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The London Borough of Brent (About this soundpronunciation ) is a London borough in north west London, and forms part of Outer London. The major areas are Wembley, Kilburn, Willesden, Harlesden and Neasden.

London Borough of Brent
Official logo of London Borough of Brent
Council logo
Motto(s): 
Forward Together
Brent shown within Greater London
Brent shown within Greater London
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionLondon
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Created1 April 1965
Admin HQEngineers Way Wembley
Government
 • TypeLondon borough council
 • BodyBrent London Borough Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Labour)
 • MayorErnest Ezeajughi[1]
 • London AssemblyNavin Shah (Lab) AM for Brent and Harrow
 • MPsBarry Gardiner (Lab)
Tulip Siddiq (Lab)
Dawn Butler (Lab)
 • EU ParliamentLondon
Area
 • Total16.70 sq mi (43.24 km2)
Area rank276th (of 317)
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total330,795
 • Rank27th (of 317)
 • Density20,000/sq mi (7,700/km2)
 • Ethnicity[2]
18% White British
4% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
14.3% Other White
1.4% White & Black Caribbean
0.9% White & Black African
1.2% White & Asian
1.6% Other Mixed
18.6% Indian
4.6% Pakistani
0.6% Bangladeshi
1% Chinese
9.2% Other Asian
7.8% Black African
7.6% Black Caribbean
3.4% Other Black
3.7% Arab
2.1% Other
Time zoneUTC (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcodes
HA, NW, W
Area code(s)020
ONS code00AE
GSS codeE09000005
PoliceMetropolitan Police
Websitehttp://www.brent.gov.uk

It borders the boroughs of Harrow to the north-west, Barnet to the north-east, Camden to the east, Westminster to the south-east, and Kensington and Chelsea, Hammersmith and Fulham, and Ealing to the south. Most of the eastern border is formed by the Roman road Watling Street, which is now the modern A5. Brent has a mixture of residential, industrial and commercial land. Brent is home to Wembley Stadium, one of the country's biggest landmarks, as well as Wembley Arena. The local authority is Brent London Borough Council.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
A map of Brent in 1872, by John Marius Wilson

Brent was formed in 1965 from the area of the former Municipal Borough of Wembley and Municipal Borough of Willesden of Middlesex. Its name derives from the River Brent which runs through the borough.[3]

Politics and local governmentEdit

WardsEdit

 
A map showing the wards of Brent since 2002

Brent is divided into 21 Electoral Wards. Some wards share a name with the traditional areas above, others include Barnhill, Dudden Hill, Fryent, Mapesbury and Welsh Harp.[4]

The Brent borough includes three parliamentary constituencies: Brent North, Brent Central, and Hampstead and Kilburn, which includes part of the London Borough of Camden. Before the 2010 United Kingdom general election it was divided into three constituencies contained wholly within the borough - Brent South, Brent East and Brent North.[citation needed]

PoliticsEdit

Brent London Borough Council is elected every four years, with currently 63 councillors being elected at each election. While the Labour Party has been the largest single party on the council for about half its history and the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats have each been the largest party at other times, there have been several periods when no party has had overall control. Labour regained control in 2010 and increased their majority at the 2014 election and 2018 election. As of the 2018 election the council is composed of the following councillors:-[5][6]

Party Councillors
Labour Party 60
Conservative Party 3
Liberal Democrats 0

The leader of the Council is Labour Councillor Muhammed Butt.[7]

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±%
1801 2,022—    
1811 2,690+33.0%
1821 3,074+14.3%
1831 3,991+29.8%
1841 5,416+35.7%
1851 5,646+4.2%
1861 14,749+161.2%
1871 23,852+61.7%
1881 32,955+38.2%
1891 67,674+105.4%
1901 105,613+56.1%
1911 164,833+56.1%
1921 202,448+22.8%
1931 248,656+22.8%
1941 277,842+11.7%
1951 310,457+11.7%
1961 294,804−5.0%
1971 280,009−5.0%
1981 251,249−10.3%
1991 248,569−1.1%
2001 263,463+6.0%
2011 311,215+18.1%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 2,022. This rose slowly throughout the nineteenth century, as the district became built up; reaching 5,646 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth increased. The population peaked in the 1960s, when industry began to relocate from London.

Brent is among the most diverse localities in the country, with large Asian and Indian, Black African, Black Caribbean, Irish (largest in the country), and Eastern European communities. 45 percent of the population was of minority ethnic in the 1991 census,[8] which was the highest rate in England at the time.[9]

The 2001 UK Census revealed that the borough had a population of 263,464 – of whom 127,806 were male, and 135,658 female. Of those stating a choice, 47.71% described themselves as Christian, 17.71% as Hindu, 12.26% as Muslim and 10% as having no religion. Of the population, 39.96% were in full-time employment and 7.86% in part-time employment – compared to a London average of 42.64% and 8.62%, respectively. Residents were predominantly owner-occupiers, with 23.17% owning their house outright, and a further 31.33% owning with a mortgage. 10.59% were in local authority housing, with a further 13.29% renting from a housing association, or other registered social landlord.[10]

The borough of Brent is extremely ethnically diverse. In the 2011 census, those who identified as White British made up 18% of the borough's population. 18% identified as other White, 5% were of mixed heritage, those of South Asian heritage comprised about 33%, those of African and Caribbean heritage about 19%, and other ethnic groups about 7%. Whites were found in highest proportion in the wards of Mapesbury (the area between Willesden Green and Cricklewood), Brondesbury Park, Queen's Park and Kilburn. Black people in highest proportion were found in Stonebridge, Harlesden and Kensal Green wards. Asians are centred in the wards of Alperton, Wembley Central and Kenton.[11]

Brent has the highest proportion of Irish residents in mainland Britain, with 4% of the population.[12] It also has one of the largest Brazilian communities in the UK;[13] one of the largest Indian communities;[14] a significant Afro-Caribbean community;[15] and more recent Romanian and Polish communities.[16]

ReligionEdit

As of 2011, 41.5% identified themselves as Christian, 18.6% Muslim, 17.8% Hindu and 10.6% with no religion.[17] Brent is notably home of the Neasden Temple, once the largest Hindu mandir outside India; and JFS, the largest Jewish school in Europe.[18]

HealthEdit

In the House of Commons survey of Female Genital Mutilation, at 1250 Brent had the highest number of attendees to medical services.[19]

In 2019, BBC reported that Brent had among highest rates of tuberculosis in the UK at 107 per 100000 population according to WHO figures from 2013.[20]

EthnicityEdit

The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 census in Brent.

Ethnic Group 2001[21] 2011[22]
Number % Number %
White: British 76,893 29.19% 55,887 17.96%
White: Irish 18,313 6.95% 12,320 3.96%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 320 0.10%
White: Other 24,072 9.14% 44,353 14.25%
White: Total 119,278 45.27% 112,880 36.27%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 48,624 18.46% 58,017 18.64%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 10,626 4.03% 14,381 4.62%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 1,184 0.45% 1,749 0.56%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 2,812 1.07% 3,250 1.04%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 12,628 4.79% 28,589 9.19%
Asian or Asian British: Total 75,874 28.80% 105,986 34.06%
Black or Black British: African 20,640 7.83% 24,391 7.84%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 27,574 10.47% 23,723 7.62%
Black or Black British: Other Black 4,123 1.56% 10,518 3.38%
Black or Black British: Total 52,337 19.86% 58,632 18.84%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 2,739 1.04% 4,291 1.38%
Mixed: White and Black African 1,739 0.66% 2,820 0.91%
Mixed: White and Asian 2,529 0.96% 3,642 1.17%
Mixed: Other Mixed 2,795 1.06% 5,022 1.61%
Mixed: Total 9,802 3.72% 15,775 5.07%
Other: Arab 11,430 3.67%
Other: Any other ethnic group 6,512 2.09%
Other: Total 6,173 2.34% 17,942 5.77%
Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total 144,186 54.73% 198,335 63.73%
Total 263,464 100.00% 311,215 100.00%

GeographyEdit

Major districts of Brent include:Kilburn, Willesden and Wembley.

ClimateEdit

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb". (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[23][failed verification]

Climate data for Borough of Brent, UK
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
10
(50)
12
(54)
15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
17
(63)
14
(57)
11
(52)
8
(46)
13
(55)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
3
(37)
4
(39)
5
(41)
8
(46)
10
(50)
12
(54)
12
(54)
10
(50)
8
(46)
6
(43)
4
(39)
7
(45)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 130
(5.2)
110
(4.3)
79
(3.1)
84
(3.3)
79
(3.1)
64
(2.5)
76
(3)
89
(3.5)
89
(3.5)
140
(5.7)
150
(5.9)
150
(6.1)
1,250
(49.4)
Source: Weatherbase[24]

[failed verification]

EconomyEdit

Diageo has its head office in Park Royal and in the London Borough of Brent,[25][26] on a former Guinness brewery property.[27] The brewery was closed in 2004; it had produced beer since 1936.[28] Diageo planned to move its head office to Brent from Central London when the lease on the Central London office expired in 2010.[27]

Brent is the joint fourth-worst Borough in London for levels of child poverty. Save the Children reported in 2011 that 11,000 children are impoverished.[29]

Industries related to distribution, transportation, accommodation and food form an important part of Brent’s local economy, as do production, wholesale and retail. Simultaneously, poverty, long-term unemployment and adult skills levels remain key 3 challenges for Brent.[30]

Amenities and cultureEdit

EducationEdit

Compulsory recyclingEdit

Recycling has been compulsory in the borough of Brent since 2008.[31] Through a green box collection scheme[31] the borough aims to improve on the 25 per cent recycled waste it already achieves.[citation needed]

London Fire BrigadeEdit

The London Borough of Brent has three fire stations within the borough: Park Royal, Wembley and Willesden. Brent has a mixture of residential, industrial and commercial land. Most notably, Wembley National Stadium is within the area - on match days the safety of over 90,000 people is the responsibility of the London Fire Brigade. Wembley covers the largest area in the borough, 19.1 km2 (7.4 sq mi).[32] Two pumping appliances, a fire rescue unit and an aerial ladder platform are based there. Willesden, for its relatively small, in comparison to Wembley, station ground (10.5 km2 (4.1 sq mi)), responded to over a thousand incidents in 2006/2007.[32] Two pumping appliances reside there. Park Royal, with its one pumping appliance and an incident response unit, has one of the smallest station grounds; just 8.1 km2 (3.1 sq mi). Within the borough, 4,105 incidents occurred in 2006/2007.[32]

TransportEdit

The numerous London Underground, London Overground and National Rail stations in the borough are:

Travel to workEdit

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were (of all residents aged 16–74):

  • underground, metro, light rail, tram, 18.3%;
  • driving a car or van, 11.5%;
  • bus, minibus or coach, 11.5%;
  • on foot, 4.6%;
  • train, 4.5%;
  • work mainly at or from home, 2.6%;
  • bicycle, 1.7%.[33]

LandmarksEdit

Parks and open spacesEdit

Sport and leisureEdit

The Borough has three Non-League football clubs:

Town twinningEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Brent welcomes in a new Mayor". Brent Council. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  2. ^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
  3. ^ King, Rosamund & Barres-Baker, Malcolm - Britain in Old Photographs: The London Borough of Brent (Stroud, The History Press, 2011) p.4 ISBN 0-75245-827-2
  4. ^ Borough of Brent official website, brent.gov.uk; accessed 7 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Local council election results 2018 - in full". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  6. ^ Volpe, Sam (22 June 2018). "Labour sweeps the board in delayed Willesden Green election". Brent & Kilburn Times. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  7. ^ https://www.brent.gov.uk/your-council/about-brent-council/council-structure-and-how-we-work/the-cabinet/cllr-muhammed-butt-leader-of-the-council/
  8. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/london-europes-new-ethnic-melting-pot-1525506.html
  9. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/money/digging-for-treasure-in-a-dustbin-it-may-be-the-most-boring-museum-in-the-world-full-of-the-1404155.html
  10. ^ Key Figures for 2001 Census: Census Area Statistics: Brent, neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk; accessed 25 February 2009.
  11. ^ 2011 Census data, accessed 4 November 2013.
  12. ^ 2011 Census data
  13. ^ http://www.lawrs.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/No-longer-invisible-the-LA-community-in-London-REPORT.pdf
  14. ^ https://www.onedome.com/locations/uk/england/london/brent
  15. ^ https://capitalwestlondon.co.uk/brent/
  16. ^ https://www.whatdotheyknow.com/request/492406/response/1187217/attach/html/5/Brent Council Controlling Migration Fund application.pdf.html
  17. ^ Brent profile by religious adherence, http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk; accessed 7 December 2014.
  18. ^ https://www.thejc.com/news/uk-news/schools-to-expand-1.434349
  19. ^ "House of Commons - Female genital mutilation: abuse unchecked - Home Affairs Committee". publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  20. ^ "London areas have higher TB than Iraq". 27 October 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  21. ^ "KS006 - Ethnic group". NOMIS. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  22. ^ "Ethnic Group by measures". NOMIS. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  23. ^ Climate Summary
  24. ^ "Brent, England: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved December 2014. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  25. ^ "Diageo Contacts." Diageo. Retrieved on 1 September 2011. "Diageo plc Lakeside Drive Park Royal London NW107HQ"
  26. ^ "Brent Boundary (approximate) Archived 1 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine." London Borough of Brent. Retrieved on 1 September 2011.
  27. ^ a b Dunkley, Jamie. "Drinks maker Diageo to close London office", The Daily Telegraph, 20 March 2009; retrieved 1 September 2011.
  28. ^ Innes, John. "Guinness closes UK brewery", The Scotsman. 16 April 2004; retrieved 1 September 2011.
  29. ^ Thousands of Brent children in severe poverty, harrowobserver.co.uk; accessed 7 December 2014.
  30. ^ Brent Government. "Brent Responsible Growth Strategy (RGS): Economy 2018-2038". Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  31. ^ a b "Mass sign-up to London recycling scheme". BBC News (UK, England). 2 August 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  32. ^ a b c London Fire Brigade - Brent Profile, london-fire.gov.uk; accessed 7 December 2014.
  33. ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only select one mode.

External linksEdit