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European Parliament constituencies in the United Kingdom

European Parliament constituencies in the United Kingdom (since 2004).

This is a table of European Parliament constituencies in the United Kingdom, listing the number of Members of the European Parliament each elected at each European Parliamentary election.

Great Britain was divided into single-member First Past the Post constituencies from the 1979 election until the 1999 election, when it was divided into the current eleven multimember D'Hondt party list constituencies. Northern Ireland has been a single constituency using Single Transferable Vote since 1979.

With the exception of Gibraltar's inclusion in South West England, the constituencies otherwise correspond with the NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom, though the naming differs slightly to distinguish them from other European constituencies.

Election Constituencies Total seats
(1973) (MEPs nominated by Parliament) 36
English MEPs elected from single-member First Past the Post constituencies Welsh FPTP constituencies Scottish FPTP constituencies Northern Ireland
1979 66 4 8 3 81
1984 66 4 8 3 81
1989 66 4 8 3 81
1994 71 5 8 3 87
London South West England South East England East of England West Midlands East Midlands North West England North East England Yorkshire and the Humber Wales Scotland Northern Ireland
1999 10 7 11 8 8 6 10 4 7 5 8 3 87
2004 9 7[note 1] 10 7 7 6 9 3 6 4 7 3 78
2009 8 6 10 7 6[note 2] 5 8 3 6 4 6 3 72[note 2]
2014 8 6 10 7 7 5 8 3 6 4 6 3 73
2019 8 6 10 7 7 5 8 3 6 4 6 3 73

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ From 2004, South West England includes Gibraltar, the only British overseas territory that is part of the European Union.
  2. ^ a b In November 2011, provisions of the Treaty of Lisbon came into effect, granting the UK a 73rd MEP. The UK assigned this seat to the West Midlands, the constituency with the most constituents per MEP, giving it a 7th MEP again (Conservative Anthea McIntyre, based on the 2009 election results).

See alsoEdit