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Results of the 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum

The 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum took place in the United Kingdom and Gibraltar on 23 June 2016.[1][2] Membership of the European Union has been a topic of debate in the United Kingdom since the country joined the European Communities (or "the Common Market", as it was usually then known) in 1973. This referendum was conducted very differently from the European Communities membership referendum in 1975; a more localised and regionalised counting procedure was used, and the ballot was overseen by the Electoral Commission, a public body which did not exist at the time of the first vote. This article lists, by voting area for Great Britain and Gibraltar and by parliamentary constituency for Northern Ireland, all the results of the referendum, each ordered into national and regional sections.

United Kingdom European Union membership referendum
Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union?
LocationUnited Kingdom (including Gibraltar)
Date23 June 2016
Results
Votes %
Leave 17,410,742 51.89%
Remain 16,141,241 48.11%
Valid votes 33,551,983 99.92%
Invalid or blank votes 25,359 0.08%
Total votes 33,577,342 100.00%
Registered voters/turnout 46,500,001 72.21%
Results by voting areas
United Kingdom EU referendum 2016 area results.svg
  Leave     Remain
On the map, the darker shades for a colour indicate a larger margin. The results for Northern Ireland are by Parliamentary constituency.
Comparison of results in 1975 and 2016 referendums. This map uses darker shades of green to show stronger support for UK membership in the European Communities or Union, and darker blues to show stronger opposition.

Under the provisions of the European Union Referendum Act 2015, there were a total of 382 voting areas across twelve regions, using the same boundaries as used in European Parliamentary elections since 1999, under the provisions of the European Parliamentary Elections Act 2002, with votes counted at local authority level. In England the 326 local government districts were used as the voting areas; these consist of all unitary authorities, all metropolitan boroughs, all shire districts, the London boroughs, the City of London and the Isles of Scilly.[3] The nine regions of England were then also used to count the votes at the regional level, with Gibraltar being regarded as part of South West England. Northern Ireland was a single voting area as well as being a regional count, although local totals by Westminster parliamentary constituency area were announced.[3] In Scotland the 32 Scottish council areas were used as voting areas and a single national count.[3] In Wales the 22 Welsh council areas were used as the voting areas and a single national count.[3]

Counting began as soon as the polls closed on 23 June from 2200 BST onwards (making it the first UK-wide referendum to be counted overnight) and took nine hours and twenty minutes to complete. The result of the referendum was forecast by the BBC just before 04:40 BST (around 6 hours 40 minutes after polls closed), with around 308 results declared at the time. The first result announced was Gibraltar, and the last was Cornwall.

On 23 June 2016, the recorded result was that the UK voted to leave the European Union by 51.89% for Leave to 48.11% for Remain, a margin of 3.78%. This corresponded to 17,410,742 votes to leave and 16,141,241 to remain, a margin of 1,269,501 votes.

United KingdomEdit

 
Of the 381 voting areas in Great Britain and Gibraltar and the 18 Northern Ireland parliamentary constituencies, a total of 270 returned majority votes in favour of "Leave the European Union", while 129 returned majority votes in favour of "Remain a member of the European Union", including all 32 voting areas in Scotland.
  Leave
  Remain

The final result of the referendum for the United Kingdom and Gibraltar was declared at Manchester Town Hall at 0720 BST on Friday 24 June 2016, after all the 382 voting areas and the twelve UK regions had declared their results, by the then "chief counting officer" (CCO) for the referendum, Jenny Watson. In a UK-wide referendum, the position of "chief counting officer" (CCO) is held by the chair of the Electoral Commission.[4] The following figures are as reported by the Electoral Commission.[5]

With a national turnout of 72%, the target to secure the majority win for the winning side was 16,788,672 votes. The decision by the electorate was to "Leave the European Union" which won by a majority of 1,269,501 votes (3.78%) over those who had voted in favour of "Remain a member of the European Union", with England and Wales voting to "Leave" while Scotland and Northern Ireland voted to "Remain".[6][irrelevant citation]

United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
Choice Votes %
Leave the European Union 17,410,742 51.89
Remain a member of the European Union 16,141,241 48.11
Valid votes 33,551,983 99.92
Invalid or blank votes 25,359 0.08
Total votes 33,577,342 100.00
Registered voters and turnout 46,500,001 72.21
Source: Electoral Commission
National referendum results (without spoiled ballots)
Leave:
17,410,742 (51.9%)
Remain:
16,141,241 (48.1%)

Results by United Kingdom regionsEdit

Region Electorate Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
  East Midlands 3,384,299 74.2% 1,033,036 1,475,479 41.18% 58.82%
  East of England 4,398,796 75.7% 1,448,616 1,880,367 43.52% 56.48%
  Greater London 5,424,768 69.7% 2,263,519 1,513,232 59.93% 40.07%
  North East England 1,934,341 69.3% 562,595 778,103 41.96% 58.04%
  North West England 5,241,568 70.0% 1,699,020 1,966,925 46.35% 53.65%
  Northern Ireland 1,260,955 62.7% 440,707 349,442 55.78% 44.22%
  Scotland 3,987,112 67.2% 1,661,191 1,018,322 62.00% 38.00%
  South East England 6,465,404 76.8% 2,391,718 2,567,965 48.22% 51.78%
  South West England
(including Gibraltar)
4,138,134 76.7% 1,503,019 1,669,711 47.37% 52.63%
  Wales 2,270,272 71.7% 772,347 854,572 47.47% 52.53%
  West Midlands 4,116,572 72.0% 1,207,175 1,755,687 40.74% 59.26%
  Yorkshire and the Humber 3,877,780 70.7% 1,158,298 1,580,937 42.29% 57.71%

Results by United Kingdom constituent countriesEdit

Country Electorate Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
  England
(and Gibraltar)
39,005,781 73.0% 13,266,996 15,188,406 46.62% 53.38%
  Northern Ireland 1,260,955 62.7% 440,707 349,442 55.78% 44.22%
  Scotland 3,987,112 67.2% 1,661,191 1,018,322 62.00% 38.00%
  Wales 2,270,272 71.7% 772,347 854,572 47.47% 52.53%

Returns from United Kingdom major citiesEdit

Out of over 33.5 million valid votes cast across the United Kingdom, over 8.8 million, or just over one quarter, were cast in thirty major cities that each gathered 100,000 votes or more.

In those 30 cities, votes to Remain outnumbered those to Leave by over 900,000 (4,872,810 to 3,955,595 or 55.2% to 44.8%), while in the other voting areas, the votes to Leave outnumbered those to Remain by nearly 2.2 million (13,455,147 to 11,268,431, or 54.4% to 45.6%).

City Voting region
(& Remain %) [b]
Total
votes
Turn-
out
Votes Percent of votes [b]
Remain Leave Margin [c] Remain Leave
Greater London London (59.9%) 3,776,751 69.7% 2,263,519 1,513,232 +750,287 59.9% 40.1%
Birmingham W. Midlands (40.7%) 450,702 63.7% 223,451 227,251 −3,800 49.6% 50.4%
Leeds Yorks/Humber (42.3%) 387,337 71.3% 194,863 192,474 +2,389 50.3% 49.7%
Sheffield Yorks/Humber (42.3%) 266,753 67.3% 130,735 136,018 −5,283 49.0% 51.0%
Glasgow Scotland (62.0%) 252,809 56.2% 168,335 84,474 +83,861 66.6% 33.4%
Edinburgh Scotland (62.0%) 252,294 72.9% 187,796 64,498 +123,298 74.4% 25.6%
Bradford Yorks/Humber (42.3%) 228,488 66.7% 104,575 123,913 −19,338 45.8% 54.2%
Bristol South West (41.2%) 228,445 73.1% 141,027 87,418 +53,609 61.7% 38.3%
Liverpool North West (46.3%) 203,554 64.0% 118,453 85,101 +33,352 58.2% 41.8%
Manchester North West (46.3%) 201,814 59.7% 121,823 79,991 +41,832 60.4% 39.6%
Wakefield Yorks/Humber (42.3%) 175,042 71.1% 58,877 116,165 −57,288 33.6% 66.4%
Cardiff Wales (47.5%) 169,604 69.6% 101,788 67,816 +33,972 60.0% 40.0%
greater Belfast [a] N. Ireland (55.8%) 158,365 94,915 63,450 +31,465 59.9% 40.1%
Coventry W. Midlands (40.7%) 153,064 69.2% 67,967 85,097 −17,130 44.4% 55.6%
Brighton & Hove South East (48.2%) 146,675 74.0% 100,648 46,027 +54,621 68.6% 31.4%
Leicester E. Midlands (41.2%) 138,972 65.0% 70,980 67,992 +2,988 51.1% 48.9%
Sunderland North East (42.0%) 134,324 64.8% 51,930 82,394 −30,464 38.7% 61.3%
Plymouth South West (41.2%) 133,455 71.4% 53,458 79,997 −26,539 40.1% 59.9%
Newcastle upon Tyne North East (42.0%) 129,003 67.6% 65,405 63,598 +1,807 50.7% 49.3%
Nottingham E. Midlands (41.2%) 120,661 61.8% 59,318 61,343 −2,025 49.2% 50.8%
Derby E. Midlands (41.2%) 120,655 70.5% 51,612 69,043 −17,431 42.8% 57.2%
Swansea Wales (47.5%) 120,243 69.5% 58,307 61,936 −3,629 48.5% 51.5%
Wolverhampton W. Midlands (40.7%) 117,936 67.5% 44,138 73,798 −29,660 37.4% 62.6%
Stoke-on-Trent W. Midlands (40.7%) 117,590 65.7% 36,027 81,563 −45,536 30.6% 69.4%
Kingston upon Hull Yorks/Humber (42.3%) 113,355 62.9% 36,709 76,646 −39,937 32.4% 67.6%
Salford North West (46.3%) 109,815 63.2% 47,430 62,385 −14,955 43.2% 56.8%
York Yorks/Humber (42.3%) 109,600 70.6% 63,617 45,983 +17,634 58.0% 42.0%
Southampton South East (48.2%) 107,665 68.1% 49,738 57,927 −8,189 46.2% 53.8%
Aberdeen Scotland (62.0%) 104,714 67.9% 63,985 40,729 +23,256 61.1% 38.9%
Portsmouth South East (48.2%) 98,720 70.3% 41,384 57,336 −15,952 41.9% 58.1%
Total of 30 cities U.K. (48.1%) 8,828,405 4,872,810 3,955,595 +917,215 55.2% 44.8%
Other voting areas U.K. (48.1%) 24,723,578 11,268,431 13,455,147 −2,186,716 45.6% 54.4%
United Kingdom U.K. 33,551,983 72.2% 16,141,241 17,410,742 −1,269,501 48.1% 51.9%
Notes:
[a] Vote totals for Belfast are based on the returns from the four parliamentary constituencies in Belfast.
    These include areas in districts outside the City of Belfast.
[b] Lighter shades indicate a prevailing Remain or Leave vote of 52.0% or less; darker shades one of 58.0% or more.
[c] Margins are (arbitrarily) positive (+) when they indicate the excess of Remain votes over Leave,
   and negative (−) when they indicate the excess of Leave votes over Remain.

EnglandEdit

The English local districts were used as the voting areas for the referendum in England; these consist of all unitary authorities, all metropolitan boroughs, all shire districts, the London boroughs, the City of London and the Isles of Scilly.[3]

Unlike the other constituent countries of the United Kingdom there was no centralised national count of the votes in England as counting was done within the nine separate regions. Figures from Gibraltar are included in the South West England region.

 
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
England
(including Gibraltar)
Choice Votes %
Leave the European Union 15,188,406 53.38%
Remain a member of the European Union 13,266,996 46.62%
Valid votes 28,455,482 99.92%
Invalid or blank votes 22,184 0.08%
Total votes 28,477,666 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 39,005,781 73.01%
England referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
15,188,406 (53.4%)
Remain:
13,266,996 (46.6%)

England was broken down into 9 regional count areas using the same regional constituency boundaries as used in European Parliamentary elections.

East MidlandsEdit

 
Voting areas of the East Midlands region
  Leave
  Remain
 
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
East Midlands
Choice Votes %
Leave the European Union 1,475,479 58.82%
Remain a member of the European Union 1,033,036 41.18%
Valid votes 2,508,515 99.92%
Invalid or blank votes 1,891 0.08%
Total votes 2,510,496 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 3,384,299 74.18%
Source: Electoral Commission
East Midlands referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
1,475,479 (58.9%)
Remain:
1,033,036 (41.1%)

The East Midlands region was broken down into 40 voting areas.

District Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Amber Valley 76.3% 29,319 44,501 39.7% 60.3%
Ashfield 72.8% 20,179 46,720 30.2% 69.8%
Bassetlaw 74.8% 20,575 43,392 32.2% 67.8%
Blaby 76.5% 22,888 33,583 40.5% 59.5%
Bolsover 72.3% 12,242 29,730 29.2% 70.8%
Boston 77.2% 7,430 22,974 24.4% 75.6%
Broxtowe 78.3% 29,672 35,754 45.4% 54.6%
Charnwood 70.4% 43,500 50,672 46.2% 53.8%
Chesterfield 71.9% 22,946 34,478 40.0% 60.0%
Corby 74.1% 11,470 20,611 35.8% 64.2%
Daventry 80.9% 20,443 28,938 41.4% 58.6%
Derby 70.5% 51,612 69,043 42.8% 57.2%
Derbyshire Dales 81.9% 22,633 24,095 48.4% 51.6%
East Lindsey 74.9% 23,515 56,613 29.3% 70.7%
East Northamptonshire 76.9% 21,680 30,894 41.2% 58.8%
Erewash 76.0% 25,791 40,739 38.8% 61.2%
Gedling 76.5% 30,035 37,542 44.4% 55.6%
High Peak 75.6% 27,116 27,717 49.5% 50.5%
Harborough 81.4% 27,028 27,850 49.3% 50.7%
Hinckley & Bosworth 76.7% 25,969 39,501 39.7% 60.3%
Kettering 76.4% 21,030 32,877 39.0% 61.0%
Leicester 65.0% 70,980 67,992 51.1% 48.9%
Lincoln 69.3% 18,902 24,992 43.1% 56.9%
Mansfield 72.6% 16,417 39,927 29.1% 70.9%
Melton 81.3% 12,695 17,610 41.9% 58.1%
Newark and Sherwood 76.8% 26,571 40,516 39.6% 60.4%
North East Derbyshire 75.2% 22,075 37,235 37.2% 62.8%
Northampton 72.6% 43,805 61,454 41.6% 58.4%
North Kesteven 78.4% 25,570 42,183 37.7% 62.3%
North West Leicestershire 77.9% 22,642 34,969 39.3% 60.7%
Nottingham 61.8% 59,318 61,343 49.2% 50.8%
Oadby and Wigston 73.7% 14,292 17,173 45.4% 54.6%
Rushcliffe 81.5% 40,522 29,888 57.6% 42.4%
Rutland 78.1% 11,353 11,613 49.4% 50.6%
South Derbyshire 76.8% 22,479 34,216 39.6% 60.4%
South Holland 75.3% 13,074 36,423 26.4% 73.6%
South Kesteven 78.2% 33,047 49,424 40.1% 59.9%
South Northamptonshire 79.4% 25,853 30,771 45.7% 54.3%
Wellingborough 75.4% 15,462 25,679 37.6% 62.4%
West Lindsey 74.5% 20,906 33,847 38.2% 61.8%

East of EnglandEdit

 
Voting areas of the East of England region
  Leave
  Remain
 
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
East of England
Choice Votes %
Leave the European Union 1,880,367 56.48%
Remain a member of the European Union 1,448,616 43.52%
Valid votes 3,328,983 99.93%
Invalid or blank votes 2,329 0.07%
Total votes 3,331,312 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 4,398,796 75.73%
Source: Electoral Commission
East of England referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
1,880,367 (56.5%)
Remain:
1,448,616 (43.5%)

The East of England region was broken down into 47 voting areas.

District Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Babergh 78.2% 25,309 29,933 45.8% 54.2%
Basildon 73.8% 30,748 67,251 31.4% 68.6%
Bedford 72.1% 41,497 44,569 48.2% 51.8%
Braintree 76.6% 33,523 52,713 38.9% 61.1%
Breckland 74.3% 26,313 47,235 35.8% 64.2%
Brentwood 79.5% 19,077 27,627 40.8% 59.2%
Broadland 78.3% 35,469 42,268 45.6% 54.4%
Broxbourne 73.7% 17,166 33,706 33.7% 66.3%
Cambridge 72.2% 42,682 15,117 73.8% 26.2%
Castle Point 75.3% 14,154 37,691 27.3% 72.7%
Central Bedfordshire 77.8% 69,670 89,134 43.9% 56.1%
Chelmsford 77.6% 47,545 53,249 47.2% 52.8%
Colchester 75.1% 44,414 51,305 46.4% 53.6%
Dacorum 79.1% 42,542 43,702 49.3% 50.7%
East Cambridgeshire 77.0% 23,599 24,487 49.1% 50.9%
East Hertfordshire 80.3% 42,372 42,994 49.6% 50.4%
Epping Forest 76.8% 28,676 48,176 37.3% 62.7%
Fenland 73.7% 15,055 37,571 28.6% 71.4%
Forest Heath 72.5% 9,791 18,160 35.0% 65.0%
Great Yarmouth 69.0% 14,284 35,844 28.5% 71.5%
Harlow 73.5% 13,867 29,602 31.9% 68.1%
Hertsmere 76.6% 27,593 28,532 49.2% 50.8%
Huntingdonshire 77.8% 45,729 54,198 45.8% 54.2%
Ipswich 72.5% 27,698 38,655 41.7% 58.3%
King's Lynn and West Norfolk 74.7% 28,587 56,493 33.6% 66.4%
Luton 66.2% 36,708 47,773 43.5% 56.5%
Maldon 79.1% 14,529 24,302 37.4% 62.6%
Mid Suffolk 78.1% 27,391 33,794 44.8% 55.2%
North Hertfordshire 78.2% 42,234 35,438 54.4% 45.6%
North Norfolk 76.8% 26,214 37,576 41.1% 58.9%
Norwich 69.1% 37,326 29,040 56.2% 43.8%
Peterborough 72.3% 34,176 53,216 39.1% 60.9%
Rochford 78.8% 17,510 34,937 33.4% 66.6%
South Cambridgeshire 81.2% 56,128 37,061 60.2% 39.8%
Southend-on-Sea 72.8% 39,348 54,522 41.9% 58.1%
South Norfolk 78.5% 38,817 41,541 48.3% 51.7%
St Albans 82.4% 54,208 32,237 62.7% 37.3%
St. Edmundsbury 76.7% 26,986 35,224 43.4% 56.6%
Stevenage 73.7% 18,659 27,126 40.8% 59.2%
Suffolk Coastal 80.6% 37,218 41,966 47.0% 53.0%
Tendring 74.4% 25,210 57,447 30.5% 69.5%
Three Rivers 78.4% 25,751 27,097 48.7% 51.3%
Thurrock 72.7% 22,151 57,765 27.7% 72.3%
Uttlesford 80.2% 25,619 26,324 49.3% 50.7%
Watford 71.6% 23,167 23,419 49.7% 50.3%
Waveney 72.6% 24,356 41,290 37.1% 62.9%
Welwyn Hatfield 75.0% 27,550 31,060 47.0% 53.0%

Greater LondonEdit

 
Voting areas of the London region
  Leave
  Remain
 
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
Greater London
Choice Votes %
Remain a member of the European Union 2,263,519 59.93%
Leave the European Union 1,513,232 40.07%
Valid votes 3,776,751 99.88%
Invalid or blank votes 4,453 0.12%
Total votes 3,781,204 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 5,424,768 69.70%
Source: Electoral Commission
Greater London referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
1,513,232 (40.1%)
Remain:
2,263,519 (59.9%)

The Greater London region was broken down into 33 voting areas.

District Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Barking and Dagenham 63.8% 27,750 46,130 37.6% 62.4%
Barnet 72.1% 100,210 60,823 62.2% 37.8%
Bexley 75.2% 47,603 80,886 37.0% 63.0%
Brent 65.0% 72,523 48,881 59.7% 40.3%
Bromley 78.8% 92,398 90,034 50.6% 49.4%
Camden 65.4% 71,295 23,838 74.9% 25.1%
City of London 73.5% 3,312 1,087 75.3% 24.7%
City of Westminster 64.9% 53,928 24,268 69.0% 31.0%
Croydon 69.8% 92,913 78,221 54.3% 45.7%
Ealing 70.0% 90,024 59,017 60.4% 39.6%
Enfield 69.0% 76,425 60,481 55.8% 44.2%
Greenwich 69.5% 65,248 52,117 55.6% 44.4%
Hackney 65.1% 83,398 22,868 78.5% 21.5%
Haringey 70.5% 79,991 25,855 75.6% 24.4%
Harrow 72.2% 64,042 53,183 54.6% 45.4%
Hammersmith and Fulham 69.9% 56,188 24,054 70.0% 30.0%
Havering 76.0% 42,201 96,885 30.3% 69.7%
Hillingdon 68.9% 58,040 74,982 43.6% 56.4%
Hounslow 69.7% 58,755 56,321 51.1% 48.9%
Islington 70.3% 76,420 25,180 75.2% 24.8%
Kensington and Chelsea 65.9% 37,601 17,138 68.7% 31.3%
Kingston upon Thames 78.3% 52,533 32,737 61.6% 38.4%
Lambeth 67.3% 111,584 30,340 78.6% 21.4%
Lewisham 63.0% 86,955 37,518 69.9% 30.1%
Merton 73.4% 63,003 37,097 62.9% 37.1%
Newham 59.2% 55,328 49,371 52.8% 47.2%
Redbridge 67.5% 69,213 59,020 54.0% 46.0%
Richmond upon Thames 82.0% 75,396 33,410 69.3% 30.7%
Southwark 66.1% 94,293 35,209 72.8% 27.2%
Sutton 76.0% 49,319 57,241 46.3% 53.7%
Tower Hamlets 64.5% 73,011 35,224 67.5% 32.5%
Waltham Forest 66.6% 64,156 44,395 59.1% 40.9%
Wandsworth 71.9% 118,463 39,421 75.0% 25.0%

North East EnglandEdit

 
Voting areas of the North East England region
  Leave
  Remain
 
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
North East England
Choice Votes %
Leave the European Union 778,103 58.04%
Remain a member of the European Union 562,595 41.96%
Valid votes 1,340,698 99.95%
Invalid or blank votes 689 0.05%
Total votes 1,341,387 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 1,934,341 69.35%
Source: Electoral Commission
North East England referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
778,103 (58%)
Remain:
562,595 (42%)

The North East England region was broken down into 12 voting areas.

District Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Darlington 71.0% 24,172 30,994 43.8% 56.2%
County Durham 68.7% 113,521 153,877 42.5% 57.5%
Gateshead 70.6% 44,429 58,529 43.2% 57.8%
Hartlepool 65.5% 14,029 32,071 30.4% 69.6%
Middlesbrough 64.9% 21,181 40,177 34.5% 65.5%
Newcastle upon Tyne 67.6% 65,405 63,598 50.7% 49.3%
North Tyneside 72.3% 52,873 60,589 46.6% 53.4%
Northumberland 74.3% 82,022 96,699 45.9% 54.1%
Redcar and Cleveland 70.2% 24,586 48,128 33.8% 66.2%
South Tyneside 68.2% 30,014 49,065 38.0% 62.0%
Stockton-on-Tees 71.0% 38,433 61,982 38.3% 61.7%
Sunderland 64.8% 51,930 82,394 38.7% 61.3%

North West EnglandEdit

 
Voting areas of the North West England region
  Leave
  Remain
 
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
North West England
Choice Votes %
Leave the European Union 1,966,925 53.65%
Remain a member of the European Union 1,699,020 46.35%
Valid votes 3,665,945 99.93%
Invalid or blank votes 2,682 0.07%
Total votes 3,668,627 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 5,241,568 69.99%
Source: Electoral Commission
North West England referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
1,966,925 (53.7%)
Remain:
1,699,020 (46.3%)

The North West England region was broken down into 39 voting areas.

District Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Allerdale 72.9% 22,429 31,809 41.4% 58.6%
Barrow-in-Furness 67.8% 14,207 21,867 39.4% 60.6%
Blackburn with Darwen 65.2% 28,522 36,799 43.7% 56.3%
Blackpool 65.4% 21,781 45,146 32.5% 67.5%
Bolton 70.1% 57,589 80,491 41.7% 58.3%
Burnley 67.2% 14,462 28,854 33.4% 66.6%
Bury 71.3% 46,354 54,674 45.9% 54.1%
Carlisle 74.5% 23,788 35,895 39.9% 60.1%
Cheshire East 77.3% 107,962 113,163 48.8% 51.2%
Cheshire West and Chester 74.5% 95,455 98,082 49.3% 50.7%
Chorley 75.5% 27,417 36,098 43.2% 56.8%
Copeland 70.0% 14,419 23,528 38.0% 62.0%
Eden 75.7% 14,807 16,911 46.7% 53.3%
Fylde 75.5% 19,889 26,317 43.0% 57.0%
Halton 68.2% 27,678 37,327 42.6% 57.4%
Hyndburn 64.7% 13,569 26,568 33.8% 66.2%
Knowsley 63.5% 34,345 36,558 48.4% 51.6%
Lancaster 72.6% 35,732 37,309 48.9% 51.1%
Liverpool 64.0% 118,453 85,101 58.2% 41.8%
Manchester 59.7% 121,823 79,991 60.4% 39.6%
Oldham 67.9% 42,034 65,369 39.1% 60.9%
Pendle 70.2% 16,704 28,631 36.8% 63.2%
Preston 68.7% 30,227 34,518 46.7% 53.3%
Ribble Valley 79.0% 15,892 20,550 43.6% 56.4%
Rochdale 65.9% 41,217 62,014 39.9% 60.1%
Rossendale 72.4% 15,012 23,169 39.3% 60.7%
Salford 63.2% 47,430 62,385 43.2% 56.8%
Sefton 71.7% 76,702 71,176 51.9% 48.1%
South Lakeland 79.7% 34,531 30,800 52.9% 47.1%
South Ribble 75.3% 26,406 37,318 41.4% 58.6%
St. Helens 68.8% 39,322 54,357 42.0% 58.0%
Stockport 74.9% 85,559 77,930 52.5% 47.5%
Tameside 66.0% 43,118 67,829 38.9% 61.1%
Trafford 75.8% 72,293 53,018 57.7% 42.3%
Warrington 73.3% 52,657 62,487 45.7% 54.3%
West Lancashire 74.4% 28,546 35,323 44.7% 55.3%
Wigan 69.2% 58,942 104,331 36.1% 63.9%
Wirral 70.9% 88,931 83,069 51.7% 48.3%
Wyre 74.6% 22,816 40,163 36.2% 63.8%

South East EnglandEdit

 
Voting areas of the South East England region
  Leave
  Remain
 
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
South East England
Choice Votes %
Leave the European Union 2,567,965 51.78%
Remain a member of the European Union 2,391,718 48.22%
Valid votes 4,959,683 99.93%
Invalid or blank votes 3,427 0.07%
Total votes 4,963,110 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 6,465,404 76.76%
Source: Electoral Commission
South East England referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
2,567,965 (51.8%)
Remain:
2,391,718 (48.2%)

The South East England region was broken down into 67 voting areas.

District Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Adur 76.4% 16,914 20,315 45.4% 54.6%
Arun 77.8% 34,193 56,936 37.5% 62.5%
Ashford 77.1% 28,314 41,472 40.6% 59.4%
Aylesbury Vale 78.4% 52,877 53,956 49.5% 50.5%
Basingstoke and Deane 78.0% 48,257 52,071 48.1% 51.9%
Bracknell Forest 76.1% 29,888 35,002 46.1% 53.9%
Brighton & Hove 74.0% 100,648 46,027 68.6% 31.4%
Canterbury 75.0% 40,169 41,879 49.0% 51.0%
Cherwell 75.5% 40,668 41,168 49.7% 50.3%
Chichester 77.8% 35,011 36,326 49.1% 50.9%
Chiltern 83.5% 32,241 26,363 55.0% 45.0%
Crawley 73.2% 22,388 31,447 41.6% 58.4%
Dartford 75.5% 19,985 35,870 35.8% 64.2%
Dover 76.5% 24,606 40,410 37.8% 62.2%
Eastbourne 74.7% 22,845 30,700 42.7% 57.3%
Eastleigh 78.2% 36,172 39,902 47.5% 52.5%
East Hampshire 81.6% 37,346 36,576 50.5% 49.5%
Elmbridge 78.1% 45,841 31,162 59.5% 40.5%
Epsom and Ewell 80.4% 23,596 21,707 52.1% 47.9%
Fareham 79.6% 32,210 39,525 44.9% 55.1%
Gosport 73.5% 16,671 29,456 36.1% 63.9%
Gravesham 74.9% 18,876 35,643 34.6% 65.4%
Guildford 76.9% 44,155 34,458 56.2% 43.8%
Hart 82.6% 30,282 27,513 52.4% 47.6%
Hastings 71.6% 20,011 24,339 45.1% 54.9%
Havant 74.1% 26,582 44,047 37.6% 62.4%
Horsham 81.6% 43,785 41,303 51.5% 48.5%
Isle of Wight 72.3% 30,207 49,173 38.1% 61.9%
Lewes 77.8% 30,974 28,508 52.1% 47.9%
Maidstone 76.0% 36,762 52,365 41.2% 58.8%
Medway 72.1% 49,889 88,997 35.9% 64.1%
Mid Sussex 80.7% 46,471 41,057 53.1% 46.9%
Milton Keynes 73.6% 63,393 67,063 48.6% 51.4%
Mole Valley 82.1% 29,088 25,708 53.1% 46.9%
New Forest 79.2% 47,199 64,541 42.2% 57.8%
Oxford 72.3% 49,424 20,913 70.3% 29.7%
Portsmouth 70.3% 41,384 57,336 41.9% 58.1%
Reading 72.5% 43,385 31,382 58.0% 42.0%
Reigate and Banstead 78.2% 40,181 40,980 49.5% 50.5%
Rother 79.3% 23,916 33,753 41.5% 58.5%
Runnymede 76.0% 20,259 24,035 45.7% 54.3%
Rushmoor 74.1% 20,384 28,396 41.8% 58.2%
Sevenoaks 80.6% 32,091 38,258 45.6% 54.4%
Shepway 74.9% 22,884 37,729 37.8% 62.2%
Slough 62.1% 24,911 29,631 45.7% 54.3%
Southampton 68.1% 49,738 57,927 46.2% 53.8%
South Bucks 78.0% 20,077 20,647 49.3% 50.7%
South Oxfordshire 80.7% 46,245 37,865 55.0% 45.0%
Spelthorne 77.9% 22,474 34,135 39.7% 60.3%
Surrey Heath 79.8% 25,638 26,667 49.0% 51.0%
Swale 74.2% 28,481 47,388 37.5% 62.5%
Tandridge 80.3% 24,251 27,169 47.2% 52.8%
Test Valley 79.6% 36,170 39,091 48.1% 51.9%
Thanet 72.7% 26,065 46,037 36.2% 63.8%
Tonbridge and Malling 79.6% 32,792 41,229 44.3% 55.7%
Tunbridge Wells 79.1% 35,676 29,320 54.9% 45.1%
Vale of White Horse 81.1% 43,462 33,192 56.7% 43.3%
Waverley 82.3% 44,341 31,601 58.4% 41.6%
Wealden 80.0% 44,084 52,808 45.5% 54.5%
West Berkshire 79.9% 48,300 44,977 51.8% 48.2%
West Oxfordshire 79.7% 35,236 30,435 53.7% 46.3%
Winchester 81.2% 42,878 29,886 58.9% 41.1%
Windsor and Maidenhead 79.7% 44,086 37,706 53.9% 46.1%
Woking 77.4% 31,007 24,214 56.2% 43.8%
Wokingham 79.2% 55,272 42,229 56.7% 43.3%
Worthing 75.4% 28,851 32,515 47.0% 53.0%
Wycombe 75.7% 49,261 45,529 52.0% 48.0%

South West England (including Gibraltar)Edit

 
Voting areas of the South West England region (together with Gibraltar)
  Leave
  Remain
 
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
South West England
(including Gibraltar)
Choice Votes %
Leave the European Union 1,669,711 52.62%
Remain a member of the European Union 1,503,019 47.37%
Valid votes 3,172,730 99.93%
Invalid or blank votes 2,179 0.07%
Total votes 3,174,909 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 4,138,134 73.01%
Source: Electoral Commission
South West England (including Gibraltar) referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
1,669,711 (52.6%)
Remain:
1,503,019 (47.4%)

The South West England region was broken down into 38 voting areas.

District Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Bath and North East Somerset 77.1% 60,878 44,352 57.9% 42.1%
Bournemouth 69.2% 41,473 50,453 45.1% 54.9%
Bristol 73.1% 141,027 87,418 61.7% 38.3%
Cheltenham 75.8% 37,081 28,932 56.2% 43.8%
Christchurch 79.3% 12,782 18,268 41.2% 58.8%
Cornwall 77.0% 140,540 182,665 43.5% 56.5%
Cotswold 79.8% 28,015 26,806 51.1% 48.9%
East Devon 78.9% 40,743 48,040 45.9% 54.1%
East Dorset 81.3% 24,786 33,702 42.4% 57.6%
Exeter 73.8% 35,270 28,533 55.3% 44.7%
Forest of Dean 77.4% 21,392 30,251 41.4% 58.6%
Gloucester 72.0% 26,801 37,776 41.5% 58.5%
Isles of Scilly 79.2% 803 621 56.4% 43.6%
Mendip 76.9% 33,427 32,028 51.1% 48.9%
Mid Devon 79.3% 22,400 25,606 46.7% 53.3%
North Dorset 79.7% 18,399 23,802 43.6% 56.4%
North Devon 76.8% 24,931 33,100 43.0% 57.0%
North Somerset 77.4% 59,572 64,976 47.8% 52.2%
Plymouth 71.4% 53,458 79,997 40.1% 59.9%
Poole 75.3% 35,741 49,707 41.8% 58.2%
Purbeck 78.9% 11,754 16,966 40.9% 59.1%
Sedgemoor 76.3% 26,545 41,869 38.8% 61.2%
South Gloucestershire 76.2% 74,928 83,405 47.3% 52.7%
South Hams 80.2% 29,308 26,142 52.9% 47.1%
South Somerset 78.6% 42,527 56,940 42.8% 57.2%
Stroud 80.0% 40,446 33,618 54.6% 45.4%
Swindon 75.8% 51,220 61,745 45.3% 54.7%
Taunton Deane 78.1% 30,944 34,789 47.1% 52.9%
Teignbridge 79.3% 37,949 44,363 46.1% 53.9%
Tewkesbury 79.1% 25,084 28,568 46.8% 53.2%
Torbay 73.6% 27,935 47,889 36.8% 63.2%
Torridge 78.3% 16,229 25,200 39.2% 60.8%
West Dorset 79.4% 31,924 33,267 49.0% 51.0%
West Devon 81.2% 16,658 18,937 46.8% 53.2%
West Somerset 79.1% 8,566 13,168 39.4% 60.6%
Wiltshire 78.8% 137,258 151,637 47.5% 52.5%
Weymouth and Portland 75.8% 14,903 23,352 39.0% 61.0%

GibraltarEdit

For the purposes of this referendum and as has been the case with European Parliamentary elections, the overseas territory of Gibraltar was a single voting area placed in the South West England constituency. It is the first time the territory has taken part in any UK-wide referendum as they did not participate in either the original 1975 EC Referendum or the 2011 AV Referendum as Gibraltar does not send any Members of Parliament to the House of Commons in Westminster.

Overseas Territory Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Gibraltar 83.6% 19,322 823 95.9% 4.1%

West MidlandsEdit

 
Voting areas of the West Midlands region
  Leave
  Remain
 
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
West Midlands
Choice Votes %
Leave the European Union 1,755,687 59.26%
Remain a member of the European Union 1,207,175 40.74%
Valid votes 2,962,862 99.92%
Invalid or blank votes 2,507 0.08%
Total votes 2,965,369 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 4,116,572 72.03%
Source: Electoral Commission
West Midlands referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
1,755,687 (59.3%)
Remain:
1,207,175 (40.7%)

The West Midlands region was broken down into 30 voting areas.

District Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Birmingham 63.7% 223,451 227,251 49.6% 50.4%
Bromsgrove 79.3% 26,252 32,563 44.6% 55.4%
Cannock Chase 71.4% 16,684 36,894 31.1% 68.9%
Coventry 69.2% 67,967 85,097 44.4% 55.6%
Dudley 71.7% 56,780 118,446 32.4% 67.6%
East Staffordshire 74.3% 22,850 39,266 36.8% 63.2%
Herefordshire 78.3% 44,148 64,122 40.8% 59.2%
Lichfield 78.7% 26,064 37,214 41.2% 58.8%
Malvern Hills 80.5% 23,203 25,294 47.8% 52.2%
Newcastle-under-Lyme 74.3% 25,477 43,457 37.0% 63.0%
North Warwickshire 76.2% 12,569 25,385 33.1% 66.9%
Nuneaton and Bedworth 74.3% 23,736 46,095 34.0% 66.0%
Redditch 75.2% 17,303 28,579 37.7% 62.3%
Rugby 79.0% 25,350 33,199 43.3% 56.7%
Sandwell 66.5% 49,004 98,250 33.3% 66.7%
Shropshire 77.3% 78,987 104,166 43.1% 56.9%
Solihull 76.0% 53,466 68,484 43.8% 56.2%
South Staffordshire 77.8% 23,444 43,248 35.2% 64.8%
Stafford 77.8% 34,098 43,386 44.0% 56.0%
Staffordshire Moorlands 75.3% 21,076 38,684 35.3% 64.7%
Stoke-on-Trent 65.7% 36,027 81,563 30.6% 69.4%
Stratford-on-Avon 80.8% 38,341 40,817 48.4% 51.6%
Tamworth 74.1% 13,705 28,424 32.5% 67.5%
Telford and Wrekin 72.1% 32,954 56,649 36.8% 63.2%
Walsall 69.6% 43,572 92,007 32.1% 67.9%
Warwick 79.2% 47,976 33,642 58.8% 41.2%
Wolverhampton 67.5% 44,138 73,798 37.4% 62.6%
Worcester 73.8% 25,125 29,114 46.3% 53.7%
Wychavon 80.8% 32,188 44,201 42.1% 57.9%
Wyre Forest 74.0% 21,240 36,392 36.9% 63.1%

Yorkshire and the HumberEdit

 
Voting areas of the Yorkshire and the Humber region
  Leave
  Remain
 
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
Yorkshire and the Humber
Choice Votes %
Leave the European Union 1,580,937 57.71%
Remain a member of the European Union 1,158,298 42.29%
Valid votes 2,739,235 99.93%
Invalid or blank votes 1,937 0.07%
Total votes 2,741,172 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 3,877,780 70.69%
Source: Electoral Commission
Yorkshire and the Humber referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
1,580,937 (57.7%)
Remain:
1,158,298 (42.3%)

The Yorkshire and the Humber region was broken down into 21 voting areas.

District Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Barnsley 69.9% 38,951 83,958 31.7% 68.3%
Bradford 66.7% 104,575 123,913 45.8% 54.2%
Calderdale 71.0% 46,950 58,975 44.3% 55.7%
Craven 81.0% 16,930 18,961 47.2% 52.8%
Doncaster 69.5% 46,922 104,260 31.0% 69.0%
East Riding of Yorkshire 74.9% 78,779 120,136 39.6% 60.4%
Hambleton 78.4% 25,480 29,502 46.3% 53.7%
Harrogate 78.8% 48,211 46,374 51.0% 49.0%
Kingston upon Hull 62.9% 36,709 76,646 32.4% 67.6%
Kirklees 70.8% 98,485 118,755 45.3% 54.7%
Leeds 71.3% 194,863 192,474 50.3% 49.7%
North East Lincolnshire 67.9% 23,797 55,185 30.1% 69.9%
North Lincolnshire 71.9% 29,947 58,915 33.7% 66.3%
Richmondshire 75.1% 11,945 15,691 43.2% 56.8%
Rotherham 69.5% 44,115 93,272 32.1% 67.9%
Ryedale 77.2% 14,340 17,710 44.7% 55.3%
Scarborough 73.0% 22,999 37,512 38.0% 62.0%
Selby 79.1% 21,071 30,532 40.8% 59.2%
Sheffield 67.3% 130,735 136,018 49.0% 51.0%
Wakefield 71.1% 58,877 116,165 33.6% 66.4%
York 70.6% 63,617 45,983 58.0% 42.0%

Northern IrelandEdit

Northern Ireland was a single voting area, as well as being a regional count although local totals were announced in each of the Westminister parliamentary constituency areas within Northern Ireland.[3]

 
Northern Ireland
  Leave
  Remain
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
Northern Ireland
Choice Votes %
Remain a member of the European Union 440,707 55.78%
Leave the European Union 349,442 44.22%
Valid votes 790,149 99.95%
Invalid or blank votes 374 0.05%
Total votes 790,523 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 1,260,955 62.69%
Source: Electoral Commission
Northern Ireland referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
349,442 (44.2%)
Remain:
470,707 (55.8%)

Northern Ireland local totals by Parliamentary constituencies.

Constituency Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Belfast East 65.8% 20,728 21,918 48.6% 51.4%
Belfast North 57.5% 20,128 19,844 50.4% 49.6%
Belfast South 67.6% 30,960 13,596 69.5% 30.5%
Belfast West 48.9% 23,099 8,092 74.1% 25.9%
East Antrim 65.2% 18,616 22,929 44.8% 55.2%
East Londonderry 59.7% 21,098 19,455 52.0% 48.0%
Fermanagh and South Tyrone 67.8% 28,200 19,958 58.6% 41.4%
Foyle 57.4% 32,064 8,905 78.3% 21.7%
Lagan Valley 66.6% 22,710 25,704 46.9% 53.1%
Mid Ulster 61.6% 25,612 16,799 60.4% 39.6%
Newry and Armagh 63.9% 31,963 18,659 62.9% 36.9%
North Antrim 64.9% 18,782 30,938 37.8% 62.2%
North Down 67.7% 23,131 21,046 52.4% 47.6%
South Antrim 63.1% 21,498 22,055 49.4% 50.6%
South Down 62.2% 32,076 15,625 67.2% 32.8%
Strangford 64.5% 18,727 23,383 44.5% 55.5%
Upper Bann 63.6% 24,550 27,262 47.4% 52.6%
West Tyrone 61.8% 26,765 13,274 66.8% 33.2%

ScotlandEdit

 
Voting areas of Scotland
  Remain

The Scottish council areas were used as the voting areas for the referendum throughout Scotland.

 
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
Scotland
Choice Votes %
Remain a member of the European Union 1,661,191 62.00%
Leave the European Union 1,018,322 38.00%
Valid votes 2,679,513 99.94%
Invalid or blank votes 1,666 0.06%
Total votes 2,681,179 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 3,987,112 67.25%
Source: Electoral Commission
Scotland referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
1,018,322 (38%)
Remain:
1,661,191 (62%)

Scotland was broken down into 32 voting areas.

Council area Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Aberdeen City 67.9% 63,985 40,729 61.1% 38.9%
Aberdeenshire 70.6% 76,445 62,516 55.0% 45.0%
Angus 68.0% 32,747 26,511 55.3% 44.7%
Argyll and Bute 73.1% 29,494 19,202 60.6% 39.4%
Clackmannanshire 67.2% 14,691 10,736 57.8% 42.2%
Dumfries and Galloway 71.4% 43,864 38,803 53.1% 46.9%
Dundee City 62.9% 39,688 26,697 59.8% 40.2%
East Ayrshire 62.9% 33,891 23,942 58.6% 41.4%
East Dunbartonshire 75.1% 44,534 17,840 71.4% 28.6%
East Lothian 71.7% 36,026 19,738 64.6% 35.4%
East Renfrewshire 76.1% 39,345 13,596 74.3% 25.7%
City of Edinburgh 72.9% 187,796 64,498 74.4% 25.6%
Falkirk 67.5% 44,987 34,271 56.8% 43.2%
Fife 66.7% 106,754 75,466 58.6% 41.4%
Glasgow City 56.2% 168,335 84,474 66.6% 33.4%
Highland 71.6% 70,308 55,349 56.0% 44.0%
Inverclyde 66.0% 24,688 14,010 63.8% 36.2%
Midlothian 68.1% 28,217 17,251 62.1% 37.9%
Moray 67.4% 24,114 23,992 50.1% 49.9%
North Ayrshire 64.6% 38,394 29,110 56.9% 43.1%
North Lanarkshire 60.9% 95,549 59,400 61.7% 38.3%
Perth and Kinross 73.7% 49,641 31,614 61.1% 38.9%
Renfrewshire 69.2% 57,119 31,010 64.8% 35.2%
Scottish Borders 73.4% 37,952 26,962 58.5% 41.5%
Stirling 74.0% 33,112 15,787 67.7% 32.3%
South Lanarkshire 65.3% 102,568 60,024 63.1% 36.9%
South Ayrshire 69.8% 36,265 25,241 59.0% 41.0%
West Dunbartonshire 63.9% 26,794 16,426 62.0% 38.0%
West Lothian 67.6% 51,560 36,948 58.3% 41.7%
Na h-Eileanan Siar (Western Isles) 70.1% 8,232 6,671 55.2% 44.8%
Orkney 68.3% 7,189 4,193 63.2% 36.8%
Shetland 70.3% 6,907 5,315 56.5% 43.5%

While all council counting areas show a majority for Remain, one constituency, Banff and Buchan, voted to Leave the European Union at the 2016 European Union membership referendum by an estimated margin of 54% Leave/46% Remain.[7][8] The Leave vote in the area was concentrated around the north coast of Aberdeenshire between the fishing towns of Banff and Peterhead, where there were 23,707 Leave votes to 14,918 Remain votes (61% Leave 39% Remain).[9][10]

The areas of Whalsay and South Unst in the Shetland Islands and An Taobh Siar and Nis in Na h-Eileanan an Iar (The Western Isles) also voted by a majority for Leave,[11] as did the town of Lossiemouth in Moray.[12][13]

WalesEdit

 
Voting areas of Wales
  Leave
  Remain

The Welsh council areas were used as the voting areas for the referendum throughout Wales.

650,000 English born in England live in Wales and make 21% of the inhabitants, while the majority for the Leave rebranded Brexit is 82,000[14].

 
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016
Wales
Choice Votes %
Leave the European Union
Gadael yr Undeb Ewropeaidd
854,572 52.53%
Remain a member of the European Union
Aros yn aelod o'r Undeb Ewropeaidd
772,347 47.47%
Valid votes 1,626,919 99.93%
Invalid or blank votes 1,135 0.07%
Total votes 1,628,054 100.00%
Registered voters and turnout 2,270,272 71.71%
Source: Electoral Commission
Wales referendum results (without spoiled ballots):
Leave:
854,572 (52.5%)
Remain:
772,347 (47.5%)

Wales was broken down into 22 voting areas.

Council area Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Anglesey 73.8% 18,618 19,333 49.1% 50.9%
Blaenau Gwent 68.1% 13,215 21,587 38.0% 62.0%
Bridgend 71.1% 33,723 40,622 45.4% 54.6%
Caerphilly 70.7% 39,178 53,295 42.4% 57.6%
Cardiff 69.6% 101,788 67,816 60.0% 40.0%
Carmarthenshire 74.0% 47,654 55,381 46.3% 53.7%
Ceredigion 74.4% 21,711 18,031 54.6% 45.4%
Conwy 71.7% 30,147 35,357 46.0% 54.0%
Denbighshire 69.1% 23,955 28,117 46.0% 54.0%
Flintshire 74.8% 37,867 48,930 43.6% 56.4%
Gwynedd 72.3% 35,517 25,665 58.1% 41.9%
Merthyr Tydfil 67.4% 12,574 16,291 43.6% 56.4%
Monmouthshire 77.7% 28,061 27,569 50.4% 49.6%
Neath Port Talbot 71.5% 32,651 43,001 43.2% 56.8%
Newport 70.2% 32,413 41,236 44.0% 56.0%
Pembrokeshire 74.4% 29,367 39,155 42.9% 57.1%
Powys 77.0% 36,762 42,707 46.3% 53.7%
Rhondda Cynon Taf 67.4% 53,973 62,590 46.3% 53.7%
Swansea 69.5% 58,307 61,936 48.5% 51.5%
Torfaen 69.8% 19,363 28,781 40.2% 59.8%
Vale of Glamorgan 76.1% 36,681 35,628 50.7% 49.3%
Wrexham 71.5% 28,822 41,544 41.0% 59.0%

Results by constituencyEdit

 
Results map by constituency

The EU referendum vote was not counted by parliamentary constituencies except in Northern Ireland. However, a number of local councils and districts have released the referendum results by electoral ward or constituency. Moreover, several constituency boundaries are coterminous with their local government district. For constituencies elsewhere, Dr Chris Hanretty, a Reader in Politics at the University of East Anglia, estimated through a demographic model the 'Leave' and 'Remain' votes in each constituency.[15] Hanretty urges caution in the interpretation of the data as the estimates have a margin of error.

Constituency results by partyEdit

Party Remain Leave Remain % Leave %
Conservative Party 80 247 26% 74%
Labour Party 84 148 36% 64%
SNP 55 1 98.21% 1.76%
Liberal Democrats 6 2 75% 25%
DUP 2 6 25% 75%
Sinn Féin 4 0 100% 0%
Plaid Cymru 2 1 67% 33%
Social Democratic and Labour Party 3 0 100% 0%
Independent 1 1 50% 50%
Ulster Unionist Party 1 1 50% 50%
Green Party 1 0 100% 0%
Speaker 1 0 100% 0%
Total 242 406 37% 63%

List of constituency resultsEdit

While votes were tallied by district, there were two sources of by constituency result available within a short time of the referendum. Firstly a model by Chris Hanratty, based on the published results by district, and secondly 82 results calculated by the BBC based on ward results obtained from the local authorities.[16]

In the following table, Hanratty's results are marked with "(est.)".

Constituency Leave Remain
Boston and Skegness 75.65% 24.35%(est.)
Walsall North 74.19% 25.81%
Clacton 73.04% 26.96%(est.)
South Basildon and East Thurrock 73% 27%(est.)
Kingston upon Hull East 72.83% 27.17%(est.)
Castle Point 72.7% 27.3%
Stoke-on-Trent North 72.12% 27.88%(est.)
Doncaster North 71.65% 28.35%(est.)
Great Yarmouth 71.5% 28.5%
Great Grimsby 71.45% 28.55%
Dudley North 71.43% 28.57%
Stoke-on-Trent South 71.11% 28.89%(est.)
South Holland and The Deepings 71.07% 28.93%(est.)
Barnsley East 70.98% 29.02%(est.)
Mansfield 70.86% 29.14%
Ashfield 70.47% 29.53%(est.)
Dudley South 70.42% 29.58%
Bolsover 70.39% 29.61%(est.)
Dagenham and Rainham 70.35% 29.65%(est.)
Wentworth and Dearne 70.28% 29.72%(est.)
Thurrock 70.26% 29.74%(est.)
Hartlepool 69.57% 30.43%
Cleethorpes 69.5% 30.5%(est.)
Hornchurch and Upminster 69.49% 30.51%
North East Cambridgeshire 69.35% 30.65%(est.)
Romford 69.29% 30.71%
Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford 69.26% 30.74%
Louth and Horncastle 68.9% 31.1%(est.)
Cannock Chase 68.86% 31.14%
Scunthorpe 68.68% 31.32%(est.)
West Bromwich West 68.67% 31.33%(est.)
Don Valley 68.49% 31.51%(est.)
Rotherham 68.35% 31.65%
Bassetlaw 68.32% 31.68%(est.)
Barnsley Central 68.19% 31.81%(est.)
West Bromwich East 68.18% 31.82%(est.)
Wolverhampton South East 68.14% 31.86%
Hemsworth 68.13% 31.87%
Kingston upon Hull West and Hessle 67.99% 32.01%(est.)
Blackpool South 67.81% 32.19%(est.)
Aldridge-Brownhills 67.8% 32.2%
North Warwickshire 67.76% 32.24%(est.)
Harlow 67.73% 32.27%(est.)
Wolverhampton North East 67.71% 32.29%
Redcar 67.67% 32.33%(est.)
Rayleigh and Wickford 67.65% 32.35%(est.)
Basildon and Billericay 67.14% 32.86%(est.)
Blackpool North and Cleveleys 66.91% 33.09%(est.)
Rother Valley 66.72% 33.28%
Doncaster Central 66.7% 33.3%(est.)
South West Norfolk 66.67% 33.33%(est.)
Burnley 66.61% 33.39%
Halesowen and Rowley Regis 66.59% 33.41%(est.)
Plymouth, Moor View 66.44% 33.56%
Stockton North 66.32% 33.68%(est.)
Sheffield South East 66.32% 33.68%(est.)
Brigg and Goole 66.23% 33.77%(est.)
Telford 66.19% 33.81%(est.)
Middlesbrough 66.08% 33.92%
Tamworth 65.99% 34.01%(est.)
Easington 65.96% 34.04%(est.)
Hyndburn 65.82% 34.18%(est.)
North West Norfolk 65.78% 34.22%(est.)
Broxbourne 65.53% 34.47%(est.)
Gravesham 65.38% 34.62%
Sittingbourne and Sheppey 65.36% 34.64%(est.)
Amber Valley 65.3% 34.7%(est.)
Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland 65.27% 34.73%(est.)
Bexleyheath and Crayford 65.26% 34.74%(est.)
South Staffordshire 65.24% 34.76%
North Thanet 65.18% 34.82%(est.)
Makerfield 64.91% 35.09%(est.)
Stoke-on-Trent Central 64.85% 35.15%(est.)
Burton 64.79% 35.21%(est.)
Bognor Regis and Littlehampton 64.79% 35.21%(est.)
Staffordshire Moorlands 64.69% 35.31%(est.)
Nuneaton 64.51% 35.49%(est.)
St Austell and Newquay 64.06% 35.94%(est.)
Dartford 63.98% 36.02%(est.)
Chatham and Aylesford 63.91% 36.09%(est.)
Nottingham North 63.81% 36.19%
Portsmouth North 63.69% 36.31%
Rochester and Strood 63.69% 36.31%
Stourbridge 63.66% 36.34%
East Yorkshire 63.66% 36.34%(est.)
Sherwood 63.66% 36.34%(est.)
Gillingham and Rainham 63.58% 36.42%
Bradford South 63.56% 36.44%
Waveney 63.41% 36.59%(est.)
Leigh 63.29% 36.71%(est.)
West Suffolk 63.25% 36.75%(est.)
Erewash 63.22% 36.78%(est.)
Pendle 63.15% 36.85%
Wyre Forest 63.15% 36.85%
Bolton South East 63.03% 36.97%(est.)
Wellingborough 63.02% 36.98%(est.)
Dover 63.01% 36.99%(est.)
Birmingham, Erdington 63% 37%
Wigan 62.96% 37.04%(est.)
Wakefield 62.77% 37.23%
Peterborough 62.68% 37.32%(est.)
Havant 62.62% 37.38%(est.)
Torbay 62.45% 37.55%(est.)
Houghton and Sunderland South 62.43% 37.57%
Old Bexley and Sidcup 62.43% 37.57%(est.)
Heywood and Middleton 62.43% 37.57%
North Antrim 62.22% 37.78%
Bridgwater and West Somerset 62.06% 37.94%(est.)
South Shields 62.05% 37.95%
North East Derbyshire 62.05% 37.95%(est.)
Blaenau Gwent 62.03% 37.97%
Gainsborough 61.96% 38.04%(est.)
Isle of Wight 61.95% 38.05%
Washington and Sunderland West 61.85% 38.15%
Gosport 61.82% 38.18%(est.)
Ashton-under-Lyne 61.81% 38.19%
Birmingham, Northfield 61.8% 38.2%
Swansea East 61.79% 38.21%(est.)
Jarrow 61.78% 38.22%(est.)
South Thanet 61.69% 38.31%(est.)
Newcastle-under-Lyme 61.64% 38.36%(est.)
Folkestone and Hythe 61.64% 38.36%(est.)
Walsall South 61.64% 38.36%
Warley 61.63% 38.37%(est.)
Sleaford and North Hykeham 61.58% 38.42%(est.)
Braintree 61.52% 38.48%(est.)
Leeds East 61.44% 38.56%(est.)
Derby South 61.35% 38.65%(est.)
Scarborough and Whitby 61.32% 38.68%(est.)
Oldham West and Royton 61.31% 38.69%
Brentwood and Ongar 61.19% 38.81%(est.)
Epping Forest 61.01% 38.99%(est.)
Workington 61.01% 38.99%(est.)
Grantham and Stamford 61% 39%(est.)
Redditch 60.99% 39.01%(est.)
Kettering 60.99% 39.01%
Denton and Reddish 60.98% 39.02%
Maldon 60.96% 39.04%(est.)
Rochford and Southend East 60.92% 39.08%(est.)
Bishop Auckland 60.89% 39.11%(est.)
Bosworth 60.83% 39.17%(est.)
Torfaen 60.78% 39.22%(est.)
North West Leicestershire 60.7% 39.3%
Penistone and Stocksbridge 60.65% 39.35%(est.)
Carlisle 60.64% 39.36%(est.)
Mid Norfolk 60.6% 39.4%(est.)
Blyth Valley 60.49% 39.51%(est.)
Witham 60.47% 39.53%(est.)
Rhondda 60.45% 39.55%(est.)
Hereford and South Herefordshire 60.42% 39.58%(est.)
South Derbyshire 60.35% 39.65%
North Durham 60.3% 39.7%(est.)
Spelthorne 60.3% 39.7%
Southampton, Itchen 60.29% 39.71%(est.)
Crewe and Nantwich 60.29% 39.71%(est.)
Northampton North 60.27% 39.73%(est.)
North Cornwall 60.19% 39.81%(est.)
New Forest East 60.18% 39.82%(est.)
Corby 60.15% 39.85%(est.)
Aberavon 60.12% 39.88%(est.)
Birmingham, Yardley 60.1% 39.9%
Barking 59.97% 40.03%(est.)
Sheffield, Brightside and Hillsborough 59.97% 40.03%(est.)
Christchurch 59.96% 40.04%(est.)
Sunderland Central 59.94% 40.06%
Oldham East and Saddleworth 59.92% 40.08%
Clwyd South 59.88% 40.12%(est.)
Yeovil 59.87% 40.13%(est.)
Ashford 59.86% 40.14%(est.)
North Shropshire 59.85% 40.15%(est.)
Morley and Outwood 59.82% 40.18%(est.)
Worsley and Eccles South 59.79% 40.21%
Kingston upon Hull North 59.79% 40.21%(est.)
Batley and Spen 59.63% 40.37%(est.)
North Tyneside 59.52% 40.48%(est.)
South Dorset 59.45% 40.55%(est.)
Sedgefield 59.44% 40.56%(est.)
Mid Worcestershire 59.39% 40.61%(est.)
Newport East 59.33% 40.67%(est.)
The Wrekin 59.32% 40.68%(est.)
Chesterfield 59.29% 40.71%(est.)
Stalybridge and Hyde 59.29% 40.71%
Copeland 59.2% 40.8%(est.)
Luton North 59.15% 40.85%(est.)
Harwich and North Essex 59% 41%(est.)
Northampton South 59% 41%(est.)
Islwyn 58.94% 41.06%(est.)
Rossendale and Darwen 58.94% 41.06%(est.)
Ogmore 58.9% 41.1%(est.)
Halifax 58.82% 41.18%
Gloucester 58.81% 41.19%(est.)
Meriden 58.81% 41.19%
Beverley and Holderness 58.74% 41.26%(est.)
Ribble Valley 58.73% 41.27%(est.)
Faversham and Mid Kent 58.67% 41.33%(est.)
Rugby 58.62% 41.38%(est.)
Daventry 58.59% 41.41%(est.)
Crawley 58.41% 41.59%
Camborne and Redruth 58.41% 41.59%(est.)
North Norfolk 58.4% 41.6%(est.)
St Helens North 58.39% 41.61%(est.)
Coventry North West 58.37% 41.63%(est.)
Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney 58.35% 41.65%(est.)
Ellesmere Port and Neston 58.34% 41.66%(est.)
Hayes and Harlington 58.25% 41.75%(est.)
Morecambe and Lunesdale 58.19% 41.81%(est.)
South Leicestershire 58.14% 41.86%(est.)
Bolton North East 58.11% 41.89%(est.)
Darlington 58.1% 41.9%(est.)
South West Bedfordshire 58.08% 41.92%(est.)
Warrington North 58.07% 41.93%(est.)
Alyn and Deeside 58.05% 41.95%(est.)
North Herefordshire 58.02% 41.98%(est.)
Aldershot 57.9% 42.1%
Forest of Dean 57.89% 42.11%(est.)
Ludlow 57.88% 42.12%(est.)
Charnwood 57.87% 42.13%(est.)
Tiverton and Honiton 57.82% 42.18%(est.)
Coventry North East 57.77% 42.23%(est.)
Stockton South 57.76% 42.24%(est.)
Bournemouth West 57.73% 42.27%(est.)
Bexhill and Battle 57.72% 42.28%(est.)
Halton 57.67% 42.33%(est.)
Selby and Ainsty 57.65% 42.35%(est.)
Wrexham 57.57% 42.43%(est.)
Eastbourne 57.54% 42.46%(est.)
Orpington 57.54% 42.46%
Stone 57.54% 42.46%(est.)
Lichfield 57.51% 42.49%(est.)
Stafford 57.46% 42.54%(est.)
Rochdale 57.45% 42.55%
Lincoln 57.43% 42.57%(est.)
Poole 57.42% 42.58%(est.)
North Swindon 57.29% 42.71%(est.)
Barrow and Furness 57.28% 42.72%(est.)
Weston-Super-Mare 57.2% 42.8%(est.)
Torridge and West Devon 57.19% 42.81%(est.)
Uxbridge and South Ruislip 57.19% 42.81%(est.)
Sheffield, Heeley 57.16% 42.84%(est.)
Dewsbury 57.15% 42.85%(est.)
Kingswood 57.12% 42.88%(est.)
Mid Dorset and North Poole 57.08% 42.92%(est.)
North Devon 57.04% 42.96%
Stevenage 57.04% 42.96%(est.)
North West Cambridgeshire 56.93% 43.07%(est.)
South West Wiltshire 56.88% 43.12%(est.)
Newcastle upon Tyne North 56.83% 43.17%(est.)
Elmet and Rothwell 56.79% 43.21%(est.)
Chorley 56.75% 43.25%(est.)
Cynon Valley 56.73% 43.27%(est.)
Fylde 56.73% 43.27%(est.)
Norwich North 56.73% 43.27%(est.)
Llanelli 56.67% 43.33%(est.)
South Ribble 56.64% 43.36%(est.)
North Dorset 56.61% 43.39%(est.)
Vale of Clwyd 56.56% 43.44%(est.)
Ipswich 56.52% 43.48%(est.)
Thirsk and Malton 56.43% 43.57%(est.)
Gedling 56.3% 43.7%(est.)
Wansbeck 56.29% 43.71%(est.)
Carshalton and Wallington 56.26% 43.74%(est.)
Gateshead 56.22% 43.78%(est.)
Blaydon 56.12% 43.88%(est.)
St Helens South and Whiston 56.05% 43.95%(est.)
Worthing West 56.02% 43.98%(est.)
Newton Abbot 56.01% 43.99%(est.)
Hastings and Rye 55.94% 44.06%(est.)
Feltham and Heston 55.93% 44.07%
Maidstone and The Weald 55.92% 44.08%(est.)
Montgomeryshire 55.84% 44.16%(est.)
Newark 55.7% 44.3%(est.)
Preston 55.67% 44.33%(est.)
Bolton West 55.55% 44.45%(est.)
Strangford 55.53% 44.47%
Fareham 55.52% 44.48%(est.)
Hemel Hempstead 55.49% 44.51%(est.)
Bromsgrove 55.37% 44.63%
Preseli Pembrokeshire 55.32% 44.68%(est.)
Berwick-upon-Tweed 55.3% 44.7%(est.)
New Forest West 55.26% 44.74%(est.)
Haltemprice and Howden 55.23% 44.77%(est.)
Suffolk Coastal 55.21% 44.79%(est.)
Penrith and The Border 55.2% 44.8%(est.)
East Antrim 55.19% 44.81%
Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire 55.16% 44.84%(est.)
Bradford East 55.16% 44.84%
Caerphilly 55.14% 44.86%(est.)
South East Cornwall 55.1% 44.9%(est.)
South West Devon 55.08% 44.92%(est.)
Southend West 55.07% 44.93%
North West Durham 55.05% 44.95%(est.)
West Lancashire 54.95% 45.05%(est.)
Central Suffolk and North Ipswich 54.89% 45.11%(est.)
Bootle 54.8% 45.2%(est.)
St Ives 54.77% 45.23%(est.)
North West Hampshire 54.75% 45.25%(est.)
Richmond (Yorks) 54.71% 45.29%(est.)
Erith and Thamesmead 54.63% 45.37%(est.)
Luton South 54.6% 45.4%(est.)
Bury South 54.51% 45.49%(est.)
Delyn 54.41% 45.59%(est.)
Plymouth, Sutton and Devonport 54.41% 45.59%
Wolverhampton South West 54.37% 45.63%
Eastleigh 54.35% 45.65%(est.)
Derby North 54.25% 45.75%(est.)
East Surrey 54.2% 45.8%(est.)
Wyre and Preston North 54.2% 45.8%(est.)
Broadland 54.1% 45.9%(est.)
Leicester East 54.06% 45.94%(est.)
Slough 54.06% 45.94%(est.)
Sevenoaks 54.04% 45.96%(est.)
South Suffolk 54.03% 45.97%(est.)
Neath 54.02% 45.98%(est.)
Bury St Edmunds 53.99% 46.01%(est.)
Totnes 53.89% 46.11%(est.)
Rutland and Melton 53.88% 46.12%(est.)
Blackburn 53.73% 46.27%
Bournemouth East 53.69% 46.31%(est.)
East Worthing and Shoreham 53.68% 46.32%(est.)
Worcester 53.68% 46.32%
Bury North 53.67% 46.33%(est.)
Newport West 53.66% 46.34%(est.)
Tewkesbury 53.65% 46.35%(est.)
Wells 53.63% 46.37%(est.)
Basingstoke 53.6% 46.4%(est.)
Banff and Buchan 53.59% 46.41%(est.)
Salford and Eccles 53.59% 46.41%
Devizes 53.53% 46.47%(est.)
Huntingdon 53.49% 46.51%(est.)
North East Bedfordshire 53.44% 46.56%(est.)
Solihull 53.35% 46.65%
South Northamptonshire 53.34% 46.66%(est.)
Keighley 53.33% 46.67%
Ilford North 53.31% 46.69%(est.)
Leeds West 53.27% 46.73%(est.)
Bracknell 53.24% 46.76%(est.)
Carmarthen East and Dinefwr 53.21% 46.79%(est.)
Skipton and Ripon 53.19% 46.81%(est.)
Calder Valley 53.16% 46.84%
Lagan Valley 53.09% 46.91%
Milton Keynes South 53.08% 46.92%(est.)
Clwyd West 53.01% 46.99%(est.)
Taunton Deane 52.92% 47.08%
Shrewsbury and Atcham 52.92% 47.08%(est.)
Mid Bedfordshire 52.88% 47.12%(est.)
Tonbridge and Malling 52.86% 47.14%(est.)
Welwyn Hatfield 52.82% 47.18%(est.)
Wealden 52.77% 47.23%(est.)
Upper Bann 52.62% 47.38%
Congleton 52.61% 47.39%(est.)
Vale of Glamorgan 52.55% 47.45%(est.)
West Worcestershire 52.52% 47.48%(est.)
Broxtowe 52.51% 47.49%(est.)
Mid Derbyshire 52.47% 47.53%(est.)
Harborough 52.37% 47.63%(est.)
Knowsley 52.34% 47.66%(est.)
Shipley 52.21% 47.79%
Hazel Grove 52.21% 47.79%
Aberconwy 52.2% 47.8%(est.)
Thornbury and Yate 52.19% 47.81%(est.)
Liverpool, Walton 52.17% 47.83%(est.)
Eddisbury 52.17% 47.83%(est.)
Lancaster and Fleetwood 51.99% 48.01%(est.)
Bedford 51.95% 48.05%
Belfast East 51.94% 48.06%
Meon Valley 51.93% 48.07%(est.)
Brecon and Radnorshire 51.86% 48.14%(est.)
Surrey Heath 51.85% 48.15%(est.)
Huddersfield 51.85% 48.15%(est.)
Eltham 51.82% 48.18%
Aylesbury 51.79% 48.21%(est.)
Portsmouth South 51.76% 48.24%
Birkenhead 51.71% 48.29%
Sutton Coldfield 51.7% 48.3%
South Swindon 51.65% 48.35%(est.)
North East Somerset 51.63% 48.37%(est.)
Chippenham 51.59% 48.41%(est.)
Colchester 51.51% 48.49%(est.)
Reading West 51.51% 48.49%(est.)
Birmingham, Hodge Hill 51.5% 48.5%
North East Hertfordshire 51.43% 48.57%(est.)
Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross 51.34% 48.66%(est.)
Sutton and Cheam 51.28% 48.72%(est.)
Saffron Walden 51.24% 48.76%(est.)
Derbyshire Dales 51.24% 48.76%(est.)
Birmingham, Perry Barr 51.2% 48.8%
Watford 51.15% 48.85%(est.)
Warrington South 51.11% 48.89%(est.)
West Dorset 51.04% 48.96%(est.)
Stratford-on-Avon 51% 49%(est.)
Ynys Mon 50.94% 49.06%
Central Devon 50.89% 49.11%(est.)
South Norfolk 50.88% 49.12%(est.)
Hertsmere 50.84% 49.16%
Leicester West 50.84% 49.16%(est.)
Chichester 50.73% 49.27%(est.)
Chelmsford 50.68% 49.32%(est.)
Weaver Vale 50.55% 49.45%(est.)
High Peak 50.55% 49.45%
East Devon 50.41% 49.59%(est.)
Coventry South 50.38% 49.62%(est.)
Banbury 50.35% 49.65%(est.)
Somerton and Frome 50.33% 49.67%(est.)
Croydon Central 50.31% 49.69%
North Wiltshire 50.3% 49.7%(est.)
Bridgend 50.28% 49.72%(est.)
Loughborough 50.09% 49.91%(est.)
Colne Valley 50.06% 49.94%(est.)
Blackley and Broughton 50.04% 49.96%(est.)
Wallasey 49.92% 50.08%
Salisbury 49.91% 50.09%(est.)
Chingford and Woodford Green 49.88% 50.12%(est.)
Moray 49.87% 50.13%
Runnymede and Weybridge 49.85% 50.15%(est.)
Bromley and Chislehurst 49.83% 50.17%
Liverpool, West Derby 49.82% 50.18%(est.)
Arundel and South Downs 49.7% 50.3%(est.)
Milton Keynes North 49.67% 50.33%(est.)
Wythenshawe and Sale East 49.65% 50.35%(est.)
Belfast North 49.64% 50.36%
Ruislip, Northwood and Pinner 49.54% 50.46%(est.)
Horsham 49.49% 50.51%(est.)
Southampton, Test 49.41% 50.59%(est.)
Gower 49.31% 50.69%(est.)
East Hampshire 49.27% 50.73%(est.)
Hertford and Stortford 49.24% 50.76%(est.)
Enfield North 49.22% 50.78%
Beaconsfield 49.01% 50.99%(est.)
Stretford and Urmston 48.91% 51.09%(est.)
Buckingham 48.87% 51.13%(est.)
Filton and Bradley Stoke 48.77% 51.23%(est.)
Pudsey 48.58% 51.42%(est.)
Wycombe 48.46% 51.54%(est.)
Angus 48.24% 51.76%(est.)
Monmouth 48.06% 51.94%(est.)
Newcastle upon Tyne Central 48% 52%(est.)
Reigate 47.98% 52.02%(est.)
East Londonderry 47.97% 52.03%
West Ham 47.97% 52.03%(est.)
Garston and Halewood 47.96% 52.04%(est.)
The Cotswolds 47.92% 52.08%(est.)
Newbury 47.81% 52.19%(est.)
Epsom and Ewell 47.78% 52.22%(est.)
North Down 47.64% 52.36%
Tynemouth 47.64% 52.36%(est.)
Glenrothes 47.61% 52.39%(est.)
North Somerset 47.58% 52.42%(est.)
Harrow East 47.48% 52.52%
Dwyfor Meirionnydd 47.43% 52.57%(est.)
Mole Valley 47.31% 52.69%(est.)
Birmingham, Edgbaston 47.3% 52.7%
Macclesfield 47.18% 52.82%(est.)
Harrogate and Knaresborough 47.18% 52.82%(est.)
Lewes 47.14% 52.86%(est.)
Bristol South 47.14% 52.86%
Westmorland and Lonsdale 47.06% 52.94%(est.)
Birmingham, Selly Oak 46.9% 53.1%
Bristol East 46.8% 53.2%
Stockport 46.79% 53.21%
Bradford West 46.74% 53.26%
Windsor 46.66% 53.34%(est.)
Beckenham 46.58% 53.42%(est.)
Wirral South 46.55% 53.45%
Pontypridd 46.51% 53.49%(est.)
Nottingham South 46.47% 53.53%
Wantage 46.46% 53.54%(est.)
Mid Sussex 46.44% 53.56%(est.)
Witney 46.34% 53.66%
Southport 46.29% 53.71%(est.)
East Ham 46.27% 53.73%(est.)
Ealing North 46.26% 53.74%
Kenilworth and Southam 46.21% 53.79%(est.)
South West Hertfordshire 46.2% 53.8%(est.)
North East Hampshire 46.18% 53.82%(est.)
Romsey and Southampton North 46.08% 53.92%(est.)
Leeds Central 45.96% 54.04%(est.)
Stroud 45.86% 54.14%(est.)
Truro and Falmouth 45.85% 54.15%(est.)
Croydon South 45.81% 54.19%
Tatton 45.63% 54.37%(est.)
Edmonton 45.51% 54.49%
Ceredigion 45.37% 54.63%
Hexham 45.34% 54.66%(est.)
Canterbury 45.33% 54.67%(est.)
South East Cambridgeshire 45.3% 54.7%(est.)
Dumfries and Galloway 45.11% 54.89%(est.)
Harrow West 45.06% 54.94%
Maidenhead 45.03% 54.97%(est.)
Chesham and Amersham 44.98% 55.02%
Exeter 44.83% 55.17%(est.)
Na h-Eileanan an Iar 44.76% 55.24%
Wirral West 44.69% 55.31%
Mitcham and Morden 44.69% 55.31%
York Outer 44.67% 55.33%(est.)
Tunbridge Wells 44.65% 55.35%(est.)
Dumfriesshire, Clydesdale and Tweeddale 44.65% 55.35%(est.)
Gordon 44.29% 55.71%(est.)
Woking 44.25% 55.75%(est.)
Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock 44.11% 55.89%(est.)
Sefton Central 44.09% 55.91%(est.)
Glasgow East 43.84% 56.16%
Cardiff West 43.82% 56.18%(est.)
Brighton, Kemptown 43.59% 56.41%(est.)
Ross, Skye and Lochaber 43.49% 56.51%(est.)
Swansea West 43.4% 56.6%(est.)
City of Durham 43.34% 56.66%(est.)
Ilford South 43.31% 56.69%(est.)
Brentford and Isleworth 43.31% 56.69%
Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath 43.26% 56.74%(est.)
Livingston 43.26% 56.74%(est.)
Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk 43.26% 56.74%(est.)
Aberdeen North 43.09% 56.91%(est.)
Henley 43.09% 56.91%(est.)
Cheltenham 42.9% 57.1%(est.)
Brent Central 42.89% 57.11%(est.)
Nottingham East 42.88% 57.12%
Cardiff South and Penarth 42.82% 57.18%(est.)
Wokingham 42.69% 57.31%(est.)
Cheadle 42.65% 57.35%
Brent North 42.61% 57.39%(est.)
Leicester South 42.44% 57.56%(est.)
North Ayrshire and Arran 42.4% 57.6%(est.)
City of Chester 42.28% 57.72%(est.)
Falkirk 42.11% 57.89%(est.)
Linlithgow and East Falkirk 42.02% 57.98%(est.)
Ealing, Southall 41.83% 58.17%
Warwick and Leamington 41.64% 58.36%(est.)
Central Ayrshire 41.62% 58.38%(est.)
Bristol North West 41.6% 58.4%
Hendon 41.57% 58.43%(est.)
Esher and Walton 41.57% 58.43%(est.)
Rushcliffe 41.47% 58.53%(est.)
Fermanagh and South Tyrone 41.44% 58.56%
Guildford 41.2% 58.8%(est.)
South Antrim 41.18% 58.82%
Croydon North 41.17% 58.83%
Chipping Barnet 41.07% 58.93%(est.)
Newcastle upon Tyne East 41.07% 58.93%(est.)
Glasgow South West 40.86% 59.14%
Kingston and Surbiton 40.84% 59.16%(est.)
South West Surrey 40.75% 59.25%(est.)
Dundee West 40.75% 59.25%(est.)
Glasgow North East 40.66% 59.34%
Norwich South 40.53% 59.47%(est.)
Orkney and Shetland 40.28% 59.72%(est.)
Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey 40.13% 59.87%(est.)
Perth and North Perthshire 39.9% 60.1%(est.)
Airdrie and Shotts 39.84% 60.16%(est.)
Hitchin and Harpenden 39.79% 60.21%
Winchester 39.64% 60.36%(est.)
Mid Ulster 39.61% 60.39%
Ochil and South Perthshire 39.5% 60.5%(est.)
Kilmarnock and Loudoun 39.45% 60.55%(est.)
Argyll and Bute 39.43% 60.57%
Dunfermline and West Fife 39.39% 60.61%(est.)
West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine 39.17% 60.83%(est.)
Cardiff North 39.15% 60.85%(est.)
York Central 38.82% 61.18%(est.)
Coatbridge, Chryston and Bellshill 38.78% 61.22%(est.)
Altrincham and Sale West 38.59% 61.41%(est.)
South Cambridgeshire 38.49% 61.51%(est.)
Dundee East 38.41% 61.59%(est.)
Reading East 38.25% 61.75%(est.)
Manchester, Gorton 38.21% 61.79%(est.)
Oxford West and Abingdon 38.03% 61.97%(est.)
West Dunbartonshire 38.01% 61.99%
Midlothian 37.94% 62.06%
Enfield, Southgate 37.88% 62.12%
St Albans 37.83% 62.17%(est.)
Motherwell and Wishaw 37.71% 62.29%(est.)
Rutherglen and Hamilton West 37.57% 62.43%(est.)
Leeds North East 37.42% 62.58%(est.)
Newry and Armagh 37.06% 62.94%
Cumbernauld, Kilsyth and Kirkintilloch East 36.99% 63.01%(est.)
East Kilbride, Strathaven and Lesmahagow 36.93% 63.07%(est.)
Manchester Central 36.36% 63.64%(est.)
North East Fife 36.31% 63.69%(est.)
Inverclyde 36.2% 63.8%
Lanark and Hamilton East 35.96% 64.04%(est.)
Arfon 35.85% 64.15%(est.)
Greenwich and Woolwich 35.67% 64.33%
Birmingham, Ladywood 35.6% 64.4%
Paisley and Renfrewshire North 35.55% 64.45%(est.)
Leeds North West 35.41% 64.59%(est.)
East Lothian 35.4% 64.6%
Lewisham East 35.37% 64.63%(est.)
Liverpool, Wavertree 35.26% 64.74%(est.)
Paisley and Renfrewshire South 34.8% 65.2%(est.)
Leyton and Wanstead 34.76% 65.24%(est.)
Lewisham West and Penge 34.59% 65.41%(est.)
Poplar and Limehouse 34.21% 65.79%(est.)
Sheffield, Hallam 34.01% 65.99%(est.)
Westminster North 33.65% 66.35%(est.)
Birmingham, Hall Green 33.6% 66.4%
Walthamstow 33.49% 66.51%
Twickenham 33.32% 66.68%(est.)
West Tyrone 33.15% 66.85%
Hove 32.95% 67.05%(est.)
South Down 32.76% 67.24%
Oxford East 32.53% 67.47%(est.)
Stirling 32.28% 67.72%
Aberdeen South 32.14% 67.86%(est.)
Cardiff Central 32.01% 67.99%(est.)
Sheffield Central 31.91% 68.09%(est.)
Bath 31.72% 68.28%(est.)
Glasgow North West 31.49% 68.51%
Camberwell and Peckham 31.48% 68.52%(est.)
Hammersmith 31.31% 68.69%(est.)
Kensington 31.2% 68.8%(est.)
Finchley and Golders Green 31.1% 68.9%(est.)
Bethnal Green and Bow 30.86% 69.14%(est.)
Belfast South 30.51% 69.49%
Wimbledon 29.37% 70.63%
Ealing Central and Acton 29.15% 70.85%
Chelsea and Fulham 29.1% 70.9%(est.)
Edinburgh West 28.77% 71.23%
Glasgow Central 28.75% 71.25%
Richmond Park 28.69% 71.31%(est.)
Islington South and Finsbury 28.28% 71.72%
Glasgow South 28.19% 71.81%
Cities of London and Westminster 28.05% 71.95%(est.)
Edinburgh South West 27.86% 72.14%
Putney 27.76% 72.24%(est.)
Edinburgh East 27.64% 72.36%
Liverpool, Riverside 27.3% 72.7%(est.)
East Dunbartonshire 26.87% 73.13%(est.)
Holborn and St Pancras 26.66% 73.34%
Cambridge 26.23% 73.77%
Bermondsey and Old Southwark 26.05% 73.95%(est.)
Belfast West 25.94% 74.06%
Brighton, Pavilion 25.93% 74.07%(est.)
East Renfrewshire 25.68% 74.32%
Tooting 25.59% 74.41%(est.)
Hornsey and Wood Green 24.98% 75.02%
Manchester, Withington 24.94% 75.06%(est.)
Lewisham, Deptford 24.43% 75.57%(est.)
Tottenham 23.78% 76.22%
Hampstead and Kilburn 23.73% 76.27%(est.)
Dulwich and West Norwood 22.94% 77.06%(est.)
Hackney South and Shoreditch 22.78% 77.22%(est.)
Vauxhall 22.43% 77.57%
Edinburgh South 22.15% 77.85%
Battersea 22.05% 77.95%(est.)
Edinburgh North and Leith 21.8% 78.2%
Foyle 21.74% 78.26%
Glasgow North 21.62% 78.38%
Islington North 21.61% 78.39%
Bristol West 20.71% 79.29%
Streatham 20.54% 79.46%
Hackney North and Stoke Newington 20.48% 79.52%(est.)

Most heavily tilted areasEdit

Most heavily Leave areasEdit

The following were the ten voting areas that voted most heavily in favour of leave. All but one of them were in the East Midlands and East of England regions, with four of the ten, including the top two, located in Lincolnshire.

Ranking Voting Area Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes Region
Remain Leave Remain Leave
1 Boston 77.2% 7,430 22,974 24.4% 75.6% East Midlands
2 South Holland 75.3% 13,074 36,423 26.4% 73.6% East Midlands
3 Castle Point 75.3% 14,154 37,691 27.3% 72.7% East of England
4 Thurrock 72.7% 22,151 57,765 27.7% 72.3% East of England
5 Great Yarmouth 69.0% 14,284 35,844 28.5% 71.5% East of England
6 Fenland 73.7% 15,055 37,571 28.6% 71.4% East of England
7 Mansfield 72.6% 16,417 39,927 29.1% 70.9% East Midlands
8 Bolsover 72.3% 12,242 29,730 29.2% 70.8% East Midlands
9 East Lindsey 74.9% 23,515 56,613 29.3% 70.7% East Midlands
10 North East Lincolnshire 67.9% 23,797 55,185 30.1% 69.9% Yorkshire and the Humber

Most heavily Remain areasEdit

The following were the ten voting areas that voted most heavily in favour of remain. Of the ten, seven were in the Greater London region.

Ranking Voting Area Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes Region
Remain Leave Remain Leave
1 Gibraltar 83.5% 19,322 823 95.9% 4.1% British Overseas Territory
2 Lambeth 67.3% 111,584 30,340 78.6% 21.4% Greater London
3 Hackney 65.1% 83,398 22,868 78.5% 21.5% Greater London
4 Foyle 57.4% 32,064 8,905 78.3% 21.7% Northern Ireland
5 Haringey 70.5% 79,991 25,855 75.6% 24.4% Greater London
6 City of London 73.5% 3,312 1,087 75.3% 24.7% Greater London
7 Islington 70.3% 76,420 25,180 75.2% 24.8% Greater London
8 Wandsworth 71.9% 118,463 39,421 75.0% 25.0% Greater London
9 Camden 65.4% 71,295 23,838 74.9% 25.1% Greater London
10 City of Edinburgh 72.9% 187,796 64,498 74.4% 25.6% Scotland

Most evenly divided areasEdit

The narrowest margin of victory for any of the 382 voting areas in the United Kingdom was in the Scottish council area of Moray, which voted by just 122 votes or 0.25% margin in favour of Remain.

In England the narrowest margins of victory for Leave were in Watford which voted by just 252 votes or 0.54% margin in favour of Leave, and in Cherwell which voted by just 500 votes or 0.61% margin in favour of Leave. The narrowest margin of victory for Remain was in the London Borough of Bromley, which voted by just 2,364 votes or a 1.30% margin in favour of Remain.

Narrowest Leave voteEdit

Voting Area Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes Region Majority
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Watford 71.6% 23,167 23,419 49.7% 50.3% East of England 252

Narrowest Remain voteEdit

Voting Area Voter turnout,
of eligible
Votes Proportion of votes Region Majority
Remain Leave Remain Leave
Moray 67.4% 24,114 23,992 50.1% 49.9% Scotland 122

Turnout by age groupEdit

After the referendum, the annual British Social Attitudes survey questioned the public on their participation. Interviewing was mainly carried out between July and October 2016 and respondents were subdivided into three age groups (18-34, 35-64 and >65).[17] The survey revealed that turnout was higher in the older age groups, and was 64%, 80% and 89% respectively. The age disparity had also been a feature of previous elections and referendums. However, compared to the previous referendum in 2011, the young voters' turnout in 2016 had increased sharply by 31%, while turnout by the two older age categories had also increased, but only by 26% and 21%.

IrregularitiesEdit

In July 2018, Vote Leave was found to have broken electoral law, spending over its limit, by the UK Electoral Commission.[18] Connected to this, the Information Commissioner's Office found that data had been unlawfully harvested from UK voters, and issued a notice of intent to fine Facebook £500,000.[19] Also, the House of Commons Culture, Media and Sport Select Committee, released an interim report on 'Disinformation and ‘fake news’', stating that Russia had engaged in "unconventional warfare" through Twitter and other social media against the United Kingdom, designed to amplify support for a "leave" vote in Brexit. It also found that it could not be satisfied that the largest donor in the Brexit campaign, Arron Banks, used money from UK sources, and may have been financed by the Russian government.[20] In July 2018, three reports were issued by the Electoral Commission,[18] the Information Commissioner's Office,[19] and the House of Commons Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee, finding criminal offences of overspending by Vote Leave, data offences, and foreign interference by Russia.[21] In August 2018, this led to legal challenges to declare the referendum void for violating common law and UK constitutional law.[22]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Vote totals for Belfast are based on the returns from the four parliamentary constituencies in Belfast. These include areas in districts outside the City of Belfast

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "European Union Referendum Bill (HC Bill 2)". Publications.parliament.uk. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  2. ^ Rowena Mason; Nicholas Watt; Ian Traynor; Jennifer Rankin (20 February 2016). "EU referendum to take place on 23 June, David Cameron confirms | Politics". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f European Referendum Act 2015 Section 11.
  4. ^ "Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000, s. 128(2)". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  5. ^ EU referendum results Electoral Commission
  6. ^ "EU referendum: Brexit win amid Manchester's strong Remain vote – BBC News".
  7. ^ "PressReader.com - Connecting People Through News".
  8. ^ "Revised estimates of Leave vote share in Westminster constituencies". 18 August 2016.
  9. ^ "PressReader.com - Connecting People Through News".
  10. ^ Rosenbaum, Martin (6 February 2017). "Local voting figures shed new light on EU referendum" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  11. ^ "Curtice: New EU voting data suggests economic argument crucial to indyref 2".
  12. ^ Ley, Shaun (18 August 2016). "The dilemma facing Scotland's Eurosceptic nationalists" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  13. ^ Brooks, Libby (7 July 2016). "Scottish Brexit voters pose quandary for independence campaign" – via The Guardian.
  14. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/sep/22/english-people-wales-brexit-research
  15. ^ "Revised estimates of leave vote in Westminster constituencies". Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  16. ^ https://commonslibrary.parliament.uk/parliament-and-elections/elections-elections/brexit-votes-by-constituency/
  17. ^ "British Social Attitudes 34. Chapter: The Vote to Leave the EU" (PDF). NatCen Social Research. 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  18. ^ a b Electoral Commission, 'Report of an investigation' (July 2018)
  19. ^ a b Information Commissioner’s Office, 'Investigation into the use of data analytics in political campaigns: Investigation Update' (10 July 2018)
  20. ^ House of Commons Culture, Media and Sport Select Committee, 'Disinformation and ‘fake news’: Interim Report' (July 2018) (July 2018) ch 5, Russian influence in political campaigns.
  21. ^ House of Commons Culture, Media and Sport Select Committee, 'Disinformation and ‘fake news’: Interim Report' (July 2018) ch 5, Russian influence in political campaigns.
  22. ^ 'Grounds for Judicial Review' in Wilson v Prime Minister (2018). See further, E McGaughey, 'Could Brexit be void? (2018) SSRN, also summarised on 'Verfassungsblog