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Midlothian (/mɪdˈlðiən/; Scots: Midlowden; Scottish Gaelic: Meadhan Lodainn) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, UK. It borders Edinburgh, East Lothian and the Scottish Borders council areas.

  • Midlothian
  • Midlowden
  • Meadhan Lodainn
Midlothian in Scotland.svg
Coordinates: 55°53′39″N 3°04′07″W / 55.89417°N 3.06861°W / 55.89417; -3.06861Coordinates: 55°53′39″N 3°04′07″W / 55.89417°N 3.06861°W / 55.89417; -3.06861
Admin HQDalkeith
Government
 • BodyMidlothian Council
 • ControlLabour minority (council NOC)
 • MPs
 • MSPs
Area
 • Total136.6 sq mi (353.7 km2)
Area rankRanked 21st
Population
(mid-2017 est.)
 • Total90,100
 • RankRanked 25th
 • Density660/sq mi (254/km2)
ONS codeS12000019
ISO 3166 codeGB-MLN
Websitewww.midlothian.gov.uk

Midlothian was also the name of a historic county formed in the Middle Ages. The county included Edinburgh and was formerly known as Edinburghshire, or more formally as the County of Edinburgh, until 1890. The historic county remains a lieutenancy area and a registration county[1] for which purposes Edinburgh is included.

Midlothian Council area was created in 1996, under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, with the boundaries of the Midlothian district of the Lothian region. The district had been created in 1975, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, and it consisted of the local government county of Midlothian, minus the burgh of Musselburgh and the parish of Inveresk which included the villages of Inveresk, Wallyford and Whitecraig being lost to East Lothian, the Calders (East Calder, Midcalder and West Calder) and the Midlothian part of Livingston to West Lothian, Heriot and Stow parishes to the Ettrick and Lauderdale district of Borders Region, and Currie, Balerno, Ratho and Newbridge to Edinburgh.

Contents

ConstituenciesEdit

Places of interestEdit

Towns and villagesEdit

Civil Parishes in the County of MidlothianEdit

(Unitary authority indicated where not Midlothian. Boundaries defined by Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973)[2][3]

 
Midlothian or Edinburghshire Civil Parish map c.1854. Boundaries outlined in red
 
Map contrasting the area comprising Midlothian council (dark blue) within the historic county of Midlothian (light blue).

Former civil parishes outside Edinburgh now merged in the City of EdinburghEdit

Abolished 1902:[5]

Abolished 1920 [6]

The above list does not include parishes which have been within the City of Edinburgh for county purposes since 19th century, namely within the "County of the City" of which the Lord Provost was and is Lord Lieutenant. [7]

Notable people associated with MidlothianEdit

Schools in MidlothianEdit

Primary schoolsEdit

Secondary schoolsEdit

Special schoolsEdit

Twin towns and sister citiesEdit

Midlothian is twinned with Komárom-Esztergom in Hungary and Kreis Heinsberg in Germany. It is a sister city with Midlothian, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago.[8]

Famous battleEdit

The Battle of Roslin was a battle of the First War of Scottish Independence, taking place on 24 February 1303 at Roslin, Midlothian. A Scottish army led by Simon Fraser and John Comyn defeated the English. The English force was raised in Northumberland and was tasked with intervening in support of the occupation forces of Edward I. The much smaller Scottish force rode through the night from Biggar, intercepted them and defeated them in two, possibly three, sharp fights. The site of the battle has been said to be the field opposite the old and new burial grounds. Members of the Comyn, Fraser and possibly Sinclair families fought at the Battle of Roslin.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Land Mass Coverage Report" (PDF). Registers of Scotland. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
  2. ^ List from Contents page of the Statistical Account of Edinburghshire, publ by William Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh, 1845, including only those parishes appearing in the 2011 Census
  3. ^ Census of Scotland 2011, Table KS101SC – Usually Resident Population, publ. by National Records of Scotland. Web site http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/ retrieved March 2016. See “Standard Outputs”, Table KS101SC, Area type: Civil Parish 1930
  4. ^ Partly in West Lothian. Article on Kirkliston in Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, by, Francis Groome, 2nd Edition, 1896
  5. ^ Order of the Secretary State for Scotland, effective from 15th May 1902, publ. in Edinburgh Gazette 1 April 1902, p. 350
  6. ^ Edinburgh Boundaries Extension and Tramways Act 1920
  7. ^ The Statistical Account of Edinburghshire, publ by William Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh, 1845;p.648
  8. ^ "Illinois Member List updated June 2015 »". www.illinoissistercities.org. Retrieved 29 March 2018.

External linksEdit