Wimbledon is a National Rail, London Underground, and Tramlink station located on Wimbledon Bridge, Wimbledon in London, and is the only station in London that provides an interchange between the London Underground and Tramlink. The station serves as a junction for services from the Underground's District line and National Rail operators (South Western Railway and Thameslink), as well as Tramlink services. Some weekday peak services on the Thameslink route are provided by Southern. The station is in Travelcard Zone 3. It is 7 miles 19 chains (11.6 km) from London Waterloo on the South West Main Line.
|Local authority||London Borough of Merton|
|Managed by||South Western Railway|
|Number of platforms||11:|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|Tramlink annual boardings and alightings|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||1.336 million|
|– interchange||1.206 million|
|– interchange||1.151 million|
|– interchange||1.131 million|
|– interchange||1.076 million|
|21 May 1838||Opened (Wimbledon and Merton) with opening of the L&SWR main line|
|22 October 1855||Opened (W&CR to Croydon)|
|1 October 1868||Opened (TM&WR to Tooting)|
|21 November 1881||Resited on the opposite side of Wimbledon Bridge|
|3 June 1889||Opened (L&SWR/District to Putney)|
|1 June 1909||Renamed (Wimbledon)|
|7 July 1929||Opened (SR to South Merton)|
|2 June 1997||Closed (Railtrack to West Croydon)|
|30 May 2000||Reopened (Tramlink to Croydon)|
|London transport portal|
The station has 11 platforms. Platforms 1–4 are for London Underground, platforms 5 and 8 are for inner suburban South Western Railway services, platform 9 is for Thameslink and platforms 10a and 10b are for Tramlink. Platforms 6 and 7 are adjacent to the fast tracks intended for express and outer suburban South Western Railway services, but most of these services only call at Wimbledon during the Wimbledon Tennis Championships. Access to these platforms is via sliding gates through safety fencing installed in March 2014.
The first railway station in Wimbledon was opened on 21 May 1838, when the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) opened its line from its terminus at Nine Elms in Battersea to Woking. The original station was to the south of the current station on the opposite side of the Wimbledon Bridge.
On 22 October 1855, the Wimbledon and Croydon Railway (W&CR) opened the West Croydon to Wimbledon Line to West Croydon via Mitcham and on 1 October 1868 the Tooting, Merton and Wimbledon Railway (TM&WR) opened a line to Streatham via Tooting Junction (now just Tooting).
On 3 June 1889, the District Railway (DR, now London Underground's District line) opened the extension of its line from Putney Bridge, making Wimbledon station the new terminus of that branch and providing Wimbledon with a direct connection to the developing London Underground system. The station was rebuilt on its current site for the opening of this service.
District line steam-hauled services were replaced by electric services from 27 August 1905. Main line suburban services were gradually replaced by electric rolling stock either side of World War I although long-distance journeys continued to use steam traction until 1967.
The station was rebuilt again with its current Portland stone entrance building by the Southern Railway (SR, the post grouping successor to the L&SWR) in the late 1920s as part of the SR's construction of the line to Sutton. Parliamentary approval for this line had been obtained by the Wimbledon and Sutton Railway (W&SR) in 1910 but work had been delayed by World War I. From the W&SR's inception, the DR was a shareholder of the company and had rights to run trains over the line when built. In the 1920s, the London Electric Railway (LER, precursor of London Underground) planned, through its ownership of the DR, to use part of the route for an extension of the City and South London Railway (C&SLR, now the Northern line) to Sutton. The SR objected and an agreement was reached that enabled the C&SLR to extend as far as Morden in exchange for the LER giving up its rights over the W&SR route. The SR subsequently built the line, one of the last to be built in the London area. It opened on 7 July 1929 to South Merton and to Sutton on 5 January 1930.
On 2 June 1997, the West Croydon to Wimbledon Line was closed by Railtrack for conversion to operation as part of the Tramlink tram operations. Part of platform 10 was used for the single track terminus of Tramlink and rail tracks and infrastructure were replaced with those for the tram system. The new service opened on 30 May 2000. The other part of platform 10 was used as a terminus for Thameslink services. In 2015 platform 10 was split into two tram platforms, 10a and 10b, to allow higher frequency service on Tramlink.
Wimbledon station was also the haunt of a 'Railway Collection Dog'. Airedale Terrier "Laddie" was born in September 1948 and started work on Wimbledon Station in 1949, collecting donations on behalf of the Southern Railwaymen's Homes at Woking, via a box strapped to his back. He retired in 1956 having collected over £5,000 and spent the rest of his days with the residents at the Home. On his death in 1960 he was stuffed and returned to Wimbledon station. He continued to collect for the Homes, in a glass case situated on Platform 5, until 1990 when he retired once more and became part of the National Railway Collection.
Before 14 March 2011, there was a roundabout outside the main entrance to the station to allow for vehicles to drop off passengers. This made the approach to the station somewhat cramped and not ideal during busy times. On 14 March 2011, vehicle access to the station's forecourt was permanently removed and the approach to the station was completely repaved. This gave a much larger open space outside the station's entrance more ideal during busy times. These works were completed by June 2011 and the approach was hastily cleared in preparation for the Wimbledon Championships which would see a large increase in passengers passing through the station.
To increase the number of Tramlink services, a second platform was built in place of the former Thameslink bay platform track. In order for the work to be carried out, the service was suspended between Dundonald Road and Wimbledon from 13 July until November 2015. The new platform is called '10b' and opened on 2 November 2015. As a result, tram frequency increased from 8 per hour to 12 per hour from April 2016.
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- On 12 October 1972, a freight train ran into the rear of an electric multiple unit that was standing at platform 10. Twelve people were injured. The accident was due to inattentiveness by the driver of the freight train.
- On 6 November 2017, a passenger train formed of two Class 450 electric multiple units derailed near Wimbledon. Four people were injured; over 300 passengers were evacuated from the train.
Wimbledon station presents an unusual procedure with the Oyster card pay as you go electronic ticketing system. Ordinarily, London Underground and National Rail passengers with Oyster cards must "touch in" at the start of their journey and "touch out" at the end; those who fail to "touch out" will be charged the maximum possible fare from their starting point. However, Tramlink passengers starting a journey at Wimbledon, after passing through the entry gates, will not be able to "touch out" at the end of their tram journey, since tram stops provide no facility to do so; instead they must "touch in" a second time on the tram platform at Wimbledon, after passing through the ticket barrier, and the system will then recognise that no train or tube journey has been made.
A similar issue arises for passengers arriving at Wimbledon by tram. Normally tram users do not touch out, but at Wimbledon they must do so to leave the station; touching out at the regular turnstile accomplishes this. If, however, a passenger touches their card at a standalone Oyster reader (such as the one by the manual gates), the system will see this as starting a new journey rather than ending one, and will deduct a maximum fare from the card.
South Western Railway operates northbound services to London Waterloo and southbound services to Dorking, Richmond, Guildford, Cobham & Stoke D'Abernon, Hampton Court, Epsom, Shepperton, Chessington South and Woking. On Sundays only, services run to Basingstoke and Alton. On a less regular basis, Thameslink operate services to Luton, one via Tooting and the other via Morden South. There are two trains per hour via each route. In addition to these services, during peak times Southern operates services to London Bridge in the evening peak and Sutton in the morning peak. London Trams operates stopping tram services to Beckenham Junction and Elmers End serving other National Rail stations such as Mitcham Junction, West Croydon and East Croydon. On the London Underground District Line there are services to Barking, Tower Hill and Edgware Road.
If Crossrail 2 is built, new tunnels will be dug between Wimbledon and Raynes Park, calling at Wimbledon in tunnel and routing trains via Chelsea and central London to Hackney and beyond to either Alexandra Palace (in tunnel the whole way) or Hertford East (surfacing before Tottenham Hale, taking over the West Anglia Main Line north of there). This would provide another set of transport links for the area and direct services to Euston and King's Cross St Pancras.
- Wimbledon TMD – located a little to the north of the station, on the west side of the main line tracks.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures (2007–2017)" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
- "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 21 August 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
- "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2019. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
- "Tram Stop Usage 2009-10 (FOI)" (XLS). Tramlink annual passenger performance 2009-2010. Transport for London. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Tramlink numbers 2010-2011" (PDF). Tramlink annual passenger performance 2010-2011. Transport for London. 28 March 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- "Safety measures set to be installed at Wimbledon and Earlsfield stations to prevent people falling on tracks". Sutton & Croydon Guardian. 18 March 2014.
- Rose 1999
- Jackson 1966.
- "Wimbledon tram stop reopens with new platform". 2 November 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "Railway Collecting Dog: "Laddie". 1990-7629. Science Museum Group Collection Online". Science Museum Group. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
- "Transport for London: Wimbledon to Croydon tram link". Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Transport for London: Wimbledon tram stop reopens with new platform". Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- "Transport for London: Wimbledon Tram services increase by 50 per cent". Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- Glover, John (2001). Southern Electric. Hersham: Ian Allan Publishing. p. 138. ISBN 0-7110-2807-9.
- "South West Railways train derails near Wimbledon". BBC News. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- "Hundreds evacuated and four people injured after train derails near to Wimbledon". Independent Television News. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- "Oyster and National Rail » Wimbledon". www.oyster-rail.org.uk.
- http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/tramlink-user-guide.pdf[bare URL]
- "Detailled London transport map (track, depot, ...)". cartometro.com. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
- Jackson, Alan A. (December 1966). "The Wimbledon & Sutton Railway – A late arrival on the South London suburban scene" (PDF). The Railway Magazine: 675–680. Retrieved 7 May 2009.
- Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
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