Oxford East (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Oxford East in Oxfordshire.
Location of Oxfordshire within England.
|Electorate||81,644 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Oxford and Cowley|
|Member of Parliament||Anneliese Dodds (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Oxford (majority) (abolished), Mid Oxfordshire and Henley|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
The seat, created in 1983, includes Oxford city centre and the majority of the Oxford colleges, Cowley (containing a large car factory) and adjoining parts of the city including a broad area of mid-to-low rise council-built housing, Blackbird Leys, which has kept varying amounts of social housing (see Right to Buy). A large percentage of the seat's electorate consists of students from Oxford and Oxford Brookes universities (the latter being in the seat). Part of the seat with a high proportion of private housing is archetypal bourgeois/leafy Headington which is mainly a mixture of student tenants and relatively high-income families, while the seat also includes the similarly prosperous areas of Grandpont and New Hinksey in the south of the city. At the end of 2010 unemployment claimant count was 2.3%, 45th of the 84 South East constituencies and close to the mean of 2.45%.
From 1885 until 1983 the vast bulk of the area of the seat as it has variously been drawn since 1983 was in the abolished Oxford constituency, historically Liberal then for some decades Conservative, and which then alternated with the Labour Party, who took that seat in the late 1960s and late 1970s.
For the first four years (from 1983) Oxford East was served by Conservative Steven Norris. He was defeated by Labour candidate Andrew Smith who held the seat for the next 30 years and retired. The Conservative share of the vote fell to a low to date, of 16.7%, in 2005, a year when the seat became an emphatic Labour–Liberal Democrat contest, and the votes for Andrew Smith were 963 more than the "Lib Dem" candidate: a majority of 2.3% of the votes (electorate voting).
Smith's 2015 win (a hold) made the seat the 80th-safest of Labour's 232 seats won that year by percentage of majority. On his retirement the local Labour party selected Anneliese Dodds. At election she took 23,284 votes (43.2%), broadly in line with many Smith results. Three of five candidates standing polled more than a deposit-retaining threshold (of 5% of the vote) in 2017, those of the three largest parties in England.
In 2015 and 2017 the runner-up became a Conservative as before the last two general elections. The Green Party's candidate has stood at all eight contests since the party was branded as such, once retaining its deposit, in 2015, with almost 12% of the vote.
Ousted ex-MP Norris won the largest runner-up's share of the vote to date, during the 1987 general election – 40.4% – at what was in general a drubbing for the Liberal party who had a candidates' pact with Social Democratic Party (SDP) candidates and a fallout among the SDP's Gang of Four. Turnout has ranged between 78.9% in 1987 and 55.8% in 2001.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
- The City of Oxford wards of Blackbird Leys, East, Headington, Iffley, Marston, Quarry, St Clement's, Temple Cowley, and Wood Farm, and the District of South Oxfordshire wards of Littlemore, Marston, and Risinghurst.
- The constituency formed largely from the majority of the abolished Borough Constituency of Oxford. Also included three wards in the District of South Oxfordshire, previously part of Henley (Littlemore) and the abolished constituency of Mid-Oxon (Marston and Risinghurst).
- The City of Oxford wards of Blackbird Leys, East, Headington, Iffley, Littlemore, Marston, Old Marston and Risinghurst, Quarry, St Clement's, South, Temple Cowley, and Wood Farm.
- The 1997 boundary changes reflected changes to local government boundaries with the majority of the area comprising the three South Oxfordshire wards having been absorbed into the City of Oxford. The remaining, semi-rural Conservative-leaning areas were transferred back to Henley. The urban Oxford South ward that was strong for the Liberal Democrats and Labour was transferred from Oxford West and Abingdon.
- Since 2010
- The City of Oxford wards of Barton and Sandhills, Blackbird Leys, Carfax, Churchill, Cowley, Cowley Marsh, Headington, Headington Hill and Northway, Hinksey Park, Holywell, Iffley Fields, Littlemore, Lye Valley, Marston, Northfield Brook, Quarry and Risinghurst, Rose Hill and Iffley, St Clement's, and St Mary's.
- Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the General Election 2010 following changes to the City's ward structure. These changes added Carfax and Holywell wards from Oxford West and Abingdon. This meant that Oxford city centre and the majority of Oxford colleges fell into Oxford East which had mainly been in Oxford West and Abingdon. It was forecast the alteration to equalise electorates would as a by-product benefit the Liberal Democrat share of the vote which fell narrowly short in 2005. When the seat was contested on the new boundaries, Labour incumbent, Smith, quadrupled his majority on a broad range of pro-Labour two-party swings which was replicated in few seats in that election.
Changes proposed for 2022Edit
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
The Commission proposed to transfer two further City of Oxford wards (Jericho and Osney, and North) from Oxford West and Abingdon. As the constituency would now contain all but three (of 24) City of Oxford wards, it was proposed that it be renamed Oxford.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Kirsten Johnson||4,904||9.1||1.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Alasdair Murray||5,453||10.8||-22.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Mad Hatter||145||0.3||+0.3|
|Socialist (GB)||Kevin Parkin||50||0.1||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Goddard||17,357||33.6||−1.6|
|Socialist Equality||David O'Sullivan||116||0.2||N/A|
|Equal Parenting Alliance||Roger Crawford||73||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Goddard||14,442||34.6||+11.2|
|Independent ('New Loony')||Honest Blair||1,485||3.6||N/A|
|Ind. Working Class||Maurice Leen||892||2.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Goddard||9,337||23.4||+8.7|
|Socialist Alliance||John Lister||708||1.8||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Fahim Ahmed||274||0.7||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Linda Hodge||254||0.6||−0.1|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||George Kershaw||7,038||14.7||+0.7|
|ProLife Alliance||William Harper-Jones||318||0.7||N/A|
|Natural Law||John Thompson||108||0.2||N/A|
|Independent Anti-majority Democracy||Pathmanathan Mylvaganam||68||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Horwood||6,105||13.0||−2.6|
|Natural Law||Ann Wilson||101||0.2||N/A|
|Revolutionary Communist||Keith Thompson||48||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.7|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate Figures". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'Oxford East', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 29 January 2017
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "O"
- "GENERAL ELECTION: List of Oxfordshire parliamentary candidates published". The Oxford Times.
- "South Live: Thursday 11 May". BBC News.
- "Parliamentary candidate announced to replace Labour's Andrew Smith". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
- "Conservatives reveal Dr Suzanne Bartington as candidate for Oxford East". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
- "Dr Kirsten Johnson". Liberal Democrats.
- "Larry Sanders pledges to tackle inequality if he becomes Oxford East MP". Oxford Mail.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Ann Duncan". Oxfordshire Green Party.
- McKenzie, Conor (2 March 2015). "Alasdair Murray to Take the Fight to Labour". Oxford East Lib Dems. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "UK Polling Report".
- Collie, Jason. "Oxford East candidates – who you can vote for". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
- "TUSC parliamentary candidates in May 2015" (PDF). TUSC. 4 February 2015.
- "General Election – Campaign News". Socialist Party of Great Britain. 15 January 2015.
- total electorate 78978: email from Oxford City
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Oxfordshire Green Party news release, 4 February 2010. Peter Tatchell was the prospective parliamentary candidate for the Green Party until withdrawing in December 2009 for health reasons.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- Rallings, C; Thrasher, M (1995). The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies. Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre. p. 131.
- The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- This was an unusual election, in which an incumbent was challenged by two people who later became MPs.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.