The Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire, England. The population at the 2011 Census was 203,826. It takes its name from the River Calder, and dale, a word for valley. The name Calderdale usually refers to the borough through which the upper river flows, while the actual landform is known as the Calder Valley. Several small valleys contain tributaries of the River Calder.
Borough of Calderdale
Industria Arte Prudentia
(Latin: Industry, skill and foresight)
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Metropolitan county||West Yorkshire|
|Established||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Metropolitan Borough|
|• Body||Calderdale Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Mayor||Councillor Dot Foster (Labour)|
|• Leader of Council||Cllr Tim Swift (Labour)|
|• Chief Executive||Robin Tuddenham|
|• MPs||Craig Whittaker (C) (Calder Valley),
Holly Lynch (L)
|• Total||140.5 sq mi (363.9 km2)|
2007 population estimates; Religion statistics 2001)
|• Total||200,100 (Ranked 86th)|
|• Density||1,400/sq mi (550/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||91.1% White |
1.0% Mixed Race
|• Religion||69.6% Christian |
16.4% No Religion
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (British Summer Time)|
|Postcode areas||HD, HX, OL|
|Dialling Codes||01422 (central core) |
01706 (Todmorden area)
01274 (Shelf area)
|ONS code||00CY (ONS)|
Calderdale covers part of the South Pennines, and the Calder Valley is the southernmost of the Yorkshire Dales, though it is not part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. The borough was formed in 1974 by the merger of six former local government districts, spanning, from east to west, the towns of Brighouse, Elland, Halifax, Sowerby Bridge, Hebden Bridge and Todmorden. Mytholmroyd, together with Hebden Bridge, forms Hebden Royd.
Halifax is the main commercial, cultural and administrative centre of the borough, with numerous high street chain stores, markets, central library, borough council offices, public transport hub, central police station, museums and the further and higher education college, as well as other major local organisations. Calderdale is served by Calderdale Council, which is headquartered is in Halifax, with some functions based in Todmorden.
Since May 2019, Calderdale Council has been under Labour majority control, for the first time in twenty years. The political composition is 28 Labour councillors, 13 Conservative, seven Liberal Democrat and three Independent.
The Roman settlement of Cambodunum was probably located within Calderdale. A Roman fort has been excavated in Slack, which is in the neighbouring borough of Kirklees, but its identity is not yet certain.
The borough was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of the then county borough of Halifax, the boroughs of Brighouse, Todmorden and the urban districts of Elland, Hebden Royd, Ripponden, Sowerby Bridge, part of Queensbury and Shelf urban district and Hepton Rural District.
As well as the six towns, there are numerous settlements including:
- Bailiff Bridge, Bank Top, Barkisland, Blackley, Blackshaw Head, Boothtown, Boulderclough, Bradshaw
- Chiserley, Clifton, Colden, Copley, Cornholme, Cottonstones, Cragg Vale
- Fountain Head, Friendly
- Gauxholme, Greetland
- Heptonstall, Highroadwell, Hipperholme, Holmfield, Holywell Green, Hove Edge, Hubberton
- Jagger Green
- Kebroyd, King Cross, Krumlin
- Lee Mount, Lightcliffe, Luddenden, Luddendenfoot, Lumbutts, Lydgate
- Mankinholes, Midgley, Mill Bank, Mixenden, Mount Tabor, Mytholm, Mytholmroyd
- Norland Town, Northowram, Norton Tower, Norwood Green
- Ogden, Old Town, Ovenden
- Peckett Well, Pellon, Portsmouth, Pye Nest
- Rastrick, Ripponden, Rishworth
- Salterhebble, Savile Park, Shelf, Skircoat Green, Siddal, Slack, Sowerby, Soyland, Southowram, Sowood, Soyland, Stainland, Stone Chair, Stump Cross
- Upper Edge
- Wainstalls, Walsden, Warland, Warley Town, West Vale, Wholestone Hill, Wheatley
Both schools achieve excellent GCSE and A-level results, achieving a large proportion of A* to C grades at GCSE level. In 2005 the Crossley Heath School was the highest ranking co-educational school in the north of England.
Calderdale College is a local further education college on Francis Street, in Halifax. In December 2006 it was announced that Calderdale College, in partnership with Leeds Metropolitan University, would open a new higher education institution in January 2007 called University Centre Calderdale.
The borough is divided into 17 wards and each is represented on Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council by three councillors. Each councillor is normally elected on a first past the post basis for a four-year period which is staggered with the other councillors of that ward so that only one councillor per ward is up for election at any one time. Exceptions to this include by-elections and ward boundary changes.
The wards are: Brighouse; Calder; Elland; Greetland and Stainland; Hipperholme and Lightcliffe; Illingworth and Mixenden; Luddendenfoot; Northowram and Shelf; Ovenden; Park; Rastrick; Ryburn; Skircoat; Sowerby Bridge; Todmorden; Town; and Warley.
- Mayors of Calderdale
- 1974–75: Joseph Tolan
- 1975–76: Mrs Kathleen M. Cawdry
- 1976–77: Mrs Mona Ross Mitchell
- 1977–78: Eric Dennett
- 1978–79: Richard Deadman
- 1979–80: Mrs Betty Wildsmith
- 1980–81: Harry Wilson
- 1981–82: Eric Whitehead
- 1982–83: David Trevor Shutt
- 1983–84: Kevin Gordon Lord
- 1984–85: John Bradley
- 1985–86: Thomas Lawler
- 1986–87: David J. Fox
- 1987–88: Wilfred Sharp
- 1988–89: Albert Berry
- 1989–90: Joseph Kneafsey
- 1990–91: Joseph Tolan
- 1991–92: Thomas J. McElroy
- 1992–93: William C. A. Carpenter
- 1993–94: Anthony D. J. Mazey
- 1994–95: Stephen J. Pearson
- 1995–96: Graham E. A. Reason
- 1996–97: Dawn Neal
- 1997: Susan Tucker
- 1997–98: Alan Worth
- 1998–99: Alan Worth
- 1999–2000: Graham Hall
- 2000–01: Peter Sephton Coles
- 2001–02: Chris O'Connor
- 2002–03: Patrick Phillips
- 2003–04: Mrs Geraldine Carter
- 2004–05: Olwen Jean Arlette Jennings
- 2005–06: John Williamson
- 2006–07: Colin Stout
- 2007–08: Martin Peel
- 2008–09: Conrad Winterburn
- 2009–10: Arshad Mahmood
- 2010: Ann McAllister
- 2010–11: Keith Watson
- 2011–12: Nader Fekri JP
- 2012–13: John Hardy
- 2013–14: Ann Martin
- 2014–15: Pat Allen
- 2015–16: Lisa Lambert
- 2016–17: Howard Blagbrough
- 2017–18: Ferman Ali
- 2018–19: Marcus Thompson
- 2019–20: Dot Foster
The largest ethnic group within Calderdale at the 2011 census was White British at 86.7%, down from 90.8% in 2001. The next largest ethnic group are Pakistanis, comprising 6.8% of the population (4.9% in 2001).
In 2019, those who were not born in the UK formed 8% of Calderdale's population.
Calderdale is part of the Calderdale Primary Care Trust, South West Yorkshire NHS Foundation Trust and Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust. The borough has two hospitals and one hospice. The main hospital (part of Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust) is the Calderdale Royal Hospital, located on the main route to Huddersfield in Salterhebble. It has specialist departments: Calderdale's A&E department and the Calderdale Birth Centre. The hospital was built and opened in 2001 on the site of the original Halifax General Hospital. After the new hospital opened, the Royal Halifax Infirmary closed and all services were transferred, as were services from Northowram Hospital. NHS Ambulance services are provided by the Yorkshire Ambulance Service from stations in Halifax, Brighouse and Todmorden. Overgate Hospice provides specialist palliative care for adults in Calderdale. Elland Hospital, Calderdale's only private hospital, is located by the Calderdale Way. Formerly BUPA Elland Independent Hospital, it is now owned and operated by Classic Hospitals.
Calderdale is served by West Yorkshire Police; whose Calderdale Division headquarters is at Halifax police station. Other police stations are located in Todmorden and at Brighouse, which reopened in 2009.
Fire and rescueEdit
West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue covers Calderdale and it has six fire stations in the borough. These are located at Brighouse, Elland, King Cross (Halifax Fire Station), Mytholmroyd, Illingworth, and Todmorden.
Calderdale Libraries provides services through 22 local library branches, including a central library in Halifax, and also offer a home library service and digital library service. In 2014, construction began on a new central library and archive building in Halifax, adjacent to the Piece Hall and the Square Chapel. The new Central Library and Archive officially opened in September 2017.
Freedom of the BoroughEdit
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Calderdale.
- "The Mayoralty". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
- Council, Calderdale Metropolitan Borough (28 November 2003). "Introduction: Search for your councillor: Calderdale Council". calderdale.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
- "Robin Tuddenham to take over as new Calderdale Council chief executive". Halifax Courier. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
- "Local statistics – Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
- "Local Authority population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
- "Poitical make up CMBC". Calderdale Council Gov. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
- "University Centre Calderdale". Archived from the original on 8 February 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
- "Ward profiles 2010". Calderdale Council. Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
- https://www.calderdale.gov.uk/v2/residents/health-and-social-care/joint-strategic-needs-assessment/calderdale-demographic-information#orientation-gr[bare URL]
- https://www.calderdale.gov.uk/v2/residents/health-and-social-care/joint-strategic-needs-assessment/calderdale-demographic-information#religion-belief[bare URL]
- https://www.migrationyorkshire.org.uk/userfiles/attachments/pages/664/calderdalelmp-summary-oct2019.pdf[bare URL]
- Choices, N. H. S. "Overview – Calderdale Royal Hospital – NHS Choices". www.nhs.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
- "Welcome to the Calderdale Neighbourhood Policing Homepage". Archived from the original on 10 May 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2009.
- "Brighouse station back in action". Telegraph and Argus. 29 July 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 March 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Libraries". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Central Library and Archive incorporating steeple and ruins of Square Road Church (Amended Plans) | Former Square Road Church Burial Grounds Square Road Halifax Calderdale" (13/00671/LAA). portal.calderdale.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Tour new central library and archive". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Take extra care while work underway". News Centre – Official news site of Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Our new Central Library opens – the next chapter!". News Centre – Official news site of Calderdale Council. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Freedom honour for Paralympian". BBC News. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
- Shaw, Martin (8 November 2019). "Gentleman Jack writer Sally Wainwright set to be given the Freedom of Calderdale". Huddersfield Examiner. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
- "Writer Sally Wainwright given freedom of Calderdale". BBC News. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
- "Regimental Freedom Scrolls". The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) – Regimental Association. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Calderdale.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale.|
- Calderdale Council website
- Calderdale College website
- From Weaver to Web, online visual archive of Calderdale history
- Listed buildings in Calderdale
- Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion
- (Twinned with Calderdale) County Mayo,Ireland