South Oxfordshire is a local government district in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire, England. Its council is temporarily based outside the district at Abingdon-on-Thames pending a planned move to Didcot, the district's largest town. The areas located south of the River Thames are within the historic county of Berkshire.
South Oxfordshire District
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
(north of River Thames)
(south of River Thames)
|Incorporated||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Non-metropolitan district council|
|• Body||South Oxfordshire District Council|
|• Leadership||David Rouane  Leader & Cabinet (Liberal Democrat and Green Coalition)|
|• MPs||John Howell|
|• Total||261.99 sq mi (678.54 km2)|
|• Rank||56th (of 309)|
|• Rank||142nd (of 309)|
|• Density||570/sq mi (220/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||95.2% White|
1.0% Black British
1.0% Chinese or Other
|Time zone||UTC0 (GMT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (BST)|
|ONS code||38UD (ONS)|
|OS grid reference||SU6571895057|
The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, covering the area of six former districts, which were abolished at the same time:
- Bullingdon Rural District
- Henley-on-Thames Municipal Borough
- Henley Rural District
- Thame Urban District
- Wallingford Municipal Borough
- Wallingford Rural District
The two Wallingford districts had previously been part of the administrative county of Berkshire, whilst the other four districts had been in the administrative county of Oxfordshire. The new district was originally given the name "Wallingford District". The shadow authority elected in 1973 to oversee the transition requested a change of name to "South Oxfordshire District", which was approved by the government before the new district formally came into being in 1974.
The River Thames flows for approximately 47 miles through South Oxfordshire, forming the historic county boundary between Berkshire and Oxfordshire. It is also joined by the River Thame within the district. A characteristic of the rivers within the district is that they have wide floodplains with few houses on them so that fluvial flooding is a lesser problem than flash flooding. Towns in the district are Didcot, Henley-on-Thames, Thame, Wallingford and Watlington.
The larger villages in the district include:
Population change and distributionEdit
The 2001 Census recorded a population of just over 128,000 in the district. This was an increase of 7% since 1991. By the 2021 Census, the figure had risen to over 149,000.
Much of the district is rural in nature, with the land in agricultural use and around 70% of the district has a green belt or AONB designation (The northeast of the district forms part of the Oxford Green Belt). 50% of the district’s population lives outside its four main towns of Didcot, Henley-on-Thames, Thame and Wallingford.
South Oxfordshire District Council
|Founded||1 April 1974|
Co-Deputy Leader of the Council
Co-Deputy Leader of the Council
Length of term
|First-past-the-post, third of council elected three years out of four|
South Oxfordshire District Council is elected by the district. Prior to the May 2019 local elections the council had a strong Conservative Party majority, though following the 2019 election the council moved to No Overall Control, with the Conservatives reduced to 10 seats. The council is currently administered by a Liberal Democrat and Green Party coalition.
|Henley Residents' Group||3|
- 2015 local election results
|Henley Residents' Group||1|
At the first elections in 1973, 62 district councillors were elected. Currently thirty-six district councillors are elected from twenty one electoral wards, which cover the principal towns of Didcot, Henley, Thame and Wallingford and surrounding villages. This was a result of The South Oxfordshire (Electoral Changes) Order 2014, effective from the 2015 local elections.
The Conservative Party held a majority on the council between 2003 and the 2019 UK local elections, when the Liberal Democrats became the larger party. After two independent councillors changed allegiance to the Liberal Democrats and the Green Party shortly after the May 2019 election, the two parties formed a coalition, led by Liberal Democrat, Sue Cooper.
|Party in control||Years|
|No overall control||1973–1976|
|No overall control||1995–2003|
|No overall control||2019–present|
Full elections of the council take place every four years.
Prior to the May 2019 local elections the Conservative numbers on the council had been reduced from 33 to 25, after several resignations and six councillors suspended for voting against a major housing plan. Following the election the Conservatives went from a controlling majority of 18, to having no overall control, with the Liberal Democrats having 12 councillors, the Conservatives having 10 and the Green Party winning 5.
The council was initially based in various premises across the district in Henley, Thame, Wheatley, Wallingford and Didcot inherited from its predecessor authorities. In 1981 the council moved to a purpose-built headquarters on Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford, near Wallingford.
On 15 January 2015, an arson attack destroyed the district council's main offices in Crowmarsh Gifford. As the fire started in the early hours of the morning there were no fatalities or injuries. Immediately after the fire, the council was temporarily based in Abingdon, in the neighbouring Vale of White Horse district. From later in 2015 until 2022 the council was based at Milton Park, sharing a building with Vale of White Horse District Council. The Council initially intended to return to Crowmarsh, but in October 2020 it was announced that both councils plan on relocating to a new building in Didcot, to be built on a site known as Didcot Gateway opposite Didcot Parkway railway station, aiming for completion in 2023. In 2022 the councils vacated Milton Park and returned to Abingdon, again on a temporary basis, whilst waiting for the Didcot Gateway scheme to be ready.
In May 2006, a report commissioned by British Gas showed that housing in South Oxfordshire produced the 5th highest average carbon emissions in the country at 7,356 kg of carbon dioxide per dwelling.
- ^ a b c Jones, Harrison (14 May 2019). "Sue Cooper set to run South Oxfordshire District Council coalition". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- ^ "The English Non-metropolitan Districts (Definition) Order 1972", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, SI 1972/2039, retrieved 22 September 2022
- ^ "The English Non-metropolitan District (Names) Order 1973", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, SI 1973/551, retrieved 22 September 2022
- ^ "Now it's... South Oxfordshire". Evening Post. Reading. 29 September 1973. p. 12. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
- ^ "South Oxfordshire - River activities".
- ^ "South Oxfordshire District Council - Floods".
- ^ "Census 2021 - Dataset: Population and household estimates, England and Wales". ONS.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 December 2022.
- ^ a b "Election results: Lib Dems win Oxfordshire Tory council". BBC News. 3 May 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
- ^ 2015 election results by party
- ^ a b "South Oxfordshire District County Council Election Results 1973-2011" (PDF). The Elections Centre (Plymouth University). Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- ^ "Local Elections 2019: Your candidates in South Oxfordshire". Oxford Mail. 1 May 2019. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- ^ "The South Oxfordshire (Electoral Changes) Order 2014 - Schedule". legislation.gov.uk. The National Archives. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
- ^ "Sue Cooper set to run South Oxfordshire District Council coalition". Oxford Mail. 14 May 2019. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- ^ Nathan Briant (2 May 2019). "Local elections Oxfordshire 2019 - all you need to know". The Herald. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- ^ "Election results: Lib Dems win Oxfordshire council from Tories". BBC News. 3 May 2019. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- ^ 1975 Telephone Directory, South Oxfordshire District Council: Headquarters at St George's House, Wallingford, area offices at West Hill House, Henley / Stone Hall, High Street, Wallingford / Churchill House, Broadway, Didcot / London Road, Wheatley.
- ^ "New council HQ - it may be civic but it's no palace". Evening Post. Reading. 22 July 1981. p. 4. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
- ^ "Video: Andrew Main sectioned after admitting South Oxfordshire council fire earlier this year". Oxford Mail.
- ^ "South Oxfordshire District Council building on fire". BBC News. 15 January 2015.
- ^ "Fire-hit councils' staff back at work". 10 November 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- ^ "Henley on Thames News | Fire-hit council to move into new offices". Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- ^ "South Oxfordshire District Council is coming home to Crowmarsh - South Oxfordshire District Council". www.southoxon.gov.uk.
- ^ "Didcot Gateway: the home of the new South and Vale district council offices". South Oxfordshire District Council. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
- ^ "District Councils to be temporarily based in Abingdon". Vale of White Horse District Council. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
- ^ "Centrica plc - News and views" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2008.