Rheingau-Taunus is a Kreis (district) in the west of Hesse, Germany. Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis is part of the Darmstadt region; its main administrative seat is Bad Schwalbach. Outposted sections of the local administration are located in Idstein and Rüdesheim am Rhein.
|• Total||811.11 km2 (313.17 sq mi)|
(31 December 2019)
|• Density||230/km2 (600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Vehicle registration||RÜD, SWA|
Neighbouring districts are the Hessian districts of Limburg-Weilburg, Hochtaunuskreis, Main-Taunus-Kreis, district-free Wiesbaden and Mainz-Bingen and Rhein-Lahn which are located in Rhineland-Palatinate.
The Untertaunus region was part of the Earldom of Katzenelnbogen. From 1816 onward, the whole area of the district became part of the Duchy of Nassau. After the 1866 Austro-Prussian war, Nassau was annexed by Prussia and formed the new province of Hesse-Nassau.
In 1867, the province was divided into districts. Therefore, the districts of Rheingau and Untertaunus were created.
After the Second World War and the creation of Hesse in 1946, these two districts remained unchanged. Only in 1977, because administrative borders were redreawn, the districs of Rheingau and Untertaunus merged and thus formed the Rheingau-Taunus district.
Recent district elections had the following results:
|Parties and voter communities||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union||35.3||21||35.8||22||39.8||24||39.1||28|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party||24.1||15||30.8||19||33.6||20||37.2||26|
|GRÜNE||Alliance '90/The Greens||11.2||7||18.9||12||10.3||6||10.0||7|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||6.8||4||5.0||3||6.1||4||6.5||5|
|DIE LINKE||The Left||3.2||2||2.3||1||—||—||—||—|
|FWG||Freie Wähler Gemeinschaft Rheingau-Taunus (Independent Voters Community)||6.0||4||7.2||4||7.5||5||4.5||3|
|AFD||Alternative for Germany||13.4||8||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|Voter turnout %||53.2||51.4||50.0||55.6|
Coat of armsEdit
The coat of arms combines the coat of arms of the two former districts - in the bottom right the Mainz wheel taken from the Rheingau district, in the top left the lion of Nassau from the former Untertaunuskreis.
- "Bevölkerungsstand am 31.12.2019". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). July 2020.
- Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt: Final result of district election (in German).
- Media related to Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website (in German)
- Rheingau Daily Photo Blog