Home Secretary

The home secretary, officially the secretary of state for the Home Department, is a secretary of state in the Government of the United Kingdom, with overall responsibility for all Home Office business.[1] The incumbent is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom, fourth in the ministerial ranking.[2]

Secretary of State
for the Home Department
Royal Arms of the United Kingdom (Crown & Garter).svg
Official portrait of Rt Hon Priti Patel MP.jpg
Incumbent
Priti Patel

since 24 July 2019 (2019-07-24)
Home Office
StyleHome Secretary
(informal)
The Right Honourable
(UK and the Commonwealth)
StatusGreat Office of State
Secretary of state
Minister of the Crown
Member ofCabinet
Privy Council
National Security Council
Reports toThe Prime Minister
SeatWestminster
AppointerThe Crown
on advice of the Prime Minister
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's pleasure
Formation27 March 1782
First holderEarl of Shelburne
Websitewww.gov.uk

The position was created in 1782,[3] though its responsibilities have changed many times.[4] Past office holders have included the Prime Ministers Lord North, Robert Peel, the Duke of Wellington, Lord Palmerston, Winston Churchill, James Callaghan, and Theresa May. In 2007, Jacqui Smith became the first female home secretary.[5]

The office holder works alongside the other Home Office ministers. The corresponding shadow minister is the Shadow Home Secretary.

The incumbent is Priti Patel, who was appointed by Prime Minister Boris Johnson in July 2019.[6]

ResponsibilitiesEdit

The Home Secretary has overall responsibility for all Home Office business, including oversight of MI5.[1] They have been referred to as the UK interior minister.[6]

HistoryEdit

The title Secretary of State in the government of England dates back to the early 17th century.[7] The position of Secretary of State for the Home Department was created in the British governmental reorganisation of 1782, in which the Northern and Southern Departments became the Foreign Office and Home Office respectively.[7]

In 2007, the new Ministry of Justice took on the criminal justice functions of the Home Office and its agencies.[8]

List of home secretariesEdit

Secretary of State for the Home Department[1]
Portrait Name[note 1]
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Ministry Monarch
(Reign)
Ref.
  The Right Honourable
William Petty
2nd Earl of Shelburne
KGPC

(1737–1805)
27 March 1782 10 July 1782 Whig Rockingham II George III
 
(1760–1820)
[note 2]
[9]
  The Right Honourable
Thomas Townsend

MP for Whitchurch
(1733–1800)
10 July 1782 2 April 1783 Whig Shelburne
(WhigTory)
[9]
  The Right Honourable
Frederick North
Lord North
KG

MP for Banbury
(1732–1792)
2 April 1783 19 December 1783 Tory Fox–North [9]
  The Right Honourable
George Nugent-Temple-Grenville
3rd Earl Temple
PC

(1753–1813)
19 December 1783 23 December 1783 Tory Pitt I [10]
  The Right Honourable
Thomas Townsend
1st Baron Sydney
PC

(1733–1800)
23 December 1783 5 June 1789 Whig [9]
  The Right Honourable
William Grenville
1st Baron Grenville
PCPC (Ire)

MP for Buckinghamshire[note 3]
(1759–1834)
5 June 1789 8 June 1791 Tory [9]
  The Right Honourable
Henry Dundas

MP for Edinburgh
(1742–1811)
8 June 1791 11 July 1794 Tory [9]
  His Grace
William Cavendish-Bentinck
3rd Duke of Portland
KGPCFRS

(1738–1809)
11 July 1794 30 July 1801 Tory [9]
Addington
  The Right Honourable
Thomas Pelham
4th Baron Pelham of Stanmer
PCPC (Ire)FRS

(1756–1826)
30 July 1801 17 August 1803 Whig [9]
  The Right Honourable
Charles Philip Yorke
FRSFSA

MP for Cambridgeshire
(1764–1834)
17 August 1803 12 May 1804 Tory [9]
  The Right Honourable
Robert Jenkinson
2nd Baron Hawkesbury
PCFRS

(1770–1828)
12 May 1804 5 February 1806 Tory Pitt II [9]
  The Right Honourable
George Spencer
2nd Earl Spencer
KGPCDLFRSFSA

(1758–1834)
5 February 1806 25 March 1807 Whig All the Talents
(WhigTory)
[9]
  The Right Honourable
Robert Jenkinson
2nd Earl of Liverpool
PCFRS

(1770–1828)
25 March 1807 1 November 1809 Tory Portland II [9]
  The Right Honourable
Richard Ryder

MP for Tiverton
(1766–1832)
1 November 1809 8 June 1812 Tory Perceval [9]
  The Right Honourable
Henry Addington
1st Viscount Sidmouth
PC

(1757–1844)
11 June 1812 17 January 1822 Tory Liverpool [9]
George IV
 
(1820–1830)
  The Right Honourable
Robert Peel
FRS

MP for Oxford University
(1788–1850)
17 January 1822 10 April 1827 Tory [9]
  The Right Honourable
William Sturges Bourne

MP for Ashburton
(1769–1845)
30 April 1827 16 July 1827 Tory Canning
(CanningiteWhig)
[9]
  The Most Honourable
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice
3rd Marquess of Lansdowne
PCFRS

(1780–1863)
16 July 1827 22 January 1828 Whig [9]
Goderich
  The Right Honourable
Sir Robert Peel
BtFRS

MP for 3 constituencies respectively
(1788–1850)
26 January 1828 22 November 1830 Tory Wellington–Peel [9]
William IV
 
(1830–1837)
  The Right Honourable
William Lamb
2nd Viscount Melbourne
PC

(1779–1848)
22 November 1830 16 July 1834 Whig Grey [9]
  The Right Honourable
John Ponsonby
1st Baron Duncannon
PC

(1781–1847)
19 July 1834 15 November 1834 Whig Melbourne I [9]
  Field MarshalHis Grace
Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington
KGGCBGCHPC

(1769–1852)
15 November 1834 15 December 1834 Tory Wellington Caretaker [9]
  The Right Honourable
Henry Goulburn
FRS

MP for Cambridge University
(1784–1856)
15 December 1834 18 April 1835 Conservative Peel I [9]
  The Right Honourable
Lord John Russell

MP for Stroud
(1792–1878)
18 April 1835 30 August 1839 Whig Melbourne II [10]
Victoria
 
(1837–1901)
  The Most Honourable
Constantine Phipps
1st Marquess of Normanby
GCHPC

(1797–1863)
30 August 1839 30 August 1841 Whig [10]
  The Right Honourable
Sir James Graham
Bt

MP for Dorchester
(1792–1861)
6 September 1841 30 June 1846 Conservative Peel II [10]
  The Right Honourable
Sir George Grey
Bt

8 July 1846 23 February 1852 Whig Russell I [10]
  The Right Honourable
Spencer Horatio Walpole
QC

MP for Midhurst
(1806–1898)
27 February 1852 19 December 1852 Conservative Who? Who? [10]
  The Right Honourable
Henry John Temple
3rd Viscount Palmerston
GCBPCFRS

MP for Tiverton
(1784–1865)
28 December 1852 6 February 1855 Whig Aberdeen
(PeeliteWhig)
[10]
  The Right Honourable
Sir George Grey
Bt

MP for Morpeth
(1799–1882)
8 February 1855 26 February 1858 Whig Palmerston I [10]
  The Right Honourable
Spencer Horatio Walpole
QC

MP for Cambridge University
(1806–1898)
26 February 1858 3 March 1859 Conservative Derby–Disraeli II [10]
  The Right Honourable
Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron-Estcourt
DLJP

MP for North Wiltshire
(1801–1876)
3 March 1859 18 June 1859 Conservative [10]
  The Right Honourable
Sir George Cornewall Lewis
Bt

MP for Radnor
(1806–1863)
18 June 1859 25 July 1861 Liberal Palmerston II [10]
  The Right Honourable
Sir George Grey
Bt

MP for Morpeth
(1799–1882)
25 July 1861 28 June 1866 Liberal [10]
Russell II
  The Right Honourable
Spencer Horatio Walpole
QC

MP for Cambridge University
(1806–1898)
6 July 1866 17 May 1867 Conservative Derby–Disraeli III [10]
  The Right Honourable
Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy

MP for Oxford University
(1814–1906)
17 May 1867 3 December 1868 Conservative [10]
  The Right Honourable
Henry Bruce
JPDL

(1815–1895)
9 December 1868 9 August 1873 Liberal Gladstone I [10]
  The Right Honourable
Robert Lowe

MP for London University
(1811–1892)
9 August 1873 20 February 1874 Liberal [10]
  The Right Honourable
R. A. Cross
GCBFRSDL

MP for South West Lancashire
(1823–1914)
21 February 1874 23 April 1880 Conservative Disraeli II [10]
  The Right Honourable
Sir William Harcourt
QC

MP for Derby
(1827–1904)
28 April 1880 23 June 1885 Liberal Gladstone II [10]
  The Right Honourable
R. A. Cross
GCBFRSDL

MP for Newton
(1823–1914)
24 June 1885 1 February 1886 Conservative Salisbury I [10]
  The Right Honourable
Hugh Childers

MP for Edinburgh South
(1827–1896)
6 February 1886 25 July 1886 Liberal Gladstone III [10]
  The Right Honourable
Henry Matthews
QC

MP for Birmingham East
(1826–1913)
3 August 1886 15 August 1892 Conservative Salisbury II [10]
  The Right Honourable
H. H. Asquith
QC

MP for East Fife
(1852–1928)
18 August 1892 25 June 1895 Liberal Gladstone IV [10]
Rosebery
  The Right Honourable
Sir Matthew White Ridley
BtDL

MP for Blackpool
(1842–1904)
29 June 1895 12 November 1900 Conservative Salisbury
(III & IV)

(Con.Lib.U.)
[10]
  The Right Honourable
Charles Ritchie

MP for Croydon
(1838–1906)
12 November 1900 11 August 1902 Conservative [10]
Edward VII
 
(1901–1910)
Balfour
  The Right Honourable
Aretas Akers-Douglas
JPDL

MP for St Augustine's
(1851–1926)
11 August 1902 5 December 1905 Conservative [10]
  The Right Honourable
Herbert Gladstone
JP

MP for Leeds West
(1854–1930)
11 December 1905 19 February 1910 Liberal Campbell-Bannerman [10]
Asquith
(I–III)
  The Right Honourable
Winston Churchill

MP for Dundee
(1874–1965)
19 February 1910 24 October 1911 Liberal [10]
George V
 
(1910–1936)
  The Right Honourable
Reginald McKenna

MP for North Monmouthshire
(1863–1943)
24 October 1911 27 May 1915 Liberal [10]
  The Right Honourable
Sir John Simon

MP for Walthamstow
(1873–1954)
27 May 1915 12 January 1916 Liberal Asquith Coalition
(Lib.Con.–et al.)
[10]
  The Right Honourable
Herbert Samuel

MP for Cleveland
(1870–1963)
12 January 1916 7 December 1916 Liberal [10]
  The Right Honourable
George Cave
1st Viscount Cave
PC

MP for Kingston[note 6]
(1856–1928)
11 December 1916 14 January 1919 Conservative Lloyd George
(I & II)
[10]
  The Right Honourable
Edward Shortt
KC

MP for Newcastle upon Tyne West
(1862–1935)
14 January 1919 23 October 1922 Liberal [10]
  The Right Honourable
William Bridgeman
JPDL

MP for Oswestry
(1864–1935)
25 October 1922 22 January 1924 Conservative Law [10]
Baldwin I
  The Right Honourable
Arthur Henderson

MP for Burnley[note 7]
(1863–1935)
23 January 1924 4 November 1924 Labour MacDonald I [10]
  The Right Honourable
Sir William Joynson-Hicks
BtPC (NI)DL

MP for Twickenham
(1865–1932)
7 November 1924 5 June 1929 Conservative Baldwin II [10]
  The Right Honourable
John Robert Clynes

MP for Manchester Platting
(1869–1949)
8 June 1929 26 August 1931 Labour MacDonald II [10]
  The Right Honourable
Herbert Samuel
GCBGBE

MP for Darwen
(1870–1963)
26 August 1931 1 October 1932 Liberal National I
(N.Lab.Con.–et al.)
[10]
National II
  The Right Honourable
Sir John Gilmour
BtDSOTDJPDL

MP for Glasgow Pollok
(1876–1940)
1 October 1932 7 June 1935 Unionist [10]
  The Right Honourable
Sir John Simon
GCSIGCVOOBE

MP for Spen Valley
(1873–1954)
7 June 1935 28 May 1937 Liberal National National III
(Con.N.Lab.–et al.)
[10]
Edward VIII
 
(1936)
George VI
 
(1936–1952)
  The Right Honourable
Sir Samuel Hoare
BtGCSIGBECMGJP

MP for Chelsea
(1880–1959)
28 May 1937 3 September 1939 Conservative National IV [10]
  The Right Honourable
Sir John Anderson
GCBGCSIGCIEPC (Ire)

MP for Combined Scottish Universities
(1882–1958)
4 September 1939 4 October 1940 Independent
(National)
Chamberlain War [10]
Churchill War
(All parties)
  The Right Honourable
Herbert Morrison

MP for Hackney South
(1888–1965)
4 October 1940 23 May 1945 Labour [10]
The Right Honourable
Sir Donald Somervell
KC

MP for Crewe
(1889–1960)
25 May 1945 26 July 1945 Conservative Churchill Caretaker
(Con.Lib.N.)
[10]
  The Right Honourable
James Chuter Ede
JPDL

MP for South Shields
(1882–1965)
3 August 1945 26 October 1951 Labour Attlee
(I & II)
[10]
  The Right Honourable
Sir David Maxwell Fyfe
GCVOQC

MP for Liverpool West Derby
(1900–1967)
27 October 1951 19 October 1954 Conservative Churchill III [10]
Elizabeth II
 
(1952–present)
  The Right Honourable
Gwilym Lloyd George
TD

MP for Newcastle upon Tyne North
(1894–1967)
19 October 1954 14 January 1957 National Liberal
&
Conservative
[10]
Eden
  The Right Honourable
Richard Austen Butler
CH

MP for Saffron Walden
(1902–1982)
14 January 1957 13 July 1962 Conservative Macmillan
(I & II)
[10]
The Right Honourable
Henry Brooke

MP for Hampstead
(1903–1984)
14 July 1962 16 October 1964 Conservative [10]
Douglas-Home
  The Right Honourable
Sir Frank Soskice
QC

MP for Newport
(1902–1979)
18 October 1964 23 December 1965 Labour Wilson
(I & II)
[10]
  The Right Honourable
Roy Jenkins

MP for Birmingham Stechford
(1920–2003)
23 December 1965 30 November 1967 Labour [10]
  The Right Honourable
James Callaghan

MP for Cardiff South East
(1912–2005)
30 November 1967 19 June 1970 Labour [10]
The Right Honourable
Reginald Maudling

MP for Barnet
(1917–1979)
20 June 1970 18 July 1972 Conservative Heath [10]
The Right Honourable
Robert Carr

MP for Carshalton
(1916–2012)
18 July 1972 4 March 1974 Conservative [10]
  The Right Honourable
Roy Jenkins

MP for Birmingham Stechford
(1920–2003)
5 March 1974 10 September 1976 Labour Wilson
(III & IV)
[10]
Callaghan
  The Right Honourable
Merlyn Rees

MP for Leeds South
(1920–2006)
10 September 1976 4 May 1979 Labour [10]
The Right Honourable
William Whitelaw
CHMCDL

MP for Penrith and The Border
(1918–1999)
4 May 1979 11 June 1983 Conservative Thatcher I [10]
  The Right Honourable
Leon Brittan
QC

MP for Richmond (Yorks)
(1939–2015)
11 June 1983 2 September 1985 Conservative Thatcher II [10]
  The Right Honourable
Douglas Hurd
CBE

MP for Witney
(born 1930)
2 September 1985 26 October 1989 Conservative [10]
Thatcher III
The Right Honourable
David Waddington
QCDL

MP for Ribble Valley
(1929–2017)
26 October 1989 28 November 1990 Conservative [10]
  The Right Honourable
Kenneth Baker

MP for Mole Valley
(born 1934)
28 November 1990 10 April 1992 Conservative Major I [10]
  The Right Honourable
Kenneth Clarke
QC

MP for Rushcliffe
(born 1940)
10 April 1992 27 May 1993 Conservative Major II [10]
  The Right Honourable
Michael Howard
QC

MP for Folkestone and Hythe
(born 1941)
27 May 1993 2 May 1997 Conservative [10]
  The Right Honourable
Jack Straw

MP for Blackburn
(born 1946)
2 May 1997 8 June 2001 Labour Blair I [10]
  The Right Honourable
David Blunkett

MP for Sheffield Brightside
(born 1947)
8 June 2001 15 December 2004 Labour Blair II [10]
  The Right Honourable
Charles Clarke

MP for Norwich South
(born 1950)
15 December 2004 5 May 2006 Labour [10]
Blair III
  The Right Honourable
John Reid

MP for Airdrie and Shotts
(born 1947)
5 May 2006 27 June 2007 Labour [11]
  The Right Honourable
Jacqui Smith

MP for Redditch
(born 1962)
28 June 2007 5 June 2009 Labour Brown [12]
  The Right Honourable
Alan Johnson

MP for Hull West and Hessle
(born 1950)
5 June 2009 11 May 2010 Labour [13]
  The Right Honourable
Theresa May

MP for Maidenhead
(born 1956)
12 May 2010 13 July 2016 Conservative Cameron–Clegg
(Con.L.D.)
[14]
May's tenure as Home Secretary Cameron II
  The Right Honourable
Amber Rudd

MP for Hastings and Rye
(born 1963)
13 July 2016 29 April 2018 Conservative May I [15]
May II
  The Right Honourable
Sajid Javid

MP for Bromsgrove
(born 1969)
30 April 2018 24 July 2019 Conservative [16]
  The Right Honourable
Priti Patel

MP for Witham
(born 1972)
24 July 2019 Incumbent Conservative Johnson I [6]
Johnson II

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Including honorifics and constituencies for elected MPs.
  2. ^ The Prince of Wales served as Prince Regent from 5 February 1811.
  3. ^ Elevated to the Peerage of Great Britain in 1790
  4. ^ Elected to a new constituency in the 1847 general election.
  5. ^ Lost seat in the 1868 general election and elected to a new constituency in the Renfrewshire by-election.
  6. ^ Elevated to the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1918.
  7. ^ Elected on 28 February 1924 in the Burnley by-election.

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Secretary of State for the Home Department". gov.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Her Majesty's Government: The Cabinet". parliament.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  3. ^ "The Cabinet Papers: Senior Cabinet posts". The National Archives. Retrieved 3 July 2021. The post of Home Secretary was created in 1782 with the formation of the Home Office
  4. ^ "Records created or inherited by the Home Office, Ministry of Home Security, and related bodies". The National Archives. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  5. ^ "First female boss for Home Office". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 25 June 2021. Jacqui Smith has become Britain's first female home secretary
  6. ^ a b c "Priti Patel appointed UK interior minister: statement". Reuters. 24 July 2019. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  7. ^ a b Sainty, J. C. (1973). "Introduction". Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 2 - Officials of the Secretaries of State 1660-1782. British History Online. University of London. pp. 1–21. At the Restoration [in 1660] the practice of appointing two Secretaries of State, which was well established before the Civil War, was resumed. Apart from the modifications which were made necessary by the occasional existence of a third secretaryship, the organisation of the secretariat underwent no fundamental change from that time until the reforms of 1782 which resulted in the emergence of the Home and Foreign departments. ... English domestic affairs remained the responsibility of both Secretaries throughout the period. In the field of foreign affairs there was a division into a Northern and a Southern Department, each of which was the responsibility of one Secretary. The distinction between the two departments emerged only gradually. It was not until after 1689 that their names passed into general currency. Nevertheless the division of foreign business itself can, in its broad outlines, be detected in the early years of the reign of Charles II.
  8. ^ House of Commons Constitutional Affairs Committee (17 July 2007). "The creation of the Ministry of Justice" (PDF). parliament.uk. p. 3. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Gibson 2008.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm "Home Secretary". Hansard. Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Clarke is fired in Cabinet purge". BBC News. 5 May 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  12. ^ "First female boss for Home Office". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Hutton quits in cabinet reshuffle". BBC News. 5 June 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Cameron coalition: Theresa May made home secretary". BBC News. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Theresa May shakes up government with new-look cabinet". BBC News. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Sajid Javid announced as new Home Secretary after Amber Rudd's resignation". Sky News. Retrieved 30 April 2018.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit