Henley (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Henley in Oxfordshire
Location of Oxfordshire within England
|Electorate||73,851 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Henley, Thame and Chinnor|
|Member of Parliament||John Howell (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 Constituency profile
- 2 History
- 3 Boundaries and boundary changes
- 4 Changes proposed for 2022
- 5 Members of Parliament
- 6 Elections
- 6.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 6.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 6.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 6.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 6.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 6.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 6.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 6.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 6.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 6.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 6.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 6.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 6.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 6.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 7 Neighbouring constituencies
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes and references
- 10 Sources
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The seat has throughout its history been confined[clarification needed] to a well-connected[clarification needed] part of the Chiltern Hills AONB interspersed by the small towns of Thame and Chinnor and a narrow more developed area adjoining the Thames on one bank. Its economy, interconnected with London, Oxford and in the far south Reading, ensures a high rate of employment and its natural environment attracts retirees and high income owners. It has a high-speed connection to London Marylebone at Haddenham & Thame Parkway, with a further rail connection to London Paddington from Goring & Streatley and from Henley-on-Thames to London Paddington via Twyford. For most of its history the constituency has limited itself[clarification needed] to one mainly rural land-use local authority, South Oxfordshire. Since 2010 two local government wards of demographically alike[clarification needed] Cherwell district have been placed within the boundaries.
Two long-term MPs serving at Cabinet level have been elected for Henley — Michael Heseltine who served as the MP for Henley 1974-2001. Heseltine was succeeded by Boris Johnson, rapidly made a shadow minister in a period of Labour government.[n 3] In May 2008, Johnson was elected as Mayor of London, and he subsequently resigned from the Commons on 4 June 2008, resulting in a by-election in the constituency.
- Political history
An unbroken succession of Conservative candidates have won the seat since 1910. The 2008 by-election was closer than general elections since 2001 and won by the Conservative candidate, John Howell. Howell was re-elected at the General Election in 2010 and again in 2015. Labour finished second for the first time since 1970 in Henley. The 2015 result made the seat the 12th safest of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.
- Other parties
All five parties' candidates achieved more than deposit-retaining threshold of 5% of the vote in 2015, reflecting frequent such results for the Green Party and UKIP in that election. Liberal Democrat or predecessor-party Liberal candidates were second-placed between February 1974 and 2010 (inclusive). The closest contest for Henley was in 1966, when Labour's Cunningham took 44.6% of the vote in a two-candidate contest.
At General Elections, turnout has ranged between 52.9% in the "khaki election" of 1918 to 81.7% in 1950.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
1885–1918: The constituency was formed under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 as the Southern or Henley Division of Oxfordshire when the three-member Parliamentary County of Oxfordshire was divided into the three single-member constituencies of Banbury, Woodstock and Henley. It comprised the Municipal Borough of Henley-on-Thames, the Sessional Divisions of Henley and Wallington, part of the Sessional Division of Bullingdon, and the part of the Municipal Borough of Abingdon in the county of Oxfordshire.
1918–1950: The Municipal Borough of Henley-on-Thames, the Urban Districts of Bicester, Thame, and Wheatley, and the Rural Districts of Bicester, Crowmarsh, Culham, Goring, Headington, Henley, and Thame.
Expanded to include eastern half of the abolished Woodstock Division, including Bicester. Caversham, which had been absorbed by the County Borough of Reading, transferred to the Parliamentary Borough of Reading in Berkshire.
1950–1974: The Municipal Borough of Henley-on-Thames, the Urban Districts of Bicester and Thame, the Rural Districts of Bullingdon and Henley, and part of the Rural District of Ploughley.
Change to contents due to reorganisation of urban and rural districts. Minor losses to the Oxford constituency, including Cowley and Headington, as a result of the expansion of the County Borough of Oxford.
1974–1983: The Municipal Borough of Henley-on-Thames, the Urban District of Thame, the Rural District of Henley, and part of the Rural District of Bullingdon.
Bicester and northern parts of Rural District of Ploughley transferred to Banbury. Southern parts of the Rural District of Ploughley and northern-most parts of the Rural District of Bullingdon included in the new County Constituency of Mid-Oxon.
1983–1997: The District of South Oxfordshire wards of Aston Rowant, Benson, Berinsfield, Chalgrove, Chinnor, Clifton Hampden, Crowmarsh, Dorchester, Forest Hill, Garsington, Goring, Goring Heath, Great Milton, Henley, Kidmore End, Nettlebed, Rotherfield Peppard, Shiplake, Sonning Common, Thame North, Thame South, Watlington, Wheatley, and Woodcote.
Gained the rural area to the east of Oxford from the abolished County Constituency of Mid-Oxon. The Littlemore ward to the south of Oxford was included in the new Borough Constituency of Oxford East.
1997–2010: As above plus Horspath
Minor gain from Oxford East.
2010–present: The District of South Oxfordshire wards of Aston Rowant, Benson, Berinsfield, Chalgrove, Chilton Woods, Chinnor, Clifton Hampden, Crowmarsh, Forest Hill, Garsington, Goring, Great Milton, Henley North, Henley South, Kidmore End, Nettlebed, Rotherfield Peppard, Shiplake, Sonning Common, Thame North, Thame South, Watlington, Wheatley, and Woodcote, and the District of Cherwell wards of Kirtlington and Otmoor.
The constituency covers most of the local government district of South Oxfordshire, excluding Wallingford, Didcot and surroundings in the west. Main settlements include Henley-on-Thames itself, Thame, Chinnor and Sonning Common. The two wards of Cherwell are to the north, close to Oxford, and are predominantly rural.
Changes proposed for 2022Edit
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
The Commission proposed to extend the constituency northwards, adding three further District of Cherwell wards (Ambrosden and Chesterton, Fringford and Launton) from Banbury, thus leaving the town of Bicester surrounded on three sides. The Kirtlington ward would be transferred to Oxford West and Abingdon (to be renamed Abingdon and North Oxford).
It was proposed that a more appropriate name for the constituency would be East Oxfordshire.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1885||Edward Vernon Harcourt||Conservative|
|1895||Robert Hermon-Hodge||Conservative||Became Sir Robert Hodge, Baronet in 1902, assumed surname Hermon-Hodge in 1903|
|1910||Valentine Fleming||Conservative||Killed in World War I, father of James Bond novelist Ian Fleming.|
|1917 by-election||Sir Robert Hermon-Hodge||Conservative|
|1918||Reginald Terrell||Coalition Conservative|
|1932 by-election||Gifford Fox||Conservative|
|February 1974||Michael Heseltine||Conservative||Later Baron Heseltine; Cabinet minister 1979–86 and 1990–97|
|2001||Boris Johnson||Conservative||Mayor of London May 2008-May 2016, Foreign Secretary July 2016-July 2018, Prime Minister and Leader of the Conservative Party July 2019-present|
|2008 by-election||John Howell||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
Candidates listed in alphabetical order of their surname.
|Liberal Democrat||Laura Coyle|
|Liberal Democrat||Laura Coyle||8,485||14.9||+3.7|
|The Radical Party||Patrick Gray||392||0.7||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Sue Cooper||6,205||11.2||-13.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Andy Crick||13,466||25.2||−0.9|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Kearney||9,680||27.8||+1.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Bananaman Owen||242||0.7||N/A|
|English Democrat||Derek Allpass||157||0.4||N/A|
|Common Good||Dick Rodgers||121||0.3||N/A|
|Fur Play Party||Harry Bear||73||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||David Turner||12,101||26.0||−1.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Catherine Bearder||12,008||27.0||+2.3|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Tim Horton||12,741||24.7||+0.6|
|Natural Law||Nigel Barlow||221||0.4||–0.1|
|Whig Party||Thomas Hibbert||160||0.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||David G. Turner||12,443||24.1||−2.2|
|Labour||Ivan J. Russell-Swinnerton||7,676||14.9||+2.3|
|Independent||Alan S. Plane||431||0.8||+0.8|
|Natural Law||Sara A. Banerji||274||0.5||+0.5|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Women for Life On Earth||R. Johnson||517||1.1||N/A|
|One Nation Conservative||T. Rogers||213||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||D. J. Whiting||9,435||18.5||-5.8|
|Liberal||S. R. C. Evans||12,288||26.8|
|Labour||I. M. Haig||11,141||24.3|
|Liberal||S. R. C. Evans||15,467||30.7|
|Labour||Maeve Judith Denby||19,310||30.8|
|Liberal||Arthur William Giles||8,907||14.2||N/A|
|Anti-Common Market||Daniel Brunner||960||1.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Arthur Ledger||16,614||32.8|
|Liberal||Arthur William Giles||9,081||18.0|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Arthur Ledger||15,014||32.9|
|Labour||Nora J T Wiles||16,980||41.4|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour||James Stewart Cook||19,457||37.1|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Liberal||John Herbert May||9,254||29.6|
|Labour||Frederick J Hembury||3,809||11.5|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour||Bernard Benjamin Gillis||5,962||18.2||N/A|
|Liberal||Charles Alan Bennett||8,060||35.2||−13.0|
|Liberal||R. Henry Rew||11,266||48.2||+1.3|
|Liberal||R. Henry Rew||10,204||46.9||+14.6|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Liberal||Edmund Loftus MacNaghten||5,138||32.3||−8.6|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+11.3|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.2|
|Liberal||H. L. Samuel||3,450||48.8||+1.3|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative||Edward Vernon Harcourt||3,778||53.7||N/A|
|Liberal||Frederick William Maude||3,258||46.3||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Johnson returned to Parliament in 2015, as MP for Uxbridge and South Ruislip, and was in 2016 appointed Foreign Secretary in the May Ministry.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Treasury press release Archived 2008-06-08 at the Wayback Machine Manor of Northstead
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester,: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)
- "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- "South East Oxfordshire Liberal Democrats". Oxfordshire Liberal Democrats.
- "Declaration of Results of Poll - South Oxfordshire Election of a Member of Parliament for Henley" (PDF).
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "UK ELECTION RESULTS: HENLEY 2015".
- http://www.samjuthaniforhenley.org.uk Archived 2015-02-13 at the Wayback Machine
- "Sue Cooper PPC page". Liberal Democrats. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "constituencies". UKIP South East. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Mark Stevenson is the Green Party parliamentary candidate for Henley". Oxfordshire Green Party.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Henley". BBC News.
- "UKPollingReport Election Guide 2010 » Henley".
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Ask Aristotle: Henley, guardian.co.uk
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- UK General Election results June 1987
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- UK General Election results June 1983
- UK General Election results May 1979
- UK General Election results October 1974
- UK General Election results February 1974
- UK General Election results 1970
- UK General Election results March 1966
- UK General Election results October 1964
- UK General Election results October 1959
- UK General Election results May 1955
- UK General Election results October 1951
- UK General Election results February 1950
- UK General Election results July 1945
- F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918 – 1949
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- "South Oxfordshire Election". Reading Mercury. 20 Jul 1895. p. 7. Retrieved 29 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Representation of Oxfordshire". Oxford Journal. 5 Dec 1885. p. 8. Retrieved 29 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.