London Borough of Sutton
The London Borough of Sutton (pronunciation (help·info)) is a London borough in South London, England and forms part of Outer London. It covers an area of 43 km2 (17 sq mi) and is the 80th largest local authority in England by population. It borders the London Borough of Croydon to the east, the London Borough of Merton to the north and the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames to the north-west; it also borders the Surrey boroughs of Epsom and Ewell and Reigate and Banstead to the west and south respectively. The local authority is Sutton London Borough Council. Its principal town is the eponymous Sutton.
London Borough of Sutton
Sutton shown within Greater London
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Created||1 April 1965|
|• Type||London borough council|
|• Body||Sutton London Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Liberal Democrat)|
|• Mayor||Councillor Jean Crossby|
|• London Assembly||Steve O'Connell (CON) AM for Croydon and Sutton|
|• MPs||Elliot Colburn (Conservative) |
Paul Scully (Conservative)
|• Total||16.93 sq mi (43.85 km2)|
|Area rank||274th (of 317)|
(2019 (Council Data))
|• Rank||91st (of 317)|
|• Density||12,000/sq mi (4,700/km2)|
|• Ethnicity  (2019)||62.6% White British|
1.7% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
8.9% Other White
1.7% White & Black Caribbean
0.6% White & Black African
1.5% White & Asian
1,2% Other Mixed
6.6% Other Asian
3% Black African
1.6% Black Caribbean
0.6% Other Black
|Time zone||UTC (GMT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (BST)|
The Borough has some of the schools with the best results in the country.
A Trust for London and New Policy Institute report noted that Sutton had the highest rate in London of pupils achieving 5 A* – C GCSEs. In December 2014 Sutton was described by a senior Government official as the most "normal place in Britain". In connection with this, the leader of Sutton Council described the borough as "quietly brilliant", and noted that 91% of residents say it is "a great place to live".
Low levels of recorded crime are a feature of the borough, being among the lowest in London. An Ipsos MORI poll in 2014 found that 97% of residents felt safe in the borough during the day, and 71% felt safe at night, a higher figure than in 2011.
The 2014 Family Hotspots Report, on the best places in England and Wales for families to live, placed three areas within the borough among the top 10 places in London. The areas were identified as postcodes SM1, SM2 (Sutton town) and SM3 (Cheam). A Rightmove study in 2015 found that Sutton was the fourth happiest borough in which to live out of 33 in London. It achieved the same placing in the 2016 survey.
In 2014, a survey by eMoov (Property Hot Spot Index) found Sutton to be the easiest place in the country in which to sell a property. It was shown in a national detailed Land Use Survey by the Office for National Statistics in 2005 that the London Borough of Sutton had the highest proportion of land taken up by gardens, 35.1%, of any district in England.
The borough was formed in 1965 by the merger of the Municipal Borough of Sutton and Cheam with the Municipal Borough of Beddington and Wallington and Carshalton Urban District which had all previously been part of Surrey.
The borough includes the areas:
- Bandon Hill
- Beddington Corner
- Carshalton Beeches
- Carshalton on the Hill
- Little Woodcote
- North Cheam
- St. Helier
- South Beddington
- Sutton (principal town)
- Sutton Common
- Sutton High Street (located within Sutton)
- The Wrythe
- Woodcote Green
- Worcester Park
Culture and leisureEdit
The London Borough of Sutton was once made up of rural villages, associated with feudal and royal estates. The "village feel" persists, and places in the borough such as Carshalton, Cheam and Belmont continue to be referred to as villages. The historic development of the borough is reflected in the number of heritage areas designated as conservation areas and as areas of special local character. Descriptions of a selection of the borough's cultural institutions and attractions are set out below.
The Charles Cryer Theatre, CarshaltonEdit
The Charles Cryer Studio Theatre is situated on the High Street (number 39) in Carshalton Village.  It was opened by His Royal Highness Prince Edward in 1991.  As well as drama and musicals, productions included comedy and dance. With material ranging from Shakespeare to Chekov to panto and children's favourites, the theatre's aim was to balance popularity with quality. The theatre also served as a concert venue for local bands and played host to the popular local Rockshot festival. The theatre is named after the man who led the campaign to open the Secombe Theatre, Sutton, listed below. In August 2016 Sutton Theatres Trust, which owned the theatre, went into administration and it closed. However, at a meeting in October 2018, the local council confirmed that the theatre would be brought back into use, following a successful bid to run the venue (on a 25-year lease) by Cryer Arts Ltd. The company plans a range of events, including music, film and theatre.
The Secombe Theatre, Sutton town centreEdit
The Secombe Theatre (named after Sir Harry Secombe) is in Cheam Road, adjacent to the Holiday Inn Hotel. The theatre was opened by Sir Harry, who lived in Sutton for over 30 years of his life.  The theatre was created out of a former Christian Scientist church building originally dating from 1937. The main auditorium seats 396 (or 343 if the orchestra pit is in use), and there is a large multi-purpose function room attached. The Secombe Theatre is operated in conjunction with the Charles Cryer Studio Theatre, named after the man who led the campaign to open the Secombe Theatre. (The Charles Cryer Theatre is in a converted hall in nearby Carshalton – see entry above). Productions at the Secombe have ranged in content from modern productions to new twists on older, more established plays. Some productions have been produced locally, while others have come as part of touring groups. From time to time comedians and musicians have appeared at the theatre.
In 2014, because of local council budget cuts, the venue was, along with its sister theatre, the Charles Cryer Theatre in Carshalton, identified by the Theatre Trust as one of 33 theatres in the country for inclusion on its "At Risk" register. The risk of closure spurred celebrity intervention in favour of the two theatres: writer, actor, comedian and BBC presenter Tim Vine, called on Sutton Council to reconsider its proposals. On 10 November 2014 the local council announced that four organisations submitting outline bids to take over the two theatres had been invited to submit full business cases by 12 December. The council worked with the Theatres Trust and Sutton Centre for Voluntary Services to help bidders through the bidding process. On 15 January 2015 the bid by the new "Sutton Theatres Trust" (STT) was given approval by the council's environment and neighbourhood committee to take over the theatres, thus saving them from closure. In August 2016 the Trust went into administration and the theatre closed permanently.
Carew Manor, BeddingtonEdit
Beddington Park is the location of Carew Manor which was the home of the Beddington branch of the Carew family. The Grade I listed great hall, which boasts a fine hammerbeam roof, survives from the Tudor house along with part of the early 18th-century orangery built around the orange trees planted by Sir Francis Carew in the 16th century and claimed to be the first in England. In the grounds is an early 18th-century Grade II* listed dovecote. Archaeologists have recently discovered a Tudor garden including a grotto at Carew Manor, believed to have been created by Sir Francis Carew in the 16th century. There are tours of the great hall organised by the London Borough of Sutton Museum & Heritage Service.
Church of St Mary the Virgin, Beddington, SuttonEdit
The Grade II* listed 14th-century flint parish church of St Mary's occupies a prominent position in Beddington Park, immediately south of what is now Carew Manor School and which was from the late Middle Ages the seat of the Carew family. It contains an organ screen by William Morris. The church is designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
- It has substantial amounts of fabric from the 14th and 15th centuries
- It was extensively restored and provided with an extremely elaborate and interesting mid-Victorian decorative scheme.
- It has monuments and other fixtures of importance from c. 1200 to the 20th century, including font and Carew tombs.
- The Morris and Co. organ is of special note, and the Last Judgment reredos is unusual.
The River Wandle is a 9 miles (14 km) long river which flows through four southwest London boroughs, including Sutton. It passes through Croydon, Sutton, Merton, and Wandsworth where it joins the River Thames. The river changed from being a mainly rural one lined with a scattering of watermills at the beginning of the 19th century to a heavily built-up one by the 1930s. In the second half of the 20th century the river changed again, as the local authorities made improvements to its visual appearance and restored it as a habitat for wildlife. Much of the River is accessible using the Wandle Trail, which passes through Sutton borough at Beddington, Hackbridge and Carshalton (including Grove Park in Carshalton Village).
Little Holland House, CarshaltonEdit
Little Holland House in Carshalton Beeches was the home of the artist Frank Dickinson (1874–1961). Dickinson's Arts and Crafts style interior was influenced by John Ruskin and textile designer and artist William Morris. The house contains many of his art works. Admission is free and the house is open 1.30–5.30pm the first Sunday of each month plus Bank Holiday Sundays and Mondays.
Sutton Library, Sutton town centreEdit
Sutton Library is situated close to the top of the town, near St Nicholas Church and the Holiday Inn Hotel, and is part of a complex which contains the Civic Offices, home of Sutton Borough Council, and the Sutton College of Liberal Arts. It is the largest library in the borough. Originally opened in 1975, it was extensively refurbished in 2004 to meet changing customer needs. It was the first public library to appoint a library writer-in-residence; the first to establish a CD and video lending library; and the first to offer a full public library service on Sundays. The library is arranged over four storeys, and the lending and reference facilities extend to a reader's lounge; café and shop; IT facilities; opportunities to listen to music; and a children's library themed around the world's environments.
Sutton Life Centre, SuttonEdit
The Sutton Life Centre is an £8 million community facility designed to improve life chances for younger people and encourage good citizenship. Its key feature – the lifezone – is a virtual street, a room with screens on all walls showing real-life scenes from Sutton's streets. It also has a library, a café, a climbing wall, and community, eco, sports, youth and media zones. It tries to encourage community engagement and involvement. It was opened on 27 October 2010 by Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg.
Honeywood Museum, CarshaltonEdit
Honeywood is a large house at the western end of Carshalton Ponds. At its earliest it dates from the 17th century but has been much extended and restored, particularly in the period 1896 to 1903 when a large Edwardian wing was added to the south side. It now houses the London Borough of Sutton's main Museum and has a local history collection, including objects that date back to the Bronze Age. The museum has recently been refurbished, reopening in May 2012 with enhanced features. Among others improvements, there are now expanded displays about the river Wandle and its influence on the life of the area, including an interactive map.
Arts Network SuttonEdit
Arts Network Sutton "promotes, champions, nurtures and acts as a voice for the arts" in the borough. Taking over from the former Sutton Arts Council, it was put in place in April 2014, and launched by the Mayor of Sutton in June. It co-ordinates the arts locally and works together with regional and national arts bodies, informs the local arts community about arts initiatives, seeks out funding for local projects and runs events.
Public art in Sutton town centreEdit
There are a number of examples of public art in Sutton town centre, ranging from building-height murals, to sculptures to an armillary. These are all fully described in the article on the town of Sutton itself. Of particular borough-wide note is one of the murals, which is in the form of a mosaic measuring 9 metres (30 feet) in height and 5 metres (16 feet approximately) in width, and covering the whole of a three-storey wall in the town square near the Waterstones bookshop. It was made from vitreous ceramic tesserae (small tiles made of glass and clay), and put in place in 1994. It was commissioned to celebrate Sutton's heritage, and shows several aspects of the borough's heritage and local history in a geometric pattern of nineteen panels. The centre-piece is the depiction of Henry VIII's palace at Nonsuch. Other panels depict armorial bearers from the old local families, as well as industrial and architectural heritage.
Whitehall Gallery, CheamEdit
Whitehall is a timber framed and weatherboarded house in the centre of Cheam village. It was originally built in about 1500 as a wattle and daub yeoman farmer's house but has been much extended. The external weatherboarded appearance dates from the 18th century. In the garden there is a medieval well which served an earlier building on the site. Now an historic house museum, the building features a period kitchen, and house details from the Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian eras. The museum temporarily closed in 2016 to allow for a £1.6m refurbishment of the building. It will reopen in 2017 with improved facilities.
Nonsuch Mansion, CheamEdit
Nonsuch Mansion is a Gothic revival mansion within Nonsuch Park. The service wing is occasionally open to the public. It is a popular place for wedding receptions, as it is available for hire. In medieval times it was part of the three thousand acre manor of Cuddington. The mansion was originally built in 1731–1743 by Joseph Thompson and later bought by Samuel Farmer in 1799. He employed Jeffry Wyattville to rebuild it in a Tudor Gothic style in 1802–1806. Farmer was succeeded by his grandson in 1838 under whom the gardens became famous. Nonsuch Mansion bears a resemblance in its design to the original design of Nonsuch Palace, whose construction was begun by King Henry VIII in the 16th century. Built within the north porch of the mansion is a block from the original Nonsuch Palace that bears an inscription which means "1543 Henry VIII in the 35th year of His reign."
Local council seat distribution as of May 2018:
The main local government of the borough is Sutton London Borough Council. The Council has had a Liberal Democrat administration since 1986. From 1965 to 1986 Conservatives administered the council. At the 2010 London local elections the Liberal Democrats returned 43 councillors, the Conservatives 11 and the Labour Party lost all of its seats on the Council.
At the 2018 local elections, three independents led by former Liberal Democrat councillor Nick Mattey won Beddington North ward after campaigning against the Council's controversial plans to build a waste incinerator as part of a contract with Viridor. The Liberal Democrats lost a further nine seats to the Conservatives. One seat in Nonsuch ward was decided by a coin toss, which was won by the Conservatives.
- National Politics
|Party||Member of Parliament||Constituency|
|Conservative||Paul Scully, replaced Paul Burstow in the 2015 General Election||Sutton and Cheam|
|Conservative||Elliot Colburn, replaced Lib Dem Tom Brake in the 2019 General Election||Carshalton and Wallington|
- London Assembly
As the London Assembly has eleven London-wide members from all four main parties, the borough shares its geographical London Assembly member with neighbouring Croydon, in its elections which began in 2000 and take place with the election of the Mayor of London, a Conservative Assembly member has gained a large majority (in other words it is arguably a safe seat). The current Assembly Member is Steve O'Connell, then a local councillor from Croydon, who was elected with an increased share of the vote of 43% following fellow conservative Andrew Pelling's time representing the area.
- European Parliament
The proportion of Black, Asian and ethnic minorities in general living in the borough has almost doubled each decade since 1991: in 2019 Council data put the non white population at 26.8%, and the total White population at 73.2%. White British is the largest ethnic group at 62.6; this is down 10% from the 2011 census. The Filipino community is the largest foreign-born population in Sutton, closely followed by the Sri-Lankan (Tamil) community.
|White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller||193||0.1%|
|Black or Black British: African||2,208||%||5,471||2.9%|
|Black or Black British: Caribbean||2,054||%||2,742||1.4%|
|Black or Black British: Other Black||339||%||907||0.5%|
|Black or Black British: Total||4,601||%||9,120||4.8%|
|Asian or Asian British: Indian||4,133||%||6,454||3.4%|
|Asian or Asian British: Pakistani||1,216||%||2,595||1.4%|
|Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi||578||%||1,183||0.6%|
|Asian or Asian British: Chinese||1,211||%||2,240||1.2%|
|Asian or Asian British: Other Asian||2,573||%||9,563||5.0%|
|Asian or Asian British: Total||9,711||%||22,035||8.2%|
|Mixed: White and Black Caribbean||1,205||%||2,298||1.2%|
|Mixed: White and Black African||358||%||838||0.4%|
|Mixed: White and Asian||1,274||%||2,286||1.2%|
|Mixed: Other Mixed||888||%||1,712||0.9%|
|Other: Any other ethnic group||1,380||%||1,432||0.8%|
|Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total||19,417||%||40,697||21.4%|
The London Borough of Sutton was one of the four "vanguard areas" selected in 2010 for the Government's Big Society initiative. Sutton was chosen because of its reputation for having a strong sense of community, its active voluntary sector and its track record of devolving power to its neighbourhoods.
Notable individuals closely associated with the borough:
- Tom Abbott, broadcaster for Golf Channel and NBC
- Martin Adams, BDO Darts World Champion
- Joan Armatrading, singer-songwriter & musician, lived in Sutton in the 1970s.
- Harry Aikines-Aryeetey, athlete, attended Greenshaw High School
- Terry and Jonathan Austen, micronation creators
- Ben Barnes, actor, attended Homefield Preparatory School.
- Jeff Beck, musician – rock guitarist: one of the three noted guitarists to have played with the Yardbirds (the other two being Eric Clapton and Jimmy Page).
- David Bellamy, broadcaster and botanist, attended Sutton Grammar School.
- Sally Bercow, wife of the current Speaker of the House of Commons, John Bercow.
- Johnny Borrell, guitarist, singer and frontman of the band Razorlight.
- Seb Brown, Sutton United goalkeeper, attended Cheam High School
- Paul Burstow, MP for Sutton and Cheam was born in Carshalton, and was educated at Carshalton College
- Angus Calder, writer, historian and academic
- Rob Davis, Lead Guitarist of Mud
- Lord Peter Ritchie Calder, author, journalist and academic
- Sir Nicholas Carew, sheriff of Surrey and Sussex, Master of the King's Horse, executed by Henry VIII
- Sir Francis Carew, grandson of the above, of Beddington Park, Elizabethan horticulturalist
- Noël Coward, actor and playwright lived in Lenham Road, Sutton until the age of six
- John Clinch, cricketer
- James Cracknell OBE, Olympic gold medallist in rowing
- Quentin Crisp, writer, author, raconteur
- Clark Datchler, lead singer of Johnny Hates Jazz
- Sir John Fellows(c. 1671–1724), of the South Sea Company
- Eddie George later Lord George (1938–2009) GBE DL, PC,(16 September 1938 – 18 April 2009), Governor of the Bank of England 1993–2003.
- Les Gray, lead vocalist of Mud
- Lord Hardwicke, (1690–1764) Lord Chancellor
- Darius Henderson, footballer
- Catherine Holman, actress
- James Hunt, Formula One winning racing driver.
- Penelope Keith, actress, and famous for her role in The Good Life, was born in Sutton.
- Ruth Kelly, former Labour Party member of parliament and Transport Secretary, attended Sutton High School.
- Rebecca Litchfield, photographer.
- Peter Loader, cricketer
- Bradley McIntosh, member of former chart topping band S Club 7, attended Greenshaw High School.
- Sir John Major KG CH, former Conservative Prime Minister
- Gary Mason, boxer
- Katie Melua, singer, songwriter, and musician
- David Mitchell (born 1980), cricketer
- Simon Conway Morris, palaeontologist, specifically research of Burgess Shale type fauna
- Dave Mount, drummer of Mud
- Joshua Pascoe, Played Ben Mitchell in Eastenders
- Peter Alfred Penfold, CMG, OBE, diplomat, attended Sutton Grammar School.
- Michael Reeves, writer and director of horror classic Witchfinder General
- Dr John Radcliffe, royal physician and MP see Radcliffe Camera, Radcliffe Infirmary and the Radcliffe Observatory
- Michael Reeves, film director and screenwriter, best known for the 1968 film Witchfinder General
- Sir Cliff Richard, singer and songwriter, attended Stanley Park Junior School
- Rebecca Romero, Olympic cycling champion
- Joanna Rowsell Shand, Olympic gold medallist in women's pursuit cycling
- Dora Russell (born Dora Black, 1894–1986), author, feminist and progressive campaigner, attended Sutton High School.
- Sir William Scawen, merchant who purchased Carshalton manor
- Sir Harry Secombe, singer, comedian and entertainer. Member of the Goon Show cast.
- Jack Simmons, historian
- Cardiacs, Tim Smith (Cardiacs) musician
- Alec Stewart OBE, cricketer
- Ian Stewart, co-founder of the Rolling Stones.
- Neil Sullivan, footballer
- Sarah Tullamore, actress and singer
- Tracey Ullman, stage and television actress, comedian, singer, dancer, director, author, and screenwriter, grew up in Hackbridge.
- Tim Vine, actor and comedian
- David Weir MBE, multi-Olympic gold medallist, Paralympic athlete
- Helen Young, BBC Weather Presenter and former BBC Weather Centre Manager
- Zacron, born Richard Drew, designer of the iconic Led Zeppelin III album cover.
The London Borough of Sutton has some schools at both primary and secondary levels which perform exceptionally well. Five of the state secondary schools are grammar schools.
- The Borough came top of the England GCSE league tables in 2011 on the key benchmark – the percentage of pupils achieving five good GCSEs (A* to C) including English and Mathematics. The national average for 2011 was 58.2%. The average for Sutton, at 74.7%, was more than 15% above this national average. Only three other local authorities achieved an average above 70%.
- In 2013 Sutton's secondary schools bucked the national trend and performed better than in 2012. 83.9% of pupils achieved five A* to C GCSE grades in subjects including Maths and English compared with 75.6% in 2012. Sutton's GCSE performance was second across all borough's in England (The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea was first).
- Sutton's primary schools were described as 'particularly impressive' by Ofsted in its December 2013 annual schools report 2012–2013. It ranked Sutton's primary schools at joint third in the country and joint first in London.
- In July 2016 it was announced that two schools in the borough had been named the best schools in the country in the Times Educational Supplement (TES) 2016 Awards. Stanley Park High School was named the "Best Secondary School" in the country. Limes College was named the best alternative provision school. TES described Stanley Park as having achieved "remarkable outcomes for its student body by focusing on igniting their passion for learning." The judges were "impressed by the creative, ambitious and supportive culture fostered at Stanley Park". Limes College was recognised as a place where young people are able to make a fresh start and build for the future, and where staff truly believe that every student can excel.
Schools in the borough were set to receive the fourth largest funding increase in the country in 2015/16.
In May 2014 it was announced that grammar schools in the borough planned to set aside a number of additional places specifically for Sutton borough pupils. Nonsuch High School for Girls and Sutton Grammar School for Boys had already agreed this new policy at the time of the announcement, while the other three grammar schools in the borough were set to follow suit.
Sutton College of Learning for Adults (SCOLA), originally named Sutton College of Liberal Arts, is a college offering over 1,000 part-time courses at its borough-wide centres. its main centres are in Sutton and Wallington.
The London Borough of Sutton is home to a number of notable environmental projects, including the following.
- BedZED (Beddington Zero Energy Development)
The acclaimed BedZED (Beddington Zero Energy Development) housing complex is located on London Road, SM6, about 500 yards north of Hackbridge mainline railway station. It uses a number of innovative technologies to enable it to operate with zero energy use. It was designed by the architect Bill Dunster to support a more sustainable lifestyle. The project was led by the Peabody Trust in partnership with Bill Dunster Architects, Ellis & Moore Consulting Engineers, BioRegional, Arup and the cost consultants Gardiner and Theobald.
The 99 homes, and 1,405 square metres of work space were built between 2000 and 2002. It is the UK's largest and first carbon-neutral eco-community. The buildings are constructed of materials that store heat during warm conditions and release heat at cooler times, and where possible, they have been built from natural, recycled or reclaimed materials. The first residents moved in (to the Helios Road part of the development) during March 2002.
BedZED receives power from a small-scale combined heat and power plant (CHP). In conventional energy generation, the heat that is produced as a by-product of generating electricity is lost. With CHP technology, this heat can be harnessed and put to use. At BedZED, the heat from the CHP provides hot water, which is distributed around the site via a district heating system of super-insulated pipes. Should residents or workers require a heating boost, each home or office has a domestic hot water tank that doubles as a radiator.
The CHP plant at BedZED is powered by off-cuts from tree surgery waste that would otherwise go to landfill. Wood is a carbon neutral fuel because the CO2 released when the wood is burned is equal to that absorbed by the tree as it grew.
The development has attracted wide interest and acclaim over the past decade since it was built, and, has won numerous awards. Among other examples of recognition, it was shortlisted for the Stirling Prize for architecture in October 2003, and won awards from the London Evening Standard and RIBA in 2002.
- Sutton Ecology Centre
The Sutton Ecology Centre is located in the Carshalton Village part of Sutton borough. The Grounds are a 1.3 hectare Local Nature Reserve and Site of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation, Grade 1. It is owned by Sutton Council and managed by the Council together with the Friends of Sutton Ecology Centre.
It is an area of mainly open space where visitors can find out about wildlife habitats, alternative energy, recycling, composting, and organic gardening. The centre's activities include running educational visits for schools and community groups, as well as events and volunteer days.
The history of the Ecology Centre is that the grounds were until the late eighties known as the "Lodgelands", named after the old gardens of The Lodge in Carshalton. They were used as a tree nursery until the early 1980s, when they became surplus to requirements. After a prolonged public debate, it was agreed in 1987 to preserve the area as an open space for public use.
- Carshalton Environmental Fair
The Environmental Fair is held in Carshalton Park on August Bank Holiday Monday. It features over 100 stalls and showcases local sustainability initiatives. It also includes music, performing art, poetry, children's activities, campaign groups, local craft, interactive demonstrations, and a farmers' market. Music is performed from three stages and across the genres from rock to folk. The main stage is a natural open-air amphitheatre. There is food and a bar with real ales. The fair attracts on average around 10,000 people. It is organised by EcoLocal with a team of volunteers.
- Sutton Community Farm
Sutton Community Farm, the only one of its kind in London, is located in the Wallington part of the borough. A not-for-profit social enterprise, it occupies a 7.5 acre small-holding of a type originally given to ex-servicemen following the First World War.
- Growing the green economy
The London Borough of Sutton has provided funding to grow the green economy by creating a low carbon cluster of green businesses. The project includes the establishment of a "Green Business Network", the provision of training, and the creation of employment opportunities for assessors, surveyors, designers and installers.
- Straw-bale café
The café in Manor Park, Sutton has a range of environmental features, in particular its straw-bale construction. It was built in 2010 using UK produced straw-bales and natural sustainable materials, a type of construction which means that the building could last for longer than 200 years. It was London's first energy-efficient building to use this method of construction.
St Helier Hospital (full title: St Helier Hospital and Queen Mary's Hospital for Children) in the London Borough of Merton and London Borough of Sutton is run by Epsom and St Helier University Hospitals NHS Trust along with Epsom Hospital. It is located next to the large St Helier estate and close to the major intersection known as Rosehill. The hospital offers a full range of hospital services including a 24-hour accident and emergency department. The site is also home to the South West Renal and Transplantation Service and the Queen Mary's Hospital for Children, a dedicated children's hospital. St Helier Hospital is a major teaching hospital for St George's, University of London, and is the second main teaching site for the clinical years of the medicine degrees outside of St George's Hospital.
Sutton has rail services to central London stations, including London Victoria, London Bridge and St Pancras International. Sutton borough has access to the London Underground with the Northern line in neighbouring Merton borough reachable by bus. The London Overground network, completed c. 2010, is 5 to 10 minutes away from Sutton at West Croydon station.
The Sutton & Mole Valley Lines railway route south from Sutton links the borough to Sussex and Surrey to the south, and to central London to the north, providing regular, direct services to stations including Clapham Junction, London Victoria, Dorking, Epsom, Horsham, Wimbledon and West Croydon. Also running through Sutton is the Sutton Loop Line which links St Albans and St Pancras International directly with the stations on the loop. The main station for all these services is Sutton railway station to the south of the town. The station is the largest and busiest in Sutton. Passenger rail services through Croydon are provided by Govia Thameslink Railway under the Southern and Thameslink brands.
A sizeable bus infrastructure which is part of the London Buses network operates from a main hub on the Sutton one-way system. Services are operated under contract by Abellio London, London General, London United, Metrobus and Quality Line. Route X26 is the longest route in London, operating from Croydon to Heathrow Airport via Kingston.
Sutton is linked into the national motorway network via the A217 and M25 orbital motorway at Junction 8. The M25 skirts the south of the borough, linking Sutton with other parts of London and the surrounding counties. The A24 passes through the north western part of the borough, through North Cheam and onto Epsom, Dorking, Horsham, Worthing, Bognor Regis and Chichester. This follows, in part, the course of Stane Street, an old Roman road linking London and Chichester. The A232 links Sutton with other towns in the borough, also the boroughs of Kingston, Croydon and Bromley.
Sutton is located about 15 miles (24 km) from both Heathrow Airport and Gatwick Airport. Heathrow is served by London Buses route X26 and Gatwick by the National Express Coaches A3 route, which stops outside Sutton railway station. Luton Airport, about 40 miles (64 km) to the north, is connected to Sutton by a direct train. Croydon Airport which was partly in the borough of Sutton served as London's main airport in the years prior to the second world war but closed in the 1950s.
Although hilly, Sutton is compact and has few major trunk roads running through it. It is on one of the National Cycle Network routes running around South London. The nearby North Downs to the south, part of which falls within the borough boundary, is an area of outstanding natural beauty popular with both on and off-road cyclists.
Travel to workEdit
In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 33.1% of all residents aged 16–74; train, 6.6%; bus, minibus or coach, 6.6%; on foot, 5.6%; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 3.9%; work mainly at or from home, 3.1%; passenger in a car or van, 2.0%; cycling 1.5%. Data from the 2011 Census states that the cycle mode share for people cycling to work had fallen from 2.1% since 2001.
Parks and open spacesEdit
In total, the London Borough of Sutton has 89 parks and open spaces within it boundaries, representing a total area of 1,500 acres (6.1 km2).
Varied in size and layout, green spaces range from the compact Manor Park in Sutton town centre and Sutton Green just to the north of Sutton town centre, through the medium-sized Grove Park, which forms a notable part of the Carshalton conservation area, to the large and historic Oaks Park in the south of the borough. In the west of the borough is the large Nonsuch Park.
Just to the north of Sutton town centre there is more extensive green space in the form of Sutton Common, which originally (until the beginning of the 19th century) encompassed the aforementioned Sutton Green. Today, a small portion of Sutton Common is given over to a major junior tennis facility. The common extends both to the east and west of Angel Hill. Slightly further in the opposite direction out of Sutton lie Banstead Common and Banstead Downs—these start a few hundred yards from the southern end of the town, and extend for an additional mile south in the direction of neighbouring Banstead.
Manor Park was created in 1914 on a site in the town centre opposite the police station. Its grounds include the Sutton War Memorial, which was added in 1921. A fountain was added in 1924. In 2010 its new café of straw-bale construction was London's first environmentally friendly building to use this building method.
Features of interest in the Victorian Grove Park include a white Portland stone bridge, known as the Leoni Bridge where Lower Pond meets the park. Upper Mill is recent reconstruction of a watermill that has existed here from Anglo-Saxon times. The cascade is near the footbridge towards the Stone Court corner of the park. The 1.5m fall is now ornamental in design and was reconstructed in the 1960s. Its original purpose was to create a head of water to power Upper Mill.
Oaks Park has a long history. It was substantially laid out for the Earl of Derby in the 1770s, but its villa dates back to around 1750 and is in that era's fashionable landscape style, with trees forming a perimeter screen and placed in artful clumps to suggest a natural landscape.
Nonsuch Park near Cheam in the west is the last surviving part of the Little Park of Nonsuch, a deer hunting park established by Henry VIII of England surrounding the former Nonsuch Palace. The name "Nonsuch" was given as, it was claimed, there was "none such place like it" in Europe.
List of parksEdit
The main parks in the borough are:
Local nature reservesEdit
- Anton Crescent Wetland has ponds, willow carr and reedbeds, and the ponds never dry out as the rock formation is Oxford Clay. The pools and mud provide a habitat for birds such as the green sandpiper and common snipe.
- Belmont Pastures is a long narrow triangle north of Belmont railway station. It is an old meadow which formerly belonged to Belmont Hospital.
- Cuddington Meadows is mainly chalk grassland with some scrub. Its most important feature is a variety of unusual flowering plants, including greater knapweed, lady's bedstraw and field scabious.
- Devonshire Avenue Nature Area is mainly neutral grassland, but it has areas of chalk grassland, scrub and trees. A notable species is the small blue butterfly, which is rare in the borough. Plants include the nationally scarce ivy broomrape, and kidney vetch and bird's-foot trefoil.
- Roundshaw Downs was in the 19th century an area of farmland, becoming in the first half of the twentieth Croydon Airport. Most of the site is a mixture of chalk and neutral grassland, but there is also some woodland. Areas of unimproved chalk grassland have species typical of this habitat such as common quaking grass, wild carrot and bird's-foot-trefoil. A grassland flower species is greater yellow rattle, which is nationally protected, and Sutton and Croydon are its national strongholds.
- Ruffett and Big Woods on the edge of the borough near Woodmansterne are the largest continuous area of woodland in the borough. Ruffett Wood is mainly sycamore, with some ash and hazel. It also has some plant species indicative of ancient woodland, such as bluebells. Big Wood has even more sycamore, as well as two large oaks and a stand of wood anemone. The site also has numerous bird species.
- Spencer Road Wetlands has since 1991 been managed by the London Wildlife Trust. The site has reed swamps with wetland vegetation, woodland, a sedge-bed and a pond. Insects include the twin-spotted wainscot and crescent moths, and there are birds such as grey heron, reed warbler and kingfishers.
- Sutton Ecology Centre Grounds is in Carshalton and owned by Sutton Council and managed by it and the Friends of Sutton Ecology Centre. Habitats include ponds, woodland, meadows, marshlands. There are also small demonstration gardens. In the south is the old course of the River Wandle, which in now dry most of the time, but still has yellow flag iris. Margaret's Pool has a number of species of dragonfly and damselfly, and the trees surrounding it are sycamore and ash.
- The Spinney, Carshalton, a small L shaped reserve, is a mixture of woodland and scrub, with the main trees being plane and elm. Breeding birds include dunnocks, wrens and blackbirds. Other animals include wood boring beetles and foxes.
- Wandle Valley Wetland has open water and seasonal pools, scrub and wet woodland. There are frogs, toads and newts, together with brown hawker dragonflies and birds including blackcaps and wrens.
- Wilderness Island, near Carshalton, is a 2.7 hectare island between two arms of the River Wandle and was once the site of a pleasure garden. It features a fish pond, woodland, and meadows. Trees include the black poplar, and there are birds such as the woodpecker, kingfisher and grebe. There is a variety of butterflies including the speckled wood and holly blue, and the rare hornet clearwing moth.
There are two historic lavender fields in the borough. One, at Oaks Way, Carshalton Beeches is a not-for-profit community project that manages three acres of lavender. The other, a 25-acre commercial site in Croydon Lane called Mayfield, is popular with tourists. It is located just within the Carshalton South and Clockhouse ward within the London Borough of Sutton. This area was once famous as the "Lavender Capital of the World". From the 18th to the early 20th centuries the North Downs of Surrey, with its chalky free-draining soil, ideal for lavender growing, were at the centre of worldwide production of lavender. It was a very prosperous part of the local agriculture. Blue fields could be seen all over Mitcham, Croydon, Wallington, Banstead, Carshalton and Sutton. The scale of the operation can be understood from the fact that the Daily News in 1914 was able to state:
At Carshalton Beeches in every direction the low hill sides of the farm beyond Beeches Halt are swept with the bloomy pastel tint of the lavender flowers.
Sports facilities and clubsEdit
Football club Sutton United F.C. are based in Sutton at Gander Green Lane and play in the National League. Sutton Common Rovers also share the ground with Sutton United. Carshalton has two football clubs: Carshalton Athletic F.C. (home ground at The War Memorial Sports Ground, Colston Avenue, and play in the Ryman League) and Carshalton FC (at Beddington Park).
Sutton Cricket Club is based in Cheam Road, Sutton, (entrance in Gander Green Lane.) The Club's 1st XI plays at the highest level of the sport available to it, the England & Wales Cricket Board's, 'Surrey Championship Premier Division.’
Mitcham Rugby Union Football Club plays out of Poulter Park in Carshalton, Wandle Valley ward. Mitcham RUFC play in the Surrey RFU Leagues. Poulter Park also boasts three Gaelic clubs that use Mitcham RUFC as a base for training and playing games Round Towers GAA, Senior Gaelic Football Club, Sean Treacy's Hurling Club and Croydon Camogie Club.
Rosehill boasts an ETTA premier level Table Tennis Club, Rosehill TTC who play in the Sutton & District League and the Thames Valley League.
At the Westcroft Leisure Centre, in Carshalton there are health and fitness facilities including two swimming pools, sports hall, squash court and fitness centre. There is also a children's play area called Kid's Kingdom. Westcroft is also home to Sutton Pumas basketball club.
In 2012 Westcroft underwent a major renovation costing £11 million, bringing improved swimming facilities, a dance studio and beauty treatment rooms. There are eight courts in the sports hall, providing facilities for activities including badminton, gymnastics, trampolining, basketball, football, netball and volleyball.
In addition, Carshalton Library moved to the Westcroft centre, as part of the renovation.
There are also two public basketball courts in the Rosehill district of Sutton borough.
The Sutton and Epsom Weightlifting Club meet at Sutton Arena near to St Hellier's Hospital to the North of Sutton.
Sutton has a temperate climate in common with most areas of Great Britain, it is similar to that of Greenwich in Inner London: its Köppen climate classification is Cfb. Its mean annual temperature of 9.6 °C is similar to that experienced throughout the Weald, and slightly cooler than nearby areas such as the Sussex coast and central London. Rainfall is considerably below England's average (1971–2000) level of 838 mm, and every month is drier overall than the England average.
In addition, there is a friendship link with:
- Tavernelle in Italy
The Sutton twin towns mural on a building in Sutton town centre is made up of individual paintings of all the twin towns. The building is at the junction of Sutton High Street and Sutton Court Road.
- "Population". London Borough of Sutton.
- "Overview of London boroughs | London's Poverty Profile". Londonspovertyprofile.org.uk. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- Evening Standard
- Sutton Press Office
- Sutton Council press release
- Council doc presenting results of Ipsos Mori poll
- "Family Hotspots Report 2014". Family Investments. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Super Sutton: Borough has most entries in top family places to live in London". Sutton Guardian. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Surrey Comet
- ITV News
- Telegraph Newspaper
- Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005 2011 census
- "What is the Big Society?". Sutton London Borough Council. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
- Borough Profile Archived 20 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Secombe Theatre, Charles Cryer Studio Theatre". Archived from the original on 5 March 2005. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Open House London 2014". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Over the footlights website, regarding the Secombe Centre Theatre" (PDF). Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- Hutchinson, David (12 August 2016). "Sutton theatres close amid financial crisis". The Stage. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "New use for the Charles Cryer Theatre revealed". Your Local Guardian.
- Council, Sutton (29 October 2018). "Agenda for Strategy and Resources Committee on Monday, 29th October, 2018, 7.30 pm".
- "Sir Harry Secombe". Explore Gower. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
- Theatre Trust website
- "Sadler's Wells Theatre" (PDF). Overthefootlights.co.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- "Secombe Theatre". UK Attraction. Archived from the original on 23 October 2007. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- Ian Youngs (18 September 2014). "Theatres Trust lists 33 historic theatres 'at risk'". BBC. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Comic legend Tim Vine takes to Twitter to call on Sutton Council to halt theatre closure plans". Sutton Guardian. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Four bids to take over Sutton's theatres invited to submit full business case". London Borough of Sutton Press Office. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
- "Dramatic rescue for Sutton's theatres as new 10-year takeover deal gets nod". Sutton Guardian. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- Beddington Place (Great Hall Only) – Sutton – Greater London – England. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
- Pigeon House to the North West of Beddington Place – Sutton – Greater London – England. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
- Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin, Sutton
- London Borough of Sutton
- "London Borough of Sutton Heritage, Little Holland House". Archived from the original on 24 July 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- London Borough of Sutton – Sutton Central Library Archived 29 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Sutton.gov.uk. Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
- "Sutton Life Centre" Archived 7 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine, sutton.gov.uk. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- "Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg officially opened Sutton Life Centre", Sutton Guardian, 27 October 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- "Honeywood Museum History". Friendsofhoneywood.co.uk. 1 December 1990. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- "Press Release". Arts Network Sutton. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
- Drostle and Turner fine tiles — Sutton Heritage page Archived 22 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Whitehall History
- Sutton Guardian 7 April 2016
- Friends of Nonsuch Archived 19 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- London Borough of Sutton article Archived 19 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- DoE list of buildings of special architectural or historical interest Archived 6 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Local elections 2018: Liberal Democrats remain in control of Sutton council". Evening Standard. 4 May 2018. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
- "KS006 - Ethnic group". NOMIS. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
- "Ethnic Group by measures". NOMIS. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- "Sutton: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- H.E. Malden (editor) (1912). "Parishes: Carshalton". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 29 November 2012.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Famous people that lived in your area – General Discussion – Digital Spy Forums". Forums.digitalspy.co.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- SUTTON TOPS GCSE LEAGUE TABLES (From Your Local Guardian). Yourlocalguardian.co.uk (31 January 2012). Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
- "LIVE: Sutton GCSE results day 2013 (From Sutton Guardian)". Suttonguardian.co.uk. 23 August 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- Anna Davis (23 January 2014). "GCSE league tables: One in three London pupils leave school without five good grades – Education – News – London Evening Standard". Standard.co.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- "Sutton's primary schools hailed as 'particularly impressive' by Ofsted (From Sutton Guardian)". Suttonguardian.co.uk. 2 January 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- Sutton Guardian
- Times Educational Supplement Archived 28 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- "Sutton schools to get £8m boost – fourth largest funding increase in the country (From Sutton Guardian)". Suttonguardian.co.uk. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- "Grammar schools to save places for Sutton pupils in landmark move (From Sutton Guardian)". Suttonguardian.co.uk. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- London Borough of Sutton – Sutton Ecology Centre Archived 3 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Sutton.gov.uk. Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
- "Sutton Ecology Centre Grounds". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 7 March 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
- "Map of Sutton Ecology Centre Grounds". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
- "Sutton Ecology Centre". Greenspace Information for Greater London. 2013. Archived from the original on 29 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
- "Carshalton Environmental Fair".
- Sutton Community Farm
- Institute for Sustainability
- "A new café made of straw! This exciting eco-friendly building is Manor Park Café". London Borough of Sutton. Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
- "Three little pigs and a straw house – is Sutton becoming a fairytale?". Sutton Guardian. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
- Epsom St Helier website
- Sutton National Rail
- Sutton Bus Map Transport for London
- "Areas to cycle in Sutton". 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2008.[dead link]
- "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16–74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey's longest part by distance.
- "Roads Task Force - Technical Note 4" (PDF). Transport for London. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- "The Oaks & Oaks Park, London Borough of Sutton". Archived from the original on 7 May 2008.
- Nonsuch: A Lost Tudor Palace, Philippa Glanville
- "Local Nature Reserves: Search results for Greater London". Natural England. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013.
- "Devonshire Avenue Nature Area LNR". London Borough of Sutton. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- "Roundshaw Downs LNR". London Borough of Sutton. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- Carshalton South and Clockhouse ward map
- "Mayfield Lavender". Archived from the original on 30 May 2008.
- Sutton Cricket Club
- "Mitcham Rugby Union Football Club". Archived from the original on 10 March 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
- Round Towers GAA, Senior Gaelic Football Club
- Sean Treacy's Hurling Club
- Croydon Camogie Club
- Rosehil TTC
- "L.B. Sutton – Westcroft Leisure Centre". Archived from the original on 1 May 2007.
- "Mean Temperature Annual Average". Met Office. 2001. Archived from the original on 28 August 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2007.
- "Met Office: averages 1971–2000". Met Office website. Met Office. 2007. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2007.
- (Rainfall data)
- (Pressure data)
Temperature and rainfall: 1961–1990 averages. Pressure averages: 1971–1988 averages.
Derived from the Global Historical Climatology Network (version 1).
- London Borough of Sutton Town Twinning page Archived 4 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- The Londonist
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to London Borough of Sutton.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for London/South_West.|