Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf

Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf (German: [ʃaʁˌlɔtn̩bʊʁk ˈvɪlmɐsdɔʁf] (listen)) is the fourth borough of Berlin, formed in an administrative reform with effect from 1 January 2001, by merging the former boroughs of Charlottenburg and Wilmersdorf.

Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Charlottenburg Town Hall
Flag of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Coat of arms of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Location of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf in Berlin
Berlin Bezirk Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf (labeled).svg
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is located in Germany
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is located in Berlin
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Coordinates: 52°30′N 13°17′E / 52.500°N 13.283°E / 52.500; 13.283Coordinates: 52°30′N 13°17′E / 52.500°N 13.283°E / 52.500; 13.283
CountryGermany
StateBerlin
CityBerlin
Founded2001
Subdivisions7 localities
Government
 • Borough mayorKirstin Bauch (Greens)
Area
 • Total64.72 km2 (24.99 sq mi)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[1]
 • Total341,392
 • Density5,300/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
10585, 10587, 10589, 10623, 10625, 10627, 10629, 10707, 10709, 10711, 10713, 10715, 10717, 10719, 10777, 13627, 14050, 14052, 14053, 14055, 14057, 14059, 14193, 14197, 14199
Dialling codes030
Vehicle registrationB
WebsiteOfficial homepage

OverviewEdit

Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf covers the western city centre of Berlin and the adjacent affluent suburbs. It borders on the Mitte borough in the east, on Tempelhof-Schöneberg in the southeast, Steglitz-Zehlendorf in the south, Spandau in the west and on Reinickendorf in the north. The district includes the inner city localities of Charlottenburg, Wilmersdorf and Halensee.

After World War II and the city's division by the Berlin Wall, the area around Kurfürstendamm and Bahnhof Zoo was the centre of former West Berlin, with the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church as its landmark. The Technical University of Berlin (Technische Universität Berlin), the Berlin University of the Arts (Universität der Künste), the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung), the Deutsche Oper Berlin as well as Charlottenburg Palace and the Olympic Stadium are also located in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf.

DemographicsEdit

As of 2012, the borough had a population of 326,354, of whom about 110,000 (34%) were of non-German origin. The largest ethnic minorities were Turks at 4%; Poles at 3.5%; Arabs, former Yugoslavians and Afro-Germans at 2.5% each; Russians at 1.5%; and Ukrainians and Iranians at 1.0% each.[2]

Percentage of the population with migration background[3]
Germans without migration background/Ethnic Germans 66% (209,700)
Germans with migration background/Foreigners 34 % (110,000)
- Middle Eastern/Muslim migration background (Turkey, Arab League, Iran etc.) 8% (25,500)
- former Soviet background (Russia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan etc.) 4.4% (14,000)
- Polish migration background 3.5% (11,000)
- Yugoslavian migration background 2.5% (7,500)
- Afro-German/African background 2.5% (7,500)
- Others (Greeks, Italians, East Asians etc.) 13.1% (44,500)

SubdivisionEdit

Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is divided into seven localities:

 
Subdivisions of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Locality
Area
(km2)
Inhabitants
31 December 2012
Density
(inhabitants/km2)
0401 Charlottenburg
10.6 121,926 11,502
0402 Wilmersdorf
7.16 95,164 13,291
0403 Schmargendorf
3.59 20,476 5,704
0404 Grunewald
22.3 11,703 525
0405 Westend
13.5 38,944 2,885
0406 Charlottenburg-Nord
6.2 73,057 11,783
0407 Halensee
1.27 12,759 10,046

The localities of Schmargendorf and Grunewald were part of the former Wilmersdorf borough until 2001. By resolution of 30 September 2004, the localities of Westend and Charlottenburg-Nord were created on the territory of the former Charlottenburg borough, like Halensee on the territory of the former Wilmersdorf borough.

PoliticsEdit

District councilEdit

The governing body of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is the district council (Bezirksverordnetenversammlung). It has responsibility for passing laws and electing the city government, including the mayor. The most recent district council election was held on 26 September 2021, and the results were as follows:

Party Lead candidate Votes % +/- Seats +/-
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne) Kirstin Bauch 42,720 24.7   4.9 15   3
Social Democratic Party (SPD) Heike Schmitt-Schmelz 38,058 22.0   3.1 14   1
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) Judith Stückler 37,883 21.9   0.3 13 ±0
Free Democratic Party (FDP) Stefanie Beckers 16,987 9.8   0.5 6 ±0
The Left (LINKE) Annetta Juckel 13,038 7.5   0.3 4 ±0
Alternative for Germany (AfD) Michael Seyfert 8,174 4.7   5.0 3   2
Tierschutzpartei 3,648 2.1 New 0 New
Volt Germany 3,245 1.9 New 0 New
Die PARTEI 2,681 1.5   0.0 0 ±0
dieBasis 2,531 1.5 New 0 New
Free Voters 1,294 0.7 New 0 New
Klimaliste 813 0.5 New 0 New
Pirate Party Germany 589 0.4   1.2 0 ±0
The Humanists 479 0.3 New 0 New
We are Berlin 430 0.2 New 0 New
Ecological Democratic Party 276 0.2 New 0 New
Liberal Conservative Reformers 136 0.1 New 0 New
Valid votes 173,082 99.2
Invalid votes 1,360 0.8
Total 174,442 100.0 55 ±0
Electorate/voter turnout 246,148 70.9   7.9
Source: Elections Berlin

District governmentEdit

The district mayor (Bezirksbürgermeister) is elected by the Bezirksverordnetenversammlung, and positions in the district government (Bezirksamt) are apportioned based on party strength. Kirstin Bauch of the Greens was elected mayor on 16 December 2021. Since the 2021 municipal elections, the composition of the district government is as follows:

Councillor Party Portfolio
Kirstin Bauch GRÜNE District Mayor
Finance, Staff and Economic Development
Heike Schmitt-Schmelz SPD Deputy Mayor
Education, Sport, Culture, Real Estate and IT
Oliver Schruoffeneger GRÜNE Order, Environment, Roads and Green Spaces
Fabian Schmitz-Grethlein SPD Urban Development
Arne Herz CDU Civil Service and Social Affairs
Detlef Wagner CDU Youth and Health
Source: Berlin.de

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is twinned with:[4]

EconomyEdit

 
Kurfürstendamm is one of the most famous avenues in Berlin

The borough's economy largely depends on retail trade, mainly in the City West area along Kurfürstendamm, Breitscheidplatz and Tauentzienstraße, with supra-local importance.

The Berliner Börse (Berlin Stock Exchange) is housed in the Ludwig-Erhard-Haus designed by Nicholas Grimshaw at Fasanenstraße 85 in Berlin-Charlottenburg near Bahnhof Zoologischer Garten

The Royal Porcelain Factory in Berlin (German: Königliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Berlin) (KPM) is also situated in Charlottenburg, near Berlin-Tiergarten Station

The Messe Berlin (Exhibition Grounds/Trade Fair Center) is situated in Berlin-Westend

Air Berlin had its headquarters in Building 2 of the Airport Bureau Center in Charlottenburg-Nord.[5][6] As of 2006 Air Berlin employed 1,200 employees at its headquarters.[7] Germania has its headquarters in Charlottenburg-Nord.[8]

EducationEdit

There are 74 schools in the city. There are 29,446 students attending these schools, 5,261 are foreigners.[9] Of the 12,993 students studies in 38 primary schools[10] while the number of students studying in the ymansiums is 9,617. In addition, there are 3 Hauptschule, 6 Realschule and 14 Gymnasium in the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf.

The district also has two universities, Technical University of Berlin[11] and Berlin University of the Arts.[12] In 2011, the Technical University of Berlin was named the 46th best university in the world in engineering and technology according to the QS World University Rankings.[13]

Higher educationEdit

Primary and secondary schoolsEdit

Weekend educationEdit

  • The Japanische Ergänzungsschule in Berlin e.V. (ベルリン日本語補習授業校 Berurin Nihongo Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a weekend Japanese supplementary school, is held at Halensee-Grundschule.[16]
  • Zentrale Schule für Japanisch Berlin e.V. (共益法人ベルリン中央学園補習授業校 Kyōeki Hōjin Berurin Chūō Gakuen Hoshū Jugyō Kō), another weekend Japanese supplementary school, is held at the Comenius-Schule[17] - Established April 1997.[18]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Einwohnerinnen und Einwohner im Land Berlin am 31. Dezember 2020" (PDF). Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg. February 2021.
  2. ^ "Seite wird geladen" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Seite wird geladen" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften". berlin.de (in German). Berlin. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  5. ^ "Contact Archived 2010-03-16 at the Wayback Machine." Air Berlin. Retrieved on 12 May 2009.
  6. ^ "Approach map Archived 2014-10-18 at the Wayback Machine." Air Berlin. Retrieved on 12 May 2009.
  7. ^ Schulz, Stefan. "Ein Kandidat geht auf Tuchfühlung." Die Welt. 2 March 2006. Retrieved on 22 October 2009. "Am Saatwinkler Damm ist das Unternehmen mit 1200 Mitarbeitern (insgesamt 2700 Mitarbeiter) einer der größten Arbeitgeber der Hauptstadt."
  8. ^ "Contact Archived 2010-04-18 at the Wayback Machine." Germania Airline. Retrieved on 12 October 2009.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". 29 September 2014. Archived from the original on 29 September 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Archived copy". 23 November 2013. Archived from the original on 23 November 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "TU Berlin: Kontakt". 29 April 2015. Archived from the original on 29 April 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  12. ^ "UdK Berlin Architektur | Studiengang Architektur". 8 August 2015. Archived from the original on 8 August 2015.
  13. ^ "QS World University Rankings - Topuniversities". www.topuniversities.com. Archived from the original on 12 January 2012.
  14. ^ "Comenius-Schule." City of Berlin. Retrieved on 6 April 2015. "Comenius-Schule Gieselerstr. 4 10713 Berlin–Wilmersdorf"
  15. ^ "Halensee-Grundschule." City of Berlin. Retrieved on 2 April 2015. "Halensee-Grundschule Joachim-Friedrich-Str. 35-36 10711 Berlin–Wilmersdorf"
  16. ^ "2014 年度" (Archive). Japanische Erganzungsschule in Berlin. Retrieved on 14 February 2015. "Japanische Ergänzungsschule in Berlin e.V. c/o Halensee - Grundschule Joachim - Friedrich - Str. 35/36 10711 Berlin"
  17. ^ "欧州の補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在" (). MEXT. Retrieved on 10 May 2014. "c/o Comenius-Schule Gieselerstr. 4, 10713 Berlin, GERMANY"
  18. ^ "Deutsch." Zentrale Schule fur Japanisch Berlin e.V.. Retrieved on 6 April 2015. "Die Zentrale Schule für Japanisch Berlin e.V. wurde im April 1997 als gemeinnütziger Verein durch eine Elterninitiative gegründet, um Kindern und Jugendlichen aus japanischen, deutschen und interkulturellen Familien die Möglichkeit zu geben, ihre japanischen Sprachkenntnisse in Wort und Schrift zu erhalten und weiter zu entwickeln."

External linksEdit