Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland (UK Parliament constituency)
Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland is a constituency[n 1] created in 1997 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Simon Clarke of the Conservative Party.[n 2] The local electorate returned a Labour MP in the seat's first five general elections; in the following election Simon Clarke became its first Conservative MP.
|Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland in Cleveland
Location of Cleveland within England
|Major settlements||Saltburn-by-the-Sea, Guisborough, Marton|
|Member of Parliament||Simon Clarke (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Langbaurgh (created 1983)|
1997–2010: The Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council wards of Belmont, Brotton, Guisborough, Hutton, Lockwood and Skinningrove, Loftus, Saltburn, and Skelton, and the Middlesbrough Borough Council wards of Easterside, Hemlington, Marton, Newham, Nunthorpe, Park End, and Stainton and Thornton.
2010–present: The Borough of Redcar and Cleveland wards of Brotton, Guisborough, Hutton, Lockwood, Loftus, Saltburn, Skelton, and Westworth, and the Borough of Middlesbrough wards of Coulby Newham, Hemlington, Ladgate, Marton, Marton West, Nunthorpe, Park End, and Stainton and Thornton.
The constituency was created in 1997, mostly replacing the former seat of Langbaurgh and consists of the southern outskirts of Middlesbrough (such as Acklam, Hemlington, Nunthorpe, Coulby Newham, Marton, Easterside and Park End) and those parts of the Redcar and Cleveland district not in the Redcar constituency. These include Saltburn-by-the-Sea, Guisborough, Loftus, Skelton and Brotton.
- Summary of results
This seat was created in 1997 and was held until 2017 by a representative of the Labour Party. Election results have to date been considerably more close than in the overwhelmingly urban, city seat of Middlesbrough, this instead being a marginal seat, particularly the 2010, 2015 and 2017 results which saw no absolute majority unlike the previous three absolute majorities won by Ashok Kumar of the Labour Party. In the five elections from 1997 to 2015, the second-positioned candidate was a Conservative. The 2015 result gave the seat the 20th-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
- Third-placed parties
In each election to date the fourth-placed and lower candidates have failed to reach 5% of the vote, therefore forfeiting their deposits. In 2015 the third-placed party in line with national trends changed from the Liberal Democrats to UKIP on large swings; candidates from the third-placed parties in this area have always kept their deposit except in the 2017 and 2019 elections.
Turnout has varied from 76% in 1997 to just over 60% in 2005.
Whereas 13.8% of people in Middlesbrough are retired, 0.3 lower than in 2001, 19.4% of people are retired in the eastern Cleveland authority, Redcar and Cleveland, 3% higher than in 2001 (2011 figures). The constituency is at the forefront of Britain's return to growth in output, however the western authority still in 2011 had the highest unemployment claimant count in the North East, having witnessed a decline in the major local industry of production of industrial and heavy duty steel.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1997||Ashok Kumar||Labour||Died March 2010; no by-election held due to imminent general election|
|2010||Tom Blenkinsop||Labour||Stood down at the 2017 election|
|2017||Simon Clarke||Conservative||Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury (2019–present)|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Jemma Joy||1,953||4.1||+1.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Chris Foote Wood||1,354||2.8||-0.6|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+3.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Ben Gibson||1,564||3.4||-12.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Nick Emmerson||7,340||15.9||+2.1|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Carl Minns||6,049||13.8||+3.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Linda Parrish||4,700||10.7||+3.2|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Hamish Garrett||4,004||7.5||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- Clarke's was 1 of 6 total gains offset by greater losses (13 net seats lost) for his party in the 2017 results nationwide. In 2017 the two largest parties increased their share of the vote largely in England at the expense of UKIP.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- 2011 census interactive maps Archived 29 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- Unemployment Claimants The Guardian, 17 November 2010
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 2)
- "Middlesbrough South & Cleveland East Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
- "Middlesbrough South & Cleveland East". BBC News. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Statement of Candidates (PDF)
- "UK > England > North East > Middlesbrough South & Cleveland East". Election 2010. BBC News. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.