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Banbury (UK Parliament constituency)

Banbury, also informally known as Banbury and North Oxfordshire or simply North Oxfordshire, is a constituency in Oxfordshire[n 1] created in 1553 and represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Victoria Prentis of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

Banbury
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Banbury in Oxfordshire
Outline map
Location of Oxfordshire within England
CountyOxfordshire
Population117,928 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate84,063 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlementsBanbury and Bicester
Current constituency
Created1553
Member of ParliamentVictoria Prentis (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencySouth East England

In terms of electorate Banbury was the 16th largest constituency in the United Kingdom at the time of the 2015 general election.[3]

Constituency profileEdit

The constituency has relatively high economic dependence on agriculture, as well as modern industry (particularly motor sport), research and development, public services and, to a lesser extent, defence. It contains two large market towns, Banbury and Bicester, where the majority of the electorate live. It is a partly rural seat, with the north west of the constituency on the edge of the Cotswolds. The area has experienced significant urban growth and is popular with commuters who favour its fast transport links to Birmingham, Oxford and London by rail, or the M40. More than one in 10 of the population is employed in higher managerial, administrative and professional work, according to ONS 2011 Census figures for England and Wales. In 2015 the seat was home to 4.3% of EU residents and unemployment was 2.9%.[4] There are some Labour voting wards in Banbury itself, but the remainder of the constituency including Bicester and the smaller rural towns and villages are safely Conservative. However the 2017 election saw a particularly strong swing for Labour like many towns in southern England.

HistoryEdit

The constituency was created as a parliamentary borough, consisting of the town of Banbury, on 26 January 1554 through the efforts of Henry Stafford and Thomas Denton.[5] It was one of the few English constituencies in the unreformed House of Commons to elect only one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It was the constituency represented by Lord North, the Prime Minister during the American War of Independence.

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the Parliamentary Borough was abolished and was reconstituted as the Northern or Banbury Division of Oxfordshire when the three-member Parliamentary County of Oxfordshire was divided into the three single-member constituencies of Banbury, Woodstock and Henley. It comprised the north-western part of Oxfordshire, including Chipping Norton as well as the abolished borough. Banbury has remained as county constituency since then with varying boundaries (see below).

Political history

Banbury has a post-World War I history of Conservative representation and local support for the party. Its MPs since 1922 have all served long terms in office and each since 1922 has been knighted. Following a close election in 1923, the largest vote since 1922 has at each election been for a Conservative. In 2010 Tony Baldry (Conservative) almost doubled his majority. The 2015 result made the seat the 125th safest of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.[6]

Other parties

Four of the six parties' candidates achieved more than the deposit-retaining threshold of 5% of the vote in 2015. In 2001, the Labour Party candidate Lesley Silbey won the largest opposing-party share of the vote since 1974 — 35% of the vote. Prior to 1974, the highest percentage of votes for the second-placed candidate was in 1945 — 48% of the vote.

Boundaries and boundary changesEdit

1885–1918: The Borough of Banbury, and the Sessional Divisions of Banbury and Bloxham, Chadlington, and Wootton North.[7]

1918–1950: The Boroughs of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, the Urban District of Witney, and the Rural Districts of Banbury, Chipping Norton, Witney, and Woodstock.[8]

The constituency was expanded to include the western half of the abolished Woodstock Division, including Witney and Woodstock.

1950–1974: The Boroughs of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, the Urban District of Witney, the Rural Districts of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Witney, and in the Rural District of Ploughley the parishes of Begbroke, Gosford and Water Eaton, Hampton Gay and Poyle, Kidlington, Shipton on Cherwell, Thrupp, and Yarnton.[9]

Change to contents due to reorganisation of rural districts. Marginal loss to the Oxford constituency as a result of the expansion of County Borough of Oxford.

1974–1983: The Boroughs of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, the Urban District of Bicester, the Rural Districts of Banbury and Chipping Norton, and in the Rural District of Ploughley the parishes of Ardley, Bucknell, Caversfield, Chesterton, Cottisford, Finmere, Fringford, Fritwell, Godington, Hardwick with Tusmore, Hethe, Kirtlington, Launton, Lower Heyford, Middleton Stoney, Mixbury, Newton Purcell with Shelswell, Somerton, Souldern, Stoke Lyne, Stratton Audley, and Upper Heyford.[10]

The Urban and Rural Districts of Witney and the parts of the Rural District of Ploughley, including Kidlington, formed the basis of the new County Constituency of Mid-Oxon.  Bicester and northern parts of the Rural District of Ploughley transferred from Henley.

1983–1997: The District of Cherwell wards of Adderbury, Ambrosden, Ardley, Bicester East, Bicester South, Bicester West, Bloxham, Bodicote, Calthorpe, Chesterton, Cropredy, Deddington, Easington, Fringford, Grimsbury, Hardwick, Heyford, Hook Norton, Hornton, Kirtlington, Launton, Neithrop, Otmoor, Ruscote, Sibford, Steeple Aston, and Wroxton, and the District of West Oxfordshire wards of Bartons and Tackley, and Wootton.[11]

Gained a small part of the abolished County Constituency of Mid-Oxon, to the south of Bicester. The bulk of the area comprising the former Urban and Rural Districts of Chipping Norton transferred to the new County Constituency of Witney.

1997–2010: The District of Cherwell wards of Adderbury, Ambrosden, Ardley, Bicester East, Bicester South, Bicester West, Bloxham, Bodicote, Calthorpe, Chesterton, Cropredy, Deddington, Easington, Fringford, Grimsbury, Hardwick, Heyford, Hook Norton, Hornton, Kirtlington, Launton, Neithrop, Otmoor, Ruscote, Sibford, Steeple Aston, and Wroxton.[12]

Minor loss to Witney, comprising the two wards in the District of West Oxfordshire.

2010–present: The District of Cherwell wards of Adderbury, Ambrosden and Chesterton, Banbury Calthorpe, Banbury Easington, Banbury Grimsbury and Castle, Banbury Hardwick, Banbury Neithrop, Banbury Ruscote, Bicester East, Bicester North, Bicester South, Bicester Town, Bicester West, Bloxham and Bodicote, Caversfield, Cropredy, Deddington, Fringford, Hook Norton, Launton, Sibford, The Astons and Heyfords, and Wroxton.[13]

Two wards in the District of Cherwell to the south of Bicester (Kirtlington and Otmoor) transferred to Henley.

The constituency currently covers the north-east of Oxfordshire, around Banbury and Bicester and largely corresponds to the Cherwell local government district, with the principal exception of the large village of Kidlington on the outskirts of Oxford which lies in the Oxford West and Abingdon constituency, and some smaller villages to the north-east of Oxford that lie in the Henley constituency.

Changes proposed by Boundary CommissionEdit

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

The Commission proposed that three further District of Cherwell wards (Ambrosden and Chesterton, Fringford and Launton) be transferred to Henley (which was renamed East Oxfordshire), thus leaving the town of Bicester surrounded by East Oxfordshire on three sides.[14]

Members of ParliamentEdit

Banbury borough (until 1885)Edit

MPs 1554–1640Edit

Constituency created 1554. (Even before the Reform Act of 1832, Banbury only returned one member to Parliament)[15]

Parliament Member
Parliament of 1554 (April) Thomas Denton
Parliament of 1554 (November) Edward Stafford, 3rd Baron Stafford
Parliament of 1555 Not known
Parliament of 1558 John Denton
Parliament of 1559 Thomas Lee
Parliament of 1563 Francis Walsingham (sat for Lyme Regis, replaced by Owen Brereton)
Parliament of 1571 Anthony Cope
Parliament of 1572
Parliament of 1584 Richard Fiennes
Parliament of 1586 Anthony Cope
Parliament of 1588
Parliament of 1593
Parliament of 1597
Parliament of 1601
Parliament of 1604–1611 Sir William Cope[16]
Addled Parliament (1614)
Parliament of 1621–1622
Happy Parliament (1624–1625) Sir Erasmus Dryden
Useless Parliament (1625) Sir William Cope (Election declared void, replaced by James Fiennes)
Parliament of 1626 Calcot Chambre
Parliament of 1628–1629 John Crew
No Parliament summoned 1629–1640

MPs 1640–1885Edit

Year Member[17] Party
April 1640 Nathaniel Fiennes Parliamentarian
1648 Fiennes excluded in Pride's Purge – seat left vacant
1653 Banbury was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and
the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Nathaniel Fiennes, the younger
May 1659 Banbury was not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Sir Anthony Cope
1661 Sir John Holman[18]
1685 Sir Dudley North
1689 Sir Robert Dashwood
1698 James Isaacson[19]
1699 Sir John Cope
1700 Patrick Friel[citation needed]
1701 Charles North
1713 Sir Jonathan Cope
1722 Monoux Cope
1727 Hon. Francis North
1730 Toby Chauncy
1733 William Knollys[20]
1740 William Moore
1746 John Willes
1754 Frederick North, Lord North Tory
1790 George North, Lord North
1792 Hon. Frederick North
1794 William Holbech
1796 Dudley Long North
1806 William Praed
1808 Dudley Long North
1812 Frederick Sylvester North Douglas
1819 Hon. Heneage Legge
1826 Hon. Arthur Legge
1830 Henry Villiers-Stuart Tory[21]
1831 John Easthope Radical[22][23][24][25]
1832 Henry William Tancred Whig[21][26][27]
February 1859 Bernhard Samuelson Whig[28]
April 1859 Sir Charles Eurwicke Douglas Ind. Liberal[29]
1865 Sir Bernhard Samuelson, Bt Liberal
1885 Borough abolished – name transferred to county division

Banbury division of Oxfordshire/Banbury County Constituency (since 1885)Edit

Election Member[17] Party
1885 Sir Bernhard Samuelson Liberal
1895 Albert Brassey Conservative
1906 Eustace Fiennes Liberal
January 1910 Robert Brassey Conservative
December 1910 Eustace Fiennes[30] Liberal
1918 by-election Sir Rhys Rhys-Williams, 1st Baronet Liberal
1922 James Edmondson, 1st Baron Sandford Conservative
1945 Douglas Dodds-Parker Conservative
1959 Neil Marten Conservative
1983 Tony Baldry Conservative
2015 Victoria Prentis Conservative

N/A

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

General election 2019: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Tim Bearder[31]
Green Ian Middleton[32]
Labour Suzette Watson[33]
Conservative Victoria Prentis
General election 2017: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Victoria Prentis 33,388 54.2 +1.2
Labour Sean Woodcock 20,989 34.1 +12.8
Liberal Democrat John Howson 3,452 5.6 −0.3
UKIP Dickie Bird 1,581 2.6 −11.3
Green Ian Middleton 1,225 2.0 −2.6
Independent Roseanne Edwards 927 1.5 N/A
Majority 12,399 20.1 −11.6
Turnout 61,652 73.5 +7.9
Conservative hold Swing −5.8
General election 2015: Banbury[34][35][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Victoria Prentis[37] 30,749 53.0 +0.2
Labour Sean Woodcock 12,354 21.3 +2.1
UKIP Dickie Bird[38] 8,050 13.9 +8.9
Liberal Democrat John Howson 3,440 5.9 -14.5
Green Ian Middleton[39] 2,686 4.6 +2.9
National Health Action Roseanne Edwards 729 1.3 N/A
Majority 18,395 31.7 -0.7
Turnout 58,008 65.6[40] +0.9
Conservative hold Swing
General election 2010: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Baldry 29,703 52.8 +5.9
Liberal Democrat David Rundle 11,476 20.4 +2.9
Labour Leslie Sibley 10,773 19.2 -8.9
UKIP David Fairweather 2,806 5.0 +2.8
Green Alastair White 959 1.7 -1.1
Independent Roseanne Edwards 524 0.9 N/A
Majority 18,227 32.4 21.8
Turnout 56,241 64.7 +0.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.5

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Baldry 26,382 46.9 +1.7
Labour Leslie Sibley 15,585 27.7 −7.3
Liberal Democrat Zoe Patrick 10,076 17.9 +2.0
Green Alyson Duckmanton 1,590 2.8 +0.3
UKIP Diana Heimann 1,241 2.2 +0.9
National Front James Starkey 918 1.6 N/A
Your Party Chris Rowe 417 0.7 N/A
Majority 10,797 19.2
Turnout 56,209 64.5 +3.4
Conservative hold Swing +4.5
General election 2001: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Baldry 23,271 45.2 +2.3
Labour Leslie Sibley 18,052 35.0 +0.2
Liberal Democrat Anthony Worgan 8,216 15.9 −0.8
Green Bevis Cotton 1,281 2.5 +1.6
UKIP Stephen Harris 695 1.3 +0.7
Majority 5,219 10.2
Turnout 51,515 61.1 −14.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Baldry 25,076 42.9 −12.1
Labour Hazel Y. Peperell 20,339 34.8 +8.3
Liberal Democrat Catherine Bearder 9,761 16.7 −1.4
Referendum James W. Ager 2,245 3.8 N/A
Green Bevis Cotton 530 0.9 N/A
UKIP L. King 364 0.62 N/A
Natural Law Ian Pearson 131 0.22 −0.2
Majority 4,737 8.1
Turnout 58,446 75.1
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1992: Banbury[41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Baldry 32,215 55.0 −1.2
Labour Angela Billingham 15,495 26.5 +6.1
Liberal Democrat Geoffrey J. Fisher 10,602 18.1 −5.3
Natural Law Robin Ticciati 250 0.4 N/A
Majority 16,720 28.6 −4.2
Turnout 58,562 81.5 +5.4
Conservative hold Swing −3.6

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Baldry 29,716 56.2 +2.8
Social Democratic David Rowland 12,386 23.4 −3.5
Labour James Honeybone 10,789 20.4 +1.4
Majority 17,330 32.8
Turnout 76.2
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tony Baldry 26,225 53.4
Social Democratic Keith Fitchett 13,200 26.9
Labour Brian Hodgson 9,343 19.0
Monster Raving Loony David N. Brough[42] 383 0.8 N/A
Majority 13,025 26.50
Turnout 75.24
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1979: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Marten 31,137 54.7 +7.3
Labour Brian Hodgson 16,623 29.2 −5.9
Liberal M. White 8,658 15.2 −1.1
National Front I. Cherry 504 0.9 N/A
Majority 14,514 25.5
Turnout 78.3
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Marten 24,210 47.4 +2.0
Labour Anthony C. Booth 18,019 35.2 +2.2
Liberal D. Charlton 8,352 16.3 −5.3
Independent English Nationalist J. Barbour 547 1.1 N/A
Majority 6,191 12.1
Turnout 75.71
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Marten 25,167 45.4 −7.6
Labour Anthony C. Booth 18,289 33.0 −3.4
Liberal Geoffrey J. Fisher 11,947 21.6 +11.0
Majority 6,878 12.4
Turnout 82.8
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1970: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Marten 36,712 53.4 +5.9
Labour Anthony C. Booth 25,166 36.6 −3.7
Liberal Geoffrey J. Fisher 6,859 10.0 −2.2
Majority 11,546 16.8
Turnout 77.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1966: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Marten 28,932 47.5 +0.3
Labour David Young 24,529 40.3 +2.0
Liberal Penelope Jessel 7,407 12.2 −1.4
Majority 4,403 7.2
Turnout 82.0
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1964: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Marten 27,281 47.2
Labour Gerald Fowler 22,159 38.3
Liberal Francis John Ware 7,851 13.6
Farmers' Candidate James Hayward 534 0.9
Majority 5,122 8.9
Turnout 82.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1959: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Marten 26,413 50.61
Labour David J Buckle 19,699 37.75
Liberal Kenneth Colman 6,074 11.64
Majority 6,714 12.87
Turnout 81.02
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Douglas Dodds-Parker 25,598 54.38
Labour Norman Francis Stogdon 21,473 45.62
Majority 4,125 8.76
Turnout 77.14
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Douglas Dodds-Parker 23,246 46.84
Labour William J. Bird 19,672 39.64
Liberal Lawrence Robson 6,706 13.51
Majority 3,574 7.20
Turnout 82.85
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1950: Banbury[43]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Douglas Dodds-Parker 21,365 43.46
Labour Co-op Cyril Rawlett Fenton 19,408 39.48
Liberal Lawrence Robson 8,392 17.07
Majority 1,957 3.98
Turnout 83.60
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940sEdit

General election 1945: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Douglas Dodds-Parker 23,777 52.00
Labour Richard Brian Roach 21,951 48.00
Majority 1,826 3.99
Turnout 70.55
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 14 November 1935 : Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Edmondson 21,904 65.66 n/a
Labour W E Wade 11,456 34.34 n/a
Majority 10,448 31.32 n/a
Turnout 65.82 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General election 27 October 1931: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Edmondson unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Election in the 1920sEdit

General election 1929: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Edmondson 16,444 45.5 -7.2
Liberal Ronald Wilberforce Allen 13,800 38.2 +7.4
Labour Lawrence A Wingfield 5,894 16.3 -0.2
Majority 2,644 7.3 -14.6
Turnout 78.7 -0.6
Conservative hold Swing -7.3
 
Verney
General election 1924: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Edmondson 15,053 52.7
Liberal Harry Verney 8,825 30.8
Labour Arthur Ernest Monks 4,733 16.5
Majority 6,228 21.9
Turnout 79.3
Conservative hold Swing
 
Fry
General election 1923: Banbury[44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Edmondson 12,490 45.8 -0.7
Liberal C. B. Fry 12,271 45.0 +15.6
Labour Ernest Bennett 2,500 9.2 -14.9
Majority 219 0.8 -16.3
Turnout 76.0 -0.4
Conservative hold Swing -8.2
General election 1922: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Edmondson 12,491 46.5
Liberal James Harold Early 7,885 29.4
Labour Ernest Bennett 6,463 24.1
Majority 4,606 17.1
Turnout 26,839
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
By-election 1922: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal Rhys Rhys-Williams Unopposed
Liberal hold
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Election in the 1910sEdit

General election 14 December 1918: Banbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal Rhys Rhys-Williams Unopposed
Liberal hold
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
1918 Banbury by-election[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rhys Rhys-Williams Unopposed
Liberal hold

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election December 1910: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Eustace Fiennes 3,629 50.6 +2.7
Conservative Robert Bingham Brassey 3,538 49.4 −2.7
Majority 91 1.2 N/A
Turnout 7,167 89.4 −2.2
Registered electors 8,021
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.7
General election January 1910: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Bingham Brassey 3,831 52.1 +10.9
Liberal Eustace Fiennes 3,516 47.9 −10.9
Majority 315 4.2 N/A
Turnout 7,347 91.6 +4.0
Registered electors 8,021
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +10.9

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1906: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Eustace Fiennes 3,992 58.8 +15.1
Conservative George Villiers 2,796 41.2 −15.1
Majority 1,196 17.6 N/A
Turnout 6,788 87.6 +5.4
Registered electors 7,748
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +15.1
General election 1900: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Brassey 3,632 56.3 −0.6
Liberal Eustace Fiennes 2,821 43.7 +0.6
Majority 811 12.6 −1.2
Turnout 6,453 82.2 −5.4
Registered electors 7,853
Conservative hold Swing −0.6

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1895: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert Brassey 4,057 56.9 +8.2
Liberal Charles W Thornton 3,074 43.1 −8.2
Majority 983 13.8 n/a
Turnout 7,131 87.6 +1.3
Registered electors 8,145
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.2
General election 1892: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 3,640 51.3 −2.3
Conservative Llewellyn Malcolm Wynne[46] 3,453 48.7 +2.3
Majority 187 2.6 −4.6
Turnout 7,093 86.3 +5.4
Registered electors 8,223
Liberal hold Swing −2.3

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1886: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 3,677 53.6 −6.5
Conservative Llewellyn Malcolm Wynne 3,184 46.4 +6.5
Majority 493 7.2 −13.0
Turnout 6,861 80.9 −6.1
Registered electors 8,478
Liberal hold Swing −6.5
General election 1885: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 4,436 60.1 −3.5
Conservative Llewellyn Malcolm Wynne 2,944 39.9 +3.5
Majority 1,492 20.2 −7.0
Turnout 7,380 87.0 +3.4
Registered electors 8,478
Liberal hold Swing −3.5
General election 1880: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 1,018 63.6 +10.7
Conservative Thomas Gibson Bowles[47] 583 36.4 −10.7
Majority 435 27.2 +21.4
Turnout 1,601 86.6 +11.3
Registered electors 1,848
Liberal hold Swing +10.7

Elections in the 1870sEdit

General election 1874: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 760 52.9 −13.1
Conservative Josiah Wilkinson[48] 676 47.1 +13.1
Majority 84 5.8 −26.3
Turnout 1,436 75.3 −1.4
Registered electors 1,906
Liberal hold Swing −13.1

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1868: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 772 66.0 +27.2
Conservative George Stratton[49] 397 34.0 +2.9
Majority 375 32.1 +24.4
Turnout 1,169 76.7 −9.8
Registered electors 1,524
Liberal hold Swing +12.2
General election 1865: Banbury[29][45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 206 38.8 −7.1
Conservative Charles Bell[50] 165 31.1 N/A
Independent Liberal Charles Eurwicke Douglas 160 30.1 −24.0
Majority 41 7.7 N/A
Turnout 531 86.5 +21.9
Registered electors 614
Liberal gain from Independent Liberal Swing +8.5

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1859: Banbury[29][45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal Charles Eurwicke Douglas 235 54.1 N/A
Liberal Bernhard Samuelson 199 45.9 −32.9
Majority 36 8.3 N/A
Turnout 434 64.6 +13.7
Registered electors 672
Independent Liberal gain from Liberal Swing N/A
By-election, 9 February 1859: Banbury[28][29][45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Bernhard Samuelson 177 37.6 −41.2
Conservative John Hardy 176 37.4 N/A
Independent Liberal Edward Miall 118 25.1 N/A
Majority 1 0.2 −57.5
Turnout 471 70.1 +19.2
Registered electors 672
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1857: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry William Tancred 216 78.8 N/A
Radical Edward Yates[51] 58 21.2 N/A
Majority 158 57.7 N/A
Turnout 274 50.9 N/A
Registered electors 538
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1852: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry William Tancred Unopposed
Registered electors 491
Whig hold

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1847: Banbury[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry William Tancred 226 57.9 +12.8
Conservative James Macgregor[52] 164 42.1 +5.7
Majority 62 15.9 +7.2
Turnout 390 83.9 +12.5
Registered electors 465
Whig hold Swing +3.6
General election 1841: Banbury[21][45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry William Tancred 124 45.1 −25.6
Conservative Hugh Holbech[53] 100 36.4 +7.1
Chartist Henry Vincent[54] 51 18.5 N/A
Majority 24 8.7 −32.7
Turnout 275 71.4 −3.2
Registered electors 385
Whig hold Swing −16.4

Elections in the 1830sEdit

General election 1837: Banbury[21][45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry William Tancred 181 70.7 −11.3
Conservative Henry Tawney 75 29.3 N/A
Majority 106 41.4 −22.6
Turnout 256 74.6 +6.7
Registered electors 343
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1835: Banbury[21][45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry William Tancred 205 82.0 N/A
Radical Edward Lloyd Williams[55] 45 18.0 N/A
Majority 160 64.0 N/A
Turnout 250 67.9 N/A
Registered electors 368
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1832: Banbury[21][45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry William Tancred Unopposed
Registered electors 329
Whig gain from Radical
General election 1831: Banbury[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical John Easthope 6 66.7 N/A
Tory Henry Hely-Hutchinson 3 33.3 N/A
Majority 3 33.4 N/A
Turnout 9 N/A
Radical gain from Tory Swing N/A
General election 1830: Banbury[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Tory Henry Villiers-Stuart Unopposed
Tory gain from Non-partisan

Neighbouring constituenciesEdit

Banbury is bordered to the north-east by Northamptonshire South, to the east by Buckingham, to the south by Witney and Henley constituencies, to the east by Stratford-upon-Avon and to the north-east by Kenilworth and Southam.

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years
References
  1. ^ "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. ^ Electoral Data – UK Parliament General Election 2015 Electoral Commission
  4. ^ Banbury constituency profile 2015 (BBC News). Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  5. ^ Bindoff, p. 30
  6. ^ List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info; Retrieved 29 January 2017
  7. ^ The public general acts. Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
  8. ^ Craig, Fred WS (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
  9. ^ "Representation of the People Act, 1948". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  10. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  11. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  12. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  13. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Final recommendations report". 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents. Boundary Commission for England. September 2018. Archived from the original on 15 February 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  15. ^ Banbury in 1835 Old Towns Books & Maps
  16. ^ Succeeded as baronet, July 1615
  17. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
  18. ^ Created a baronet, June 1663
  19. ^ Expelled from the House of Commons
  20. ^ Knollys claimed and used the title Viscount Wallingford, but his claim was disallowed by the House of Lords
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I, to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 18 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  22. ^ "Election News". Northern Star and Leeds General Advertiser. 10 July 1841. p. 23. Retrieved 15 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  23. ^ Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. pp. 74, 79. Retrieved 15 November 2018 – via Google Books.
  24. ^ "Nottingham Review and General Advertiser for the Midland Counties". 25 August 1837. p. 4. Retrieved 15 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  25. ^ "General Election, 1841". Morning Post. 29 June 1841. pp. 2–4. Retrieved 15 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  26. ^ Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 220. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via Google Books.
  27. ^ "Election Movements in England". Northern Standard. 19 June 1841. p. 1. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (subscription required)
  28. ^ a b Tancred, Henry William (1969). Trinder, Barrie Stuart (ed.). A Victorian M.P. and his constituents: the correspondence of H. W. Tancred, 1841-1859 (Illustrated ed.). Banbury Historical Society. p. 105.
  29. ^ a b c d Potts, A (1969). "The educational work of Sir Bernhard Samuelson (1820-1905) with special reference to technical education" (pdf). Durham E-Theses Online. Durham University. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  30. ^ Created a baronet, June 1916
  31. ^ "Liberal Democrat Parliamentary candidates". Mark Pack. 9 September 2019.
  32. ^ "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party Members' Website.
  33. ^ "Labour choose new candidate for Banbury in next general election". Banbury Guardian. 8 April 2019.
  34. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  35. ^ "Cherwell District Council". Cherwell District Council. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  36. ^ "Banbury Parliamentary Constituency". Election 2017. BBC News.
  37. ^ "Victoria Prentis selected as Parliamentary Candidate". Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2017. North Oxfordshire Conservatives
  38. ^ "Oxfordshire PPC Candidates: first in south east". UKIP South East. 12 September 2014. Archived from the original on 13 April 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  39. ^ "Ian Middleton - Green Party Parliamentary Candidate for Banbury". Oxfordshire Green Party.
  40. ^ Total electorate 88420 from Cherwell District Council elections office, 28 May 2015 and accepted by House of Commons Library, 18 June 2015
  41. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  42. ^ "Sir Tony’s first victory", Banbury Guardian, 30 March 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015
  43. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1950.
  44. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–49, FWS Craig
  45. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v British parliamentary election results, 1885–1918 (Craig)
  46. ^ "Complimentary Banquet to L. M. Wynne, Esq". Oxford Journal. 24 September 1892. p. 8. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  47. ^ "Representation of Banbury". Derby Telegraph. 19 February 1880. p. 3. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  48. ^ "Banbury". Northampton Mercury. 28 March 1874. p. 8. Retrieved 27 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (subscription required)
  49. ^ "Banbury". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 16 November 1868. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 28 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (subscription required)
  50. ^ "Banbury". Oxford Times. 22 July 1865. p. 7. Retrieved 28 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (subscription required)
  51. ^ "The General Election". North Devon Gazette. 24 March 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (subscription required)
  52. ^ "Election Intelligence". Liverpool Mail. 24 July 1847. p. 5. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (subscription required)
  53. ^ "Banbury Election". Northampton Mercury. 3 July 1841. p. 3. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.(subscription required)
  54. ^ "Banbury, June 17". Oxford Journal. 19 June 1841. p. 2. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (subscription required)
  55. ^ "Tory Misrule!". Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser. 2 January 1835. p. 1. Retrieved 7 September 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.

SourcesEdit

Coordinates: 51°58′N 1°18′W / 51.96°N 1.30°W / 51.96; -1.30

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Vacant
since 1766
Title last held by
Bath
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1770–1782
Vacant
until 1783
Title next held by
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