Calderdale is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire, England, which had a population of 211,439.[5] It takes its name from the River Calder, and dale, a word for valley. The name Calderdale usually refers to the borough through which the upper river flows, while the actual landform is known as the Calder Valley. Several small valleys contain tributaries of the River Calder.

Borough of Calderdale
View over Mytholmroyd in the Upper Calder Valley
View over Mytholmroyd in the Upper Calder Valley
Industria Arte Prudentia
(Latin: Industry, skill and foresight)
Calderdale shown within West Yorkshire
Calderdale shown within West Yorkshire
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
Metropolitan countyWest Yorkshire
Admin. HQHalifax
Established1 April 1974
 • TypeMetropolitan Borough
 • BodyCalderdale Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet
 • MayorCouncillor Dot Foster (Labour)[1]
 • Leader of CouncilCllr Tim Swift (Labour)[2]
 • Chief ExecutiveRobin Tuddenham[3]
 • MPsCraig Whittaker (C) (Calder Valley),
Holly Lynch (L)
 • Total363.9 km2 (140.5 sq mi)
 (2020 estimate)
 • Total211,439 (Ranked 91st)
 • Density581/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Ethnicity
  • 86.1% White
  • 10.5% Asian
  • 0.7% Black
  • 1.9% Mixed
  • 0.8% Other
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode areasHD2–HD6, HX1–HX7, OL14, WF14, BD13–BD19
Dialling Codes01422 (central core)
01484 (Brighouse/Rastrick)
01706 (Todmorden area)
01274 (Shelf area)
ONS code00CY (ONS)
E08000033 (GSS)

Calderdale covers part of the South Pennines, and the Calder Valley is the southernmost of the Yorkshire Dales, though it is not part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. The borough was formed in 1974 by the merger of six local government districts, from east to west Brighouse, Elland, Halifax, Sowerby Bridge, Ripponden, Hebden Royd, Hepton and Todmorden. Mytholmroyd, together with Hebden Bridge, forms Hebden Royd.

Halifax is the commercial, cultural and administrative centre of the borough. Calderdale is served by Calderdale Council, which is headquartered in Halifax, with some functions based in Todmorden.


The Roman settlement of Cambodunum was probably located within Calderdale.[citation needed] A Roman fort has been excavated in Slack, which is in the neighbouring borough of Kirklees, but its identity is not yet certain.[citation needed]

The borough was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of the then county borough of Halifax, the boroughs of Brighouse, Todmorden and the urban districts of Elland, Hebden Royd, Ripponden, Sowerby Bridge, part of Queensbury and Shelf urban district and Hepton Rural District.[6]

In 2022, Yorkshire Water built an emergency water pipeline from Calderdale to Ponden Reservoir in Haworth as Yorkshire experienced its driest period on record.[7]

Coat of armsEdit

The Coat of arms of Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council was granted to the new council just a few months after the borough was formed in 1974. The Paschal lamb is the emblem of John the Baptist, the patron saint of wool workers. It was shown on the former arms of Halifax. The green and blue wavy line of the shield symbolises the River Calder and Calder Valley. The white rose is for Yorkshire. The crest shows a rose bush with nine white flowers representing the nine former authorities that now comprise the Calderdale district. The bush is shown growing out of a mural crown, a common feature in municipal arms. The lion supporters are taken from the arms of Halifax and also for England. A lion also featured on the shield of the arms of Brighouse. The black crescents, also from the arms of Brighouse, are featured on the arms of the Brighouse family. The blue wave around each lion's collar is from the arms of Todmorden and represents the Calder again. The motto, Industria arte prundentia, is Latin for 'Industry, skill, and foresight'. The formal description, or blazon, of the arms is:[8]

For the arms: Vert a Paschal Lamb proper supporting over the shoulder a Cross Staff Or flying therefrom a forked Pennon of St. George between in chief a Bar wavy Argent charged with a Barruret wavy Azure and in base a Rose Argent barbed and seeded proper; and for the crest: On a Wreath Argent and Vert out of a Mural Crown a Rose Tree of nine branches proper each terminating in a Rose Argent barbed and seeded proper; and for the supporters: On either side a Lion Or gorged with a collar wavy Azure and holding aloft in the interior forepaw a Crescent Sable; Motto: INDUSTRIA ARTE PRUDENTIA.


As well as the six towns, there are numerous settlements including:


Two selective schools in Calderdale jointly administer an 11+ admissions exam: The Crossley Heath School, in Savile Park and North Halifax Grammar School in Illingworth.

Both schools achieve excellent GCSE and A-level results, achieving a large proportion of A* to C grades at GCSE level. In 2005 the Crossley Heath School was the highest ranking co-educational school in the north of England.[citation needed]

Calderdale College is a local further education college on Francis Street, in Halifax. In December 2006 it was announced that Calderdale College, in partnership with Leeds Metropolitan University, would open a new higher education institution in January 2007 called University Centre Calderdale.[9]

Local governmentEdit

Northgate House in Halifax was the council's headquarters until sale in 2013
Welcome sign in Calderdale

The borough is divided into 17 wards and each is represented on Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council by three councillors. Each councillor is normally elected on a first past the post basis for a four-year period which is staggered with the other councillors of that ward so that only one councillor per ward is up for election at any one time. Exceptions to this include by-elections and ward boundary changes.

The wards are: Brighouse; Calder; Elland; Greetland and Stainland; Hipperholme and Lightcliffe; Illingworth and Mixenden; Luddendenfoot; Northowram and Shelf; Ovenden; Park; Rastrick; Ryburn; Skircoat; Sowerby Bridge; Todmorden; Town; and Warley.[10]

Mayors of Calderdale
  • 1974–75: Joseph Tolan
  • 1975–76: Mrs Kathleen M. Cawdry
  • 1976–77: Mrs Mona Ross Mitchell
  • 1977–78: Eric Dennett
  • 1978–79: Richard Deadman
  • 1979–80: Mrs Betty Wildsmith
  • 1980–81: Harry Wilson
  • 1981–82: Eric Whitehead
  • 1982–83: David Trevor Shutt
  • 1983–84: Kevin Gordon Lord
  • 1984–85: John Bradley
  • 1985–86: Thomas Lawler
  • 1986–87: David J. Fox
  • 1987–88: Wilfred Sharp
  • 1988–89: Albert Berry
  • 1989–90: Joseph Kneafsey
  • 1990–91: Joseph Tolan
  • 1991–92: Thomas J. McElroy
  • 1992–93: William C. A. Carpenter
  • 1993–94: Anthony D. J. Mazey
  • 1994–95: Stephen J. Pearson
  • 1995–96: Graham E. A. Reason
  • 1996–97: Dawn Neal
  • 1997: Susan Tucker
  • 1997–98: Alan Worth
  • 1998–99: Alan Worth
  • 1999–2000: Graham Hall
  • 2000–01: Peter Sephton Coles
  • 2001–02: Chris O'Connor
  • 2002–03: Patrick Phillips
  • 2003–04: Mrs Geraldine Carter
  • 2004–05: Olwen Jean Arlette Jennings
  • 2005–06: John Williamson
  • 2006–07: Colin Stout
  • 2007–08: Martin Peel
  • 2008–09: Conrad Winterburn
  • 2009–10: Arshad Mahmood
  • 2010: Ann McAllister
  • 2010–11: Keith Watson
  • 2011–12: Nader Fekri JP
  • 2012–13: John Hardy
  • 2013–14: Ann Martin
  • 2014–15: Pat Allen
  • 2015–16: Lisa Lambert
  • 2016–17: Howard Blagbrough
  • 2017–18: Ferman Ali
  • 2018–19: Marcus Thompson
  • 2019–21: Dot Foster
  • 2021–22: Chris Pillai[11]
  • 2022–23: Angie Gallagher[12]


The largest ethnic group within Calderdale at the 2011 census was White British at 86.7%, down from 90.8% in 2001.[13] The next largest ethnic group are Pakistanis, comprising 6.8% of the population (4.9% in 2001).[13]

In 2011, Christians comprised 60.6% of the borough's population. This was followed by those of no religion (30.2%) and Muslims (7.8%).[14]

In 2019, those who were not born in the UK formed 8% of Calderdale's population.[15]

Public services, transport and facilitiesEdit


Calderdale is part of the Calderdale Primary Care Trust, South West Yorkshire NHS Foundation Trust and Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust. The borough has two hospitals and one hospice. The main hospital (part of Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust) is the Calderdale Royal Hospital, located on the main route to Huddersfield in Salterhebble. It has specialist departments: Calderdale's A&E department and the Calderdale Birth Centre.[16] The hospital was built and opened in 2001 on the site of the original Halifax General Hospital. After the new hospital opened, the Royal Halifax Infirmary closed and all services were transferred, as were services from Northowram Hospital. NHS Ambulance services are provided by the Yorkshire Ambulance Service from stations in Halifax, Brighouse and Todmorden. Overgate Hospice provides specialist palliative care for adults in Calderdale. Elland Hospital, Calderdale's only private hospital, is located by the Calderdale Way. Formerly BUPA Elland Independent Hospital, it is now owned and operated by Classic Hospitals.


Calderdale is served by West Yorkshire Police; whose Calderdale Division headquarters is at Halifax police station. Other police stations are located in Todmorden[17] and at Brighouse, which reopened in 2009.[18]

Fire and rescueEdit

West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue covers Calderdale and it has five fire stations in the borough. These are located at Rastrick (Since 2015), King Cross (Halifax Fire Station), Mytholmroyd, Illingworth, and Todmorden.[19]


Calderdale Libraries provides services through 22 local library branches, including a central library in Halifax, and also offer a home library service and digital library service.[20] In 2014, construction began on a new central library and archive building in Halifax, adjacent to the Piece Hall and the Square Chapel.[21][22][23] The new Central Library and Archive officially opened in September 2017.[24]

Sports in CalderdaleEdit


There are three current swimming pools in Calderdale. These are located in Todmorden, Brighouse and Sowerby Bridge. Halifax is currently in the phase of getting a new swimming pool after the old pool shut in 2021.

Sports Facilities,

Sports Facilities include North Bridge Leisure Centre (Halifax, Currently Closed), Sowerby Bridge Swimming Pool, Brighouse Leisure Centre and Pool, Todmorden Swimming Pool, The Shay Stadium (Halifax Towns Football Pitch) and Spring Hall (Halifax, Track and field).


Railway stations,

Brighouse, Halifax, Hebden Bridge, Mythomroyd, Sowerby Bridge, Todmorden, Walsden and the currently funded Elland station in planning.

Freedom of the BoroughEdit

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Calderdale.


Military unitsEdit


  1. ^ "The Mayoralty". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  2. ^ Council, Calderdale Metropolitan Borough (28 November 2003). "Introduction: Search for your councillor: Calderdale Council". Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Robin Tuddenham to take over as new Calderdale Council chief executive". Halifax Courier. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Calderdale Demographics | Age, Ethnicity, Religion, Wellbeing". Varbes. Retrieved 10 February 2023.
  5. ^ "Estimates of the population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 April 2022.
  6. ^ Youngs, Frederic A Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.2: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 797. ISBN 0-86193-127-0.
  7. ^ "Yorkshire Water hosepipe ban lifted after three months". BBC News. 6 December 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2023.
  8. ^ "Civic Heraldry of England and Wales - Yorkshire". Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  9. ^ "University Centre Calderdale". Archived from the original on 8 February 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Ward profiles 2010". Calderdale Council. Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  11. ^ Greenwood, John (27 May 2021). "Meet the new Mayor of Calderdale Chris Pillai". Halifax Courier. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  12. ^ Greenwood, John (12 May 2022). "New Mayor of Calderdale prepares to take up office". Halifax Courier. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  13. ^ a b "Calderdale demographic information".
  14. ^ "Calderdale demographic information".
  15. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Overview – Calderdale Royal Hospital – NHS Choices". Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Welcome to the Calderdale Neighbourhood Policing Homepage". Archived from the original on 10 May 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2009.
  18. ^ "Brighouse station back in action". Telegraph & Argus. 29 July 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Stations". Archived from the original on 24 March 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
  20. ^ "Libraries". Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  21. ^ "Central Library and Archive incorporating steeple and ruins of Square Road Church (Amended Plans) | Former Square Road Church Burial Grounds Square Road Halifax Calderdale" (13/00671/LAA). Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  22. ^ "Tour new central library and archive". Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  23. ^ "Take extra care while work underway". Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  24. ^ "Our new Central Library opens – the next chapter!". Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  25. ^ "Freedom honour for Paralympian". BBC News. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  26. ^ Shaw, Martin (8 November 2019). "Gentleman Jack writer Sally Wainwright set to be given the Freedom of Calderdale". Huddersfield Examiner. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  27. ^ "Writer Sally Wainwright given freedom of Calderdale". BBC News. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  28. ^ "Regimental Freedom Scrolls". The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) – Regimental Association. Retrieved 18 November 2019.

External linksEdit

53°43′N 1°58′W / 53.72°N 1.97°W / 53.72; -1.97