Horsham railway station
Horsham railway station serves the town of Horsham in West Sussex, England. It is 37 miles 56 chains (60.7 km) down the line from London Bridge, measured via Redhill, on the Arun Valley Line and the Sutton & Mole Valley Lines, and train services are provided by Southern. Services on the Sutton & Mole Valley Line from London Victoria via Dorking terminate here, the others continue into the Arun Valley: a half-hourly service from London Victoria to Southampton Central or Portsmouth Harbour (alternating) and Bognor Regis. These trains usually divide here with the front (Southampton/Portsmouth) portion travelling fast (next stop Barnham) and the rear (Bognor Regis) half providing stopping services.
|Local authority||District of Horsham|
|Number of platforms||4|
|Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections|
from National Rail Enquiries
|Annual rail passenger usage*|
|– Interchange||0.141 million|
|Key dates||Opened 14 February 1848|
|National Rail – UK railway stations|
|* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Horsham from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.|
A new Thameslink service (TL5) entered service in March 2018, running from Horsham to Peterborough (via Redhill). This now connects London Bridge, Farringdon and Kings Cross St Pancras in central London, through north London, to Huntingdon and Peterborough.
Horsham would have been an important midway point in two of the original proposals for a London to Brighton railway via the Adur valley but in the event Sir John Rennie's proposed direct line through Three Bridges (in east Crawley) and Haywards Heath was given parliamentary approval. As a result, the original Horsham station was the terminus of a single track branch line from Three Bridges opened by the London Brighton and South Coast Railway (LBSCR) in February 1848.
Between 1859 and 1867, the station was enlarged on several occasions to coincide with the doubling of the branch line from Three Bridges; the extension of the railway from Horsham along the Arun Valley Line; the opening of new lines from Horsham to Shoreham via Steyning and from Christ's Hospital to Guildford. Finally, in 1867, a new route to Dorking, Leatherhead and thence to London, was opened. The station was again partially rebuilt and resignalled, with three signal boxes, in 1875.
The present station was built by the Southern Railway in the International Modern Style in 1938 to coincide with the electrification of the line. The building was designed by James Robb Scott and is grade II listed, see external links below. The lines to Guildford and Shoreham both fell victim to the Beeching Axe in the mid 1960s, the former being closed to passengers on 14 June 1965 and the latter on 7 March 1966.
In September 2011, the station frontage was closed to undergo extensive refurbishment work to the main ticket hall. It reopened late in 2012 with a new side entrance, internal lift access, relocated barriers and stairway, a new ticket office, and new information screens. The platforms received a rebuild of the roofing and refurbished waiting rooms. Previously, the building was shared with Henfield Hire, who vacated in order to give the floor space needed to create the new features and new ceiling and lights and so completing a complete reconfiguration of the layout.
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- On 9 January 1972, an engineers train overran signals and was in a rear-end collision with an electric multiple unit at the station. Fifteen people were injured. The crew of the engineers train had failed to check their brakes on departure from Three Bridges and thus failed to discover that the isolation cock between the two locomotives had not been opened.
- 2 trains per hour to London Victoria via Gatwick Airport
- 1 train per hour to London Victoria via Dorking, Epsom and Sutton.
- 2 trains per hour to Peterborough via Gatwick Airport and Stevenage
- 1 train per hour to Southampton Central, running fast to Barnham
- 1 train per hour to Portsmouth Harbour, running fast to Barnham
- 2 trains per hour to Bognor Regis, 1 stopping at all stations and 1 running semi-fast to Barnham.
There is no Saturday evening or Sunday service on the Dorking line, whilst the fast service via Crawley to and from Victoria drops to hourly in the late evening. On weekends, the Thameslink service to Peterborough runs only as far as London Bridge. Sundays see hourly services to both Victoria and London Bridge and to Bognor Regis.
From 10 December 2007, the service towards Portsmouth Harbour/Southampton Central and Bognor Regis now divides at this station and attaches here towards London Victoria via Gatwick Airport and East Croydon during off-peak hours, as part of the new West Coastway timetable.
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
Arun Valley Line
Arun Valley Line peak hours only
Arun Valley Line
Sutton & Mole Valley Lines
Mondays to Saturdays only
|Christ's Hospital||British Rail
Guildford to Horsham
|Christ's Hospital||British Rail
Motive power depotEdit
A small wooden motive power depot was built at the station in 1876. This was replaced by a brick-built ten-road semi-roundhouse together with a 46 ft (14 metre) turntable in 1880. This in turn was extended with a further eight-roads in 1900. In 1927 the Southern Railway installed a 55 ft (16.8 metre) turntable. This depot was closed in 1964.
Nearby is the type 13 signal box dating from 1938, which is also Grade II listed. It closed in 2005 when its controls were transferred to Three Bridges Integrated Electronic Control Centre.
New services from Horsham have been introduced to destinations north of central London from December 2018. The new timetable was originally proposed in May 2014, with services between Horsham and London Bridge extended to Peterborough via St Pancras International, Stevenage and St Neots.
- Turner, John Howard (1978). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 2 Establishment and Growth. Batsford. pp. 99–106, 111–2. ISBN 0-7134-1198-8.
- Turner, John Howard (1979). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 3 Completion and Maturity. Batsford. p. 67. ISBN 0-7134-1389-1.
- Moody, G. T. (1979) . Southern Electric 1909–1979 (Fifth ed.). Shepperton: Ian Allan Ltd. pp. 216–17. ISBN 0 7110 0924 4.
- GB eNRT 2015–16 Edition, Tables 183 & 186
- Turner (1979), p.66.
- Hawkins, Chris and Reeves, George. (1979). An historical survey of Southern sheds. Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 0-86093-020-3. p.45.
- Proposed Thameslink service pattern
- Train times and station information for Horsham railway station from National Rail
- Route Map and Timetable for Sutton & Mole Valley Line
- Route Map and Timetable for Arun Valley Lines
- Photos of the station and signal box together with English Heritage listing description
- Feature about the history of the station and signal box since 1834