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Lichfield (UK: /ˈlɪˌfld/[1]) is a local government district in Staffordshire, England. It is administered by Lichfield District Council, based in Lichfield.

Lichfield District
Official seal of Lichfield District
Seal
Shown within Staffordshire
Shown within Staffordshire
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionWest Midlands
Ceremonial countyStaffordshire
Admin HQLichfield
Created1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district
 • LeaderMike Wilcox
 • CouncilConservative
 • MPs:Michael Fabricant C
Christopher Pincher C
Area
 • Total127.9 sq mi (331.3 km2)
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total103,965 (Ranked 230th)
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Post Code
Area code(s)01543
Websitehttp://www.lichfielddc.gov.uk/

The dignity and privileges of the City of Lichfield are vested in the parish council of the 14 km² Lichfield civil parish. The non-metropolitan district of Lichfield covers nearly 25 times this area and its local authority is Lichfield District Council.

The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the existing City of Lichfield with most of the Lichfield Rural District.

EtymologyEdit

Legend has it that a thousand Christians were martyred in Lichfield around AD 300, during the reign of the Roman Emperor Diocletian, and that the name 'Lichfield' actually means 'field of the dead' (see Lich). There is however, no evidence to support this legend.[2] At Wall, 3 miles (5 km) to the south of the present city, there was a Romano-British village called Letocetum from the British (Celtic) for "grey wood", from which the first half of the name Lichfield is derived.[3] The second part of the name is derived from the Old English "feld", meaning 'open country'. In that sense 'Lichfield' would be 'common pasture in grey wood', 'grey' perhaps referring to varieties of tree prominent in the landscape, such as ash and elm.[4]

PoliticsEdit

Elections to the borough council are held every four years, with all of the 56 seats on the council being elected. After being under Labour from the 1995 election, the Conservative party gained a majority at the 1999 election and have retained control ever since.

Following the 2011 United Kingdom local elections and subsequent by-elections,[5] the political composition of Lichfield council is as follows:

Year Conservative Labour Liberal Democrat
2014 45 10 1

DemographicsEdit

According to 2008 estimates, the population of Lichfield district is 97,900. At the time of the 2001 UK Census, Lichfield district’s population was 93,232. The figures below are also from the 2001 UK Census.

50.89% of the population was female, leaving 49.11% of the population being male.[6]

Christians made up 80.44% of the population, with 11.95% of the population having no religion, 1.05% being from other religions and 6.56% who didn’t state a religion.[6]

The ethnicity of the Lichfield District was residents were 96.5% White British, followed by an increase of residents who were 1.6% South Asian and the rest of the population were residents from 1.4% Other.

Settlements within the districtEdit

Places of interestEdit

 
A path in Beacon Park
 
Minster Pool with Lichfield Cathedral in the background

Adventure and excitementEdit

Arts and entertainmentEdit

History and heritageEdit

  •  Lichfield Cathedral - The only medieval cathedral in Europe with three spires. The present building was started in 1195, and completed by the building of the Lady Chapel in the 1330s. It replaced a Norman building begun in 1085 which had replaced one, or possibly two, Saxon buildings from the seventh century.
  • Cathedral Close - Surrounding the Cathedral with its many fine buildings is one of the most unspoilt in the country.
  •  Samuel Johnson Birthplace Museum - A museum to Samuel Johnson's life, work and personality.
  •  Erasmus Darwin House - Home to Erasmus Darwin, the house was restored to create a museum which opened to the public in 1999.
  •  Lichfield Heritage Centre - in St Mary's Church in the market square, an exhibition of 2,000 years of Lichfield's history.
  •  Bishop's Palace - Built in 1687, the palace was the residence of the Bishop of Lichfield until 1954, it is now used by the Cathedral School.
  • Milley's Hospital - Located on Beacon Street, it dates back to 1504 and was a women's hospital.
  •  Hospital of St John Baptist without the Barrs - A distinctive Tudor building with a row of eight brick chimneys. This was built outside the city walls (barrs) to provide accommodation for travellers arriving after the city gates were closed. It now provides home for elderly people and has an adjacent Chapel.
  •  Church of St Chad - A 12th-century church though extensively restored, on its site is a Holy Well by which St Chad is said to have prayed and used the waters healing properties.
  •  St Michael on Greenhill - Overlooking the city the ancient churchyard is unique as one of the largest in the country at 9 acres (4 ha).
  •  Christ Church - An outstanding example of Victorian ecclesiastical architecture and a grade II* listed building.
  • The Franciscan Friary - The ruins of the former Friary in Lichfield, now classed as a Scheduled Ancient Monument.
  • Lichfield Clock Tower - A Grade II listed 19th century clock tower, located south of Festival Gardens.
  •    Letocetum - The remains of a Roman Staging Post and Bath House, in the village of Wall, 1-mile (1.6 km) south of the city.
  •  Staffordshire Regiment Museum - 2.5 miles (4 km) east of the city in Whittington, the museum covers the regiment's history, activities and members, and include photographs, uniforms, weapons, medals, artifacts, memorabilia and regimental regalia. Outdoors is a replica trench from World War I, and several armoured fighting vehicles.
  • The Market Square - In the centre of the city of Lichfield, the square contains two statues, one of Samuel Johnson overlooking the house in which he was born, and one of his great friend and biographer, James Boswell.

Parks and the great outdoorsEdit

Shopping and retailEdit

Plans have been approved for Friarsgate, a new £100 million shopping and leisure complex opposite Lichfield City Station. The police station, bus station, Ford garage and multi-storey car park will be demolished to make way for new retail space and leisure facilities consisting of a flagship department store, six-screen cinema, hotel, 37 individual shops, 56 apartments and over 700 car parking spaces.

Staffordshire Hoard DiscoveryEdit

 
A selection of 'star items' from the Staffordshire Hoard

Discovered in a field near the village of Hammerwich, near Lichfield City, in Staffordshire, on 5 July 2009, the Staffordshire Hoard is the largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold and silver metalwork ever found. It consists of nearly 4,000 items that are nearly all martial in character.[7] The artefacts have tentatively been dated to the 7th or 8th centuries, placing the origin of the items in the time of the Kingdom of Mercia.

The hoard was valued at £3.285 million, and was purchased by the Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery and the Potteries Museum & Art Gallery where items from the hoard are displayed.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lichfield". Collins Dictionary. n.d. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  2. ^ "Explaining the origin of the 'field of the dead' legend". British History Online. Retrieved 20 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Lichfield". Key to English Place Names. Institute for Name Studies, University of Nottingham. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
  4. ^ [From: 'Lichfield: The place and street names, population and boundaries ', A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 14: Lichfield (1990), pp. 37-42. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42340 Date accessed: 20 July 2009.]
  5. ^ http://www.lichfielddc.gov.uk/info/100004/council_and_democracy/1751/councillor_vacancy_in_chadsmead_ward
  6. ^ a b "Lichfield District Area Statistics". 2001 UK Census.
  7. ^ "The Find". Staffordshire Hoard. Retrieved 14 June 2011.

Coordinates: 52°40′51″N 1°49′39″W / 52.6809°N 1.8276°W / 52.6809; -1.8276