The Metropolitan Borough of Sefton is a metropolitan borough of Merseyside, England. It was formed on 1 April 1974, by the amalgamation of the county boroughs of Bootle and Southport, the municipal borough of Crosby, the urban districts of Formby and Litherland, and part of West Lancashire Rural District. It consists of a coastal strip of land on the Irish Sea which extends from Southport in the north to Bootle in the south, and an inland part to Maghull in the south-east, bounded by the city of Liverpool to the south, the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley to the south-east, and West Lancashire to the east.
Borough of Sefton
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North West England|
|Founded||1 April 1974|
|Admin. HQ||Bootle and Southport|
|• Type||Metropolitan Borough|
|• Governing body||Sefton Council|
|• Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Executive:||Labour Party|
|• Leader of the Council||Cllr Ian Maher |
|• MPs:||Peter Dowd, Labour|
Bill Esterson, Labour
Damien Moore, Conservative
|• Total||59.8 sq mi (155.0 km2)|
|• Rank||Ranked 55th|
|• Density||4,600/sq mi (1,800/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (British Summer Time)|
|ONS code||00CA (ONS)|
It is named after Sefton, near Maghull. When the borough was created, a name was sought that would not unduly identify the borough with any of its constituent parts, particularly the former county boroughs of Bootle and Southport. The area had strong links with both the Earl of Sefton and the Earl of Derby, resident of Knowsley Hall, and the adjacent borough was subsequently named Knowsley. A Sefton Rural District covering some of the villages in the district existed from 1894 to 1932.
Liverpool City Region Combined AuthorityEdit
The Metropolitan Borough of Sefton is one of the six constituent local government districts of the Liverpool City Region. Since 1 April 2014, some of the borough's responsibilities have been pooled with neighbouring authorities within the metropolitan area and subsumed into the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority.
The combined authority has effectively become the top-tier administrative body for the local governance of the city region and the leader of Sefton Council, along with the five other leaders from neighbouring local government districts, take strategic decisions over economic development, transport, employment and skills, tourism, culture, housing and physical infrastructure.
In July 2015, negotiations took place between the UK national government and the combined authority over a possible devolution deal to confer greater powers on the region, including whether to introduce an elected 'Metro Mayor' to oversee the entire metropolitan area.
The existence of Sefton has been an ongoing local controversy, especially in Southport, where local Members of Parliament (MPs) and councillors have campaigned for separation from Bootle and the possible inclusion of the town as a district in the non-metropolitan county of Lancashire. It was highlighted after the 2012 local government election that different regions in Sefton had vastly different socio-economic backgrounds and needs. There are high levels of poverty around the Bootle area and central Southport.
Sefton Council compositionEdit
The council has 66 councillors, three for each of the borough's 22 wards:
- Birkdale · Blundellsands
- Cambridge · Church
- Derby · Dukes
- Linacre · Litherland
- Manor · Meols · Molyneux
- Netherton and Orrell · Norwood
- St. Oswald · Sudell
As of April 2021[update], the council is composed of 41 Labour councillors, 12 for The Liberal Democrat and Progressive Alliance Group, six Conservatives, and five for The Independents Group. There are two vacancies.
This section needs to be updated.(January 2016)
The borough has a strong income from tourism, most of whom visit the Aintree Grand National, the most valuable horse race in Europe, Anthony Gormley's Another Place at Crosby Beach and Southport. Birkdale is also home to the Royal Birkdale Golf Club which has played host to the Open Championship, Ryder Cup, Walker Cup and Curtis Cup.
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Sefton at current basic prices published (pp. 240–53) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional gross value added||Agriculture||Industry||Services|
|White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller||120||0.04%|
|Asian or Asian British: Indian||604||0.21%||666||0.24%|
|Asian or Asian British: Pakistani||181||0.06%||127||0.04%|
|Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi||257||0.09%||308||0.11%|
|Asian or Asian British: Chinese||903||0.32%||965||0.35%|
|Asian or Asian British: Other Asian||173||0.06%||653||0.24%|
|Asian or Asian British: Total||2,118||0.75%||2,719||0.99%|
|Black or Black British: African||204||0.07%||464||0.17%|
|Black or Black British: Caribbean||173||0.06%||223||0.08%|
|Black or Black British: Other Black||61||0.02%||109||0.04%|
|Black or Black British: Total||438||0.15%||796||0.29%|
|Mixed: White and Black Caribbean||476||0.17%||830||0.30%|
|Mixed: White and Black African||234||0.08%||488||0.18%|
|Mixed: White and Asian||441||0.16%||760||0.28%|
|Mixed: Other Mixed||433||0.15%||742||0.27%|
|Other: Any other ethnic group||387||0.14%|
|Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total||4,418||1.56%||7,049||2.57%|
At the 2011 census, there were 265,010 usual residents of Sefton aged 3 or over whose main language was declared. The 10 most common main languages were as follows:
- English 259,820 (98.04%)
- Polish 1,579 (0.62%)
- Chinese 415 (0.16%)
- Portuguese 318 (0.12%)
- Latvian 252 (0.10%)
- Spanish 201 (0.08%)
- Lithuania 190 (0.07%)
- Arabic 158 (0.06%)
- Bengali (with Sylheti and Chittagonian) 142 (0.05%)
- Turkish 141 (0.05%)
1,794 (0.68%) usual residents over the age of 3 had a different main language to the above languages.
Towns and villages in SeftonEdit
- Ainsdale, Aintree
- Birkdale, Blowick, Blundellsands, Bootle
- Churchtown, Crosby, Crossens
- Ford, Formby
- Hightown, Hillside
- Ince Blundell
- Kennessee Green
- Litherland, Little Altcar, Little Crosby, Lunt, Lydiate
- Maghull, Marshside, Melling
- Seaforth, Sefton, Southport
- Waterloo, Woodvale
Sefton is twinned with:
Freedom of the BoroughEdit
The following people, military units and Organisations and Groups have received the Freedom of the Borough of Sefton.
- Donald "Ginger" McCain: 22 June 2004
- James Lee Duncan Carragher: 23 January 2006
- Alex Greenwood: 17 November 2022.
- 238 (Sefton) Squadron 156 Regiment Royal Corps of Transport: 6 March 1982
- 238 (Sefton) Squadron 156 (North-West) Transport Regiment Royal Logistic Corps (Volunteers): 13 April 2002
- RAF Woodvale: 3 July 2011
- HMS Mersey, RN: 17 November 2016.
- The Royal Military Police: 19 January 2017
- The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment: 20 June 2017
Organisations and groupsEdit
- Local Government Act 1972. 1972 c.70. The Stationery Office Ltd. 1997. ISBN 0-10-547072-4.
- Welcome to the Estate, Knowsley Hall, retrieved 7 October 2010
- "Sefton RD through time: Relationships and changes". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "Proposal to establish a combined authority for Greater Merseyside" (PDF). Department for Communities and Local Government. November 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Liam Murphy (22 July 2015). "Liverpool city region to decide on devolution demands by end of summer". Retrieved 26 July 2015.
- Final Recommendations on the Future Local Government of Sefton, Local Government Commission for England, November 1997.
- "Sefton Local Economic Assessment" (PDF). Invest Sefton. May 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
- Council, Sefton (23 April 2021). "Councillors, Meetings, Decisions". www.sefton.gov.uk. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
- "Royal Birkdale Golf Club – Club History". Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "UV009 - Ethnic group". NOMIS. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
- "QS201EW - Ethnic group". NOMIS. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
- "Sefton - UK Census Data 2011".
- Sefton Council, Twinning with Towns and Cities retrieved 21 January 2019
- "Gdańsk Official Website: 'Miasta partnerskie'". www.gdansk.pl (in Polish and English). Urząd Miejski w Gdańsku]. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Dukes, Emma (19 November 2022). "Lioness Alex Greenwood becomes first ever woman to be awarded Freedom of Sefton". The Liverpool World. Retrieved 20 November 2022.
- Council, Sefton (21 June 2017). "Honorary Freedom of the Borough". Government of the United Kingdom.
- "Freedom of the Borough for HMS Mersey". Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Lally, Kate (19 January 2017). "Regiment of murdered Southport war hero granted Freedom of the Borough of Sefton".
- "Regiment set to march through Bootle".
- "Covid: Merseyside hospitals honoured over Covid response". BBC News. 27 May 2021. Retrieved 1 July 2021.