Borough of Hartlepool

  (Redirected from Hartlepool (borough))

The Borough of Hartlepool is a unitary authority area in ceremonial County Durham, England. The borough's largest town is Hartlepool.

Hartlepool Borough
Borough of Hartlepool
Official logo of Hartlepool Borough
The borough within County Durham and England
The borough within County Durham and England
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionNorth East England
Combined authorityTees Valley
Ceremonial countyCounty Durham
Admin. HQCivic Centre, Victoria Road, Hartlepool
Government
 • BodyHartlepool Borough Council
 • Leadership:Council Leader
 • LeaderShane Robert Moore (Independent Union)
 • Tees Valley MayorBen Houchen
 • MPs:Jill Mortimer (C)
Area
 • Total36.12 sq mi (93.56 km2)
 • Rank222nd
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
 • Total93,663
 • RankRanked 260th
 • Density2,600/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
ONS code00EB (ONS)
E06000001 (GSS)
Ethnicity97.9% White
1.0% S.Asian
(Census 2011)
Websitewww.hartlepool.gov.uk

It borders the County Durham district as well as the boroughs of Redcar and Cleveland and Stockton-on-Tees. The local authority is Hartlepool Borough Council, a member of the Tees Valley Combined Authority.

In 2003 it had a resident population of 90,161, increasing to 92,028 at the 2011 Census.[1] It is made up of 17 council wards and the Hartlepool constituency has been coterminous with the council area since the 1983 parliamentary redistribution.

HistoryEdit

After several unification efforts starting in 1902, the county borough of Hartlepool was formed in 1967 by the merger of the original borough of Hartlepool (the "Headland") with the county borough of West Hartlepool further south on Tees Bay, together with the parish of Seaton Carew to provide coastal land for industrial development.[2]

The district was formed on 1 April 1974, by the merger of the previous county borough of Hartlepool, along with the parishes of Brierton, Claxton, Dalton Piercy, Elwick, Elwick Hall, Greatham, Hart and Newton Bewley, from the Stockton Rural District, all of which had been part of the administrative county of Durham. It was one of the four districts of the non-metropolitan county of Cleveland.

Cleveland was abolished in 1996 after a review by the Banham Commission, with the four boroughs of Stockton-on-Tees, Hartlepool, Redcar & Cleveland and Middlesbrough becoming unitary authorities. For ceremonial purposes Hartlepool returned to County Durham, however it continues to share certain local services with the other former Cleveland boroughs, including the Cleveland Police and Cleveland Fire Brigade.

In May 2021, four parish councils of the villages of Elwick, Hart, Dalton Piercy and Greatham all issued individual votes of no confidence in Hartlepool Borough Council, and expressed their desire to re-join County Durham.[3]

CouncilEdit

Since 2 May 2013 the council has used the leader and committee hybrid model of executive arrangements. The executive function of Hartlepool Borough Council was controlled by a directly elected mayor of Hartlepool from 2002 to 2013. On 9 May 2019, The former Labour Council leader Christopher Akers-Belcher and two fellow party members, defected to the Socialist Labour Party following the Labour Party's defeat in the recent local elections.[4] On 13 September 2019, ten independent councillors defected to the Brexit Party. The Conservative councillors then formed a pact with the Brexit Party councillors to become the largest group on the council.[5]

In March 2021, four parish councils of the villages of Elwick, Hart, Dalton Piercy and Greatham all issued individual votes of no confidence in Hartlepool Borough Council due to a planning application being passed that they disagreed with, and hoped to use the issue to influence the outcome of the Local Elections.[6][3]

Political controlEdit

Since 1995 political control of the council has been held by the following parties:[7][8]

Party in control Years
Labour 1995–2000
No overall control 2000–2004
Labour 2004–2008
No overall control 2008–2010
Labour 2010–2019
No overall control 2019–present

Elected mayorEdit

Hartlepool was one of a small number of councils in the United Kingdom to have a directly elected mayor. This followed a referendum held in the borough in October 2001,[9] and the first mayoral election was held in May 2002. The election became famous for being won by the mascot of Hartlepool United F.C., 'H'Angus the Monkey',[10] with a majority of approximately 500 over the second-placed Labour Party candidate. The man inside the monkey costume, Stuart Drummond, served as mayor as an independent since then, being re-elected in 2005 with a majority of over 10,000[11] and again in 2009 with a second round majority of 844.

In November 2012 Hartlepool voted in a referendum to abolish the directly elected mayor and return to having the council leader model used by most English councils.[12] 7,366 voted against the directly elected mayor system, while 5,177 voted to retain it, on a turnout of 18%.[12]

SettlementsEdit

Settlements in the borough include:

EconomyEdit

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Hartlepool and Stockton-on-Tees at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[note 1] Agriculture[note 2] Industry[note 3] Services[note 4]
1995 2,804 9 1,443 1,352
2000 3,252 6 1,359 1,887
2003 3,364 6 1,037 2,320
Notes
  1. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  3. ^ includes energy and construction
  4. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Unitary Authority population 2011". Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  2. ^ Hartlepool Order 1966 Commons debate and Lords debate
  3. ^ a b Nic Marko (10 May 2021), Four Hartlepool villages have 'no confidence' in borough council and want to join Durham, Hartlepool: Hartlepool Mail
  4. ^ Thompson, Fiona (9 May 2019). "Hartlepool Council leader Christopher Akers-Belcher and two fellow party members resign from Labour". Hartlepool Mail. Hartlepool. Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  5. ^ Scott, Jim (13 September 2019). "The Brexit Party takes hold of Hartlepool Borough Council". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  6. ^ https://web-cdn.org/s/40//file/Council/Minutes/2020-21/Minutes-of-Extraordinary-Meeting-held-2.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  7. ^ "Hartlepool". BBC News Online. 19 April 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  8. ^ "Hartlepool Borough Council - Election results for 2019". BBC News. 3 May 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  9. ^ Mark Sandford (March 2002). "Who wants an elected mayor? Lessons from the first wave". New Economy. Institute of Public Policy Research. 9 (1): 47–51. doi:10.1111/1468-0041.00239.
  10. ^ BBC News (3 May 2002). "Monkey mascot elected mayor". Retrieved 14 March 2008.
  11. ^ BBC News (6 May 2005). "Winning 'monkey' mayor gains wife". Retrieved 14 March 2008.
  12. ^ a b Mulholland, Hélène (16 November 2012). "Mayor H'Angus the Monkey finally loses his Hartlepool habitat". The Guardian. London: 16 November 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2012.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 54°41′11″N 1°12′39″W / 54.68639°N 1.21083°W / 54.68639; -1.21083