South Northamptonshire is a district in Northamptonshire, England. Its council is based in the town of Towcester, first established as a settlement in Roman Britain. The population of the Local Authority District Council in 2011 was 85,189.
South Northamptonshire District
Shown within Northamptonshire
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|• Type||South Northamptonshire District Council|
|• Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|• MPs:||Chris Heaton-Harris,|
|• Total||244.8 sq mi (634.0 km2)|
|• Rank||Ranked 264th|
|• Density||370/sq mi (140/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (British Summer Time)|
|ONS code||34UG (ONS)|
The largest town in the district is Brackley, which had a population of 14,000 in 2008 followed by Towcester which has a population of nearly 10,000. Other significant settlements in size include Deanshanger, Bugbrooke, Roade, King's Sutton, Silverstone and Middleton Cheney. Many of the villages listed have populations exceeding 1000.[n 1]
Elevations and shapeEdit
The northern half of the district is generally higher than the south, reaching 192m northeast of the centre of Aston-le-Walls AOD and 182m on the road east of Culworth, a village which also rests on top of the ridge following the general WSW line of the county and of the district but except for this is north of the district. This ridge is part of the Jurassic Way.[n 2] Lower parts are at 85m AOD (above mean sea level) in the southwest corner[n 3] and 50 m (160 ft) AOD in the northeast.[n 4]
The district is shaped approximately like the Christian cross in an ENE orientation extending from its top at the southeast of Northampton and reaching to a north-south line south-by-southeast of Banbury, Oxfordshire. An additional arm near its foot reaches north through the large village of Chipping Warden to Upper Boddington.
Soil and geologyEdit
Land is taken up with for the most part with arable agriculture peppered by villages, however allows space for two towns of significant size. Supporting this  is a regular interspersion of two high fertility types of soil for most plants and crops: freely draining slightly acid but base-rich; and lime-rich loamy and clayey soils with impeded drainage soils, on a default (generally slightly lower) soil of slowly permeable seasonally wet slightly acid but base-rich loamy and clayey soils (of medium fertility). The district in terms of watercourses has sources and headwaters of the rivers Cherwell, Great Ouse and Nene.
Whittlewood Forest occupies a modest area for a forest and is broken up by fields (in the southern arm close to Milton Keynes which reaches to the Great Ouse) and this surrounds Whittlebury, the fields south of the upland village of Paulerspury on straight, Roman Watling Street which passes through the forest. This lies between Silverstone and Potterspury (also with a conservation area on Watling Street) or equally between Deanshanger and Towcester.
Demography and human geographyEdit
The growth in population between 2001 and 2007 was the third largest of all districts in the country and consisted of 35,700 households.
The district is notable for the proportion of and growth in detached houses, and the district was one of a tiny proportion to have seen a growth in the proportion of this type of home relative to other types between 2001 and 2011.
The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, and was a merger of the municipal borough of Brackley, along with Brackley Rural District, Towcester Rural District, and part of Northampton Rural District.
In March 2018, an independent report commissioned by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, proposed structural changes to local government in Northamptonshire. These changes would see the existing county council and district councils abolished and two new unitary authorities created in their place.  One authority would consist of the existing districts of Daventry, Northampton and South Northamptonshire and the other authority would consist of Corby, East Northamptonshire, Kettering and Wellingborough districts. 
Settlements and parishesEdit
For a county-wide list for Northamptonshire see List of places in Northamptonshire
- Abthorpe, Adstone, Ashton, Aston le Walls, Astrop, Aynho
- Blakesley, Blisworth, Boddington, Brackley, Bradden, Brafield-on-the-Green, Bugbrooke
- Caldecote, Castle Ashby, Chacombe, Charlton, Chipping Warden, Cogenhoe, Cold Higham, Cosgrove, Courteenhall, Croughton, Culworth
- Deanshanger, Denton
- Easton Neston, Edgcote, Evenley, Eydon
- Gayton, Grafton Regis, Grange Park, Greatworth, Greens Norton, Grimscote
- Hackleton, Harpole, Hartwell, Helmdon, Hinton-in-the-Hedges
- King's Sutton, Kislingbury
- Litchborough, Little Houghton
- Maidford, Marston St Lawrence, Middleton Cheney, Milton Malsor, Moreton Pinkney
- Nether Heyford, Newbottle
- Old Stratford, Overthorpe
- Pattishall, Paulerspury, Potterspury
- Radstone, Roade, Rothersthorpe
- Shutlanger, Silverstone, Slapton, Stoke Bruerne, Sulgrave, Syresham
- Thenford, Thorpe Mandeville, Tiffield, Towcester
- Upper Heyford
- Wappenham, Warkworth, Weedon Lois, Weston, Whiston, Whitfield, Whittlebury, Wicken, Woodend
- Yardley Gobion, Yardley Hastings
A picture of King's Sutton in 2000.
Notes and referencesEdit
- Such as Kislingbury, Potterspury and Yardley Gobion
- On the third main ridge of Oolitic limestone in Britain (other than the Cotswolds and the North York Moors)
- The border here in the southwest is the River Cherwell
- The border here in the northeast is the River Nene after it has flowed through Northampton
- "District population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
- South Northamptonshire Council (2009). "State of the Districts Economy in 2009" base on Office for National Statistics data. Towcester: SNC. p. 5.
- Ordnance Survey map for grid reference SP44
- National Soil Resources Institute - Cranfield University
- "A Vision of Britain - extensive local statistical data". Archived from the original on 2004-11-26. Retrieved 2008-01-19.
- South Northamptonshire Council (2008). The Way Ahead. Towcester: SNC. p. 3.
- 2011 Census interactive census map