. May had called it in hope of increasing her parliamentary majority for Brexit negotiations. However, the Conservatives lost their overall majority in the House of Commons. Subsequent speculation arose from the difficulties May had in obtaining a Brexit deal acceptable to the Conservative Party. These increased in November 2018, with members of the Eurosceptic European Research Group pushing for a vote of no confidence in May, which was defeated in December 2018. In early 2019, Parliament repeatedly voted against May's proposed deal, leading to her resignation.
- 1 Background
- 2 Election procedure
- 3 Campaign
- 4 Candidates
- 5 Endorsements
- 6 Timeline
- 7 Public hustings
- 8 Candidate debates
- 9 Opinion polling
- 10 Results
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
After the 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum saw a 52% to 48% vote in favour of leaving, David Cameron resigned as leader of the Conservative Party and as Prime Minister, triggering the 2016 Conservative Party leadership election. Theresa May, then serving as Home Secretary, won the contest after the withdrawal of Andrea Leadsom, and succeeded Cameron as Prime Minister on 13 July 2016.
Snap general election and aftermath
May began the process of Brexit, the UK's withdrawal from the European Union, by triggering Article 50 on 29 March 2017. In April 2017, May announced a snap general election in June in order to "strengthen her hand" when she negotiated with the European Union. May aimed to substantially increase the Conservative Party's slim majority, with opinion polls originally predicting a landslide victory for her party. However, the result was a hung parliament, with the number of Conservative seats falling from 330 to 318. This prompted her to broker a confidence and supply deal with Northern Ireland's Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) to support her minority government.
May's handling of the campaign was widely criticised, particularly the role of her chiefs of staff Nick Timothy and Fiona Hill, who both resigned within days of the result. In June 2017, George Osborne, a former Chancellor of the Exchequer, described May as a "dead woman walking". A YouGov poll for The Sunday Times had 48% of respondents saying May should resign, with 38% against. A Survation poll for the Mail on Sunday showed a similar result. Former Cabinet minister Anna Soubry called for May to "consider her position" after the election result. Former Cabinet minister Nicky Morgan said that May could not lead the Conservative Party into the next general election, and called for a leadership election in the summer or in 2018 before the Brexit deal would be finalised. After the Grenfell Tower fire in June 2017, May's leadership faced further criticism following her initial refusal to meet victims, and what was described as her poor handling of the crisis.
With May's position weakened, senior figures in the party were said to be preparing for a leadership contest and "jostling for succession". Politicians and journalists did not expect May to lead the party at the next general election, with the Sunday Times Political Editor Tim Shipman describing "the first shots in a battle that could tear the government apart" as the three then-leading contenders for the leadership, David Davis, Boris Johnson and Philip Hammond, briefed against each other. Junior ministers were also said to be frustrated at Cabinet ministers propping up a Prime Minister with no authority in order to further their careers, with some ministers preparing to resign in order to trigger a leadership election. Andrew Mitchell, an ally of Davis, was said to have told a dinner that May was finished and was said to be organising letters to force May to announce her date of departure. A July 2017 report in The Independent said a core of fifteen Conservative MPs were ready to sign letters of no confidence, with forty-eight needed to trigger a contest.
May reportedly announced to Conservative MPs in August 2017 that she would resign as Prime Minister on 30 August 2019. May then announced on 31 August 2017 that she intended to stay on to fight the next general election, which under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 was scheduled to be in 2022, though it could be held earlier.
On 16 September 2017, Johnson published an article in The Daily Telegraph laying out his vision for Brexit. Many saw this as a way of positioning himself for a leadership challenge, though some commentators such as columnist Iain Dale and Newsnight's political editor Nick Watt argued this was the wrong interpretation and that Johnson's motivation was to assert his influence in Brexit negotiations. The timing of the article—a few days before May was due to give a significant speech on her plans for the UK's relationship with Europe after Brexit, and shortly after a terrorist attack in London—was criticised.
Summer 2018 Cabinet resignations
Following Cabinet agreement for May's proposals on Brexit, Davis resigned as Brexit Secretary on 8 July 2018. Steve Baker, a minister in the same department, resigned later the same day. On the same day it was reported that May was facing the threat of a leadership contest amid mounting anger from supporters of a hard Brexit over her government's Brexit policy. Backbencher Andrea Jenkyns called for her to be replaced, saying "Theresa May's premiership is over". Johnson later resigned as Foreign Secretary on 9 July 2018.
A Daily Telegraph article by Johnson opposing the burqa ban in Denmark in early August 2018 sparked controversy over the language he used, saying women wearing the burqa look like letterboxes or bank robbers. Kimiko de Freytas-Tamura, writing in the New York Times, saw it as an attempt to court an anti-Islamic segment of the Conservative Party membership, who would be the electorate in the final stage of a leadership campaign. Former Attorney General Dominic Grieve said that he would not remain in the party if Johnson became leader.
Brexit deal presented
In November 2018, May presented her final proposal for an initial Brexit deal following negotiations with the EU. Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab and others resigned from the Cabinet in response, with Jacob Rees-Mogg calling for a leadership election for the first time. Members of the Eurosceptic European Research Group including Rees-Mogg and Baker were seen to be launching a coup in mid-November following the Cabinet resignations. There was considerable speculation about whether enough letters of no confidence would be reached to trigger a vote.
Fifteen percent of the Parliamentary party (forty-eight MPs) need to send a letter to the chairman of the 1922 Committee to trigger a no confidence vote in the Conservative Party leader. As of early afternoon on 16 November 2018, the BBC reported there were twenty-one MPs who had publicly stated they had sent a letter. Baker asserted that more letters had been sent and that he expected forty-eight to be reached in the week beginning 19 November. Some commentators expressed scepticism about this prediction. By 19 November 2018, twenty-six MPs publicly said they had submitted letters. Baker also suggested that the ERG could draw lots for who would be their candidate in a leadership election. By 20 November, the forty-eight letters had not been reached, with Rees-Mogg predicting that it may be reached in December when the House of Commons was due to vote on May's deal. However, facing likely defeat with opposition from the ERG, DUP and Conservative MPs who had supported Remain during the referendum, the vote in Parliament was delayed to January.
12 December confidence vote
By 11 December, the public count was still at twenty-six letters from MPs. That day, however, Owen Paterson publicly sent his letter and it later became clear that forty-eight letters had been submitted. May was informed, and chose to contest the vote. The confidence vote, held on 12 December, was a secret ballot of Conservative MPs.
In the week, May had been meeting EU leaders to discuss changes to her Brexit deal, but cancelled a planned 12 December meeting with the Irish Taoiseach in order to campaign to win the confidence vote. May and her supporters argued that a defeat for her would mean that Brexit would have to be delayed. In a speech to Conservative MPs immediately before voting, May said that she did not intend to lead the party into the 2022 general election and that she would seek a legally binding addition to the withdrawal agreement with the EU to address concerns over the Northern Ireland backstop.
Two MPs who had been suspended from the party, Andrew Griffiths and Charlie Elphicke, had the whip restored on the day of the vote, meaning they could also vote. Griffiths indicated his support for May; Elphicke declined to indicate his preference. There were 317 Conservative MPs able to vote. Every member of the Cabinet declared their support for May, including Leave supporters in the Cabinet like Michael Gove and Liam Fox. Notable Remain supporters in the Conservative Party including Anna Soubry also declared support for May, as did May's predecessor, David Cameron, and the leader and acting leader of the Scottish Conservatives. The Tory Reform Group announced their support for May. Notable Leave supporters outside the Cabinet, including Jacob Rees-Mogg and Bill Cash, said they would vote against her.
May won the vote by 200 for to 117 against. Brexit-supporting MPs varied in their response to the result: some, including Rees-Mogg and Raab, called on her to resign nevertheless, while others such as Paterson called on her to change her Brexit policy. As May won this vote, another party leader confidence vote could not be held for one year under standing rules.
Further Brexit delays and May's final days
On 27 March 2019, May said she would resign before the next stage of EU negotiations if her Brexit deal was passed. With no resolution around Brexit plans, there was continuing pressure for May to resign through April 2019.
After poor Conservative results in the 2019 local elections—the worst since 1995, when the party lost more than 2,000 seats—there were further calls from Conservatives for May to resign. Davis announced his support for Raab, who set out a leadership platform in an interview with The Sunday Times Magazine. With one report saying May intended to remain until autumn 2019, further senior Conservatives openly campaigned to replace her, including Andrea Leadsom, Jeremy Hunt, Michael Gove and Sajid Javid.
May had said that she wanted Parliament to approve her Brexit plan before the summer recess, after which she would resign, which would have been around late July. Further pressure mounted on May to be clear about her timetable for departure, with May meeting the 1922 Committee on the matter on 16 May 2019. There was talk about the Committee changing its rules to allow a new vote of no confidence in May to be held sooner. May was reported as having agreed to stand down by 30 June 2019.
On 21 May, May made a speech outlining her plan to introduce an EU withdrawal agreement bill in June that would allow the Commons to make amendments, such as amendments in favour of a Customs Union or a second referendum, but this was received badly by much of her own party as well as by other parties. There were growing calls for her to resign on 22 May, the day before the European Parliament elections. Andrea Leadsom, the Leader of the House of Commons, resigned that day. May had planned to publish the bill on 24 May, but on polling day (23 May) she abandoned that plan, with publication delayed until early June. On 24 May she announced her resignation as leader of the Conservative Party, effective 7 June 2019.
The principles of the procedure for selecting the leader of the Conservative Party are set in the party's constitution, while the detailed rules are agreed by the 1922 Committee executive in consultation with the Conservative Party Board. Nominations for the leadership are invited by the chair of the 1922 Committee, who acts as returning officer. When nominations close, a list of valid nominations is published. If there is only one valid nomination, that person is elected. If two valid nominations are received, both names go forward to the party membership.
If more than two nominations are received, a ballot is held within the Parliamentary party. An exhaustive ballot system is used to select two candidates to go forward to the party membership. The 1922 Committee executive considered changing the rules so that four candidates go to the ballot of the party membership. They also recommended increasing the number of MP nominations required to eight. On 4 June the rule change was accepted by the party board, with candidates requiring the support of eight MPs to be nominated, then the support of at least 5% of the Parliamentary Conservative Party in the first ballot, and 10% in the second ballot in order to proceed further. In 2019, this equated to requiring the support of 17 MPs in the first ballot and 33 in the second. If all candidates met the threshold then the candidate with fewest votes would be eliminated. If three or more candidates remained after the second ballot, further ballots would be held, eliminating the candidate with the fewest votes and repeating this process until two candidates remained.
Nominations opened on 7 June and closed on 10 June. The first ballot was held on 13 June, with subsequent ballots being held on 18, 19 and 20 June. The first membership hustings was scheduled for 22 June and the ballot of the membership was to take place over the following month, with the winner announced on 23 July.
A large number of candidates attracted attention or were the subject of speculation over an extended period before the election was called. In 2017, the main contenders were initially seen to be Philip Hammond, David Davis, Boris Johnson and Amber Rudd. By early August 2017, Jacob Rees-Mogg was receiving considerable attention and he had risen to second in the betting markets after Davis. There was considerable speculation that the party's leader in Scotland, Ruth Davidson, could attempt to become the next leader, despite being ineligible as she was not an MP at Westminster. In September 2018, she said that she did not want the job and would focus on politics in Scotland.
Following renewed speculation about May's leadership after Johnson and Davis resigned from the Cabinet in summer 2018, press interest focused on Johnson, Rees-Mogg, Michael Gove, Sajid Javid and Jeremy Hunt. Dominic Raab became Brexit Secretary after Davis. In November 2018, following his resignation from the role over a proposed deal on the UK's departure from the European Union, Raab became the bookmakers' favourite to be new leader, followed by Javid or Johnson. Raab opposed holding a leadership election, but did not rule out his candidacy. Esther McVey, who resigned her position as Secretary of State for Work and Pensions on the same day, indicated that she would stand as a candidate if she had support.
By December 2018, Johnson, Javid and Rudd were all reported to be contemplating running if May were voted out. In November and December, other potential candidates included Gove, Hunt, Raab, Davis and Penny Mordaunt. Bookmakers had Johnson as most likely to succeed May on the morning of 12 December confidence vote.
On 2 May 2019, Rory Stewart, the International Development Secretary, announced his candidacy for the leadership. He stated that he would "bring the country together" as Prime Minister. Following a poor result for the party in the 2019 local elections on 2 May 2019, Dominic Raab, Sajid Javid, Michael Gove and Matt Hancock gave speeches and interviews that the journalist Tim Shipman described as a “beauty contest between those jostling to succeed Theresa May”. On 4 May 2019, David Davis announced he would not seek the party leadership, and would instead support Raab if he chose to run. On 8 May 2019, Andrea Leadsom, the Leader of the House of Commons, stated she was "seriously considering" a second bid for the party leadership. On 9 May 2019, McVey announced she would be standing for the leadership. She stated that she had "enough support" from fellow MPs to "go forward" once May stepped down as Prime Minister.
On 24 May, the day May resigned, Johnson told an economic conference in Switzerland that, "We will leave the EU on October 31, deal or no deal." Stewart ruled out serving in a cabinet under Johnson over Johnson's support for a no-deal Brexit, which he believed was "undeliverable, unnecessary and is going to damage our country and economy." On the same day, Jeremy Hunt announced his candidacy for the leadership at a festival in his constituency. Matt Hancock, Dominic Raab, and Andrea Leadsom announced their candidacies the following day, 25 May; Michael Gove declared his own shortly afterwards, on 26 May, with Sajid Javid and Kit Malthouse following the next day.
On 28 May, Gove promised to remove the charge for UK citizenship applications from EU nationals if elected. Hunt condemned a no-deal Brexit as "suicide", but McVey said it would be "political suicide" to not leave at the earliest opportunity. Both BBC News and Sky News invited candidates to debates. On 29 May, James Cleverly announced his candidacy. Hunt and Stewart both admitted during campaigning that they had taken illegal drugs in the past when abroad. Former Conservative leader Iain Duncan Smith warned on 30 May that there were too many candidates running and urged the 1922 committee to "accelerate the process." That same day, Mark Harper announced his candidacy. On 1 June, Liz Truss revealed an article of hers to be published the following day in the Mail on Sunday, providing Johnson with his first endorsement from a Cabinet minister. Donald Trump said: "I think Boris would do a very good job. I think he would be excellent." When prompted on Gove and Hunt, Trump said he liked the latter, and criticised the former for his stance on Iran.
On 2 June, Sam Gyimah said no deal would be an "abject failure" and entered the race as the only candidate to back a referendum on the Brexit deal, with the options of remaining in the EU, leaving without a deal, or leaving with the current deal. He withdrew eight days later.
The One Nation conservative caucus of MPs announced a series of hustings over the week prior to close of nominations on 10 June. With so many candidates in the race, candidates with less support from fellow MPs were under mounting pressure to leave the leadership race. James Cleverly and then Kit Malthouse dropped out of the race on 4 June.
On the same day, the 1922 Committee decided on a rule change to the contest, determining that to make the ballot, MPs must have eight nominations by 10 June. The last-placed candidate in each round would be eliminated, but in addition, to survive the first and second ballots, MPs must obtain at least 5% and 10% of the total available votes (313) respectively (plus one representing their own vote; i.e., 17 and 33 respectively). The contest was to end in the week beginning 22 July.
By 5 June, Johnson was the clear favourite with the bookmakers, with Gove second favourite. In the hustings, Javid said he did not want to "become the Brexit Party" but Johnson said the party needed to "deliver Brexit on 31 October", whilst Hancock called Jeremy Corbyn an anti-Semite. On 7 June, Gove admitted to taking cocaine twenty years previously. Before nominations formally opened on 10 June, Johnson promised to cut income tax for higher earners and Gove to reduce VAT. Johnson also pledged to refuse to pay £39 billion to the EU. Candidates Hunt, Raab, Hancock, McVey and Gove all formally launched their campaigns on 10 June. Johnson launched his campaign on 12 June. He sidestepped a question about his previous admission that he had taken cocaine.
Raab said that he would be willing to prorogue Parliament in order to ensure the UK's departure from the European Union, particularly in order to leave without a deal. Johnson refused to rule out prorogation, leading to Stewart saying that he would set up an "alternative Parliament" to stop him if he prorogued Parliament.
On 13 June, the Chancellor Philip Hammond wrote to candidates asking them to restrict themselves in any policy pledges they made to the current 2% of GDP deficit limit. This followed Raab saying he would reduce the income tax basic rate by 5p costing more than £20 billion annually, and Johnson saying he would raise the higher tax rate starting threshold from £50,000 to £80,000 costing £10 billion annually.
In the first MP ballot on 13 June, Leadsom, Harper and McVey were eliminated as they failed to obtain 17 votes. Johnson came first, with over a third of MPs' support—enough to ensure, were none of those who voted for him to change their minds in subsequent ballots, that he would be one of the final two on whom the membership voted. Hancock withdrew the next day.
Johnson was criticised for avoiding media interviews and not participating in the first TV debate, held on 16 June on Channel 4. All the other candidates took part, with an Opinium survey of those watching the debate having Stewart as the winner.
In the second MP ballot on 18 June, Johnson retained his substantial lead, increased by twelve compared to the first ballot. Hunt retained second place, but Stewart was the biggest gainer, up 18. Raab was eliminated as both the bottom candidate and for getting less than the required 33 votes. All five remaining candidates, Johnson, Hunt, Gove, Stewart and Javid, took part in a BBC debate later that same day. One poll after the debate found Stewart again to be the winner, but a second found Johnson ahead.
The third MP ballot on 19 June saw the top three remain the same (Johnson, Hunt, Gove). Stewart was the only candidate to lose votes compared to the previous round, down ten to come last, and was thus eliminated.
The fourth and fifth MP ballots were on 20 June. In the fourth ballot, Javid was eliminated, while Gove narrowly overtook Hunt for second place. The fifth ballot to produce a final candidate pairing eliminated Gove, who received two votes fewer than Hunt. There were questions raised as to whether the Johnson campaign encouraged some supporters to vote for Hunt instead in order to knock Gove out of the leadership, given the poor personal relationship between Johnson and Gove since the 2016 leadership election.
In the early hours of 21 June, police were called to Johnson's home after neighbours heard an altercation between him and his girlfriend Carrie Symonds. The police attended and subsequently stated they found no need for police action.
A poll conducted on Saturday 22 June showed support for Johnson had fallen sharply following the incident. His eight-point lead earlier in the week had fallen to three points behind Hunt by Saturday morning. Among Tory voters, when asked who would make the best prime minister, Johnson’s lead had fallen from 27% to 11% in the same period.
The first of a series of hustings took place in Birmingham on 22 June and was chaired by Iain Dale. During the hustings, Johnson repeatedly refused to answer questions about alleged altercation that took place between himself and Symonds. He claimed that the audience of Conservative members wanted to know "what my plans are for my country and for the party. I don’t think they want to hear about that kind of thing."
On the evening of 22 June, The Observer published evidence suggesting close links between Johnson and Steve Bannon. The video evidence, in which Bannon discussed how he helped Johnson craft the first speech after his resignation as foreign secretary, contradicted Johnson's previous denials of an association with Bannon.
The following ten MPs were nominated on 10 June. Each candidate needed the nomination of at least eight MPs, but only the proposer and seconder were made public.
|Candidate||Constituency||Announced||Proposer and Seconder|
|26 May 2019||George Eustice and Nicky Morgan|
|25 May 2019||Damian Green and Tracey Crouch|
|Forest of Dean
|30 May 2019||Jackie Doyle-Price and Steve Double|
|South West Surrey
|24 May 2019||Liam Fox and Patrick McLoughlin|
|27 May 2019||Robert Halfon and Victoria Atkins|
|Uxbridge and South Ruislip
|16 May 2019||Liz Truss and Ben Wallace|
|25 May 2019||Chris Heaton-Harris and Heather Wheeler|
|9 May 2019||Gary Streeter and Ben Bradley|
|Esher and Walton
|25 May 2019||David Davis and Maria Miller|
|Penrith and the Border
|2 May 2019||David Gauke and Victoria Prentis|
The following MPs announced that they would seek the leadership of the Conservative Party but subsequently did not stand, or withdrew from the race, due to insufficient support or other reasons:
- Prior to the first ballot
- James Cleverly, Brexit Minister since 2019 and MP for Braintree since 2015 (endorsed Johnson)
- Sam Gyimah, Universities Minister (2018) and MP for East Surrey since 2010
- Kit Malthouse, Minister for Housing since 2018, Deputy Mayor of London (2008 –2015) and MP for North West Hampshire since 2015 (endorsed Johnson)
- After the first ballot
- Matt Hancock, Secretary of State for Health and Social Care since 2018 and MP for West Suffolk since 2010 (endorsed Johnson)
- Steve Baker, MP for Wycombe since 2010 and joint Deputy Chair of the European Research Group since 2018 (endorsed Johnson)
- Ken Clarke, Father of the House of Commons since 2017 and MP for Rushcliffe since 1970 (endorsed Stewart)
- David Davis, Brexit Secretary (2016–2018) and MP for Haltemprice and Howden since 1987 (endorsed Raab)
- Iain Duncan Smith, Leader of the Conservative Party (2001–2003) and MP for Chingford and Woodford Green since 1992 (endorsed Johnson)
- Liam Fox, International Trade Secretary since 2016 and MP for North Somerset since 1992 (endorsed Hunt)
- Justine Greening, Education Secretary (2016–2018) and MP for Putney since 2005
- Penny Mordaunt, Secretary of State for Defence since 2019 and MP for Portsmouth North since 2010 (endorsed Hunt)
- Nicky Morgan, chair of the Treasury Select Committee since 2017 and MP for Loughborough since 2010 (endorsed Gove)
- Jesse Norman, Financial Secretary to the Treasury since 2019 and MP for Hereford and South Herefordshire since 2010
- Priti Patel, International Development Secretary (2016–2017) and MP for Witham since 2010 (endorsed Johnson)
- Jacob Rees-Mogg, chair of the European Research Group since 2017 and MP for North East Somerset since 2010 (endorsed Johnson)
- Amber Rudd, Work and Pensions Secretary since 2018, Home Secretary (2016–2018) and MP for Hastings and Rye since 2010 (endorsed Hunt)
- Liz Truss, Chief Secretary to the Treasury since 2017 and South West Norfolk since 2010 (endorsed Johnson)
This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Candidate on membership ballot|
|Candidate eliminated during MP ballots|
|Theresa May announces resignation|
|Theresa May resigns as Conservative leader|
|Postal ballots distributed to party members|
|Final leadership hustings|
- 12 December: Conservative MPs vote against a motion of no confidence in May's leadership, 200 to 117. May also announces that she will not lead the Conservative Party into the next general election.
- 15 January: The May government loses the first "meaningful vote" on Brexit by 432 to 202, the largest defeat for a sitting government in modern history.
- 16 January: The House of Commons vote against a motion of no confidence, 325 to 306, moved by Leader of the Opposition Jeremy Corbyn.
- 12 March: The government loses the second "meaningful vote" by 391 to 242.
- 27 March: Theresa May announces she will resign before the next phase of negotiations if the Brexit withdrawal agreement is approved by MPs on 29 March.
- 29 March: The government loses the third "meaningful vote" by 344 to 286.
- 2 May:
- 9 May: Esther McVey announces her intention to contest the leadership of the Conservative Party.
- 16 May: Boris Johnson announces his intention to contest the leadership of the Conservative Party.
- 23 May: European Parliament elections are held in the United Kingdom.
- 24 May:
- Theresa May reveals that she will resign as party leader on 7 June, and subsequently as prime minister when a new leader is elected.
- Jeremy Hunt announces his candidacy for the leadership election.
- 25 May: Matt Hancock, Dominic Raab and Andrea Leadsom announce their candidacies.
- 26 May:
- 27 May: Sajid Javid and Kit Malthouse announce their candidacies.
- 29 May: James Cleverly announces his candidacy.
- 30 May: Mark Harper announces his candidacy.
- 2 June: Sam Gyimah announces his candidacy.
- 4 June:
- Cleverly and Malthouse withdraw their candidacies.
- The party board backs a 1922 Committee proposal to change the candidacy rules, requiring candidates to be supported by a greater number of MPs before being nominated.
- 7 June: Theresa May's resignation as leader of the Conservative Party takes effect.
- 10 June:
- 10:00 – Nominations for candidates open.
- 17:00 – Nominations close, and the full list of final candidates for the leadership was announced by the 1922 Committee half an hour later.
- Gyimah withdraws his candidacy.
- 11–12 June: The 1922 Committee hosts a two-day-long forum, during which the candidates are questioned on their leadership manifestos by an audience of MPs.
- 13 June: First MP ballot takes place. Harper, Leadsom and McVey fail to meet the threshold for entering the second round and are eliminated.
- 14 June: Hancock withdraws.
- 16 June: Channel 4 televises a debate between the candidates, Johnson declines the invitation to attend.
- 18 June:
- Second MP ballot takes place. Raab fails to make the threshold for the third round and is eliminated.
- BBC One televises a debate between candidates remaining after the results of the second ballot.
- 19 June: Third MP ballot takes place. Stewart receives the fewest votes and is eliminated.
- 20 June:
- Fourth MP ballot takes place. Javid receives the fewest votes and is eliminated.
- Fifth MP ballot takes place. Gove receives the fewest votes and is eliminated.
- 22 June: First public hustings between Hunt and Johnson takes place at the ICC in Birmingham.
- 24 June: Sky News announces that it will cancel the debate planned to take place between Hunt and Johnson on 25 June, unless Johnson accepts the broadcaster's invitation.
- 6–8 July: Conservative Party members receive postal ballots, with some receiving more than one ballot paper.
- 9 July: ITV televises a head-to-head debate between the final two candidates.
- 12 July: BBC News televises one-on-one interviews by Andrew Neil with the final two candidates.
- 17 July: Final public hustings between Hunt and Johnson takes place at the ExCeL in East London.
- 22 July: 17:00 – Ballot closes.
- 23 July: Result of the postal ballot announced at the Queen Elizabeth II Centre in Westminster. Johnson declared the new Leader of the Conservative Party.
- 24 July:
Following the fifth ballot of Conservative MPs on 20 June, the final two candidates, Jeremy Hunt and Boris Johnson, were invited to take place in a series of hustings organised by the party. Each of the sixteen events was held in a different region of the country. A digital hustings was held on 26 June, moderated by Hannah Vaughan Jones and live streamed on social media (through Periscope).
|23 June 2019||Iain Dale||West Midlands||International Convention Centre,
|27 June 2019||Hannah Vaughan Jones||South (Central)||Pavilion Theatre,|
|28 June 2019||Iain Dale||South West||Sandy Park,|
|29 June 2019||Iain Dale||Lakes & Borders||Carlisle Racecourse,|
|29 June 2019||Iain Dale||North West||Manchester Central,|
|2 July 2019||Iain Dale||Northern Ireland||Culloden Estate,|
|4 July 2019||Hannah Vaughan Jones||Yorkshire & Humber||Barbican Centre,|
|5 July 2019||Hannah Vaughan Jones||North East||Darlington Hippodrome,|
|5 July 2019||Colin Mackay||Scotland||Perth Concert Hall,|
|6 July 2019||Iain Dale||East Midlands||Nottingham Belfry,|
|6 July 2019||Hannah Vaughan Jones||Wales||All Nations Centre,|
|11 July 2019||Hannah Vaughan Jones||South East||Clive Emson Conference Centre,|
|12 July 2019||Iain Dale||Gloucestershire||Cheltenham Racecourse,|
|13 July 2019||Iain Dale||East Anglia||Woodlands Event Centre,|
|13 July 2019||Iain Dale||Eastern||Five Lakes Golf Resort,|
|17 July 2019||Iain Dale||London||ExCeL,|
On 28 May, the BBC announced plans to hold televised leadership debates for the candidates that would take place once nominations had closed. All candidates who had not yet been eliminated would be invited to take part in a hustings debate chaired by Emily Maitlis, followed by a Question Time special with Fiona Bruce. The final two candidates would then have a one-to-one interview with Andrew Neil, which aired on 12 July. On the same day, Sky News also announced plans for a head-to-head leadership debate between the final two candidates in front of an audience of Conservative Party members.
The BBC confirmed that the first debate would be broadcast under the title Our Next Prime Minister at 20:00 on 18 June 2019 on BBC One, two hours after the second ballot. Members of the public in BBC studios around the UK will ask the candidates questions live. Channel 4 broadcast a 90-minute debate between the candidates on 16 June, hosted by Krishnan Guru-Murthy.
ITV announced on 20 June that they would be holding a head-to-head debate between Hunt and Johnson on 9 July, hosted by Julie Etchingham. The debate also aired in the Republic of Ireland on Virgin Media One.
On 21 June, Sky News presenter Kay Burley announced that their debate was planned to take place on 25 June, but Johnson was not willing to attend. On 24 June, Sky stated the event would not go ahead without Johnson, and would have to be cancelled. The channel also announced that both candidates had been invited to a rescheduled debate on 1 July. Johnson once again declined to attend, with Sky News announcing they would hold an interview with Hunt on 1 July, with Johnson being invited to conduct a similar interview at another date.
|No.||Date and time||Location||Programme||Broadcaster||Presenter(s)||Viewers
|P Participant A Absent invitee O Out of race (eliminated or withdrawn) N No debate||Gove||Hunt||Javid||Johnson||Raab||Stewart|
|Prior to the final ballot of Conservative MPs|
|1||16 June 2019; 18:30||BT Sport Studios,
Hackney Wick, London
|Live: Britain's Next PM||Channel 4||Krishnan Guru-Murthy||1.47||P||P||P||A||P||P|
|2||18 June 2019; 20:00||New Broadcasting House,
|Our Next Prime Minister||BBC One||Emily Maitlis||5.49||P||P||P||P||O||P|
|Following the final ballot of Conservative MPs|
|3||25 June 2019
|4||9 July 2019; 20:00||Dock10,
Salford, Greater Manchester
|Britain's Next Prime Minister: The ITV Debate||ITV||Julie Etchingham||4.7||O||P||O||P||O||O|
|4||15 July 2019; 19:00||The News Building,
|Hunt v Boris: The Final Showdown||talkRADIO,
The Sun (online)
|Tom Newton Dunn||N/A||O||P||O||P||O||O|
|5||16 July 2019
|Channel 4: Live: Britain's Next PM|
|16–18 June 2019||Opinium||610||6%||18%||9%||N/A||10%||33%||24%|
|BBC One: Our Next Prime Minister|
|18–19 June 2019||YouGov||2,534||9%||14%||5%||21%||Elim.||35%||16%|
|18–19 June 2019||Opinium||700||8%||14%||9%||22%||Elim.||21%||26%|
After each ballot of Conservative MPs, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated. A new rule was introduced in 2019 due to the number of candidates: In the first ballot, held on 13 June 2019, candidates also needed to pass a threshold of 17 votes to avoid elimination. In the second ballot, held on 18 June, candidates needed to pass a threshold of 33 votes to avoid elimination.
13 June 2019
18 June 2019
19 June 2019
20 June 2019
20 June 2019
Domestic and international reaction
- Stewart, Heather; Asthana, Anushka (24 June 2016). "Brexit: David Cameron resignation sparks Tory party leadership contest". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "Theresa May will become UK Prime Minister on Wednesday". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
- "Brexit: The UK's letter triggering Article 50". BBC News. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "May calls on voters to strengthen her hand in Brussels negotiation". The Times. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "Theresa May: 10 reasons why the PM blew her majority". BBC News. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "UK Election 2017". ABC News. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "Theresa May and the DUP deal: What you need to know". BBC News. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "May's top aides Nick Timothy and Fiona Hill resign after election". Sky News. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "General election 2017: Theresa May is 'best placed person' for Brexit". BBC News. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- "48% think Theresa May should step down as Prime Minister, poll shows". home.bt.com. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Anna Soubry calls for Theresa May to 'consider her position'". iNews. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "Nicky Morgan: Tories should consider replacing Theresa May". BBC News. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Walker, Peter (11 June 2018). "Theresa May calls her response to Grenfell fire 'not good enough'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Parker, George (4 July 2017). "Theresa May braced for a fall as Brexit tests loom". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Shipman, Tim (16 July 2017). "Mr Grey, Mr Blond and Mr Brexit: battle of the big guns". The Times. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Mason, Rowena (9 July 2017). "May attempts to reassert grip over Tory party amid talk of challenge". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Osborne, Samuel (23 July 2017). "15 Tory MPs 'sign no confidence letter in Theresa May'". The Independent. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Smith, Adam (27 August 2017). "Theresa May is apparently 'going to resign in 2019'". Metro. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Wright, Robert (31 August 2017). "Theresa May vows to fight next UK election as prime minister". Financial Times. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
- "What was Boris Johnson's motive for writing about Brexit? Plus, paedophile hunters and binge watching TV results". yougov.co.uk. YouGov. 18 September 2017. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
- Merrick, Rob (18 September 2017). Theresa May just responded to Boris Johnson's '£350m claim' for the NHS. The Independent. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
- "May 'driving from the front' on Brexit". BBC News. 18 September 2017. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
- Nick Watt (political editor) and Iain Dale (guest) (18 September 2017). Interview (Television). Newsnight. BBC Two. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
- Rayner, Gordon (8 July 2018). "David Davis resigns as Brexit secretary". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- "Brexit Secretary David Davis resigns". BBC News. 9 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Steve Baker on his resignation as Brexit minister". BBC News. 9 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Kentish, Benjamin (8 July 2018). Theresa May faces leadership challenge threat from Tory Brexiteers. The Independent. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Hartmann, Margaret (9 July 2018). "Top Brexit officials resign in blow to Theresa May". NY Mag. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "May to fight any leadership challenge". RTE. 9 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- Stewart, Heather; Crerar, Pippa; Sabbagh, Dan (9 July 2018). "May's plan 'sticks in the throat', says Boris Johnson as he resigns over Brexit". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- de Freytas-Tamura, Kimiko (8 August 2018). "Boris Johnson, a 'Burqa Storm' and perhaps some populist calculations". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- Evan Davis (presenter) and Dominic Grieve (guest) (8 August 2018). Interview (Television). Newsnight. BBC Two. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- "Raab quits over 'flawed' Brexit agreement". BBC News. 15 November 2018. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
- Kirsty Wark (presenter) (15 November 2018). Interview (Television). Newsnight. BBC Two. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
- "Who has written no confidence letters?". BBC News. 17 November 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- Wheeler, Brian; Moseley, Tom (13 November 2018). "Brexit debate dominates Sunday interviews". BBC News. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
- Rogan, Tom (16 November 2018). "Brexit plotters give us a lesson on how not to do a coup". Washington Examiner. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
- "Who has written no confidence letters?". BBC News. 19 November 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- Stewart, Heather (16 November 2018). "May the force be with her? The PM digs in with her Brexit deal". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- "Don't get stuck with May, Rees-Mogg warns". BBC News. 20 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
- Elgot, Jessica; Sabbagh, Dan (9 December 2018). "Johnson, McVey and Raab each hint at Tory leadership ambitions". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- "Pressure mounting on May from Tory MPs". 12 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Sparrow, Andrew; Rawlinson, Kevin; O'Carroll, Lisa; Stewart, Heather; O'Carroll, Lisa; Sabbagh, Dan; Sparrow, Andrew; Morris, Steven (12 December 2018). "Brexit: Challenge to May's leadership intensifies as senior Tory declares 'no confidence' – Politics Live as it happened". Retrieved 12 December 2018 – via www.theguardian.com.
- "Tory MPs to decide on May's future as leader". BBC News. 8 December 2017. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Sparrow, Andrew; Weaver, Matthew (12 December 2018). "May says new PM would have to delay Brexit if she loses confidence vote – politics live". Retrieved 12 December 2018 – via www.theguardian.com.
- "Theresa May faces no confidence vote". BBC News. 12 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Kuenssberg, Laura (12 December 2018). "No surprise in May's defiance". BBC News. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Stewart, Heather; Walker, Peter (12 December 2018). "May signals she will step down before 2022 election". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "May: I won't lead Tories into election". BBC News. 13 December 2018.
- "Tories reinstate MPs suspended over sex allegations for confidence vote". The Guardian. 12 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- Sparrow, Andrew; Weaver, Matthew; Brooks, Libby (12 December 2018). "May could offer to stand down before election to win support in confidence vote – politics live". Retrieved 12 December 2018 – via www.theguardian.com.
- Sparrow, Andrew; Weaver, Matthew; Elgot, Jessica (12 December 2018). "May could offer to stand down before election to win support in confidence vote – politics live". Retrieved 12 December 2018 – via www.theguardian.com.
- "MPs cheer as May wins leadership vote". BBC News. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "Government plans new Brexit vote". 28 March 2019 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Warrington, James (30 April 2019). "Grassroot Tories to hold emergency summit in bid to oust May". cityam.com.
- Syal, Rajeev; Brooks, Libby (3 May 2019). "Theresa May under pressure to quit after local election losses" – via www.theguardian.com.
- "Dominic Raab outlines hopes for Conservatives after receiving backing to become next Prime Minister". ITV News. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- Shipman, Tim; Wheeler, Caroline (5 May 2019). "Dominic Raab sets out his stall as Tories 'plot to drag Theresa May from No 10'". The Sunday Times. ISSN 0956-1382. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "Fifth cabinet minister bids for Theresa May's job". Evening Standard. 8 May 2019.
- Sparrow, Andrew; Walker, Peter (16 May 2019). "May agrees to set departure date after Brexit bill vote as Johnson announces leadership bid – as it happened" – via www.theguardian.com.
- "Theresa May given 24-hour deadline to say when she will quit". Evening Standard. 15 May 2019.
- "Tearful Theresa May forced to agree to stand down: PM out by June 30 at the latest". Telegraph.co.uk. 16 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- "Theresa May resists clamour to resign". 22 May 2019 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Sparrow, Andrew; O'Carroll, Lisa; Walker, Amy (23 May 2019). "May close to abandoning Brexit bill amid growing cabinet backlash – as it happened". Retrieved 23 May 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
- "Theresa May resigns: The PM announced she would quit as party leader on 7 June". BBC News. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- Johnston, Neil (24 May 2019). "Leadership elections: Conservative Party" (PDF). Briefing Paper Number 01366. House of Commons Library. p. 5. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- Schofield, Kevin. "EXCL Boost for Boris Johnson as Tory bosses consider widening leadership ballot". PoliticsHome.com. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- "Tories agree leadership contest rule changes". 4 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Elgot, Jessica; Mason, Rowena. "Conservatives slash timetable for leadership contest". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
- "House of Commons Library Leadership Elections: Conservative Party". House of Commons. 19 July 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- Stone, Jon (11 June 2017). "Main candidates to replace Theresa May would all make Tories less popular, poll suggests". The Independent. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Watson, Leon (9 June 2017). "Who could replace Theresa May as Tory leader? The runners and riders – and latest odds". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Brinded, Lianna (9 June 2017). "The 5 Conservative politicians most likely to replace Theresa May as Tory leader". Business Insider. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Savage, Michael (22 July 2017). "Tory members turn to David Davis in battle to succeed Theresa May". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Leith, Sam (14 August 2017). "Look beyond Jacob Rees-Mogg's cartoony shtick at what he really stands for". Evening Standard. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
- Hutton, Robert; Donaldson, Kitty (18 July 2018). "Britain's next Conservative leader may be the least Tory ever". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "Tory leader race: who would be in the running?". The Week. 10 July 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "Ruth Davidson rules out becoming next Conservative leader for sake of relationship". Sky News. 16 September 2018. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
- Jenkins, Lin (30 June 2018). "Sajid Javid is Tory activists' choice to be next party leader – poll". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- Buchan, Lizzy (1 August 2018). "Boris Johnson emerges as favourite to replace Theresa May after dramatic cabinet resignation". The Independent. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- Haigh, Phil (15 November 2018). "Dominic Raab leads next Tory leader odds but Corbyn favourite for next PM". Metro. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- Tominey, Camilla (15 November 2018). "Runners and riders: the latest odds on the candidates who could become the next PM". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- "Ex-cabinet minister Esther McVey says she would run for Conservative leader if asked". The Independent. 9 December 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- Elgot, Jessica (12 December 2018). "The race to replace Theresa May: who are the likely candidates?". Retrieved 12 December 2018 – via www.theguardian.com.
- "Who could replace Theresa May as leader?". 12 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Sparrow, Andrew; Weaver, Matthew (12 December 2018). "May could offer to stand down before election to win support in confidence vote – politics live". Retrieved 12 December 2018 – via www.theguardian.com.
- "Rory Stewart: I'd bring country together as PM". 2 May 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- "David Davis bows out of Tory leadership contest as he says he will back Dominic Raab to replace Theresa May". The Daily Telegraph. 4 May 2019.
- "Tory leadership race: Andrea Leadsom says she is 'seriously considering' bid to succeed Theresa May". The Independent. 8 May 2019.
- "Esther McVey announces Conservative leadership bid". 9 May 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
- Correspondent, Joe Barnes, Brussels (24 May 2019). "EU PANIC: Brussels fears no deal Brexit 'IMPOSSIBLE TO STOP' now – 'hard Brexit a reality'". Express.co.uk.
- "Tory rivals clash as leadership race begins". BBC News. 25 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- Elliott, Francis; Devlin, Kate; Wright, Oliver (24 May 2019). "Theresa May resigns: Jeremy Hunt joins race for Tory leadership". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- Gayle, Damien (25 May 2019). "Matt Hancock says he will stand for Tory leadership". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- Bazaraa, Danya (25 May 2019). "Former Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab joins race for Prime Minister". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- "Raab and Leadsom become latest Tories to announce leadership bids". Evening Standard. 25 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- "Tory leadership: Gove becomes eighth candidate to enter race". BBC. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- Daniel, Alex (27 May 2019). "Housing minister Kit Malthouse joins Tory leadership race". cityam.com. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- "Gove pledges free citizenship applications". BBC News. 28 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- "Hunt warns against no-deal Brexit 'suicide'". BBC News. 28 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- "BBC to host Tory leader TV debates". BBC News. 28 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- "Tory leadership contest: James Cleverly joins contenders". BBC News. 29 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
- "Duncan Smith warns of Tory contest 'chaos'". BBC News. 30 May 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
- "Tory leadership contest: Mark Harper is 12th MP to enter race". BBC News. 30 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
- Truss, Liz (1 June 2019). "In @MoS_Politics tomorrow about why I'm backing @BorisJohnson. #freedomfighters pic.twitter.com/tyrHnuzcf5". Retrieved 2 June 2019.
- Mohdin, Aamna; agencies (1 June 2019). "Trump backs Boris Johnson and calls Meghan, Duchess of Sussex 'nasty'". Retrieved 2 June 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
- "Donald Trump says Boris Johnson would be 'excellent' Tory leader". BBC News. 1 June 2019. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Gyimah announces Tory leadership bid". BBC News. 2 June 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
- "Sam Gyimah joins Tory leadership race offering second referendum". The Guardian. 2 June 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
- "Tory leadership: Final 10 contenders named in race to No 10". BBC News. 10 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- Rudd, Amber (2 June 2019). "Parliament will find a way to insist we don't leave without a deal". The Observer. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
- "Brokenshire: Tory leadership candidates should drop out". BBC News. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
- Allegretti, Aubrey. "James Cleverly pulls out of Tory leadership race". Sky News. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
- MP, Kit Malthouse (4 June 2019). "I have decided to withdraw from the contest for the leadership of the Conservative Party. Thank you to all those who have supported me". @kitmalthouse. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
- "Tory leadership: Who will replace Theresa May?". BBC News. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
- "Conservatives slash timetable for leadership contest". The Guardian. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
- "Gove gets leadership race boost as two top Tory women back him". Evening Standard. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
- Mason, Chris (4 June 2019). "Notes from the first Tory hustings". BBC News. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Matt Hancock brands Jeremy Corbyn an anti-Semite". BBC News. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- Duffy, Nick (8 June 2019). "Tory leadership candidate Michael Gove 'deeply regrets' taking cocaine". i News. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Gove unveils VAT plans in leadership pitch". BBC News. 9 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- "Johnson pledges higher rate income tax cut". BBC News. 10 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- "Johnson threatens to withhold £39bn from EU as he wins support of hardline Brexiteers". The Independent. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
- "Boris Johnson dodges questions on cocaine and Brexit. But it won't hurt his chances". CNN. 12 June 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- Gayle, Damien (8 June 2019). "Brexit: suspending parliament should not be ruled out, says Dominic Raab". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- Editor, Francis Elliott, Political Editor | Oliver Wright, Policy (13 June 2019). "Boris Johnson 'won't rule out suspending parliament'". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- Elgot, Jessica (13 June 2019). "Rory Stewart threatens 'alternative parliament' to avoid no-deal Brexit". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- Boffey, Daniel (14 June 2019). "Just two Tory candidates pledge to keep down national debt". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
- "Johnson tops first Tory leadership poll". BBC News. 13 June 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2019 – via www.bbc.com.
- "Tory leadership: Matt Hancock quits contest". BBC News. 14 June 2019.
- "Say nothing, do nothing: Boris Johnson accused of ducking debates to avoid sabotaging leadership campaign". Sunday Post. 16 June 2019. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
- "Rory Stewart "won" the Channel 4 debate: @OpiniumResearch poll of 610 adults who watched it". Twitter. 18 June 2019.
- "Tory leadership vote: Michael Gove now second as Sajid Javid is eliminated". Breaking News. 20 June 2019.
- "Sajid Javid out of Tory leadership contest". 20 June 2019 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Did Boris's dirty tricks help Hunt over Gove?". Coffee House. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- "Johnson and Hunt left in Tory leader race". 20 June 2019 – via www.bbc.com.
- "Johnson vs Hunt in the battle for Number 10 as Gove narrowly misses out". 20 June 2019.
- Waterson, Jim (21 June 2019). "Boris Johnson: police called to loud altercation at potential PM's home". Retrieved 23 June 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
- "Police called to Boris Johnson's home over reports of loud altercation with girlfriend". The Independent. 21 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- "Police called to Boris Johnson flat after neighbour reportedly heard screaming". Sky News. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- Syal, Rajeev (23 June 2019). "Hunt ramps up pressure on Boris Johnson to explain police visit". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- "Boris and Hunt face series of hustings as final battle begins". Evening Standard. 21 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- "Boris Johnson repeatedly refuses to answer questions about police being called to a row with partner". The Independent. 22 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- Cadwalladr, Carole (22 June 2019). "Video reveals Steve Bannon links to Boris Johnson". The Observer. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- Honeycombe-Foster, Matt (15 April 2019). "Boris Johnson blasts back after Labour's David Lammy accuses him of courting fascism". PoliticsHome.com. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- "Race to be new prime minister begins". BBC News. 25 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- "Mark Harper joins Tory leadership race". BBC News. 30 May 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
- "VIDEO: Jeremy Hunt confirms Tory leadership bid at Haslemere Festival". Farnham Herald. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- "Sajid Javid to run for Tory party leader". BBC. 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- "Boris Johnson confirms bid for Tory leadership". 16 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- "Esther McVey announces Conservative leadership bid". BBC News. 9 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- "Tory leadership: Dominic Raab enters race". BBC News. 25 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- "Rory Stewart: I'd bring country together as PM". BBC News. 2 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- MP, Sam Gyimah (10 June 2019). "My statement on the Conservative Party leadership contest.pic.twitter.com/Fm5sE4h7TI". @SamGyimah. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- Wearmouth, Rachel (24 May 2019). "Hardline Brexiteer Steve Baker Reveals He May Run For Tory Leader". Huffington Post. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- "Boris Johnson wins over top Eurosceptics with 'clean Brexit' pledge". The Telegraph. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "Theresa May resigns: The PM announced she would quit as party leader on 7 June". BBC News. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- Association, Press (4 May 2019). "David Davis bows out of Tory leadership contest as he says he will back Dominic Raab to replace Theresa May" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- "Rory Stewart "Stupid" For Boris Johnson Remark, Iain Duncan Smith Says". LBC. 25 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- "Tory leadership race: who could replace Theresa May?". Evening Standard. 25 May 2019.
- "Sajid Javid officially enters Conservative leader race with bid to be next Prime Minister". Birmingham Mail. 28 May 2019.
- Elgot, Jessica (4 June 2019). "Tory leadership: Liam Fox backs Jeremy Hunt in surprise move". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
- "Justine Greening: I'd run for Tory leader to make sure there's a centrist candidate". ITV News.
- Weaver, Matthew (29 October 2018). "Justine Greening hints at Conservative leadership bid" – via www.theguardian.com.
- Greening, Justine (25 May 2019). "The Tory party is simply debating which sort of electoral cyanide to take | Justine Greening". The Observer. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- "PENNY DROPS PM HINT Penny Mordaunt sparks speculation she will run in Tory leadership race with massive grassroots event". The Sun. 29 May 2019.
- "Penny Mordaunt drops Conservative leadership hint in attack on 'usual tired routine'". Sky News. 29 May 2019.
- Malnick, Edward (23 March 2019). "Senior Brexiteers touting Nicky Morgan as potential successor to Theresa May". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
- "Leadership election candidate MP support numbers: Johnson 30, Gove 29, Hunt 29, Raab 23, Javid 17, Hancock 11". Conservative Home. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
- "Jesse Norman keeps his fans waiting". Coffee House. 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- Thomas, James (6 June 2019). "Jesse Norman won't stand for Tory leadership". Hereford Times. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- "Dominic Raab criticised for launching leadership bid 'too early' as Theresa May hangs on". Inews.co.uk. 10 May 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- "Priti Patel warns against 'grubby' Brexit deals and says she is considering standing for Tory leader". The Daily Telegraph. 25 May 2019.
- Horton, Helena (18 July 2017). "'The times change, and we change with them': Jacob Rees-Mogg gets Twitter". The Daily Telegraph.
- Mason, Rowena (16 April 2019). "Amber Rudd says she is not ruling out Tory leadership bid". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
- Hope, Christopher (24 May 2019). "Amber Rudd hints she would work with Boris Johnson as she rules herself out of Tory leadership race". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- "Liz Truss: the dark horse of the next Tory leadership race? - TheArticle". 14 November 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
- "Tories set to debate rules for leadership election". Financial Times. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- Hunt, Darren (10 June 2019). "Tory leadership: Conservative candidates likely to crash out of leadership race today". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- "Conservative leadership race: When will the next Tory leader and Prime Minister be selected, and how does it work?". The Daily Telegraph. 12 June 2019 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- Mills, Jen (25 June 2019). "New prime minister will be announced on July 23". Metro. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
- "Tory leader voters 'issued two ballots'". 6 July 2019 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Date of BBC1 Conservative leadership debate confirmed". Radio Times. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
- "Boris Johnson wins race to be Tory leader and PM". BBC News. 23 July 2019.
- Woodcock, Andrew (25 June 2019). "Theresa May to hand over to new PM on 24 July". The Independent. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
- Mason, Rowena (24 July 2019). "Boris Johnson becomes PM with promise of Brexit by 31 October". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
- "Dates of the Tory leadership hustings for Party members". Conservative Home. 27 June 2019.
- Association, Press (25 June 2019). "New Tory leader will be announced on July 23". Evening Express. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
- "Tory leadership hustings live: Boris Johnson says the chances of a no-deal Brexit are a 'million to one'". The Daily Telegraph. 26 June 2019.
- "Conservative leadership: BBC to host TV debates". BBC News. BBC. 28 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- "Sky News to hold live head-to-head debate between final two Conservative leadership candidates". Sky News. 29 May 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
- "Tory leadership candidates rule out pre-Brexit election in BBC debate – as it happened". Guardian. 19 June 2019. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- "BBC confirms first Tory leadership debate". 6 June 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "BBC - The BBC has released further details of its first Conservative leadership debate - Media Centre". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
- "Channel 4 to host first Conservative leadership TV debate". 5 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- "Johnson's rivals vie to offer their visions for post-Brexit Britain". Guardian. 16 June 2019. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- "ITV is pleased to announce that we will be hosting the first head-to-head debate between the two candidates hoping to be Prime Minister. The debate between Boris Johnson and Jeremy Hunt will take place on 9 July and will be hosted by Julie Etchingham.pic.twitter.com/cBNOeU3Ar2". Twitter. ITV Press Centre. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- One, Virgin Media (9 July 2019). "Documentary Britain's Next Prime Minister: The Debate See Jeremy Hunt and Boris Johnson engaging directly in debate on the big issues like Brexit, the economy and their potential leadership styles, with questions put to them by viewers. Tonight at 10pm on Virgin Media Onepic.twitter.com/vOix2sAvlQ".
- "Bitter blue-on-blue as Boris Johnson and Jeremy Hunt clash on live TV". Guardian. 10 July 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- "All set to chair #Toryleadershipdebate on @SkyNews next Tuesday. @Jeremy_Hunt agreed to take part but @BorisJohnson has said no. Really? The set's built, the Tory supporting audience primed. Are you really going to let them and YOUR country down, Boris?". Twitter. @KayBurley. 21 June 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
- "Johnson no-show scuppers TV debate". 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
- Taylor, Rebecca (24 June 2019). "Sky News postpones debate as Boris Johnson fails to reply to invite". Sky News. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
- "Sky News to interview Jeremy Hunt". Sky Corporate. 30 June 2019. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
- "Next PM Question Time 'unlikely to go ahead'". BBC News. 10 July 2019. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
- "PM candidates take part in final leadership debate". BBC News. 15 July 2019. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
- "Four-screen dashboard | BARB".
- "More than four million tune in for ITV's Tory leadership debate". Stroud News and Journal. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- "Boris Johnson and Rory Stewart performed best in the #BBCOurNextPM debate, with Jeremy Hunt in third place, according to our poll of 700 viewers #ToryLeadershipContest #ToryLeadershipDebate". Twitter. 19 June 2019.
- "Johnson tops first Tory leadership poll". BBC News. 13 June 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- Sparrow, Andrew; Makortoff, Kalyeena (18 June 2019). "Tory leadership: Johnson, Hunt, Gove, Stewart, Javid through, as Raab eliminated – live news". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 June 2019.