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Sedgemoor is a low-lying area of land in Somerset, England. It lies close to sea level south of the Polden Hills, historically largely marsh (or "moor" in its older sense).[1] The eastern part is known as King's Sedgemoor, and the western part West Sedgemoor. Sedgemoor is part of the area now known as the Somerset Levels and Moors. Historically the area was known as the site of the Battle of Sedgemoor.

Sedgemoor

Sedgemoor District
Official logo of Sedgemoor
Shown within Somerset
Shown within Somerset
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth West England
Ceremonial countySomerset
Admin HQBridgwater
Created1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district
 • LeaderDuncan McGinty
 • CouncilConservative
 • MPs:Ian Liddell-Grainger C, James Heappey C
Area
 • Total217.90 sq mi (564.36 km2)
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total122,791 (Ranked 188th)
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Post Code
Area code(s)01278
Websitewww.sedgemoor.gov.uk
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Sedgemoor has given its name to a local government district formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the municipal borough of Bridgwater, the Burnham-on-Sea urban district, Bridgwater Rural District and part of Axbridge Rural District. The district covers a larger area than the historical Sedgemoor, extending north of the Polden Hills across the Somerset Levels and Moors to the Mendip Hills.

ToponymyEdit

Sedgemoor does not mean "sedge moor", but is instead "marsh of a man called Sicga" from the Old Norse personal name Sicga and Old English mor "moor".[2] The name was recorded as Secgamere in 1165.

TownsEdit

ParishesEdit

Image Name Status Population[3] Former local authority Coordinates Refs
  Ashcott Civil parish 1,186 Bridgwater Rural District 51°07′N 2°49′W / 51.12°N 2.81°W / 51.12; -2.81 (Ashcott) [4][5]
  Axbridge Town 2,057 Axbridge Rural District 51°17′N 2°49′W / 51.29°N 2.82°W / 51.29; -2.82 (Axbridge) [4][6]
  Badgworth Civil parish 525 Axbridge Rural District 51°16′N 2°52′W / 51.27°N 2.87°W / 51.27; -2.87 (Badgworth) [4][6]
  Bawdrip Civil parish 506 Bridgwater Rural District 51°09′N 2°56′W / 51.15°N 2.94°W / 51.15; -2.94 (Bawdrip) [4][5]
  Berrow Civil parish 1,534 Axbridge Rural District 51°16′N 3°01′W / 51.27°N 3.01°W / 51.27; -3.01 (Berrow, Somerset) [4][6]
  Brean Civil parish 635 Axbridge Rural District 51°18′N 3°01′W / 51.30°N 3.01°W / 51.30; -3.01 (Brean) [4][6]
  Brent Knoll Civil parish 1,271 Axbridge Rural District 51°15′N 2°57′W / 51.25°N 2.95°W / 51.25; -2.95 (Brent Knoll) [4][6]
  Bridgwater Town 35,886 Bridgwater Municipal Borough 51°08′N 2°59′W / 51.13°N 2.99°W / 51.13; -2.99 (Bridgwater) [4][5]
  Bridgwater Without Civil parish 428 Bridgwater Rural District 51°08′N 2°58′W / 51.14°N 2.97°W / 51.14; -2.97 (Bridgwater Without) [4][5]
  Broomfield Civil parish 249 Bridgwater Rural District 51°05′N 3°07′W / 51.08°N 3.11°W / 51.08; -3.11 (Broomfield, Somerset) [4][5]
  Burnham on Sea and Highbridge Town 19,576 Burnham on Sea Urban District 51°14′N 2°59′W / 51.24°N 2.99°W / 51.24; -2.99 (Burnham-on-Sea and Highbridge) [4][7]
  Burnham Without Civil Parish 1,636 Axbridge Rural District 51°14′N 2°58′W / 51.23°N 2.96°W / 51.23; -2.96 (Burnham Without) [4][6]
  Burtle Civil parish 388 Bridgwater Rural District 51°10′N 2°52′W / 51.17°N 2.87°W / 51.17; -2.87 (Burtle) [4][5]
  Cannington Civil parish 2,271 Bridgwater Rural District 51°09′N 3°04′W / 51.15°N 3.07°W / 51.15; -3.07 (Cannington, Somerset) [4][5]
  Catcott Civil parish 531 Bridgwater Rural District 51°09′N 2°52′W / 51.15°N 2.87°W / 51.15; -2.87 (Catcott) [4][5]
  Chapel Allerton Civil parish 401 Axbridge Rural District 51°15′N 2°51′W / 51.25°N 2.85°W / 51.25; -2.85 (Chapel Allerton, Somerset) [4][6]
  Cheddar Civil parish 5,755 Axbridge Rural District 51°17′N 2°47′W / 51.28°N 2.78°W / 51.28; -2.78 (Cheddar) [4][6]
  Chedzoy Civil parish 404 Bridgwater Rural District 51°08′N 2°57′W / 51.13°N 2.95°W / 51.13; -2.95 (Chedzoy) [4][5]
  Chilton Polden Civil parish 698 Bridgwater Rural District 51°09′N 2°54′W / 51.15°N 2.90°W / 51.15; -2.90 (Chilton Polden) [4][5]
  Chilton Trinity Civil parish 260 Bridgwater Rural District 51°09′N 3°01′W / 51.15°N 3.01°W / 51.15; -3.01 (Chilton Trinity) [4][5]
  Compton Bishop Civil parish 620 Axbridge Rural District 51°18′N 2°52′W / 51.30°N 2.87°W / 51.30; -2.87 (Compton Bishop) [4][6]
  Cossington Civil parish 564 Bridgwater Rural District 51°10′N 2°55′W / 51.16°N 2.92°W / 51.16; -2.92 (Cossington, Somerset) [4][5]
  Durleigh Civil parish 548 Bridgwater Rural District 51°07′N 3°02′W / 51.12°N 3.04°W / 51.12; -3.04 (Durleigh) [4][5]
  East Brent Civil parish 1,302 Axbridge Rural District 51°16′N 2°56′W / 51.26°N 2.94°W / 51.26; -2.94 (East Brent, Somerset) [4][6]
  East Huntspill Civil parish 1,146 Bridgwater Rural District 51°12′N 2°59′W / 51.20°N 2.98°W / 51.20; -2.98 (Huntspill) [4][5]
  Edington Civil parish 372 Bridgwater Rural District 51°09′N 2°53′W / 51.15°N 2.88°W / 51.15; -2.88 (Edington, Somerset) [4][5]
  Enmore Civil parish 247 Bridgwater Rural District 51°07′N 3°05′W / 51.11°N 3.09°W / 51.11; -3.09 (Enmore, Somerset) [4][5]
  Fiddington Civil parish 298 Bridgwater Rural District 51°10′N 3°07′W / 51.16°N 3.12°W / 51.16; -3.12 (Fiddington) [4][5]
  Goathurst Civil parish 193 Bridgwater Rural District 51°06′N 3°04′W / 51.10°N 3.06°W / 51.10; -3.06 (Goathurst) [4][5]
  Greinton Civil Parish 71 Bridgwater Rural District 51°07′N 2°50′W / 51.12°N 2.84°W / 51.12; -2.84 (Greinton) [5]
  Lympsham Civil parish 960 Axbridge Rural District 51°17′N 2°57′W / 51.29°N 2.95°W / 51.29; -2.95 (Lympsham) [4][6]
  Lyng Civil parish 338 Bridgwater Rural District 51°03′N 2°58′W / 51.05°N 2.96°W / 51.05; -2.96 (Lyng, Somerset) [4][5]
  Mark Civil parish 1,478 Axbridge Rural District 51°14′N 2°53′W / 51.23°N 2.89°W / 51.23; -2.89 (Mark, Somerset) [4][6]
  Middlezoy Civil parish 725 Bridgwater Rural District 51°05′N 2°53′W / 51.09°N 2.89°W / 51.09; -2.89 (Middlezoy) [4][5]
  Moorlinch Civil parish 408 Bridgwater Rural District 51°08′N 2°52′W / 51.13°N 2.86°W / 51.13; -2.86 (Moorlinch) [4][5]
  Nether Stowey Civil parish 1,373 Bridgwater Rural District 51°09′N 3°09′W / 51.15°N 3.15°W / 51.15; -3.15 (Nether Stowey) [4][5]
  North Petherton Town 6,730 Bridgwater Rural District 51°05′N 3°01′W / 51.09°N 3.01°W / 51.09; -3.01 (North Petherton) [4][5]
  Othery Civil parish 642 Bridgwater Rural District 51°05′N 2°53′W / 51.08°N 2.88°W / 51.08; -2.88 (Othery) [4][5]
  Otterhampton Civil parish 831 Bridgwater Rural District 51°11′N 3°05′W / 51.18°N 3.08°W / 51.18; -3.08 (Otterhampton) [4][5]
  Over Stowey Civil parish 352 Bridgwater Rural District 51°09′N 3°09′W / 51.15°N 3.15°W / 51.15; -3.15 (Over Stowey) [4][5]
  Pawlett Civil Parish 1,038 Bridgwater Rural District 51°11′N 3°00′W / 51.18°N 3.00°W / 51.18; -3.00 (Pawlett, Somerset) [4][5]
  Puriton Civil parish 1,068 Bridgwater Rural District 51°10′N 2°58′W / 51.17°N 2.97°W / 51.17; -2.97 (Puriton) [4][5]
  Shapwick Civil parish 536 Bridgwater Rural District 51°08′N 2°50′W / 51.14°N 2.83°W / 51.14; -2.83 (Shapwick, Somerset) [4][5]
  Shipham Civil parish 1,087 Axbridge Rural District 51°19′N 2°48′W / 51.31°N 2.80°W / 51.31; -2.80 (Shipham) [4][6]
  Spaxton Civil parish 1,012 Bridgwater Rural District 51°08′N 3°07′W / 51.13°N 3.11°W / 51.13; -3.11 (Spaxton) [4][5]
  Stawell Civil parish 386 Bridgwater Rural District 51°08′N 2°55′W / 51.14°N 2.91°W / 51.14; -2.91 (Stawell, Somerset) [4][5]
  Stockland Bristol Civil parish 165 Bridgwater Rural District 51°11′N 3°05′W / 51.19°N 3.08°W / 51.19; -3.08 (Stockland Bristol) [4][5]
  Thurloxton Civil parish 153 Bridgwater Rural District 51°04′N 3°02′W / 51.07°N 3.04°W / 51.07; -3.04 (Thurloxton) [4][5]
  Weare Civil parish 658 Axbridge Rural District 51°16′N 2°50′W / 51.27°N 2.84°W / 51.27; -2.84 (Weare, Somerset) [4][6]
  Wedmore Civil Parish 3,318 Axbridge Rural District 51°14′N 2°49′W / 51.23°N 2.81°W / 51.23; -2.81 (Wedmore) [4][6]
  Wembdon Civil parish 3,613 Bridgwater Rural District 51°08′N 3°01′W / 51.13°N 3.02°W / 51.13; -3.02 (Wembdon) [4][5]
  West Huntspill Civil parish 1,414 Bridgwater Rural District 51°12′N 2°59′W / 51.20°N 2.98°W / 51.20; -2.98 (Huntspill) [4][5]
  Westonzoyland Civil parish 1,801 Bridgwater Rural District 51°07′N 2°55′W / 51.11°N 2.92°W / 51.11; -2.92 (Westonzoyland) [4][5]
  Woolavington Civil parish 2,115 Bridgwater Rural District 51°10′N 2°56′W / 51.17°N 2.93°W / 51.17; -2.93 (Woolavington) [4][5]

RiversEdit

BattlesEdit

IndustryEdit

Light industry now predominates, but traditional trades including peat extraction, willow crafts and cider making may still be found, in addition to livestock farming. The River Parrett provides a source of eels (anguilla anguilla) and elvers from January through to May.

Also notable is the new Isleport trading estate at Highbridge, which houses many global businesses such as Geest (Isleport Foods) who make yoghurt under franchise to Ski & Muller, Brake Brothers who supply the catering trade, BFP wholesale who supply dry goods to bakeries etc., Woodbury & Haines who supply furniture globally, Polybeam Limited who supply GRP radio masts to customers such as Marconi, and also AT&T whose centre there controls all internet cable traffic to and from the US.

Industry in Bridgwater has also seen major growth recently with the opening of "Express Park" which houses Gerber Foods (a global fruit juice supplier), NHS Logistics depot and Eddie Stobart depot. South of Bridgwater, at Huntworth, is a large Somerfield depot which supplies their Somerfield and former Kwik Save stores in the south west.

GovernanceEdit

Sedgemoor District CouncilEdit

Sedgemoor District Council has traditionally been Conservative run since its creation in 1974 when it was merged with the old Bridgwater & Burnham-On-Sea Urban District Councils. Past voting trends have placed strong cores of Labour voters in Bridgwater Town, with Conservative support coming from the Villages such as Pawlett, Wedmore and Shipham. Liberal Democrats fared well in Burnham and Highbridge areas. In 1995, the Liberal Democrats and Labour took 26 seats together, out-numbering the Conservatives 24 seats, and they formed a coalition. This continued until 1999, when the Conservatives re-took Sedgemoor, crushing the Liberal Democrats from 12 seats, to just 2. The Liberal Democrats lost even their safe seat of Highbridge to Labour.

In 2000, a Conservative Councillor died, and a By-Election was called in his seat of Huntpsill and Pawlett. Previous Liberal Democrat Councillor Marilyn Wallace fought the seat, and re-took it with 56% of the vote, bringing the Liberal Democrats back up to 3 seats.

In 2003, the Conservatives extended their majority to 35 seats of 50, leaving the Liberal Democrats on just 1 Seat, Which was held by long term veteran Liberal Democrat, Mike Mansfield, who actually took the seat from the Conservatives in Burnham South, a previously Liberal Democrat safe seat. Labour remained on 14.

In 2007, the Conservatives held a status quo of 35 seats, however the Liberal Democrats gained 3 up to 4 total, all of which were in their traditional safe seat of Highbridge. This included the election of their youngest Councillor in the South west, Councillor Joe Leach, who was aged just 19 years. Mike Mansfield was elected Leader of the Liberal Democrat group, until the untimely death of his wife. Newly elected Councillor Danny Titcombe then was elected leader of the Group. on 14 April 2008, Cllr. Danny Titcombe announced his defection to the Conservative Party, effectively boosting their majority to 36 seats. Despite calls of resignation from all sides, Cllr. Titcombe continued in his role. At 20 Years old, Cllr Joe Leach became the youngest group Leader in the Country. The Labour Party dropped to 11 seats, losing 2 in highbridge to the Liberal Democrats, and 1 in Bridgwater Bower to the Conservatives. The Conservatives lost 1 in Highbridge to the Liberal Democrats (before defection). In 2010, Woolavington Councillor Roger Lavers, who was the Labour Group Leader, died suddenly of a brain haemorrhage, triggering a by-election in the 1 Member ward, which saw Labour drop from holding the seat, to third behind the Liberal Democrats who hadn't stood in the seat since 1991, and the Conservatives gain the seat, boosting their total number to 37 of 50 councillors. Labour dropped to 10. Councillor Kathy Pearce, Labour member for Bridgwater Hamp, was elected as the new Labour group Leader.

In the 2011 Local Council elections, The Conservatives held the council with a reduced number of seats. Labour took back all Bridgwater seats except the Windham ward, and the Independents gained 2 seats at the expense of the Liberal Democrats, who held their leader's seat in Highbridge & Burnham Marine, and Burnham Central. Notable casualties included Vice-Chairman of the Council Mike Creswell, in Bridgwater Fairfax.

The current leader of Sedgemoor District Council is Cllr Duncan McGinty, who has held the position since 1999.

Sedgemoor District Council By-Election, 2010: Woolavington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alison Hamlin 264 44.8 −4.0
Liberal Democrat Tina Marsh 184 31.2 +31.2
Labour Ian Tucker 141 23.9 −27.2
Majority 80 14.8
Turnout 589 33
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 12.8
Sedgemoor District Council By-Election, 2013: Highbridge & Burnham Marine
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Helen Groves 379 30.6 +4.5
Conservative Bill Hancock 288 23.3 +6.1
Independent Sally Williams 253 20.5 +20.5
Labour Ricky Holcombe 249 20.1 +5.1
Independent Purple Watkins 68 5.5% +5.5
Majority 91 7.3
Turnout 1287 22.1
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

Members of UK parliamentEdit

The area is falls within the Bridgwater and West Somerset and Wells county constituencies which are represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom by the first past the post system of election. The current MP for Bridgewater and West Somerset is Ian Liddell-Grainger,[8] a Conservative; for Wells the MP is James Heappey, also a Conservative, who won the seat in 2015 from Tessa Munt, a Liberal Democrat.[9]

European parliamentEdit

Residents of Sedgemoor also form part of the electorate for the South West England constituency for elections to the European Parliament.[10]

EducationEdit

Schools (those which are not independent) in Sedgemoor are operated the Children & Young People's Directorate of Somerset County Council, although some such as The Kings of Wessex School in Cheddar have distanced themselves from the county council by opting for foundation status.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Robert Dunning (Editor) (2004). "Introduction". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 8: The Poldens and the Levels. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 1 August 2011.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ "Sedgemoor District Council". Ethnic Multicultural Media Academy. Retrieved 4 August 2008.
  3. ^ Somerset County Council. Sedgemoor parish population estimates for 2002; 2002 [archived 21 November 2009; Retrieved 17 October 2009].
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes – SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al "Brdigwater RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Axbridge RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  7. ^ "Burnham UD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  8. ^ "Alphabetical List of Constituencies and Members of Parliament". House of Commons Information Office. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  9. ^ "Wells". Election 2010. BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  10. ^ "UK MEPs for the South West". European Parliament UK Office. Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 11 January 2008.

External linksEdit