Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, normally referred to as the Home Secretary, is a senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Home Office. It is a British Cabinet level position.
|Secretary of State for the Home Department|
|Reports to||Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|
|Appointer||Monarch of the United Kingdom|
|Term length||At Her Majesty's pleasure|
|Inaugural holder||The Earl of Shelburne|
|Formation||27 March 1782|
The Home Secretary is responsible for the internal affairs of England and Wales, and for immigration and citizenship for the United Kingdom. The remit of the Home Office also includes policing in England and Wales and matters of national security, as the Security Service (MI5) is directly accountable to the Home Secretary. Formerly, the Home Secretary was the minister responsible for prisons and probation in England and Wales; however in 2005 those responsibilities were transferred to the newly created Ministry of Justice under the Lord Chancellor.
The current Home Secretary is Amber Rudd, appointed formally by Queen Elizabeth II on the advice of Prime Minister Theresa May on 13 July 2016. May had been the previous incumbent, appointed in 2010 by Prime Minister David Cameron to serve in his coalition government. May was reappointed by Cameron to serve in his Conservative government in 2015. She stood down from this role in 2016 on assuming the office of Prime Minister, succeeding Cameron.
List of Home SecretariesEdit
- The Prince of Wales served as Prince Regent from 5 February 1811.
- Elevated to the Peerage of Great Britain in 1790.
- Elected to a new constituency in the 1847 general election.
- Lost seat in the 1868 general election and elected to a new constituency in the Renfrewshire by-election.
- Elevated to the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1918.
- Elected on 28 February 1924 in the Burnley by-election.
- The Liberal Party withdrew on 28 September 1932.
- "Secretary of State for the Home Department". gov.uk. Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
- Including honorifics and constituencies for elected MPs.
- "Ministry". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- Defined as a period of government under one or two predominant ministers.
- Gibson 2008.
- "Home Secretary". Hansard. Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
- "Resignation letter by Liberal ministers to Ramsay MacDonald" (Letter). Letter to Ramsay MacDonald. Samuel papers. 28 September 1932. SAM/A/89/84.
- "Clarke is fired in Cabinet purge". BBC News. 5 May 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
- "First female boss for Home Office". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
- "Hutton quits in cabinet reshuffle". BBC News. 5 June 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
- "Cameron coalition: Theresa May made home secretary". BBC News. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
- "Theresa May shakes up government with new-look cabinet". BBC News. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2017.