Banbury (UK Parliament constituency)
Banbury is a constituency in Oxfordshire[n 1] created in 1553 and represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Victoria Prentis of the Conservative Party.[n 2] The constituency is occasionally, but erroneously, referred to as the North Oxfordshire constituency.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Banbury in Oxfordshire.
Location of Oxfordshire within England.
|Population||117,928 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||84,063 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Banbury and Bicester|
|Member of parliament||Victoria Prentis (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
In terms of electorate Banbury was the 16th largest constituency in the United Kingdom at the time of the 2015 general election.
The constituency has relatively high economic dependence on agriculture, as well as modern industry (particularly motor sport), research and development, public services and, to a lesser extent, defence. It contains two large market towns, Banbury and Bicester, where the majority of the electorate live. It is a partly rural seat, with the north west of the constituency on the edge of the Cotswolds. The area has experienced significant urban growth and is popular with commuters who favour its fast transport links to Birmingham, Oxford and London by rail, or the M40. More than one in 10 of the population is employed in higher managerial, administrative and professional work, according to ONS 2011 Census figures for England and Wales. In 2015 the seat was home to 4.3% of EU residents and unemployment was 2.9%. There are some Labour voting wards in Banbury itself, but the remainder of the constituency including Bicester and the smaller rural towns and villages are safely Conservative. However the 2017 election saw a particularly strong swing for Labour like many towns in southern England.
The constituency was created as a parliamentary borough, consisting of the town of Banbury, on January 26, 1554 through the efforts of Henry Stafford and Thomas Denton. It was one of the few English constituencies in the unreformed House of Commons to elect only one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It was the constituency represented by Lord North, the Prime Minister during the American War of Independence.
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the Parliamentary Borough was abolished and was reconstituted as the Northern or Banbury Division of Oxfordshire when the three-member Parliamentary County of Oxfordshire was divided into the three single-member constituencies of Banbury, Woodstock and Henley. It comprised the north-western part of Oxfordshire, including Chipping Norton as well as the abolished borough. Banbury has remained as county constituency since then with varying boundaries (see below).
- Political history
Banbury has a post-World War I history of Conservative representation and local support for the party. Its MPs since 1922 have all served long terms in office and each since 1922 has been knighted. Following a close election in 1923, the largest vote since 1922 has at each election been for a Conservative. In 2010 Tony Baldry (Con) almost doubled his majority. The 2015 result made the seat the 125th safest of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.
- Other parties
Four of the six parties' candidates achieved more than the deposit-retaining threshold of 5% of the vote in 2015. In 2001 Labour Party candidate Lesley Silbey won the largest opposing-party share of the vote since 1974 — 35% of the vote. Prior to 1974, the highest percentage of votes for the second-placed candidate was in 1945 — 48% of the vote.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
1885–1918: The Borough of Banbury, and the Sessional Divisions of Banbury and Bloxham, Chadlington, and Wootton North.
1918–1950: The Boroughs of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, the Urban District of Witney, and the Rural Districts of Banbury, Chipping Norton, Witney, and Woodstock.
The constituency was expanded to include the western half of the abolished Woodstock Division, including Witney and Woodstock.
1950–1974: The Boroughs of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, the Urban District of Witney, the Rural Districts of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Witney, and in the Rural District of Ploughley the parishes of Begbroke, Gosford and Water Eaton, Hampton Gay and Poyle, Kidlington, Shipton on Cherwell, Thrupp, and Yarnton.
Change to contents due to reorganisation of rural districts. Marginal loss to the Oxford constituency as a result of the expansion of County Borough of Oxford.
1974–1983: The Boroughs of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, the Urban District of Bicester, the Rural Districts of Banbury and Chipping Norton, and in the Rural District of Ploughley the parishes of Ardley, Bucknell, Caversfield, Chesterton, Cottisford, Finmere, Fringford, Fritwell, Godington, Hardwick with Tusmore, Hethe, Kirtlington, Launton, Lower Heyford, Middleton Stoney, Mixbury, Newton Purcell with Shelswell, Somerton, Souldern, Stoke Lyne, Stratton Audley, and Upper Heyford.
The Urban and Rural Districts of Witney and the parts of the Rural District of Ploughley, including Kidlington, formed the basis of the new County Constituency of Mid-Oxon. Bicester and northern parts of the Rural District of Ploughley transferred from Henley.
1983–1997: The District of Cherwell wards of Adderbury, Ambrosden, Ardley, Bicester East, Bicester South, Bicester West, Bloxham, Bodicote, Calthorpe, Chesterton, Cropredy, Deddington, Easington, Fringford, Grimsbury, Hardwick, Heyford, Hook Norton, Hornton, Kirtlington, Launton, Neithrop, Otmoor, Ruscote, Sibford, Steeple Aston, and Wroxton, and the District of West Oxfordshire wards of Bartons and Tackley, and Wootton.
Gained a small part of the abolished County Constituency of Mid-Oxon, to the south of Bicester. The bulk of the area comprising the former Urban and Rural Districts of Chipping Norton transferred to the new County Constituency of Witney.
1997–2010: The District of Cherwell wards of Adderbury, Ambrosden, Ardley, Bicester East, Bicester South, Bicester West, Bloxham, Bodicote, Calthorpe, Chesterton, Cropredy, Deddington, Easington, Fringford, Grimsbury, Hardwick, Heyford, Hook Norton, Hornton, Kirtlington, Launton, Neithrop, Otmoor, Ruscote, Sibford, Steeple Aston, and Wroxton.
Minor loss to Witney, comprising the two wards in the District of West Oxfordshire.
2010–present: The District of Cherwell wards of Adderbury, Ambrosden and Chesterton, Banbury Calthorpe, Banbury Easington, Banbury Grimsbury and Castle, Banbury Hardwick, Banbury Neithrop, Banbury Ruscote, Bicester East, Bicester North, Bicester South, Bicester Town, Bicester West, Bloxham and Bodicote, Caversfield, Cropredy, Deddington, Fringford, Hook Norton, Launton, Sibford, The Astons and Heyfords, and Wroxton.
The constituency currently covers the north-east of Oxfordshire, around Banbury and Bicester and largely corresponds to the Cherwell local government district, with the principal exception of the large village of Kidlington on the outskirts of Oxford which lies in the Oxford West and Abingdon constituency, and some smaller villages to the north-east of Oxford that lie in the Henley constituency.
Changes proposed for 2022Edit
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
The Commission proposed that three further District of Cherwell wards (Ambrosden and Chesterton, Fringford and Launton) be transferred to Henley (which was renamed East Oxfordshire), thus leaving the town of Bicester surrounded by East Oxfordshire on three sides.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Banbury borough (until 1885)Edit
|Parliament of 1554 (Apr)||Thomas Denton|
|Parliament of 1554 (Nov)||Edward Stafford, 3rd Baron Stafford|
|Parliament of 1555||Not known|
|Parliament of 1558||John Denton|
|Parliament of 1559||Thomas Lee|
|Parliament of 1563||Francis Walsingham (sat for Lyme Regis, replaced by Owen Brereton)|
|Parliament of 1571||Anthony Cope|
|Parliament of 1572|
|Parliament of 1584||Richard Fiennes|
|Parliament of 1586||Anthony Cope|
|Parliament of 1588|
|Parliament of 1593|
|Parliament of 1597|
|Parliament of 1601|
|Parliament of 1604–1611||(Sir) William Cope|
|Addled Parliament (1614)|
|Parliament of 1621–1622|
|Happy Parliament (1624–1625)||Sir Erasmus Dryden|
|Useless Parliament (1625)||Sir William Cope (Election declared void, replaced by James Fiennes)|
|Parliament of 1626||Calcot Chambre|
|Parliament of 1628–1629||John Crew|
|No Parliament summoned 1629–1640|
Banbury division of Oxfordshire/Banbury County Constituency (since 1885)Edit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||John Howson||3,452||5.6||−0.3|
|Liberal Democrat||John Howson||3,440||5.9||-14.5|
|National Health Action||Roseanne Edwards||729||1.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||David Rundle||11,476||20.4||+2.9|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Zoe Patrick||10,076||17.9||+2.0|
|National Front||James Starkey||918||1.6||N/A|
|Your Party||Chris Rowe||417||0.7||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Anthony Worgan||8,216||15.9||−0.8|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Labour||Hazel Y. Peperell||20,339||34.8||+8.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Catherine Bearder||9,761||16.7||−1.4|
|Referendum||James W. Ager||2,245||3.8||N/A|
|Natural Law||Ian Pearson||131||0.22||−0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Geoffrey J. Fisher||10,602||18.1||−5.3|
|Natural Law||Robin Ticciati||250||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||David Rowland||12,386||23.4||−3.5|
|Social Democratic||Keith Fitchett||13,200||26.9|
|Monster Raving Loony||David N. Brough||383||0.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||I. Cherry||504||0.9||N/A|
|Labour||Anthony C. Booth||18,019||35.2||+2.2|
|Independent English Nationalist||J. Barbour||547||1.1||N/A|
|Labour||Anthony C. Booth||18,289||33.0||−3.4|
|Liberal||Geoffrey J. Fisher||11,947||21.6||+11.0|
|Labour||Anthony C. Booth||25,166||36.6||−3.7|
|Liberal||Geoffrey J. Fisher||6,859||10.0||−2.2|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Liberal||Francis John Ware||7,851||13.6|
|Farmers' Candidate||James Hayward||534||0.9|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||David J Buckle||19,699||37.75|
|Labour||Norman Francis Stogdon||21,473||45.62|
|Labour||William J. Bird||19,672||39.64|
|Labour Co-op||Cyril Rawlett Fenton||19,408||39.48|
Election in the 1940sEdit
|Labour||Richard Brian Roach||21,951||48.00|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour||W E Wade||11,456||34.34||n/a|
Election in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Ronald Wilberforce Allen||13,800||38.2||+7.4|
|Labour||Lawrence A Wingfield||5,894||16.3||-0.2|
|Labour||Arthur Ernest Monks||4,733||16.5|
|Liberal||C. B. Fry||12,271||45.0||+15.6|
|Liberal||James Harold Early||7,885||29.4|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Election in the 1910sEdit
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Liberal: Eustace Fiennes
|Conservative||Robert Bingham Brassey||3,538||49.4||−2.7|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.7|
|Conservative||Robert Bingham Brassey||3,831||52.1||+10.9|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+10.9|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+15.1|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Liberal||Charles W Thornton||3,074||43.1||−8.2|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+8.2|
|Conservative||Llewellyn Malcolm Wynne||3,453||48.7||+2.3|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative||Llewellyn Malcolm Wynne||3,184||46.4||+6.5|
|Conservative||Llewellyn Malcolm Wynne||2,944||39.9||+3.5|
|Conservative||Thomas Gibson Bowles||583||36.4||−10.7|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Independent Liberal||Charles Eurwicke Douglas||160||30.1||−24.0|
|Liberal gain from Independent Liberal||Swing||+8.5|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Independent Liberal||Charles Eurwicke Douglas||235||54.1||N/A|
|Independent Liberal gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Independent Liberal||Edward Miall||118||25.1||N/A|
- Caused by Tancred's resignation.
|Whig||Henry William Tancred||216||78.8||N/A|
|Whig||Henry William Tancred||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Whig||Henry William Tancred||226||57.9||+12.8|
|Whig||Henry William Tancred||124||45.1|
Banbury is bordered to the north-east by Northamptonshire South, to the east by Buckingham, to the south by Witney and Henley constituencies, to the east by Stratford-upon-Avon and to the north-east by Kenilworth and Southam.
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on November 6, 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/our-work/our-research/electoral-data Excel Data – UK Parliament General Election, 2015
- Banbury constituency profile 2015 (BBC News). Retrieved 12 May 2017.
- Bindoff, p. 30.
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester,: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
- "Representation of the People Act, 1948". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Succeeded as baronet, July 1615
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
- Created a baronet, June 1663
- Expelled from the House of Commons
- Knollys claimed and used the title Viscount Wallingford, but his claim was disallowed by the House of Lords
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 18 August 2018 – via Google Books.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 220. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via Google Books.
- "Election Movements in England". Northern Standard. 19 June 1841. p. 1. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- Tancred, Henry William (1969). Trinder, Barrie Stuart, ed. A Victorian M.P. and his constituents: the correspondence of H. W. Tancred, 1841-1859 (Illustrated ed.). Banbury Historical Society. p. 105.
- Potts, A (1969). "The educational work of Sir Bernhard Samuelson (1820-1905) with special reference to technical education" (PDF). Durham E-Theses Online. Durham University. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Created a baronet, June 1916
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Oxfordshire PPC Candidates: first in south east". UKIP South East. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
- total electorate 88420 from Cherwell District Council elections office 28 May 2015 and accepted by House of Commons Library 18 June 2015
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "Sir Tony’s first victory", Banbury Guardian, 30 March 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1950.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–49, FWS Craig
- British parliamentary election results, 1885–1918 (Craig)
- "Complimentary Banquet to L. M. Wynne, Esq". Oxford Journal. 24 Sep 1892. p. 8. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
- "Representation of Banbury". Derby Daily Telegraph. 19 Feb 1880. p. 3. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
- "Banbury". Northampton Mercury. 28 March 1874. p. 8. Retrieved 27 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Banbury". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 16 November 1868. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 28 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Banbury". The Oxford Times. 22 July 1865. p. 7. Retrieved 28 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "The General Election". North Devon Gazette. 24 March 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Election Intelligence". Liverpool Mail. 24 July 1847. p. 5. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Banbury Election". Northampton Mercury. 3 July 1841. p. 3. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Banbury, June 17". Oxford Journal. 19 June 1841. p. 2 https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000073/18410619/007/0002. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955.
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- Stanley T. Bindoff et al. (1982). The House of Commons: 1509 – 1558 ; 1, Appendices, constituencies, members A – C, Volume 4. Boydell & Brewer. ISBN 0-436-04282-7. pp. 30–31.
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
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