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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North East England|
|Established||2011 (as a Local enterprise partnership)|
|Administrative HQ||Thornaby-on-Tees |
|• Type||Combined authority|
Local enterprise partnership
|• Body||Tees Valley Combined Authority|
Tees Valley Unlimited
|• Mayor||Ben Houchen, (Conservative)|
|• Total||306.93 sq mi (794.95 km2)|
|• Density||2,300/sq mi (880/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (British Summer Time)|
It is administered by the Tees Valley Combined Authority which consists of five unitary authorities: Darlington, Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland and Stockton-on-Tees. Previously, the County Borough of Teesside was created for the area of Teesside in 1968. In 1974, this was replaced by the county of Cleveland which was then abolished in 1996. The five borough councils then established a combined authority in 2016 after a public consultation in 2015.
Middlesbrough is the smallest of the five Tees Valley districts at only 20.8 square miles and a district population of 138,400. However, it has the largest built-up area with an urban population of 174,000. Stockton-on-Tees is the largest Borough with a population of 194,000.
The Tees Valley region does not have city status granted by the Crown. There are two central towns of Middlesbrough and Stockton-on-Tees with Hartlepool, Redcar and Darlington also having boroughs. The Teesside conurbation excludes Darlington.
In common usage, the terms "Tees Valley", "Teesdale" ( west of the Valley), "Teesside" (urban areas) and "Cleveland" (east of the valley) are usually used interchangeably with each term more common than the others in the west of the valley, urban areas and east of the valley, respectively.
Archaically, the southern area was known as the Langbaurgh Wapentake given its name from Langbaugh which was close to the southern original meeting point for governance. Norton was the main north valley town. Middlesbrough and Stockton have since taken over from Langbaurgh and Norton.
The official region consists of the following 5 unitary authorities, each governed by a council:
|Redcar and Cleveland||135,042||94.5||551|
Tees Valley is divided into seven and a part UK parliamentary borough constituencies, formed from the combined area of wards. Stockton is the only borough covered by two whole constituencies with all others holding one and a part except Hartlepool with one:
Four constituencies are held by the Conservative Party after the 2019 general election, up by three since the 2017 general election. Labour hold the other three. Sedgefield's partial seat is also represented by a Conservative MP, as of the 2019 election.
Tees Valley is under the strategic local governance of a combined authority. The headquarters of the TVCA are at Cavendish House in Thornaby-On-Tees. Voters in the region covered by the Authority, announced in October 2015, directly elected their first regional Mayor in 2017.
The Mayor of Tees Valley is a directly elected politician who, along with the Combined Authority, is responsible for the strategic government of Tees Valley. There are other mayors for the boroughs of Middlesbrough and Stockton-on-Tees. Hartlepool also had a Mayor from 2002 to 2013.
The current, overarching, Tees Valley Mayor is Ben Houchen. His work is scrutinised by the elected TVCA, which may amend his annual budget (by two-thirds majority) but otherwise lacks the power to block his directives. The Mayor is responsible for Tees Valley's strategic planning and is required to produce or amend a plan for each electoral cycle.
They are four NHS trust foundations and seven hospitals in the region:
- North Tees and Hartlepool NHS Foundation Trust
- South Tees Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
- Tees, Esk and Wear Valleys Foundation NHS Trust
- County Durham and Darlington NHS Foundation Trust
Independent hospitals include:
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Tees Valley at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics.
- ^ includes hunting and forestry
- ^ includes energy and construction
- ^ includes Financial Intermediation Services Indirectly Measured
- ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
The Tees Valley Enterprise Zone is an enterprise zone which encourages industrial development. It was initiated by the local enterprise partnership Tees Valley Unlimited and its creation was announced by the government in 2011. At its launch, the zone contained 12 sites. Four of these sites offer enhanced capital allowances, aimed at large manufacturers. These sites are Wilton International and South Bank Wharf, both in Redcar and Cleveland, Port Estates in Hartlepool and New Energy and Technology Park in Billingham, Stockton-on-Tees. The remaining sites offer reduced business rates. In March 2015 the government announced that a thirteenth site is to be added, South Bank Wharf Prairie, aimed at oil and gas decommissioning business.
Teesport is on the River Tees and is currently the third largest port in the United Kingdom, and amongst the ten biggest in Western Europe. This port handles over 56 million tonnes of goods per annum which are mainly associated with the local petrochemical, chemical and steel processing industries. The port is an important piece of logistical infrastructure for the NEPIC cluster of process companies.
|A1(M)||West of Darlington||A motorway standard stretch of the A1|
|A19||South for the rest of Yorkshire and North to Tyne and Wear.||Between Stockton & Middlesbrough, then Stockton & Hartlepool, as aproxoximate borough borders.|
|A66||Most of Tees Valley is served, terminating between Middlesbrough and Redcar, linking to Hartlepool via the A19, running to the west coast of England.||The road is motorway standard around Darlington.|
|A67||Darlington to Stockton||It is the main road for the airport, running adjacent to the railway, and was previously designated as the A66 from Darlington to Eaglescliffe and A19, Eaglescliffe southwards through Yarm.|
|A68||Darlington to Edinburgh||Runs west of Darlington.|
|A135 (Yarm Road)||Stockton-on-Tees||Egglescliffe|
|A171||A66 as Cargo Fleet Lane||Scarborough||Until the road goes out of the region, it is also known as: Sunnyfields, Orchard Way, Ormesby Bank, Middlesbrough Road, Whitby Road, Fancy Bank, Birk Brow Road & Fancy Bank|
|A172||A66 as Marton Road, Middlesbrough||A19 as Stocking Hill||also known as Stokesley Road, Pannierman Lane & Dixons Bank|
|A173||A172 (Middlesbrough)||Skelton-in-Cleveland||Also known as Church Lane & Skelton Ellers.|
|A174||Thornaby-On-Tees||Whitby||As the road goes out of the region, it is known for a short stretch, as Apple Orchard Bank|
Most of the area is served by Stagecoach's Tees Flex network, a pre-bookable service running in and around the valley, mainly serving Stockton on Tees, Darlington and Redcar and Cleveland. Services are operated by a dedicated fleet of Mercedes-Benz Sprinter minibuses.
Stations The Tees Valley boroughs have multiple railway stations within their borders. Each borough head town has a station in and named after them, Redcar has two. The stations, by borough, are as follows:
- Redcar (Central and East):
- Darlington is connected to the East Coast Main Line (ECML) and provides fast connections to London and Edinburgh. From May 2018, the UK Government announced that the line was to be re-nationalised for the second time since privatisation in 1997.
- Tees Valley line, serves most of the area and links to Darlington and Teesside Airport Station, with sections being the former Stockton & Darlington Railway.
- Durham Coast Line, connects Hartlepool, Stockton, Thornaby and Middlesbrough with the main line.
- Northallerton–Eaglescliffe Line, connects Eaglescliffe and Yarm with Durham Coast Line.
- Esk Valley line: services most Middlesbrough stations
York-based LNER serves the full length of the ECML and operates most of the stations on the route. Grand Central has linked Teesside with London since December 2007 with a non-stop from York onwards. It does not have electric trains, and uses the Northallerton–Eaglescliffe Line and Durham Coast Line.
Local-service routes in the Tees Valley are provided by Northern, based in Manchester. TransPennine Express, also based in Manchester, has long-distance services from Middlesbrough to Manchester, via West Yorkshire.
For the 2020–2021 season, there are seven Association Football Clubs in the region, Middlesbrough FC (Commonly referred to as Boro) is in the highest division compared to the other clubs:
|EFL Championship||Middlesbrough FC||Riverside Stadium||Middlehaven, Middlesbrough, North Yorkshire|
|National League||Hartlepool FC||Victoria Park||Hartlepool, County Durham|
|National League North||Darlington FC||Blackwell Meadows||Darlington, County Durham|
|Northern League Division One||Billingham Town FC||Bedford Terrace||Billingham, County Durham|
|Guisborough Town FC||King George V Ground||Guisborough, North Yorkshire|
|Thornaby FC||Teesdale Park||Thornaby, North Yorkshire|
|Stockton Town F.C.||Bishopton Road West||Stockton, County Durham|
|NL Division Two||Billingham Synthonia FC||Norton Sports Complex||Norton, County Durham (formally Billingham, County Durham)|
|Redcar Athletic F.C.||Green Lane||Redcar, North Yorkshire|
Wearside League also host North Tees Teams mainly in Division One:
- Darlington Railway Athletic F.C. at Brinkburn Road, Darlington, County Durham
- Norton & Stockton Ancients F.C. at Norton Sports Complex, Norton, County Durham
- Darlington Town F.C. reserve team for Darlington FC, founded in 1908 (As Horden Colliery Welfare) play at Eastbourne Sports Complex, Darlington, County Durham
- FC Hartlepool, Hartlepool, County Durham
Wearside League Division two:
- Wynyard Village, Wynyard (Stockton), County Durham
Rugby Union FootballEdit
As of the 2020–2021 season, there are nine Rugby Union Football Clubs in the region, Darlington Mowden Park is in the highest division compared to the rest of the clubs:
|National League 1||Darlington Mowden Park R.F.C.||Northern Echo Arena||Darlington, County Durham|
|North Premier||Billingham RUFC||Greenwood Road||Billingham, County Durham|
|North 1 East||West Hartlepool R.F.C.||Brinkburn||Hartlepool, County Durham|
|Durham/ Northumberland 1||Acklam R.U.F.C.||Talbot Park||Acklam, Middlesbrough, North Yorkshire|
|Hartlepool Rovers||The New Friarage||Hartlepool, County Durham|
|Middlesbrough RUFC||Acklam Park||Acklam, Middlesbrough, North Yorkshire|
|Stockton RFC||Grangefield Ground||Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham|
|D/N 2||Darlington RFC||Blackwell Meadows||Darlington, County Durham|
|Redcar RUFC||Mackinlay Park||Redcar, North Yorkshire|
|D/ N 3||West Hartlepool T.D.S.O.B.||John Howard Park||Hartlepool, County Durham|
|Yarm||Wass Way||Eaglescliffe, County Durham|
- Darlington Cricket Club
- Darlington Railway Athletic Cricket Club
- Middleton St George
- Haughton, Haughton-le-Skerne
- Seaton Carew
- Hartlepool Power Station
- Stockton North
- Billingham Synthonia
- Stockton South:
- Durham Palatinates
- Middlesbrough, Acklam Park
- Smiths Dock
- Normanby Hall
- Redcar & Cleveland
Uses in local cultureEdit
Former political names are frequently still used. Rural areas, the valley’s lower south, tend to have kept older names for longer than the rest of the valley which is evident with Teesdale (dale is an old name for a valley) and Redcar and Cleveland in addition to its predecessor, Langbaurgh council. This has led the words’ meanings to narrow to refer to these areas.
For centuries, north Tees was under the Bishop of Durham's Palatine and south Tees was under a wapentake (division) of the North Riding of Yorkshire, which originally met at Langbaurgh in the centre of the wapentake.
From 1885 to 1974, Cleveland, a parliament constituency, was established in an area as a successor to the two previous entities. The constituency covered land north of the River Tees down to and including Whitby. This was counted as one of four divisions of a larger North Riding of Yorkshire, which had expanded into Durham’s historic county.
Political regions were introduced to England causing south Humber to be put with Yorkshire and Cleveland to split with its southern parts and put inside of the North East of England region with some of its other segmented land.[clarification needed] This was due to its shared industrial heritage. The centre was no longer in the Yorkshire Moors, Cleveland being a description of the said land, but the Tees. This led to the name Teesside.
Local government reorganisation in 1996 saw the county of Cleveland broken up for a second time with the boroughs becoming independent unitary authorities; Langbaurgh was shrunk into Redcar and Cleveland and Stockton borough enlarged. At this time they were returned to the counties of North Yorkshire and County Durham for ceremonial purposes. The general area name defaulted back to Teesside.
In 1998 the neighbouring Borough of Darlington also became an independent unitary authority. Darlington, along with the four Teesside boroughs, formed the region of the Tees Valley which is used for now used statistical purposes and governmental organisation.
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