Saltburn-by-the-Sea, commonly referred to as Saltburn, is a seaside town in the civil parish of Saltburn, Marske and New Marske, in the Redcar and Cleveland district, in North Yorkshire, England, 12 miles (19 km) south-east of Hartlepool and 5 miles (8 km) south-east of Redcar. It lies within the historic boundaries of the North Riding of Yorkshire. It had a population of 5,958 in 2011.[1]

Saltburn-by-the-Sea is located in North Yorkshire
Location within North Yorkshire
Population5,958 (2011 Census Ward)
OS grid referenceNZ663213
• London263.1 miles (423.4 km)
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSaltburn-by-the-Sea
Postcode districtTS12
Dialling code01287
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
54°34′58″N 0°58′24″W / 54.5828°N 0.9732°W / 54.5828; -0.9732

The development of Saltburn was driven by the discovery of ironstone in the Cleveland Hills and building of railways to transport the minerals.[2]



Saltburn was formerly in the parish of Brotton,[3] in 1894 Saltburn by the Sea became a separate civil parish, being formed from the part of Marske parish in Saltburn by the Sea Urban District,[4] Saltburn by the Sea Urban District was also formed in 1894, on 1 April 1932 the urban district was abolished to form Saltburn and Marske By the Sea Urban District,[5] on 1 April 1974 the parish was abolished to form "Saltburn and Marske by the Sea".[6] In 1961 the parish had a population of 5708.[7]

Old Saltburn

Old Saltburn

Old Saltburn is the original settlement, located in the Saltburn Gill. Records are scarce on its origins, but it was a centre for smugglers, and publican John Andrew is referred to as 'king of smugglers'.[8]

In 1856, the hamlet consisted of the Ship Inn and a row of houses, occupied by farmers and fishermen.[2] In the mid-18th century, authors Laurence Sterne and John Hall-Stevenson enjoyed racing chariots on the sands at Saltburn.[9]

Victorian era

"Saltburn-by-the-Sea, the gardens", c. 1890–1900

The Pease family of Darlington developed Middlesbrough as an industrial centre and, after discovery of iron stone, the Stockton & Darlington Railway and the West Hartlepool Harbour and Railway Company developed routes into East Cleveland.[2] By 1861, the S&DR reached Saltburn with the intention of continuing to Brotton, Skinningrove and Loftus;[2] but the WHH&RCo had already developed tracks in the area, leaving little point in extending the S&DR tracks further.[2]

In 1858, while walking along the coast path towards Old Saltburn to visit his brother Joseph in Marske-by-the-Sea, Henry Pease saw "a prophetic vision of a town arising on the cliff and the quiet, unfrequented and sheltered glen turned into a lovely garden".

The Pease family owned Middlesbrough Estate and had control of the S&DR, and agreed to develop Henry's vision by forming the Saltburn Improvement Company (SIC).[2] Land was purchased from the Earl of Zetland, and the company commissioned surveyor George Dickinson to lay out what became an interpretation of a gridiron street layout, although this was interrupted by the railway which ran through the site.[2] With as many houses as possible having sea views, the so-called "Jewel streets" along the seafront—Coral, Garnet, Ruby, Emerald, Pearl, Diamond and Amber Streets, said to be a legacy of Henry's vision, were additional to the grid pattern.

The Zetland, now an apartment building, formerly the historic Zetland Hotel

After securing the best positions for development by the SIC, money was raised for construction by selling plots to private developers and investors. Most buildings are constructed using 'Pease' brick, transported from Darlington by the S&DR, with the name Pease set into the brick. The jewel in Henry Pease's crown is said to have been The Zetland Hotel with a private platform, one of the world's earliest railway hotels.[2]

The parcel of land known as Clifton Villas was sold by the SIC in 1865 to William Morley from London who built the property, 'The Cottage' (now Teddy's Nook) on a site originally intended for three villas. The SIC stipulated in the deed of covenant that "any trees planted along Britannia Terrace (now Marine Parade) were not to exceed 1' 6" above the footpath" (46 cm) to preserve sea views for Britannia Terrace residents and visitors.

The Redcar to Saltburn Railway opened in 1861 as an extension of the Middlesbrough to Redcar Railway of 1846.[10] The line was extended to Whitby as part of the Whitby Redcar and Middlesbrough Union Railway.



The coastline at Saltburn lies practically east–west, and along much of it runs Marine Parade. To the east of the town is the imposing Hunt Cliff, topped by Warsett Hill at 166 metres (545 ft). Skelton Beck runs through the wooded Valley Gardens in Saltburn, then alongside Saltburn Miniature Railway before being joined by Saltburn Gill going under the A174 road bridge and entering the North Sea across the sandy beach. The A174 road number is now used for the Skelton/Brotton Bypass.


The Italian Gardens

A forest walk in the Valley Gardens gives access to the Italian Gardens and leads on to the railway viaduct. On the shore of Old Saltburn stands the Ship Inn, which dates to the 17th century. In the town there are plenty of Victorian buildings. There is also a thriving local theatre, The 53 Society, and a public library.

Cliff lift

Saltburn cliff lift

The Saltburn Cliff Lift is one of the world's oldest water-powered funiculars—the oldest being the Bom Jesus funicular in Braga, Portugal. After the opening of Saltburn Pier in 1869, it was concluded that the steep cliff walk was deterring people from walking from the town to the pier. After the company was taken over by Middlesbrough Estates in 1883, they discovered that the wooden Cliff Hoist had a number of rotten supports.[11]

The Saltburn tramway, as it is also known, was developed by Sir Richard Tangye's company, whose chief engineer was George Croydon Marks. The cliff tramway opened a year later and provided transport between the pier and the town. The railway is water-balanced and since 1924 the water pump has been electrically operated. The first major maintenance was carried out in 1998, when the main winding wheel was replaced and a new braking system was installed.[12]


Saltburn Pier

Saltburn's attractions include a Grade II* renovated pier, the only pleasure pier on the whole of the North East[13] and Yorkshire coast.

Miniature railway


The Saltburn Miniature Railway is a 15 in (381 mm) gauge railway that runs south from Cat Nab Station close to the beach, for about ½ mile inland to Forest Halt, where there is a woodland walk and the Italian Gardens.[14]

Public houses


As the town had been founded by Quakers, the SIC had a ban on public houses. Alcohol was served in the hotels and the bars attached to them, and in private members' clubs, which included; Ruby Street Social Club (formerly The British Legion; now demolished), Lune Street Social Club (Top Club), Milton Street Social Club (Bottom Club), The Red Lodge, The Conservative Club, Saltburn Golf Club, Saltburn Cricket, Tennis and Bowls Club and The Queens (known locally as The Swingdoors).

Saltburn's first public house (independent of an existing hotel) was The Victoria, opened on 8 December 1982.

Today the following public houses exist in Saltburn: Alexandra Vaults (known locally as Back Alex), The Victoria, The Marine, The Ship Inn, Vista Mar and The Hop and Vine (formerly Windsor's).

Teddy's Nook (The Cottage)


Teddy's Nook is a house built in 1862 by Henry Pease, a director of the Stockton and Darlington Railway,[15] for his own occupation. Pease was responsible for the foundation of the seaside resort and the sturdy sandstone house was first named The Cottage.[2]

Lillie LangtryThe Jersey Lily, stayed at the house at sometime between 1877 and 1880. She was often visited by Edward Prince of Wales (later Edward VII of the United Kingdom) who had a suite of rooms at the Zetland Hotel. The cottage, consequently, became known as Teddy's Nook.[16][17]

The Cottage was only one of four similar houses to be called Clifton Villas. The cottage was the family home of Audrey Collins, MBE, who served as Mayor of Saltburn and chair of the South Tees Health Authority. Middlesbrough's James Cook University Hospital has named a teaching unit in her name.[18]

Saltburn Valley Woods

Stepping stones, Skelton Beck

Locally known as Fairy Glen, the Saltburn Valley Woods run through Saltburn Beck. Places in these woods include the Stepping Stones and the Saltburn Viaduct.[19]


The old girls Grammar School (Now Earthbeat Centre)

Saltburn's only secondary school is Huntcliff School which was rebuilt during 2007–8, re-opening on 8 September 2008. The redundant 50-year-old school buildings were then demolished to allow the town's Junior and Infant schools to relocate to the same site in 2009 because the Junior and Infant schools used to be located in a different building, not in the campus area.

History of education


In the early 1900s the building where the Earthbeat Centre is now located was a girls grammar school,[20] and later a primary school until 2009.[21] "After many months of intensive renovation the former Saltburn School has now opened its doors to the public as the Earthbeat Centre."[22] The site is now the home of the Earthbeat Centre, with a fifty-year lease that began in 2015.[20]



Saltburn railway station is at the end of the Tees Valley Line from Middlesbrough and Darlington. Beyond Saltburn a mineral goods line continues across Saltburn Viaduct and the edge of Hunt Cliff to the potash mine at nearby Boulby.

There are now only three buses an hour to Redcar and Middlesbrough and two an hour to Loftus and Whitby. There was an infrequent direct bus service to Guisborough and Stokesley, Monday to Friday only, but this was withdrawn in January 2023.New Services(1 and 2) were introduced in 2023. These run every seven minutes but are little used as the routes seem to suit very few people.


Saltburn Golf Club

Sports played in Saltburn include cricket, bowls and tennis also played at the Club in Marske Mill Lane. The club has existed for over 100 years and is nearly as old as the town itself. New facilities were provided in 2002 with financial help from the Lottery. The Saltburn Cricket Club play in the NYSD league.

The North Riding Duck Race is held each year on 1 August to celebrate Yorkshire Day.[23] The winner receives the Colin Holt Cup, named in honour of the late Colin Holt, for many years the Chairman of the Yorkshire Ridings Society. A prize is given also for the duck with the most original name.

The coastline is known for national surfing events held during the autumn and winter months, attracting competitors from England, Scotland and Wales.[24][25]

Culture and events


Annual events include the Saltburn Custom Classic Car Show—a lower prom display of mostly American cars—and the Saltburn Festival of Folk Music, Dance and Song.[26]

Notable people


See also



  1. ^ "Redcar and Cleveland ward population 2011". Archived from the original on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Saltburn draft conservation area appraisal" (PDF). Redcar & Cleveland. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
  3. ^ "History of Saltburn by the Sea, in Redcar and Cleveland and North Riding". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 13 June 2024.
  4. ^ "Guisborough Registration District". UKBMD. Retrieved 13 June 2024.
  5. ^ "Relationships and changes Saltburn By the Sea UD through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 13 June 2024.
  6. ^ "Cleveland Registration District". UKBMD. Retrieved 13 June 2024.
  7. ^ "Population statistics Saltburn By the Sea PA/CP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 13 June 2024.
  8. ^ "Saltburn's hidden tunnels?". BBC. 13 November 2008. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  9. ^ Sidney Lee, Stevenson, John Hall- in Dictionary of National Biography (1885–1900), vol. 54
  10. ^ Ellison, M.H. "North Eastern Railway Association". Newcastle University. Archived from the original on 27 March 2009.
  11. ^ Paul Delplanque (4 January 2010). "Saltburn Cliff Lift...Then and Now". Gazette Live. Evening Gazette. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  12. ^ "Saltburn Cliff Lift". BBC Tees. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  13. ^ Welford, Mark (16 April 2009). "Saltburn pier named best in Britain" (Newspaper). Gazette Live. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  14. ^ Green, Hayley. "Miniature steam railway, Saltburn-by-the-Sea". Geograph Project. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
  15. ^ "Robinson's Railway Directory" (PDF). 1841.
  16. ^ Dent, Karen. "Businessman with a talent for giving something back". Retrieved 14 September 2009.
  17. ^ "Shopping". Archived from the original on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
  18. ^ "Zebrahosts News". 22 August 2008. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2009.
  19. ^ Institution of Civil Engineers, London [from old catalog (n.d.). Minutes of proceedings. New York Public Library. London.
  20. ^ a b "Home". Earthbeat Centre. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  21. ^ "Saltburn Primary kids move into new campus". Gazette Live. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  22. ^ "Earthbeat Centre". earthbeat-theatre. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  23. ^ "Celebrating Yorkshire Day". Redcar and Cleveland Council. 27 July 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
  24. ^ "Surf's up in Saltburn". The Northern Echo. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  25. ^ "10 of the UK's best surfing and boarding beaches, chosen by readers". The Guardian. 10 June 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  26. ^ "Saltburn Festival of Folk Music, Dance and Song". Saltburn Folk Festival. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  27. ^ Passant, Andy (17 June 2014). "How grandson of Charles Darwin came to Teesside and left to fight in First World War". Gazette Live. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  28. ^ "Profile at Bluebird Supporters Club". Archived from the original on 11 May 2009. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
  29. ^ Hann, Michael (22 April 2015). "David Coverdale: 'I amplify who I am 10 times when I'm on stage'". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  30. ^ "Biographical Data – Nicholas J. M. Patrick". NASA. January 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2010.
  31. ^ Glanville, Brian (20 April 2004). "Obituary: George Hardwick". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  32. ^ "Profile on Boro boss Tony Mowbray". 26 June 2010. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  33. ^ "City Diary: Ex-York City star Graeme Murty back in Rangers hot-seat – but not enjoying it!". York Press. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  34. ^ Brown, Mike (18 November 2018). "The incredible story of the Saltburn lass who discovered a planet". gazettelive. Retrieved 24 December 2019.