Oxford West and Abingdon (UK Parliament constituency)
Oxford West and Abingdon is a parliamentary constituency in the House of Commons.[n 1] It has been represented since 9 June 2017 by Layla Moran, a member of the Liberal Democrats. Her predecessor between 2010 and the 2017 general election was Nicola Blackwood, a Conservative.[n 2]
|Oxford West and Abingdon|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Oxford West and Abingdon in Oxfordshire.
Location of Oxfordshire within England.
|Electorate||78,404 (December 2014)|
|Major settlements||Abingdon, Kidlington, Oxford (5 wards), Radley|
|Member of parliament||Layla Moran (Liberal Democrat)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Oxford, Abingdon|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
The seat was created in 1983 as part of the reconfiguration of those in the county to avoid malapportionment, abolishing Oxford as a seat. It merged about half the city with the east of the former Abingdon seat.
The Conservative John Patten (MP for Oxford in the 1979–83 Parliament), held the seat from its creation until he retired in 1997. The seat was gained by the Liberal Democrat, Dr Evan Harris, who held the seat for thirteen years until the 2010 General Election, when the Conservative Nicola Blackwood retook the seat in one of the most marginal results of that election. Blackwood held the seat until the 2017 general election when she was defeated by Liberal Democrat Layla Moran in another marginal result.
The seat has been contested nine times, each of them general elections. At each contest the Labour party candidate has polled third—the peak share of votes to date being 20.2%, in 1997. The strongest victory, in share of the vote, was that of Dr Harris of the Liberal Democrats in 2001, a 17.8% majority (in a seven-way contest).
The Green or predecessor Ecology Party stood in the first eight contests, in each losing the deposit paid.
The constituency includes the town of Abingdon, the village of Kidlington, and the western and northern parts of the city of Oxford, as well as a minority of the colleges of the University of Oxford – the constituency covering the rest of the city being Oxford East. At the end of 2010 unemployment was the fifth lowest of the 84 South East constituencies (measure used: claimant count), at 1.2% compared to a mean of 2.45%. The area has rapid transit connections to London, Reading and the commercial heart of Oxford, has large business and research parks and a choice of two major railway stations, Oxford and Didcot Parkway.
Boundaries and boundary changesEdit
- The District of Vale of White Horse wards of Abbey, Caldecott, Cumnor, Fitzharris, Hinksey, Kennington, Northcourt, Ock, Radley, St Helen Without, and Sunningwell and Wootton, and the City of Oxford wards of Central, Cherwell, North, South, West, and Wolvercote.
- The majority of the new constituency, comprising the town of Abingdon-on-Thames and areas to the west of Oxford, was previously part of the abolished County Constituency of Abingdon in Berkshire. The City of Oxford wards had previously been in the abolished Borough Constituency of Oxford.
- The District of Vale of White Horse wards of Abbey, Caldecott, Cumnor, Fitzharris, Hinksey, Kennington, Northcourt, Ock, Radley, St Helen Without, and Sunningwell and Wootton, the City of Oxford wards of Central, Cherwell, North, West, and Wolvercote, and the District of Cherwell wards of Gosford, North West Kidlington, and South East Kidlington.
- Kidlington transferred from Witney. The South ward of the City of Oxford transferred to Oxford East.
- The District of Vale of White Horse wards of Abingdon Abbey and Barton, Abingdon Caldecott, Abingdon Dunmore, Abingdon Fitzharris, Abingdon Northcourt, Abingdon Ock Meadow, Abingdon Peachcroft, Appleton and Cumnor, Kennington and South Hinksey, North Hinksey and Wytham, Radley, and Sunningwell and Wootton, the City of Oxford wards of Jericho and Osney, North, St Margaret's, Summertown, and Wolvercote, and the District of Cherwell wards of Kidlington North, Kidlington South, and Yarnton, Gosford and Water Eaton.
- Further loss to Oxford East, including the city centre, following revision of City of Oxford wards. Marginal realignment of boundary with Wantage. Yarnton transferred from Witney.
Changes proposed for 2022Edit
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
The Commission proposed to extend the constituency both northwards, adding the District of Cherwell ward of Kirtlington from Henley, and southwards, adding the Vale of White Horse District wards of Drayton and Marcham from Wantage. Two further City of Oxford wards (Jericho and Osney, and North) would be transferred to Oxford East (to be renamed Oxford), leaving just three (of 24) wards in the constituency.
It was proposed that the constituency be renamed Abingdon and North Oxford.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1997||Evan Harris||Liberal Democrat|
|2017||Layla Moran||Liberal Democrat|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Layla Moran||26,256||43.7||+14.8|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||9.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Layla Moran||16,571||28.9||−13.1|
|National Health Action||Helen Salisbury||723||1.3||N/A|
|Socialist (GB)||Mike Foster||66||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Evan Harris||23,730||42.0||−4.1|
|Animal Protection||Keith Mann||143||0.3||–|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+6.9|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Evan Harris||24,336||46.3||−1.5|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||−1.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Evan Harris||24,670||47.8||+4.9|
|Extinction Club||Robert Twigger||93||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+3.8|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Evan Harris||26,268||42.9||+7.1|
|ProLife Alliance||Linda Hodge||238||0.4||N/A|
|Natural Law||Anne Wilson||91||0.1||+0.0|
|Local Government||John Rose||48||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||+10.4|
|Liberal Democrat||William Goodhart||21,624||39.0||+1.6|
|Anti-Federalist League||Susan Nelson||98||0.2||N/A|
|Natural Law||Geoffrey Wells||75||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||Chris Huhne||20,293||37.4||+4.1|
|Social Democratic||Evan Luard||16,627||33.3||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Robert Jones||267||0.5||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2014 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 2 February 2015.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "O"
- "Oxford West & Abingdon parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
- "GENERAL ELECTION: List of Oxfordshire parliamentary candidates published". The Oxford Times.
- "South Live: Thursday 11 May". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.451 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.