Brexit Party

The Brexit Party (or Plaid Brexit in Welsh) is a Eurosceptic political party in the United Kingdom. It became an active party in January 2019, and is currently led by Nigel Farage. It has four members of the Senedd. Prior to Brexit the party had 23 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs). Their largest electoral success was winning the largest share of the national vote in the 2019 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom (29 seats), four months after its foundation.

The Brexit Party

Welsh: Plaid Brexit
LeaderNigel Farage
ChairmanRichard Tice[1]
Founded23 November 2018; 20 months ago (2018-11-23)
Headquarters83 Victoria Street
SW1 0HW[2]
Membership (2019)Increase 115,000[3][4] registered supporters
Colours          Turquoise, white
SloganChange Politics for Good
Welsh Parliament
4 / 60
Local government[5]
12 / 20,249
Website Edit this at Wikidata

The party's priority has been for Britain to withdraw from the European Union (EU) and to move to World Trade Organisation trading rules if a free trade agreement cannot be agreed, which it describes as "a clean-break Brexit", more commonly known as a "no-deal Brexit".[6][7] Generally described as populist[8], it draws its support from those who are frustrated with the delayed implementation of the 2016 referendum decision and wish to leave the EU without remaining part of the EU's Single Market or Customs Union. Many of its supporters were formerly of the UK Independence Party (UKIP) – Farage having led UKIP from 2006 to 2009 and from 2010 to 2016 – as well as from the Conservative Party, including high-profile defectors such as Ann Widdecombe and Annunziata Rees-Mogg.[9] There have also been some endorsements from left-wing supporters of Brexit, such as former Respect Party MP George Galloway.[10] Endorsements have also come from former members of the Revolutionary Communist Party.[10]

The party styles itself as being focused on the restoration of Britain's democratic sovereignty. On contesting the 2019 European Parliament election, it became the largest party by number of seats. Farage offered an electoral pact to the Conservative Party for the 2019 general election, and although this was turned down, the party decided not to stand candidates in constituencies won by Conservative candidates in the previous election.

As of May 2020 proposals to rebrand the Brexit Party as the Reform Party have been suggested but not enacted.[11][12][13]


Party leader Nigel Farage

A company called The Brexit Party Limited was incorporated with Companies House on 23 November 2018.[14] It was formally announced on 20 January 2019 by former UKIP economics spokesperson[15] Catherine Blaiklock, who served as the party's initial leader.[16] On 5 February 2019, it was registered with the United Kingdom Electoral Commission to run candidates in any English, Scottish, Welsh and European Union elections.[17]

On the day of the announcement, Nigel Farage, who had been an independent MEP since his departure from UKIP in early December 2018, said that the party was Blaiklock's idea, but that she had acted with his full support.[16] In a 24 January 2019 interview, Blaiklock said: "I won't run it without Nigel [Farage], I'm a nobody and I haven't got any ego to say that I am an anybody", and that: "I'm happy to facilitate Nigel and do the donkey work and work for him, but I don't have any illusions as to myself".[18] On 8 February 2019, Farage stated he would stand as a candidate for the party in any potential future European Parliament elections contested in the United Kingdom.[19][20] MEPs Steven Woolfe and Nathan Gill, also formerly of UKIP, stated that they would also stand for the party.[21][22]

On 1 February 2019, Blaiklock told The Daily Telegraph the party had raised £1 million in donations, and that over 200 people had come forward offering to stand for The Brexit Party at the May 2019 European Parliament election, if the United Kingdom has not left the European Union by then.[23]

After announcing the party's formation, Blaiklock attracted criticism for earlier comments described as Islamophobic.[24] She resigned as party leader on 20 March 2019 over since-deleted anti-Islam messages on Twitter, including re-tweeting messages by far-right figures including Mark Collett, Tommy Robinson and Joe Walsh.[25] Farage said that he would take over as leader, that Blaiklock was "never intended to be the long-term leader"[26] and that the party "is at the moment a virtual party – it's a website".[27] On the party's launch on 12 April, asked about issues with Blaiklock, Farage said: "I set the party up, she was the administrator that got it set up. We had a couple of teething problems, yes, but are we going to be deeply intolerant of all forms of intolerance? Yes."[28]

In April 2019, the party's treasurer Michael McGough was removed from his position after he was found to have made antisemitic and homophobic social media posts.[29]

2019 general election

On 22 November 2019, the Brexit Party set out its proposals for the 2019 UK general election. They included a wide range of policy areas including taxation, reforming politics, immigration and the environment.[30][31]

Before the election on 8 December, the party's leader Nigel Farage announced that, following Brexit, the party would change its name to the "Reform Party", and campaign for changes in the electoral system and structure of the House of Commons.[32] The party got two percent of the vote in the election with none of its 273 candidates winning a seat.[33]


European Parliament

In February 2019, nine MEPs who had left UKIP joined the party: Tim Aker, Jonathan Bullock, David Coburn, Bill Etheridge, Nigel Farage, Nathan Gill, Diane James, Paul Nuttall and Julia Reid. All were originally elected as UKIP candidates, but all had previously left the party in opposition to Gerard Batten's leadership, mostly in December 2018. As of April 2019, they all continued to sit in the Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy (EFDD) group.[34] MEP and former UKIP member Steven Woolfe also indicated his support for the party in February.[21]

In mid-April 2019, Jane Collins, Ray Finch, Jill Seymour, and Margot Parker left UKIP to join the Brexit Party.[34][35] Jonathan Arnott, who had resigned from UKIP three months earlier, also joined the party then, thus bringing the total number of Brexit Party MEPs to 14, being 14 of the 24 who had been elected as UKIP MEPs in 2014. They all sat in the EFDD group.[34] On the deadline to nominate candidates for the May 2019 European Parliament election, it was announced that only three of the incumbent MEPs who joined the party – Farage, Gill and Bullock – had been selected to stand for the Brexit Party.[36]

MEPs who joined the Brexit Party after foundation
Name Constituency First elected Joined Notes
Diane James South East England 1 July 2014 5 February 2019 (2019-02-05)
David Coburn Scotland 1 July 2014 12 February 2019 (2019-02-12)
Nigel Farage South East England 10 June 1999 12 February 2019 (2019-02-12) Leader of party; successfully sought re-election in 2019
Nathan Gill Wales 1 July 2014 12 February 2019 (2019-02-12) Former AM; successfully sought re-election in 2019
Julia Reid South West England 1 July 2014 12 February 2019 (2019-02-12)
Tim Aker East of England 1 July 2014 13 February 2019 (2019-02-13)
Jonathan Bullock East Midlands 28 July 2017 13 February 2019 (2019-02-13) Successfully sought re-election in 2019
Bill Etheridge West Midlands 1 July 2014 13 February 2019 (2019-02-13)
Paul Nuttall North West England 14 July 2009 15 February 2019 (2019-02-15)
Jill Seymour West Midlands 1 July 2014 15 April 2019 (2019-04-15)
Jane Collins Yorkshire and the Humber 1 July 2014 15 April 2019 (2019-04-15)
Margot Parker East Midlands 1 July 2014 15 April 2019 (2019-04-15)
Jonathan Arnott North East England 1 July 2014 17 April 2019 (2019-04-17)
Ray Finch South East England 1 July 2014 17 April 2019 (2019-04-17)

On 23 May 2019, 26 Brexit Party MEPs were newly elected to the European Parliament, including Richard Tice and former Conservative MP Ann Widdecombe, while Jonathan Bullock, Nigel Farage and Nathan Gill kept their seats.[37] The Brexit Party MEPs are Non-Inscrits, not members of a group in the Parliament.

MEP Andrew England Kerr was expelled from the party on 29 September 2019 over a potential conflict of interest. Farage explained that England Kerr made "comments about a business and a product that he has a direct financial investment in and we think that is unacceptable."[38]

MEP Louis Stedman-Bryce resigned on 19 November 2019 in response to "The Brexit Party’s recent decision to select a Scottish candidate who has openly posted homophobic views".[39]

Senedd Cymru

On 15 May 2019, four Members originally elected or co-opted for UKIP (Caroline Jones, Mandy Jones, Mark Reckless and David Rowlands) joined the Brexit Party.[40] Reckless was appointed as Leader of their group. One Member, elected as UKIP but by this time sitting as an independent, Michelle Brown, was told she would not be welcome in the party.[41] In the Welsh language, the party is known as Plaid Brexit.

Policies and ideology

The party's lead aim was for the United Kingdom to leave the European Union, now achieved, and then trade with countries on World Trade Organization terms.[42] On 12 April 2019, Farage said that there was "no difference between the Brexit party and UKIP in terms of policy, [but] in terms of personnel, there's a vast difference", criticising UKIP's connections to the far right. He also said that the party aimed to attract support "across the board", including from former UKIP voters and from Conservative and Labour voters who supported Brexit.[28] Later in April, Farage said that the party would not publish a manifesto until after the European elections had taken place.[43] Farage has said the party will have a policy platform instead of a manifesto.[44] Farage has described his admiration for how fellow Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy members, Italy's Five Star Movement, have managed to grow from a protest group into the country's largest political party in both houses of the Italian Parliament. He has described the Brexit Party as doing the same kind of thing and "running a company, not a political party, hence our model of registered supporters" and building a base using an online platform.[45] The British politics professor Matthew Goodwin[46] and The Observer newspaper have described the party as national populists,[47] while Goodwin and others have also described the Brexit Party as populist[48] and right-wing populist.[47][49]

The party's constitution was published by the Electoral Commission as a result of a freedom of information request in May 2019.[50] It describes the party as seeking to "promote and encourage those who aspire to improve their personal situation and those who seek to be self-reliant, whilst providing protection for those genuinely in need; favour the ability of individuals to make decisions in respect of themselves; seek to diminish the role of the State; lower the burden of taxation on individuals and businesses."[51] SDP politician Patrick O'Flynn, who was elected as a UKIP MEP under Farage's leadership and supported the Brexit Party in the 2019 European elections, commented on the constitution's description of the party as following classical liberalism and ascribed them as having a Thatcherite ideological core.[52] James Glancy, one of the party's MEPs, has compared the party to the Referendum Party, being a "united and diverse group of people from different political backgrounds".[53]

The party's first non-Brexit-related policy was announced on 4 June 2019: a proposition to transform British Steel into a partly worker-owned company, in what has been described as "a hybrid of Conservative and Labour policy".[54] The party also supports cutting Britain's foreign aid budget, scrapping the proposed HS2 project and introducing free WiFi on all British public transport.[55] Furthermore, the party has said it will scrap all interest paid on student tuition fees, has suggested reimbursing graduates for historic interest payments made on their loans,[56] and has pledged to abolish inheritance tax.[57]

The party has signed a cross-party declaration alongside the Liberal Democrats, Green Party of England and Wales, and the Scottish National Party, calling for first-past-the-post voting to be replaced by a proportional system for Westminster elections.[58]

On 22 November 2019, the Brexit Party set out its policy proposals for the 2019 UK general election. Its key policies for the election included:[30][31]

  • No extension to the Brexit transition period
  • No privatisation of the NHS
  • Reducing immigration
  • Cutting VAT on domestic fuel
  • Banning the UK exporting its waste
  • Providing free broadband in deprived regions
  • Scrapping the television licence fee
  • Abolishing inheritance tax
  • Scrapping High Speed 2 (HS2)
  • Abolishing interest on student loans
  • Changing planning to help house building
  • Reforming the Supreme Court
  • Reform the voting system to make it more representative
  • Abolish the House of Lords
  • Make MPs who switch parties subject to recall petitions
  • Reform the postal voting system to combat fraud
  • Introduce Citizens’ Initiatives to allow people to call referendums, subject to a 5 million threshold of registered voter signatures and time limitations on repeat votes

Funding and structure

The Brexit Party officially has three members, as the Electoral Commission requires at least two named members to be registered as a political party. The three members are currently Nigel Farage, Nominating Officer Tracy Knowles and Treasurer Mehrtash A’Zami. The party structure has been criticised for not providing the party's over 115,000 paying "registered supporters"[59] with any voting power to influence party policy;[60] Farage retains a high level of control over decision-making, including hand-picking candidates himself.[60][61]

Farage has said the party will largely be funded by small donations and that they have raised "£750,000 in donations online, all in small sums of less than £500" in their first ten days. The party also accepts large donations, such as £200,000 donated by Jeremy Hosking, a former donor to the Conservative Party.[62] He further said that the party would not be taking money from the key former UKIP funder Arron Banks.[28][1] Farage has personally faced questions during the 2019 electoral campaign after Channel 4 News revealed undeclared travel and accommodation benefits provided by Banks before Farage joined the Brexit Party, and on 21 May 2019 the European Parliament formally opened an investigation.[63] In response to the reporting, the Brexit Party banned Channel 4 News from its events.[64]

Later in 2019, £6.4m was donated to the party by Christopher Harborne.[65]

Two days before the 2019 European election, Farage accused the Electoral Commission of "interfering in the electoral process" after the independent watchdog visited the Brexit Party headquarters for "active oversight and regulation" of party funding.[66] An official donation of £500 or more must be given by a "permissible donor", who should either be somebody listed on the British electoral roll or a business registered at Companies House and operating in Britain. When asked if the party took donations in foreign currency, Farage replied: "Absolutely not, we only take sterling – end of conversation." Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell called for "a full and open and transparent, independent inquiry into the funding of Mr Farage".[67] On Sky News in May 2019, a Scottish National Party MEP, Alyn Smith, claimed that the Brexit Party is "a shell company that’s a money laundering front". The Brexit Party threatened legal action unless Smith retracted the claim.[68] Smith apologised unreservedly and admitted that he had no evidence for his allegation, and made a donation to the party's legal costs as well as to the charity Help for Heroes.[69]

As of February 2020,[70] and probably since May 2020,[65] Farage holds 8 of the 15 shares in The Brexit Party Ltd, making him the majority shareholder.

As well as the Leader and Chairman, other leadership roles have been the Chief Whip in the European Parliament (prior to Brexit), Brian Monteith,[71] and the Health Spokesperson during the 2019 election, Dr David Bull.[72]


There have been two leaders of the Brexit Party: Catherine Blaiklock, who served from 20 January 2019 to 20 March 2019; and Nigel Farage,[73] who has served since 22 March 2019.[74]

Leader Took office Left office
Catherine Blaiklock 20 January 2019 20 March 2019
  Nigel Farage 22 March 2019[74] Incumbent


2019 European Parliament elections

The party stood candidates in Great Britain at the 2019 European elections, including the former Conservative Minister of State Ann Widdecombe,[75] the journalist Annunziata Rees-Mogg (a former Conservative general election candidate and the sister of the Conservative MP and Brexit advocate Jacob Rees-Mogg), the Leave Means Leave co-founder Richard Tice,[1] the writers Claire Fox and James Heartfield (both once part of the Revolutionary Communist Party and later writers for Spiked),[76][77] James Glancy, a former member of the Royal Marines and the Special Boat Service who was awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross,[78] Martin Daubney, a journalist and commentator,[79] David Bull, author and television presenter,[80] Brian Monteith, a former Conservative Party MSP, Rupert Lowe, a businessman[81] and retired Rear Admiral Roger Lane-Nott.[82] John Longworth, the former director-general of the British Chambers of Commerce, announced he would be standing as a candidate for the party on 15 April 2019.[83] The party is not registered in Northern Ireland and is not fielding candidates there.[84]

A survey of 781 Conservative Party councillors found that 40% planned to vote for the Brexit Party.[85] On 17 April 2019, the former Labour and Respect Party MP George Galloway announced his support for the Brexit Party "for one-time only" in the 2019 European Parliament election.[86] On 24 April, the political columnist Tim Montgomerie announced that he would vote for the party and endorsed Widdecombe's candidature,[87] and the Conservative MP Lucy Allan described the candidates of the party as "fantastic".[88]

On 2 May, one of the party's candidates for the North West constituency, Sally Bate, resigned from the party in response to previous comments made by Claire Fox, the lead candidate in the constituency, on the Warrington bomb attacks.[89]

In May 2019, several polls forecast the party polling first for the European elections,[90] though earlier polls had suggested it would come third to Labour and the Conservatives.[91]

The party had 14 seats (acquired through defections) going into the elections, and saw an increase of 15. It won five seats more than UKIP, then under Farage's leadership, had at the previous election.

The party won 29 seats in the election, becoming the biggest single party in the 9th European Parliament. The CDU/CSU Union also won 29 seats in Germany, but it was an alliance and not a party.

Three of the MEPs resigned the whip in December 2019 in order to support the Conservative Party at the 2019 general election, A fourth, John Longworth, was also expelled for "repeatedly undermining" the party's election strategy.[92]

Year Leader Share of votes Seats Change Position
2019 Nigel Farage 30.52%
29 / 73
New 1st

The 29 MEPs originally elected were as follows:

Name Constituency First elected Notes
David Bull North West England 23 May 2019 Former Conservative general election candidate
Jonathan Bullock East Midlands 28 July 2017 Former UKIP MEP; former Conservative general election and European Parliament candidate
Martin Daubney West Midlands 23 May 2019
Nigel Farage South East England 10 June 1999 Leader of party; former UKIP MEP
Lance Forman London 23 May 2019 Resigned whip in December
Claire Fox North West England 23 May 2019 Former member of the Revolutionary Communist Party
Nathan Gill Wales 1 July 2014 Former UKIP MEP and AM
James Glancy South West England 23 May 2019
Benyamin Habib London 23 May 2019
Lucy Harris Yorkshire and the Humber 23 May 2019 Resigned whip in December
Michael Heaver East of England 23 May 2019 Former chairman of the UKIP youth wing, Young Independence
Christina Jordan South West England 23 May 2019
Andrew England Kerr West Midlands 23 May 2019
John Longworth Yorkshire and the Humber 23 May 2019 Chairman of Leave Means Leave (resigned whip in December)
Rupert Lowe West Midlands 23 May 2019 Former Referendum Party general election candidate
Belinda De Camborne Lucy South East England 23 May 2019 Campaigner for Leave Means Leave and Ladies for Leave
Brian Monteith North East England 23 May 2019 Former Conservative MSP
June Mummery East of England 23 May 2019 Campaigner for Fishing for Leave
Henrik Overgaard-Nielsen North West England 23 May 2019 Co-chairman of the "No" campaign in the 1992 Danish referendum on the Maastricht Treaty
Matthew Patten East Midlands 23 May 2019
Alexandra Phillips South East England 23 May 2019 Former UKIP Head of Media
Jake Pugh Yorkshire and the Humber 23 May 2019 Former member of the Referendum Party
Annunziata Rees-Mogg East Midlands 23 May 2019 Former Conservative general election candidate; resigned whip in December
Robert Rowland South East England 23 May 2019
Louis Stedman-Bryce Scotland 23 May 2019 Resigned whip in November
John Tennant North East England 23 May 2019 Former UKIP councillor, current Independent Union party leader and councillor
Richard Tice East of England 23 May 2019 Co-Chairman of Leave Means Leave and co-founder of Leave.EU
James Wells Wales 23 May 2019 Former Conservative
Ann Widdecombe South West England 23 May 2019 Former Conservative MP and Minister of State

House of Commons

Constituencies which the Brexit Party contested at the election.

Farage said the party intended to stand candidates at the 2019 general election.[93] In April 2019 he promised not to stand candidates against the 28 Eurosceptic Conservative MPs who opposed the Brexit withdrawal agreement.[94] In the Peterborough by-election in June, the Brexit Party came second with 28% of the vote, 7% ahead of the Conservatives and just 2% behind Labour.

Following Boris Johnson's election as Prime Minister, Farage unveiled the names of 635 general election candidates for the Brexit Party, including himself.[95] On 8 September 2019, Farage wrote an article in the Sunday Telegraph and the Brexit Party took out advertisements in Sunday newspapers offering an electoral pact with the Conservative Party in the forthcoming general election, in which the Brexit Party would not be opposed by the Conservatives in traditional Labour Party seats in the north of England, the Midlands and Wales, and the Brexit Party would not contest seats in which they could split the Leave vote. Farage wrote that Boris Johnson should ask himself "does he want to sign a non-aggression pact with me and return to Downing Street?"[96]

Farage had suggested that the Brexit and Conservative parties could form an electoral pact to maximise the seats taken by Brexit-supporting MPs, but this was rejected by Johnson.[97] On 11 November, Farage then said his party would not stand in any of the 317 seats won by the Conservatives at the last election. Conservative Party chairman James Cleverly welcomed this; although he stated that the parties had not been in contact.[98] Newsnight reported that conversations between members of the Brexit Party and the pro-Brexit Conservative group, the European Research Group (ERG) had led to this decision.[99] The Brexit Party are reported to have requested that Boris Johnson publicly state he would not extend the Brexit transition period beyond the planned date of 31 December 2020 and that he wished for a Canada-style free trade agreement with the EU. Johnson did make a statement covering these two issues, something which Farage referenced as key when announcing he was standing down some candidates. Both the Brexit Party and the Conservatives deny any deal was done between the two.[99][100][101] The decision to not run in Conservative seats was met with some criticism by some Brexit party supporters and candidates. A number of candidates who had been selected to stand in Conservative constituencies went on to run in the election as independent candidates on a Pro-Brexit platform.[102]

The Brexit Party failed to win any seats in the general election.[103] Among its best results were in Barnsley Central, where Victoria Felton came second with 30.4% of the vote;[104] Hartlepool, where Richard Tice came third with 25.8% of the vote;[105] and Hull West and Hessle, where Michelle Dewberry came third with 18% of the vote.[105]

Election year # of total votes % of overall vote # of seats won
2019 642,303 2.0%
0 / 650

Local government

The party first stood at local government level in two by-elections in Gloucester on 25 July 2019.[106] They did not win either.[107]

A councillor elected to Rochdale Borough Council for West Heywood defected to the party in July 2019 from Labour, providing the party with its first sitting councillor.[108][109] Shortly afterwards, a councillor on the Rochdale Council from the Liberal Democrats also defected to the party.[110] All 12 of Rotherham's then UKIP councillors defected to the Brexit Party in July 2019, as did all 5 of Derby's UKIP councillors.[111][112] On 13 September 2019, ten independent councillors on Hartlepool Borough Council defected to the Brexit Party. They then formed a pact with the three Conservative Party councillors to become the largest group (they do not have an overall majority) of the 33 seat council.[113] On 18 September, a Conservative councillor sitting on both the Surrey County Council and Elmbridge Borough Council defected to the Brexit Party after being informed by his party that he would not be reselected as a candidate in a future council election.[114]

As of July 2020, the party was down to 12 councillors. The largest group is of 5 councillors in Derby, with only single councillors in any other area.[115] The Rotherham group left to form the Rotherham Democratic Party.[116][117]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Halliday, Josh (12 April 2019). "Annunziata Rees-Mogg to stand as MEP for Farage's Brexit party". The Guardian.
  2. ^ "View registration – The Electoral Commission". Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Brexit Party reveals 100 'new politics' MP candidates". Sky News. 30 June 2019. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  4. ^ Walker, Peter (30 June 2019). "Nigel Farage: Brexit party is ready to fight every Westminster seat". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Open Council Data UK – compositions councillors parties wards elections".
  6. ^ "Who should I vote for? General election 2019 policy guide". BBC. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  7. ^ "WHY THE BREXIT PARTY?". Brexit Party. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  8. ^ Zulianello, Mattia (2020). "Varieties of Populist Parties and Party Systems in Europe: From State-of-the-Art to the Application of a Novel Classification Scheme to 66 Parties in 33 Countries". Government and Opposition. 55: 327–347.
  9. ^ "Rees-Mogg elected Brexit Party MEP". BBC News. 27 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  10. ^ a b "Revealed: Nigel Farage's Brexit Party candidate spread "propaganda" for Balkan warlord, was 'bugged' by MI6". OpenDemocracy. 21 May 2019. Four other candidates – Claire Fox, Alka Sehgal Cuthbert, James Mountfield and Stuart Waiton – were previously involved in the Revolutionary Communist Party or its offshoots
  11. ^ "Could Farage's 'Reform Party' carve him a new role in post-Brexit British politics". ConservativeHome. 25 November 2019.
  12. ^ "General election 2019: Farage promises Reform Party after Brexit". BBC News. 8 December 2019.
  13. ^ "Nigel Farage planning to launch new political party". The New European. 6 March 2020.
  14. ^ "The Brexit Party Limited". Companies House. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Catherine Blaiklock appointed as Economics Spokesman". UKIP. 12 September 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  16. ^ a b "The new Ukip? Nigel Farage offers 'full support' for another Brexit party". Irish Independent. Dublin. 20 January 2019. [..] former Ukip economics spokeswoman Catherine Blaiklock applied to register the new party last week and she sounded out Mr. Farage for a role in the organisation. He told the paper: "This was Catherine's idea entirely – but she has done this with my full knowledge and my full support.
  17. ^
  18. ^ "Founder of The Brexit Party: 'I won't run it without Nigel Farage'". Samantha King. 24 January 2019. Talkradio. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  19. ^ Bruce, Andy (8 February 2019). "Farage ready to be new 'Brexit Party' candidate if EU exit delayed". Reuters. Retrieved 8 February 2019. A filing by the Electoral Commission showed the Brexit Party had been approved this week to field candidates across England, Scotland and Wales.
  20. ^ Farage, Nigel (8 February 2019). "My new Brexit party stands ready to defend democracy". The Daily Telegraph.
  21. ^ a b Emily Maitlis (presenter), Owen Jones (guest), Steven Woolfe (guest) and John McTernan (guest) (8 February 2019). "Discussion: Nigel Farage launches new 'Brexit' party". Newsnight. BBC Two. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  22. ^ "Nathan Gill set to join Nigel Farage's Brexit party". BBC News. 10 February 2019. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  23. ^ Hope, Christopher (1 February 2019). "New Brexit party has more than £1m in pledges and slate of over 200 candidates, including Nigel Farage". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  24. ^ "The Founder Of Nigel Farage's New Brexit Party Has A History Of Anti-Muslim Comments". Buzzfeed. 11 February 2019. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  25. ^ Walker, Peter (20 March 2019). "Leader of Nigel Farage's party resigns over anti-Islam messages". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  26. ^ Casalicchio, Emilio (22 March 2019). "Nigel Farage will lead new Brexit party as founding boss quits over anti-Islam tweets". PoliticsHome. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  27. ^ Bloom, Dan (22 March 2019). "Nigel Farage declares he'll be Brexit Party leader after boss quits in storm". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  28. ^ a b c Jacobson, Seth (12 April 2019). "Nigel Farage says Brexit party won't take money from Arron Banks". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  29. ^ Walker, Peter (3 April 2019). "Brexit party official removed after antisemitic posts". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  30. ^ a b "Brexit Party: 12 key policies explained". BBC News. 22 November 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  31. ^ a b "Contract With The People (Manifesto)" (PDF).
  32. ^ "Farage promises Reform Party after Brexit". BBC News. 8 December 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  33. ^ "'I killed the Lib Dems and hurt Labour' - Farage". BBC News. 13 December 2019. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
  34. ^ a b c "Register of MEPs: European Freedom and Democracy Group". European Parliament. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  35. ^
  36. ^ Pyne, Holly (24 April 2019). "EU elections: The full list of MEP candidates". Talk Radio. Wireless Group.
  37. ^ "The UK's European elections 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  38. ^ "Brexit Party kicked out MEP for 'unacceptable' behaviour, says Nigel Farage". Sky News. 30 September 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  39. ^ "Fresh blow for Nigel Farage as Scotland's only Brexit Party MEP quits". 19 November 2019.
  40. ^ "Brexit Party: Nigel Farage says four AMs to form group". BBC News. 3 May 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  41. ^ Shipton, Martin (11 May 2019). "Four Welsh Assembly Members in talks to join Nigel Farage's Brexit Party". Wales Online. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  42. ^ "Farage: May deceiving public over deal". BBC News. 12 May 2019.
  43. ^ "Nigel Farage REFUSES to publish a Brexit Party manifesto until after EU elections", The New European, 23 April 2019. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  44. ^ Sebastian Payne, "Pressure mounts on Theresa May to quit as Tory support collapses", Financial Times, 13 May 2019.
  45. ^
  46. ^ Matthew Goodwin, "Are these the last gasps of our old political order?", UnHerd
  47. ^ a b "The Observer view on the European elections and Nigel Farage's malign message", The Observer, 12 May 2019.
  48. ^
  49. ^ Zulianello, Mattia (2019). "Varieties of Populist Parties and Party Systems in Europe: From State-of-the-Art to the Application of a Novel Classification Scheme to 66 Parties in 33 Countries" (PDF). Government and Opposition: 6.
  50. ^ "FOI 015-19" (PDF). Electoral Commission. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  51. ^ McTague, Tom (18 May 2019). "Nigel Farage's startup politics". Politico.
  52. ^ "If the Brexit Party wants further triumphs, Nigel Farage should drop its 'shrink the state' philosophy". 27 May 2019.
  53. ^ "Brexit Party vows to take on and represent Gibraltar's interests in Europe", GBC News, 16 May 2019, via Youtube
  54. ^ Helen Pidd, "Brexit party plans 'John Lewis-style' rescue of British Steel", The Guardian, 4 June 2019
  55. ^ @brexitparty_uk (18 July 2019). "Let's upgrade Britain's internet. The Brexit Party will use the money saved from scrapping HS2, cutting foreign aid and the £39bn to invest in free wifi on public transport. #InvestInTheRest" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  56. ^ "Brexit Party says it will scrap interest on tuition fees". BBC News. 30 June 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  57. ^ "The Brexit Party contract: The key pledges and quotes". ITV News. 22 November 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
  58. ^ "Brexit Party joins cross-party alliance for voting reform". BBC News. 2 July 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  59. ^ "Register as a Supporter". The Brexit Party.
  60. ^ a b McTague, Tom. "Nigel Farage's startup politics". Politico. Politico. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  61. ^ Peter Walker (12 May 2019). "Has the rise of the Brexit party blown away Ukip?". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  62. ^ Hope, Christopher (10 May 2019). "Former Conservative backer Jeremy Hosking revealed as £200,000 donor to Nigel Farage's Brexit Party". The Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  63. ^ Stone, Jon (21 May 2019). "Brexit Party: EU opens investigation into Nigel Farage's lavish gifts from millionaire tycoon". The Independent. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  64. ^ "EU to examine Farage over Arron Banks cash". BBC News. 21 May 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  65. ^ a b "A question of trust". Private Eye (1517). 6 March 2020. p. 37.
  66. ^ "Farage accuses watchdog of 'bad faith'". BBC News. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  67. ^ "Watchdog reviewing Brexit Party funding". 21 May 2019. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  68. ^ "Brexit party issues legal threat to SNP MEP Alyn Smith". The Scotsman. 29 May 2019.
    - "SNP MEP Alyn Smith threatened with legal action by Brexit Party". The Herald. Glasgow. 29 May 2019.
  69. ^ "Alyn Smith: SNP MEP apologises over Brexit Party 'money laundering' claim". BBC News. 17 June 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  70. ^ "Statement of capital following an allotment of shares". The Brexit Party Ltd: Filing History. Companies House. 18 September 2019. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  71. ^ "The Brexit Party's Chief Whip on Brexit campaign tactics". Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  72. ^ "Brexit Party NHS spokesman says privatisation in the NHS can be "brilliant"". Scram News. 12 November 2019. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  73. ^ "View registration – The Brexit Party". The Electoral Commission. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  74. ^ a b "Nigel Farage says he will take over as leader of Brexit Party". Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  75. ^ "Ann Widdecombe to stand for Brexit Party". BBC News. 24 April 2019. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  76. ^ *Peter Walker, "Former communist standing as MEP for Farage's Brexit party", The Guardian, 23 April 2019
  77. ^ Sparrow, Andrew; Walker, Peter; Carrell, Severin (23 April 2019). "Labour and No 10 blame each other for lack of progress in talks on Brexit compromise – as it happened". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  78. ^ Coates, Sam (24 April 2019). "European elections: Leave and Remain party candidates". The Times. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  79. ^ "Brexit Party Unveils Seven New Candidates". Guido Fawkes. 25 April 2019. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  80. ^ "Our latest candidate to be announced is @drdavidbull doctor, author and television presenter". The Brexit Party. 25 April 2019. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  81. ^ Chaplain, Chloe (28 April 2019). "European elections 2019: the full list of MEP candidates standing in next month's EU vote". Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  82. ^ Wilkinson, Graeme (29 April 2019). "Vote in our EU elections poll as the Brexit row rumbles on". Cornwall Live. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  83. ^ Longworth, John (14 April 2019). "Why I'm standing for the Brexit Party". The Daily Telegraph.
  84. ^ "Enniskillen bomb campaigner Aileen Quinton stands for Brexit Party at European election". Newsletter. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  85. ^ "Brexit: Labour must back another referendum – Tom Watson". BBC News. 21 April 2019. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  86. ^
  87. ^ Tim Montgomerie (24 April 2019). "I'd intended to abstain in the European Elections but as a resident of Wiltshire (part of the SW Region) I'll now be voting for @brexitparty_uk. I have always admired Ann Widdecombe and May's failure to put her in the Lords was a travesty. I'll be voting Widders with enthusiasm". Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  88. ^ "Tory MP hails Brexit Party candidates". BBC News. 24 April 2019.
  89. ^ "Brexit Party candidate quits over colleague Claire Fox's 'ambiguous position' on IRA bombing". Politics Home. 2 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  90. ^
  91. ^ "The 2019 European Parliamentary elections". Britain Elects. 11 April 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  92. ^ "General election: Three Brexit Party MEPs quit to back Conservatives". Sky News.
  93. ^ "Nigel Farage reveals Brexit Party will stand in next general election". Evening Standard. 25 April 2019. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  94. ^ Shipman, Tim; Wheeler, Caroline; Allardyce, Jason (27 April 2019). "Back Farage and be kicked out of party, Tories tell rebel MPs". The Times. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  95. ^ Aodha, Gráinne Ní. "'No deal is the best deal': Nigel Farage unveils 635 Brexit Party election candidates". Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  96. ^ "Conservatives should give Brexit Party free run at Labour seats, Farage says". ITV News. 8 September 2019. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  97. ^ "Boris Johnson will reject Nigel Farage's election offer of a Brexit alliance pact". Business Insider France. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  98. ^ "Brexit Party rules out standing in Tory seats". 11 November 2019 – via
  99. ^ a b Newsnight, BBC Two, 11 November 2019
  100. ^ "What Nigel Farage's withdrawal from Tory seats does and doesn't mean".
  101. ^ "We won't stand aside for you in any seats, Johnson tells Farage". Evening Standard. 12 November 2019.
  102. ^ "Frustrated former Brexit Party general election candidates to run as independents". Scram News. 12 November 2019. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  103. ^ "'I killed the Lib Dems and hurt Labour' – Farage". 13 December 2019. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  104. ^ Barnsley Central. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  105. ^ a b Hull West & Hessle. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  106. ^ Gibbon, Tom (29 June 2019). "Gloucester to have Brexit Party's first ever council candidates". gloucestershirelive.
  107. ^ "Local byelections: Lib Dems win two seats, Brexit party none". 26 July 2019 – via
  108. ^ BBC Radio Manchester (3 July 2019). "The former Labour leader of Rochdale Council Colin Lambert has defected to the Brexit Party. He led the authority for three years between 2011 and 2014. Councillor Alan McCarthy is also joining the Brexit Party. He's resigned the Labour whip on Rochdale Council". Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  109. ^ "Councillor details – Councillor Alan McCarthy". Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  110. ^ Statham, Nick (10 July 2019). "Lib Dem councillor stuns colleagues by quitting to join The Brexit Party". men.
  111. ^ "UKIP councillors switch to Brexit Party". 18 July 2019 – via
  112. ^ "Derby's five UKIP councillors have defected to the Brexit Party". 16 July 2019 – via
  113. ^ "Brexit Party takes control of Hartlepool Council". 13 September 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  114. ^ "Surrey has its first Brexit Party councillor but residents didn't get a say". Surrey Live. 18 September 2019.
  115. ^ "Open Council Data UK". 5 July 2020.
  116. ^ "Councillor details - Councillor Allen Cowles". Rotherham Council - Meetings, agendas and minutes. 10 July 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  117. ^ "Opposition to back Rotherham's deselected Mayor candidate". Retrieved 10 July 2020.

External links