London Borough of Lewisham
Lewisham (// (listen)) is a London borough in South London, England and forms part of Inner London. The principal settlement of the borough is Lewisham. The local authority is Lewisham London Borough Council and it is based in Catford. Lewisham is also well known for its high school exclusion rates, in 2018 Lewisham had the 3rd highest school exclusion rates in the United Kingdom.
Lewisham shown within Greater London
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Created||1 April 1965|
|• Type||London borough council|
|• Body||Lewisham London Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Mayor & Cabinet (Labour)|
|• Executive mayor||Damien Egan (Labour)|
|• London Assembly||Len Duvall AM for Greenwich and Lewisham|
|• MPs||Ellie Reeves (Labour)|
Vicky Foxcroft (Labour)
Janet Daby (Labour)
|• EU Parliament||London|
|• Total||13.57 sq mi (35.15 km2)|
|Area rank||292nd (of 317)|
|• Rank||41st (of 317)|
|• Density||22,000/sq mi (8,600/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||41.5% White British|
1.9% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
10.1% Other White
3.1% White & Black Caribbean
1.3% White & Black African
1.1% White & Asian
1.9% Other Mixed
4.3% Other Asian
11.6% Black African
11.2% Black Caribbean
4.4% Other Black
|Time zone||UTC (GMT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (BST)|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Civic affairs
- 5 Politics
- 6 Education
- 7 Transport
- 8 Sport and leisure
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The borough was formed in 1965, by the London Government Act 1963, as an amalgamation of the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Lewisham and the Metropolitan Borough of Deptford, which had been created in 1900 as divisions of the County of London.
Minor boundary changes have occurred since its creation. The most significant amendments were made in 1996, when the former area of the Royal Docks in Deptford was transferred from the London Borough of Greenwich.
The borough is surrounded by the Royal Borough of Greenwich to the east, the London Borough of Bromley to the south and the London Borough of Southwark to the west. The River Thames forms a short section of northern boundary with the Isle of Dogs in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. Deptford Creek, Pool River, River Quaggy and River Ravensbourne pass through the borough. Major landmarks include All Saints Church in Blackheath, the Citibank Tower in Lewisham, Dietrich Bonhoeffer Church (Sydenham's German Church, technically located in Forest Hill) and the Horniman Museum in Forest Hill. Millwall F.C. are based in the borough, their stadium The Den being located in South Bermondsey.
According to the 2011 census, Lewisham has a population of 275,885, is 53% white and 47% BME, and 43% of households are owner-occupiers.
|White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller||208||0.1%|
|Asian or Asian British: Indian||3,487||1.4%||4,600||1.7%|
|Asian or Asian British: Pakistani||1,090||0.4%||1,596||0.6%|
|Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi||1,229||0.5%||1,388||0.5%|
|Asian or Asian British: Chinese||3,431||1.4%||6,164||2.2%|
|Asian or Asian British: Other Asian||3,644||1.4%||11,786||4.3%|
|Asian or Asian British: Total||12,881||5.2%||25,534||9.3%|
|Black or Black British: African||22,571||9.0%||32,025||11.6%|
|Black or Black British: Caribbean||30,543||12.3%||30,854||11.2%|
|Black or Black British: Other Black||5,146||2.1%||12,063||4.4%|
|Black or Black British: Total||58,260||23.4%||74,942||27.2%|
|Mixed: White and Black Caribbean||4,760||1.9%||8,539||3.1%|
|Mixed: White and Black African||1,599||0.6%||3,559||1.3%|
|Mixed: White and Asian||1,565||0.%||3,045||1.1%|
|Mixed: Other Mixed||2,475||1.0%||5,329||1.9%|
|Other: Any other ethnic group||3,284||1.3%||5,795||2.1%|
|Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total||84,824||34.2%||128,289||46.4%|
The motto of the borough is "Salus Populi Suprema Lex", which means (roughly translated) "The welfare of the people [is] the highest law."
The current interim Chief Executive is Janet Senior. The borough is administered by the four directorates of the council: Children and Young People, Community Services, Customer Services, and Resources & Regeneration.
Previous to that there they had their first black chief executive, but unfortunately they requested his removal within months of his arrival.
The borough is twinned with the following towns:
Freedom of the BoroughEdit
The honour of Freedom of the Borough has been awarded to:
- Alan Milner Smith, OBE, Town Clerk (9 December 1971)
- Frederick William Winslade, Esq., JP, appointed OBE for services to local government in Lewisham and Camberwell New Year Honours 1967 and CBE for services to local government in Lewisham Birthday Honours 1978(28 November 1975)
- Daisy Amelia Elizabeth Hurren (10 October 1985)
- Alfred Anderson Hawkins (30 March 1990)
- The Most Reverend Desmond Tutu (4 May 1990)
- Terry Waite, CBE (16 November 1992)
- The Reverend Sybil Theodora Phoenix, MBE, MS [Medal of Service, Co-operative Republic of Guyana] (8 March 1996)
- Dame Cicely Saunders, OM, DBE (10 March 2000)
- James Leslie Hicks ('Les') Eytle (8 June 2007)
- Dame Erica Pienaar (2013)
- Baroness (Doreen) Lawrence of Clarendon OBE, (2014)
- Dame Joan Ruddock (2016)
- Bridget Prentice (2016)
The London Borough of Lewisham is divided into 18 wards, first used in the 2002 elections, they are:
- Crofton Park
- Forest Hill
- Grove Park
- Lee Green
- Lewisham Central
- New Cross
- Perry Vale
- Rushey Green
- Telegraph Hill
Previously the borough was divided into 26 wards and 6 areas, used for elections from 1978 to 1998. Some of these former wards had the same names as the present wards, but their borders were different. When the wards were revised for 2002, some became larger, absorbing parts of other previous wards, the number of wards changed from 26 to 18. The previous wards and areas used from 1978 to 1998 were:
Lewisham North East
Lewisham North West
Lewisham South East
Lewisham South West
London Borough CouncilEdit
Lewisham's council, unlike most English councils, is led by a directly-elected mayor. The first mayoral election was in 2002 and was won by the Labour Party candidate, Steve Bullock, who was re-elected in 2006, 2010 and 2014. Following the 2018 council elections, there are 54 Labour Party councillors and none for other parties. The current mayor is Damien Egan.
These are the MPs who have represented constituencies covered by the borough since its formation in 1964. Note that constituencies change their boundaries over time, even where names remain the same.
|Heidi Alexander||Labour||Lewisham East||2010 – 2018|
|Christopher Chataway||Conservative||Lewisham North||1964–66|
|Janet Daby||Labour||Lewisham East||2018–present|
|James Dickens||Labour||Lewisham West||1966–70|
|Jim Dowd||Labour||Lewisham West||1992–2017|
|Vicky Foxcroft||Labour||Lewisham, Deptford||2015–present|
|John Selwyn Gummer||Conservative||Lewisham West||1970–74 (Feb)|
|Carol Johnson||Labour||Lewisham South||1964–74 (Feb)|
|Patrick McNair-Wilson||Conservative||Lewisham West||1964–66|
|John Maples||Conservative||Lewisham West||1983–92|
|Roland Moyle||Labour||Lewisham North
|1966–74 (Feb) |
|Colin Moynihan||Conservative||Lewisham East||1983–92|
|Bridget Prentice||Labour||Lewisham East||1992–2010|
|Christopher Price||Labour||Lewisham West||1974 (Feb)-79|
|Ellie Reeves||Labour||Lewisham West||2017–present|
|1964–74 (Feb) |
The London's Poverty Profile, a report by Trust for London and the New Policy Institute, found that 42% of 19 year olds in Lewisham lack level 3 qualifications. This is the 3rd worst rate out of 32 boroughs.
In 2018, Lewisham had the third highest rate of exclusions of pupils from secondary schools of any area in England.
Lewisham has a long tradition of providing Outdoor Environmental Education. The educational philanthropist Margaret McMillan, working in Deptford in the early decades of the century, is acknowledged as a pioneer of teaching out of doors. 
The East London Line (on the London Underground network) terminated at New Cross and New Cross Gate until December 2007. An extension to this line opened on 23 May 2010, serving Brockley, Honor Oak Park, Forest Hill, and Sydenham. This forms part of the London Overground network.
The South London Line runs along the extreme North West of the borough, at present there are no stations that are within the borough. There is a proposal for a new station at New Bermondsey providing a link to Clapham Junction.
- Deptford Bridge – on the border between Lewisham and Greenwich.
- Elverson Road – on the border between Lewisham and Greenwich.
There are no Tube stations in the borough, as the East London Line is now part of London Overground. However, Lewisham Council and Network Rail would like the Bakerloo line extended from Elephant & Castle to Lewisham and Hayes.
Quietway one links Lewisham to Greenwich and in toward central London
One Cycle Superhighways will operate through Lewisham in the future.
- CS4 – Will along Deptford's Evelyn Street (A200). Will operate between Greenwich and Tower Bridge. Construction will start in Summer 2019
- A2 from the border with Old Kent Road in the west to Kidbrooke in the east.
- A20 from New Cross to the border with Eltham in the east.
- A21 from Lewisham to the border with Bromley in the south.
- A202 from New Cross Gate to the border with Peckham in the west.
- A205 (South Circular Road) passes through the centre of the borough from the border with Dulwich in the west to Eltham in the east. Except for a short section in Lee as it approaches Eltham, it is purely a one-lane-each-way road.
Travel to workEdit
In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: train, 18.6% of all residents aged 16–74; driving a car or van, 11.2%; bus, minibus or coach, 11.2%; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 9.7%; on foot, 4.3%; work mainly at or from home, 2.8%; bicycle, 2.6%.
Sport and leisureEdit
Millwall Football Club was originally formed in 1885, in Millwall on the Isle of Dogs, East London. They retained the name, even though they moved across the river to New Cross, South London in 1910. In 1993 they moved to their current stadium, The Den which is in Bermondsey, but falls under the Borough of Lewisham. The Borough has a Non-League football club Lewisham Borough Football Club, who play at the Ladywell Arena, Catford.
- 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
- Vision of Britain Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine – Lewisham LB
- OPSI – The Greenwich and Lewisham (London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993
- "2011 Census Second Release December 2012" (PDF).
- "London's Poverty Profile". Trust for London. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
- "Lewisham: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- "KS006 - Ethnic group". NOMIS. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
- "Ethnic Group by measures". NOMIS. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- Supplement to the London Gazette 1 January 1967, p. 15
- Supplement to the London Gazette 3 June 1978, p. 6237
- "London's Poverty Profile". Trust for London. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
- Lewisham Counsil. "The Outdoor Education Handbook". Retrieved 22 July 2019.
- "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16–74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance.
- 2011 Census, Car or Van Availability (QS416EW)