Order of the Companions of Honour

(Redirected from Companion of Honour)

The Order of the Companions of Honour is an order of the Commonwealth realms. It was founded on 4 June 1917 by King George V as a reward for outstanding achievements. It was founded on the same date as the Order of the British Empire.[1][2]

Order of the
Companions of Honour
Badge and ribbon of the order
Awarded by Charles III
TypeOrder
Established4 June 1917
MottoIn Action Faithful and in Honour Clear
EligibilityAll living citizens of the Commonwealth realms
CriteriaNationally important service
StatusCurrently constituted
FounderGeorge V
SovereignCharles III
GradesMember (CH)

Ribbon bar of the order

The order was originally intended to be conferred upon a limited number of persons for whom this special distinction seemed to be the most appropriate form of recognition, constituting an honour dissociated from either the acceptance of title or the classification of merit.[1] It is now described as being "awarded for having a major contribution to the arts, science, medicine, or government lasting over a long period of time".[3] The first recipients of the order were all decorated for "services in connection with the war" and were listed in The London Gazette.[4]

Composition edit

 
Lord Tweedsmuir, as Governor General of Canada, wearing the Order of the Companions of Honour badge around his neck

The order consists of the monarch of the Commonwealth realms, who is the Sovereign of the Order of the Companions of Honour, and a maximum of 65 members. Additionally, foreigners or Commonwealth citizens from outside the Commonwealth realms may be added as honorary members. Members are organised into a single class and are appointed by the monarch of the Commonwealth realms in their capacity as sovereign of the order. While membership of the order confers no title or precedence, those inducted into the order are entitled to use the post-nominal letters CH.

Appointments to the order are generally made on the advice of prime ministers of the Commonwealth realms.[2] For Canadians, the advice to the Sovereign can come from a variety of officials.[5] Originally, the order was limited to 50 ordinary members, but in 1943 it was enlarged to 65, with a quota of 45 members for the United Kingdom, seven for Australia, two each for New Zealand and South Africa, and nine for India, Burma, and the other British colonies. The quota numbers were altered in 1970 to 47 for the United Kingdom, seven for Australia, two for New Zealand, and nine for other Commonwealth realms. The quota was adjusted again in 1975 by adding two places to the New Zealand quota and reducing the nine for the other countries to seven.[6]

Whilst still able to nominate candidates to the order, the Cabinet of Australia has effectively stopped the allocation of this award to that country's citizens in preference to other Australian honours. The last Australian member, Doug Anthony, former Deputy Prime Minister of Australia, died on 20 December 2020.[7] Companions from other Commonwealth realms continue to be appointed, Dame Kiri Te Kanawa, a New Zealand soprano, was given the award in 2018 and Canadian author Margaret Atwood was given the award in 2019.

Sebastian Coe CH represented the Order at the 2023 Coronation.[8]

Insignia edit

The insignia of the order is in the form of an oval medallion, surmounted by a royal crown (but, until recently, surmounted by an imperial crown), and with a rectangular panel within, depicting on it an oak tree, a shield with the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom hanging from one branch, and, on the left, a mounted knight in armour. The insignia's blue border bears in gold letters the motto IN ACTION FAITHFUL AND IN HONOUR CLEAR, Alexander Pope's description (in iambic pentameter) in his Epistle to Mr Addison of James Craggs, later used on Craggs's monument in Westminster Abbey. Men wear the badge on a neck ribbon (red with golden border threads) and women on a bow at the left shoulder.

Current members edit

Member
number[n 1]
Name Post-nominals Current or former occupation Date of appointment Age
1 (267)   The Lord Tebbit CH, PC Politician 31 July 1987 92
2 (270)   The Lord Baker of Dorking CH, PC Politician 13 April 1992 89
3 (278)   The Lord King of Bridgwater CH, PC Politician 13 April 1992 90
4 (282)   Dame Janet Baker CH, DBE Opera singer 31 December 1993 90
5 (287)   The Lord Owen CH, PC Politician 11 June 1994 85
6 (289)   Sir David Attenborough OM, GCMG, CH, CVO, CBE, FRS, FSA, FRSA, FLS, FZS, FRSGS, FRSB Broadcaster; naturalist 30 December 1995 97
7 (291)   The Lord Hurd of Westwell CH, CBE, PC Politician 30 December 1995 93
8 (294)   David Hockney OM, CH Artist 14 June 1997 86
9 (296)   The Lord Heseltine CH, PC Politician 2 August 1997 90
10 (297)   The Lord Patten of Barnes KG, CH, PC Politician; former Governor of Hong Kong 31 December 1997 79
11 (299)   Sir John Major KG, CH, PC Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 31 December 1998 80
12 (300)   Bridget Riley CH, CBE Artist 31 December 1998 92
13 (305)   John de Chastelain CC, CMM, CH, CD Canadian Army officer; diplomat 31 December 1998 86
14 (317)   Dan McKenzie CH, FRS Geophysicist 14 June 2003 81
15 (318)   The Lord Hannay of Chiswick GCMG, CH Diplomat 14 June 2003 78
16 (320)   Dame Judi Dench CH, DBE Actress 11 June 2005 89
17 (321)   Sir Ian McKellen CH, CBE Actor 31 December 2007 84
18 (323)   The Lord Howard of Lympne CH, PC, KC Politician 11 June 2011 82
19 (324)   The Lord Young of Cookham CH, PC Politician 20 September 2012 82
20 (325)   The Lord Coe CH, KBE, Hon FRIBA Politician; athlete; organiser of 2012 Olympics 29 December 2012 67
21 (326)   Peter Higgs CH, FRS Physicist 29 December 2012 94
22 (327)   The Lord Strathclyde CH, PC Politician 7 January 2013 63
23 (328)   The Lord Campbell of Pittenweem CH, CBE, PC, KC Politician 15 June 2013 82
24 (329)   Sir Nicholas Serota CH Curator 15 June 2013 77
25 (331)   The Baroness O'Neill of Bengarve CH, CBE, FBA, FRS, FMedSci Philosopher 31 December 2013 82
26 (332)   Dame Maggie Smith CH, DBE Actress 14 June 2014 89
27 (333)   The Lord Clarke of Nottingham CH, PC, KC Politician 22 July 2014 83
28 (336)   Lady Mary Peters LG, CH, DBE, DStJ Athlete 1 January 2015 84
29 (339)   The Lord Woolf CH, PC, FBA, FMedSci Judge 12 June 2015 90
30 (341)   Sir Roy Strong CH, FRSL Art historian; museum director 1 January 2016 88
31 (343)   The Lord Smith of Kelvin KT, CH Businessman 11 June 2016 79
32 (344)   The Baroness Amos LG, CH, PC Politician; diplomat 11 June 2016 69
33 (345)   George Osborne CH Politician; former Chancellor of the Exchequer 4 August 2016 52
34 (347)   Sir Richard Eyre CH, CBE Director 31 December 2016 80
35 (348)   Dame Evelyn Glennie CH, DBE Musician 31 December 2016 58
36 (349)   Sir Alec Jeffreys CH, FRS Geneticist 31 December 2016 74
37 (353)   Sir Mark Elder CH, CBE Conductor 17 June 2017 76
38 (355)   Sir Paul McCartney CH, MBE Musician 17 June 2017 81
39 (356)   J. K. Rowling CH, OBE Author 17 June 2017 58
40 (357)   Dame Stephanie Shirley CH, DBE, FREng Entrepreneur; philanthropist 17 June 2017 90
41 (358)   Delia Smith CH, CBE Cook; author 17 June 2017 82
42 (359)   The Lord Stern of Brentford CH, FRS, FBA Economist 17 June 2017 77
43 (361)   The Lord Bragg CH, FRS, FBA, FRSL Broadcaster 30 December 2017 84
44 (362)   Lady Antonia Fraser CH, DBE, FRSL Author 30 December 2017 91
45 (363)   Margaret MacMillan OM, CC, CH Historian 30 December 2017 80
46 (364)   Richard Henderson CH, FRS, FMedSci Biologist 9 June 2018 78
47 (365)   Dame Kiri Te Kanawa ONZ, CH, DBE, AC Opera singer 9 June 2018 79
48 (366)   Margaret Atwood CC, OOnt, CH, FRSC, FRSL Author 29 December 2018 84
49 (367)   The Lord McLoughlin CH, PC Politician 10 September 2019 66
50 (368)   Sir Elton John CH, CBE Musician 28 December 2019 76
51 (369)   Sir Keith Thomas CH, FBA, FLSW, FRHistS Historian 28 December 2019 91
52 (370)   Sir Paul Smith CH, CBE, RDI Fashion designer 10 October 2020 77
53 (371)   Sir David Chipperfield CH, CBE, RA, RDI, RIBA Architect 31 December 2020 70
54 (372)   Sir Paul Nurse OM, CH, FRS, FMedSci, HonFREng, HonFBA, MAE Geneticist 31 December 2021 75
55 (373)   The Lord Field of Birkenhead CH, PC, DL Politician 31 December 2021 81
56 (374)   Sir Quentin Blake CH, CBE, FCSD, FRSL, RDI Illustrator 1 June 2022 91
57 (375)    Sir Salman Rushdie CH, FRSL Writer 1 June 2022 76
58 (376)   Dame Marina Warner CH, DBE, FRSL, FBA Writer 1 June 2022 77
59 (377)   Sir Michael Marmot CH, FRCP, FFPM, FMedSci, FBA Academic 31 December 2022 79
60 (378)   Sir Bill Cash CH Politician 9 June 2023 83
61 (379)    Sir John Bell GBE, CH, FMedSci, FREng Physician 16 June 2023 71
62 (380)   Ian McEwan CH, CBE, FRSA, FRSL Writer 16 June 2023 75
63 (381)   Dame Anna Wintour CH, DBE Media executive 16 June 2023 74
64 (382)   Dame Shirley Bassey CH, DBE Singer 29 December 2023 87
65 (-) Vacant following the death of The Lord Brooke of Sutton Mandeville, on 13 May 2023

Honorary members edit

Member number Name Post-nominals Occupation Date of appointment Age
1 (261)   Amartya Sen CH, FBA Economist 11 May 2000 90

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ The number shown in brackets is the individual's place in the wider sequence of appointment since the Order's inception.

References edit

  1. ^ a b "A New Order". The Times. 25 August 1917. p. 7.
  2. ^ a b "The Monarch of the Today > Queen Ann arbor to the new one w public > Honours > Companions of Honour". Royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
  3. ^ "The honours system: Types of honours and awards". UK Government. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  4. ^ "No. 30250". The London Gazette (Supplement). 24 August 1917. p. 8799.
  5. ^ McCreery, Christopher (2005a). The Canadian Honours System. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 100. ISBN 978-1-55002-554-5.
  6. ^ Rayment, Leigh. "Companions of Honour". Archived from the original on 26 September 2008. Retrieved 7 December 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  7. ^ Barbour, Lucy (20 December 2020). "Doug Anthony, former Nationals leader and deputy prime minister, dies aged 90". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
  8. ^ "Coronation order of service in full". BBC News. 5 May 2023. Retrieved 6 May 2023.