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Cleveland (UK Parliament constituency)

ElectorateEdit

It returned one Member of Parliament to the British House of Commons, using the first past the post voting system. All elections were conducted with a secret ballot, which had been introduced under the Ballot Act 1872.

The franchise was initially restricted, and extended on several occasions:

HistoryEdit

The Cleveland constituency was created when the North Riding of Yorkshire constituency was divided by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and Cleveland then covered the northern tip of the North Riding.

In 1918 it was redefined in terms of local government areas, and covered part of Guisborough Rural District and the Middlesbrough Rural District, along with the urban districts of Eston, Guisborough, Hinderwell, Loftus, Redcar, Saltburn by the Sea and Skelton and Brotton. In 1948 it was redefined again to cover Eston, Guisborough, Loftus, Redcar, Saltburn and Marske by the Sea and Skelton and Brotton; the new boundaries were first used for the 1950 general election. As such it was a socially mixed constituency throughout its existence, containing working class Middlesbrough suburbs and ironstone mining villages as well as middle class resorts and agricultural communities.

It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until it was abolished for the February 1974 general election.

It was replaced by the new Redcar and Cleveland & Whitby constituencies.

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1880sEdit

 
Henry Pease
General election 1885: Cleveland[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fell Pease 6,948 70.9 N/A
Conservative Guy Dawnay 2,845 29.1 N/A
Majority 4,103 41.8 N/A
Turnout 9,793 83.1 N/A
Registered electors 11,788
Liberal win (new seat)
General election 1886: Cleveland[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fell Pease Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: Cleveland[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fell Pease 4,397 52.1 N/A
Conservative Arthur Dorman 4,049 47.9 N/A
Majority 348 4.2 N/A
Turnout 8,446 76.3 N/A
Registered electors 11,076
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1895: Cleveland[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fell Pease 4,762 53.3 +1.2
Conservative Robert Ropner 4,175 46.7 -1.2
Majority 587 6.6 +2.4
Turnout 8,937 81.3 +5.0
Registered electors 10,989
Liberal hold Swing +1.2

Pease's death causes a by-election.

1897 Cleveland by-election[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred Pease 5,508 57.4 +4.1
Conservative Robert Ropner 4,080 42.6 -4.1
Majority 1,428 14.8 +8.2
Turnout 9,588 83.7 +2.4
Registered electors 11,454
Liberal hold Swing +4.1

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: Cleveland[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred Pease Unopposed
Liberal hold
 
Geoffrey Drage
1902 Cleveland by-election[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Samuel 5,834 60.6 N/A
Conservative Geoffrey Drage 3,798 39.4 N/A
Majority 2,036 21.2 N/A
Turnout 9,632 77.9 N/A
Registered electors 12,360
Liberal hold Swing N/A
 
Herbert Samuel
General election 1906: Cleveland[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Samuel Unopposed
Liberal hold
1909 Cleveland by-election[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Samuel 6,296 54.2 N/A
Conservative James Windsor Lewis 5,325 45.8 N/A
Majority 971 8.4 N/A
Turnout 11,621 83.5 N/A
Registered electors 13,922
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election January 1910: Cleveland[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Samuel 7,484 57.7 N/A
Conservative James Windsor Lewis 5,491 42.3 N/A
Majority 1,993 15.4 N/A
Turnout 12,975 87.6 N/A
Registered electors 14,811
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election December 1910: Cleveland[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Samuel 6,870 56.3 -1.4
Conservative James Windsor Lewis 5,343 43.7 +1.4
Majority 1,527 12.6 -2.8
Turnout 12,213 82.5 -5.1
Registered electors 14,811
Liberal hold Swing -1.4

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

1915 Cleveland by-election[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Herbert Samuel 7,312 83.4 +27.1
John Bull League R Knight 1,453 16.6 N/A
Majority 5,859 66.8 +54.2
Turnout 8,765 53.4 −29.1
Registered electors 16,424
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1918
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Park Goff 8,701 35.6 −8.1
Labour Harry Dack 8,610 35.3 N/A
Liberal Herbert Samuel 7,089 29.1 −27.2
Majority 91 0.3 N/A
Turnout 24,400 66.2 −16.3
Registered electors 36,843
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +4.1
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 1922: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Park Goff 13,369 37.7 +2.1
Liberal Charles Starmer 11,668 32.8 +3.7
Labour Harry Dack 10,843 29.5 −5.8
Majority 1,701 4.9 +4.6
Turnout 35,520 82.4 +16.2
Registered electors 43,105
Unionist hold Swing −0.8
 
Starmer
General election 1923: Cleveland [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Starmer 13,326 38.2 +5.4
Unionist Park Goff 11,855 34.0 −3.7
Labour Robert Dennison 9,683 27.8 −1.7
Majority 1,471 4.2 N/A
Turnout 34,864 80.4 −2.0
Registered electors 43,339
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +4.6
General election 1924: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Park Goff 16,578 43.6 +9.6
Labour William Mansfield 11,153 29.4 +1.6
Liberal Charles Starmer 10,260 27.0 −11.2
Majority 5,425 14.2 N/A
Turnout 37,991 86.3 +5.9
Registered electors 44,040
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +10.4
General election 1929: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Mansfield 16,938 36.3 +6.9
Unionist Park Goff 15,255 32.6 −11.0
Liberal Charles Starmer 14,938 31.1 +4.1
Majority 1,683 3.7 N/A
Turnout 47,131 84.4 −2.0
Registered electors 55,463
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +9.0

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 1931: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Tatton Bower 30,608 60.41
Labour William Mansfield 20,060 39.59
Majority 10,548 20.82
Turnout 85.92
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General election 1935: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Tatton Bower 26,508 52.72
Labour William Mansfield 23,776 47.28
Majority 2,732 5.43
Turnout 81.15
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1945: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Willey 27,660 48.95
Conservative Robert Tatton Bower 19,739 34.93
Liberal Matthew Robinson Shawcross 9,108 16.12
Majority 7,921 14.02
Turnout 76.05
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1950: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Willey 28,940 51.43
Conservative Edward Charles Peake 21,332 37.91
Liberal Arthur Laurence Braithwaite Childe 5,996 10.66
Majority 7,608 13.52
Turnout 85.79
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Willey 31,237 54.81
Conservative Patrick Wall 25,756 45.19
Majority 5,481 9.62
Turnout 85.11
Labour hold Swing
1952 Cleveland by-election[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Arthur Palmer 25,985 54.09 -0.72
Conservative Patrick Wall 22,064 45.92 +0.72
Majority 3,921 8.16 -1.46
Turnout 48.049
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General election 1955: Cleveland [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Arthur Palmer 27,649 50.15
Conservative Wilf Proudfoot 27,468 49.84
Majority 181 0.33
Turnout 80.81
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General election 1959: Cleveland[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Wilf Proudfoot 30,445 51.40
Labour Co-op Arthur Palmer 28,790 48.60
Majority 1,655 2.79
Turnout 83.10
Conservative gain from Labour Co-op Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1964: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Tinn 28,596 44.61
Conservative Wilf Proudfoot 24,124 37.63
Liberal John W Stevens 11,387 17.76
Majority 4,472 6.98
Turnout 83.59
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1966: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Tinn 34,303 53.64
Conservative Wilf Proudfoot 22,423 35.06
Liberal Michael Ford Pitts 7,229 11.30
Majority 11,880 18.58
Turnout 81.13
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1970: Cleveland
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Tinn 36,213 53.77
Conservative Peter Coles Price 31,130 46.23
Majority 5,083 7.55
Turnout 72.94
Labour hold Swing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ The Times, 7 November 1902 p8
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  14. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  15. ^ The Times House of Commons, 1955
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ [2]

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.