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Tamworth (UK Parliament constituency)

Tamworth is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Christopher Pincher, a Conservative.[n 2]

Tamworth
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Tamworth in Staffordshire.
Outline map
Location of Staffordshire within England.
County Staffordshire
Electorate 72,544 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of parliament Christopher Pincher (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from South East Staffordshire
18851945
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
1567–1885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Contents

BoundariesEdit

1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Birmingham, the Sessional Divisions of Birmingham and Solihull, part of the Sessional Divisions of Atherstone and Coleshill, and part of the Municipal Borough of Tamworth.

1918–1945: The Municipal Borough of Sutton Coldfield, the Rural Districts of Meriden and Solihull, and part of the Rural District of Tamworth.

1997–2010: The Borough of Tamworth, and the District of Lichfield wards of Bourne Vale, Fazeley, Little Aston, Mease Valley, Shenstone, Stonnall, and Tame.

2010–present: The Borough of Tamworth, and the District of Lichfield wards of Bourne Vale, Fazeley, Little Aston, Mease and Tame, Shenstone, and Stonnall.

HistoryEdit

The present Tamworth Constituency replaced the old South East Staffordshire constituency for the 1997 general election.

A previous Tamworth constituency existed from 1563 until it was abolished for the 1945 general election. It elected two MPs until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one MP by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

Political history

Since its 1997 recreation the seat has been a bellwether, reflecting the largest party in terms of seats in the House of Commons with the largest share of the vote for the candidate locally.

Prominent members

The Prime Minister and leader of the breakaway Tory group, the Peelites, Sir Robert Peel, represented the area for a long period 1830–1850, as did his father, brother and son at different periods. His father and son, also named Robert, also shared the baronetcy gained by his father, which gave them the automatic right to the style "Sir".

Constituency profileEdit

The constituency is convenient for all of the West Midlands conurbation and has considerable local employment. Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.9% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[2]

Members of ParliamentEdit

MPs before 1660Edit

Parliament First member Second member
1275–1559 No representation or records[3]
1563–1567 Michael Harcourt Robert Harcourt
1571 Edward Lewknor John Bullock
1572–1583 Lancelot Bostock John Nuttall
1584–1585 John Breton Clement Fisher
1586–1587 Walter Bagot John Ferrers
1588–1589 Sir Edward Devereux Robert Wright
1593 John Ferrers Thomas Smith
1597–1598 William Temple[4] George Hyde
1601 George Egeock Robert Burdett
1604 Sir Percival Willoughby
Chose to sit for Nottinghamshire, replaced by
Sir Thomas Beaumont
John Ferrers
1614 Sir Thomas Roe Sir Percival Willoughby
1621 Sir Thomas Puckering John Ferrar
1624–1625 John Woodford John Wightwick
1625 Sir Thomas Puckering Sir Richard Skeffington
1626 Sir Thomas Puckering Sir Walter Devereux
1628–1629 Sir Thomas Puckering Sir Walter Devereux
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) Sir Simon Archer[5] George Abbot
1640 (Nov) Ferdinando Stanhope (Royalist), killed 1643[6] Henry Wilmot (Royalist), expelled 1641.[7]
1645 George Abbot (Parliamentarian) Sir Peter Wentworth (Parliamentarian)
1648 George Abbot (Parliamentarian) Sir Peter Wentworth (Parliamentarian)
1653 Tamworth not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Tamworth not represented in 1st Protectorate Parliament
1656 Tamworth not represented in 2nd Protectorate Parliament
1659 Maj. Gen. Tobias Bridge Edward Keeling

MPs 1660–1885Edit

Year First member[8] First party Second member[8] Second party
1660 Richard Newdigate Thomas Fox
1661 Amos Walrond John Swinfen
1669 John Ferrers
1670 John Boyle, Lord Clifford
Feb 1679 Sir Thomas Thynne, Bt
Aug 1679 Sir Andrew Hacket
1681 John Swinfen
1685 Richard Howe Sir Henry Gough
Jan 1689 Henry Sidney
May 1689 Henry Boyle
1690 Michael Biddulph
1695 Thomas Guy
1698 John Chetwynd
1699 Sir Henry Gough
1701 Henry Thynne
1702 Joseph Girdler
1708 Richard Swinfen
1710 Samuel Bracebridge
1715 William Inge
1722 Francis Willoughby
1723 Richard Swinfen
Jan 1727 Hon. George Compton
Aug 1727 William O'Brien, 4th Earl of Inchiquin Hon. Thomas Willoughby
1734 Lord John Sackville Hon. George Compton
1735 Charles Cotes
1741 John Floyer
1742 Charles Cotes
1747 Hon. Thomas Villiers Sir Henry Harpur
1748 Sir Robert Burdett
1756 Viscount Villiers
1765 Edward Thurlow
Mar 1768 William de Grey
Nov 1768 Charles Vernon
1774 Thomas de Grey
1778 Anthony Chamier
Sep 1780 John Courtenay
Nov 1780 John Calvert
1784 John Calvert II
1790 Sir Robert Peel
1796 Thomas Carter
1802 William Loftus
1812 Lord Charles Townshend
1818 William Yates Peel
1820 Lord Charles Townshend
1830 Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Bt Tory
1835 William Yates Peel
1837 Edward Henry A'Court
Jul 1847 William Yates Peel
Dec 1847 John Townshend
1850 Sir Robert Peel, 3rd Bt Liberal
1856 John Townshend
1863 John Peel
1868 Sir Henry Bulwer
1871 John Peel
1872 Robert William Hanbury
1878 Hamar Alfred Bass
1880 Jabez Balfour

1885–1945Edit

Tamworth was reduced to having one member in 1885.

Year Member Whip
1885 Philip Muntz Conservative
1909 Sir Francis Newdegate Conservative
1917 Henry Wilson-Fox Unionist
1922 Sir Percy Newson Unionist
1923 Sir Edward Iliffe Unionist
1929 Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland Unionist
1935 Sir John Mellor Conservative

The seat was abolished in 1945.

MPs 1997–presentEdit

Election Member[8] Party
1997 Brian Jenkins Labour
2010 Christopher Pincher Conservative

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

General Election 2017: Tamworth[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Pincher 28,748 61.0   11.0
Labour Andrew Hammond 16,401 34.8   8.7
Liberal Democrat Jennifer Pinkett 1,961 4.2   1.2
Majority 12,347 26.2   2.2
Turnout 47,110 66.1   0.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2015: Tamworth[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Pincher[11] 23,606 50.0   4.3
Labour Carol Dean[11] 12,304 26.1   6.6
UKIP Janet Higgins[11] 8,727 18.5   13.6
Liberal Democrat Jennifer Pinkett[11] 1,427 3.0   13.2
Green Nicola Holmes[11] 1,110 2.4   2.4
Majority 11,302 24.0   10.9
Turnout 47,174 65.6   1.8
Conservative hold Swing   5.4
General Election 2010: Tamworth[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Pincher 21,238 45.8   8.7
Labour Brian Jenkins 15,148 32.7   10.3
Liberal Democrat Jennifer Pinkett[14] 7,516 16.2   2.1
UKIP Steven Fowler 2,253 4.9   2.1
Christian Charlene Detheridge 235 0.5 N/A
Majority 6,090 13.1   7.2
Turnout 46,390 63.8   2.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing   9.5

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General Election 2005: Tamworth[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Brian Jenkins 18,801 43.0   6.0
Conservative Christopher Pincher 16,232 37.1   0.5
Liberal Democrat Phillip Bennion 6,175 14.1   2.4
Veritas Patrick Eston 1,320 3.0 N/A
UKIP Tom Simpson 1,212 2.8   1.1
Majority 2,569 5.9   6.5
Turnout 43,740 61.0   3.2
Labour hold Swing   2.8
General Election 2001: Tamworth[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Brian Jenkins 19,722 49.0   2.8
Conservative Luise Gunter 15,124 37.6   0.8
Liberal Democrat Jennifer Pinkett 4,721 11.7   3.7
UKIP Paul Sootheran 683 1.7   1.0
Majority 4,598 11.4   3.6
Turnout 40,250 57.8   16.3
Labour hold Swing   1.8

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General Election 1997: Tamworth[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Brian Jenkins 25,808 51.8 N/A
Conservative Lady Lightbown 18,312 36.7 N/A
Liberal Democrat Jennifer Pinkett 4,025 8.1 N/A
Referendum Dianne Livesey 1,163 2.3 N/A
UKIP Christopher A. Lamb 369 0.7 N/A
Liberal Catherine Twelvetrees 177 0.4 N/A
Majority 7,496 15.0 N/A
Turnout 49,854 74.2 N/A
Labour hold Swing N/A

Elections 1918–1945Edit

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1935: Tamworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Mellor 42,675 79.47
Labour John Yates 11,026 20.53
Majority 31,649 58.94
Turnout 64.72
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Tamworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Steel-Maitland 41,571 84.67
Labour Joseph Willbery 7,525 15.33
Majority 34,046 69.35
Turnout 73.92
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920sEdit

Tamworth by-election, 1929[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Arthur Steel-Maitland 23,495 64.8 −2.6
Labour George Horwill 12,759 35.2 +2.6
Majority 10,736 29.6 −5.2
Turnout 36,254 60.3 −13.3
Registered electors 60,087
Unionist hold Swing −2.6
General Election 1929: Tamworth [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Edward Iliffe 29,807 67.4
Labour George Horwill 14,402 32.6
Majority 15,405 34.8
Turnout 73.6
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Tamworth[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Edward Iliffe unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Tamworth [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Edward Iliffe unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1922: Tamworth[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Percy Newson unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
Tamworth by-election, 1922[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Percy Newson 14,732 68.8 n/a
Labour G H Jones 6,671 31.2 n/a
Majority 8,061 17.6 n/a
Turnout 60.0 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General Election 1918 Tamworth[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Henry Wilson-Fox Unopposed
Unionist hold
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections 1885-1918Edit

Elections in the 1910sEdit

Tamworth by-election, 1917 [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Henry Wilson-Fox Unopposed
Unionist hold

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election December 1910: Tamworth [21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Francis Newdegate Unopposed
Conservative hold
General Election January 1910: Tamworth [21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Francis Newdegate 10,313 68.2 +7.2
Liberal Charles Henry Brampton 4,799 31.8 −7.2
Majority 5,514 36.4 +14.4
Turnout 15,112 82.9 +2.8
Registered electors 18,228
Conservative hold Swing +7.2

Elections in the 1900sEdit

Tamworth by-election, 1909 [21][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Francis Newdegate Unopposed
Conservative hold
General Election 1906: Tamworth [21][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Muntz 7,561 61.0 N/A
Liberal John Seymour Keay 4,842 39.0 N/A
Majority 2,719 22.0 N/A
Turnout 12,403 80.1 N/A
Registered electors 15,491
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1900: Tamworth [21][23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Muntz Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General Election 1895: Tamworth [21][23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Muntz Unopposed
Conservative hold
 
Johnson
General Election 1892: Tamworth [21][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Muntz 5,128 65.5 N/A
Lib-Lab William Johnson 2,702 34.5 N/A
Majority 2,426 31.0 N/A
Turnout 7,830 78.6 N/A
Registered electors 9,968
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General Election 1886: Tamworth [21][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Muntz Unopposed
Conservative hold
General Election 1885: Tamworth [21][23][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Muntz 4,338 52.9 +25.9
Liberal William Beale 3,858 47.1 −25.9
Majority 480 5.8 N/A
Turnout 8,196 81.6 −16.8 (est)
Registered electors 10,046
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +25.9

Elections 1868-1885Edit

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General Election 1880: Tamworth (2 seats)[26][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hamar Alfred Bass 1,409 41.4
Liberal Jabez Balfour 1,074 31.6
Conservative William Henry Worthington 920 27.0
Majority 154 4.5
Turnout 2,329 (est) 98.4 (est)
Registered electors 2,368
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. ^ "Tamworth Parliamentary Borough 1275–1832". The Staffordshire Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 25 October 2010. 
  4. ^   "Temple, William (1555–1627)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  5. ^ Cust, Richard (2004). "Archer, Sir Simon (1581–1662)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/626.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  6. ^ Brydges, Sir Egerton (1812). "Earl of Chesterfield". Collin's Peerage of England. III (nine volumes ed.). p. 423. 
  7. ^ Oswald Barron, 'The Wild Wilmots', The Ancestor XI (1904), 5.
  8. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)
  9. ^ "Elections 2017". Tamworth Borough Council. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "BBC News – Election 2010 – Constituency – Tamworth". bbc.co.uk. 
  14. ^ "Jenny Pinkett – PPC for Tamworth". libdems.org.uk. Archived from the original on 15 April 2010. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Fogarty, Michael Patrick". Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc (online ed.). Oxford University Press. April 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.  (subscription required)
  19. ^ a b c d e f Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. London: Political Reference Publications. pp. 18–49. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  20. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1922 p.[page needed]
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  22. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916 p.[page needed]
  23. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  24. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901 p.[page needed]
  25. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886 p.[page needed]
  26. ^ Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  27. ^ "The General Election". London Evening Standard. 31 March 1880. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 12 December 2017. 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
vacant. Last was Newport (Isle of Wight) in 1827
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1834–1835
Succeeded by
vacant. Next was this constituency in 1841
Preceded by
vacant. Last was this constituency in 1835
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1841–1846
Succeeded by
City of London