Redcar and Cleveland
The borough of Redcar & Cleveland is a unitary authority area in the North East of England within the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire. The main settlements consists of Redcar, Saltburn-by-the-Sea, Guisborough, and small towns such as Brotton, Eston, Skelton and Loftus. It had a resident population of 135,200 in 2011.
Borough of Redcar & Cleveland
Redcar High Street
Shown within North Yorkshire and England
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North East England|
|City region||Tees Valley|
|Ceremonial County||North Yorkshire|
|• Type||Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council|
|• Leadership:||Mary Lanigan|
|• Executive:||Independent and Liberal Democrat coalition|
|• MPs:||Simon Clarke (C)|
Anna Turley (L)
|• Total||94.5 sq mi (244.8 km2)|
|• Rank||Ranked 162nd|
|• Density||1,400/sq mi (560/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (British Summer Time)|
|ONS code||00EE (ONS)|
It is represented in Parliament by Anna Turley (Labour) for the Redcar constituency and by Simon Clarke (Conservative Party) for the Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland constituency. The borough is a member of the Tees Valley city region. The borough borders the districts of Scarborough and Hambleton, and the unitary authority areas of Stockton-on-Tees, Middlesbrough and Hartlepool.
The district was created in 1974 as the borough of Langbaurgh, one of four districts of the new non-metropolitan county of Cleveland. It was formed from the Coatham, Kirkleatham, Ormesby, Redcar and South Bank wards of the County Borough of Teesside, along with Guisborough, Loftus, Saltburn and Marske-by-the-Sea, Eston Grange and Skelton and Brotton urban districts, from the North Riding of Yorkshire. The borough was named after the ancient Langbaurgh wapentake of Yorkshire. On 1 January 1988 the borough was renamed Langbaurgh-on-Tees.
Cleveland County was abolished on 1 April 1996, with its districts becoming unitary authority areas. At this time Langbaurgh-on-Tees was renamed Redcar and Cleveland. Cleveland County was a two-tier local authority, with the county council being superior to its four districts, of which Langbaurgh-on-Tees was one. Upon becoming a unitary authority, Langbaurgh-on-Tees (renamed Redcar and Cleveland) acquired all the full rights and duties as a county, whilst retaining the same boundaries as before.
Redcar and Cleveland Civic Centre is in the Leisure and Community Heart, in Redcar. The centre was opened in 2014 at a cost of £31 million. It contains civic and business facilities including a council chamber, mayor’s parlour, register services, meeting rooms, 44 business units, as well as sport and leisure facilities.
It replaces the previous civic centre in Teesville, which was demolished in 2012. Civic facilities were relocated, Inspire 2 Learn, formerly the Eston City Learning Centre, also in Teesville. The Mayor's office was temporarily relocated to Kirkleatham Museum, before also moving to Redcar. The Council also has offices in Redcar at Kirkleatham Street and in Guisborough.
The old town hall closure also provided an environmental boost as it was the authority's worst-performing building for carbon dioxide emissions.
This is a chart of trend of regional gross 'value added' of South Teesside at current basic prices by the Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added||Agriculture||Industry||Services|
^ includes hunting and forestry
^ includes energy and construction
^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
The main industry within the greater district of the town of Redcar is the Chemical Industry located close to Wilton village on the Chemical Industry Park known internationally as Wilton. The chemical companies are all members of the Northeast of England Process Industry Cluster (NEPIC).
The Wilton chemical site is owned by Singaporean utility company Sembcorp and companies operating there include SABIC who have recently built the world's largest low-density polyethylene plant (LDPE) and still operate an ethylene cracker. Lotte Chemicals are expanding both PTA and PET production. Huntsman manufacture polyurethane intermediates and Ensus have built Europe's largest bioethanol facility. Biffa Polymers now operate a polymer recycling plant that handles up to 30% of the UKs plastic milk bottles. While in support of Sembcorp, who built the UK's first wood-fired power station (Wilton 10), UK Wood Recycling Limited have a significant facility on the site providing waste wood to fuel Wilton 10.
The Teesside Steelworks operated Europe's second largest blast furnace. The majority of the steelworks (including the Redcar blast furnace, Redcar and South Bank coke ovens and the BOS plant at Lackenby) closed in 2015.
Coast and Country Housing LimitedEdit
Coast and Country is the largest social housing provider within Redcar and Cleveland. It took over the ownership and management of homes from Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council in July 2002. In addition to providing core housing services the company has also invested in independent living services, including the development of a new Telecare service in partnership with the Borough Council.
Local nature reservesEdit
The council maintains a number of Local nature reserves. These are Guisborough Branch Walkway, Flatts Lane Woodland Country Park and Rosecroft Wood, Loftus Wood, Whitecliff Wood, Clarksons Wood, Errington Wood and Eston Moor.
The composition of the council as of December 2017 is 
- "Table P07 2011 Census: Number of usual residents living in households and communal establishments, local authorities in England and Wales". 2011 Census, Population and Household Estimates for England and Wales. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- "Redcar civic centre and sports complex opens to the public". Middlesbrough Evening Gazette. 26 April 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Multi-million pound leisure centre opens its doors in Redcar". Northern Echo. 26 April 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Earlier town hall closure to save cash". The Northern Echo: Redcar News.
- McKenzie, Sandy (28 June 2012). "Redcar and Cleveland council leader hits out at party's 'hypocrisy'". gazettelive. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- "this is Redcar & Cleveland News". Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- "Regional Gross 'Value Added' of South Teesside" (PDF). Office for National Statistics. pp. 240–253.
- "UK Wood Recycling". www.ukwr.co.uk. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
- "Local Nature Reserves". Redcar and Cleveland Council. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "Redcar and Cleveland". Archived from the original on 7 December 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- "UK Youth Parliament Website".