Argyll and Bute (Scots: Argyll an Buit; Scottish Gaelic: Earra-Ghàidheal agus Bòd, pronounced [ɛrˠəˈɣɛːəlˠ̪ akəs̪ ˈpɔːtʲ]) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland and a lieutenancy area. The current lord-lieutenant for Argyll and Bute is Jane Margaret MacLeod (14 July 2020). The administrative centre for the council area is in Lochgilphead at Kilmory Castle, a 19th-century Gothic Revival building and estate. The current council leader is Robin Currie, a councillor for Kintyre and the Islands.
Argyll and Bute
Argyll an Buit
Earra-Ghaidheal agus Bòd
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Lieutenancy areas||Argyll and Bute, Dunbartonshire (part)|
|• Body||Argyll and Bute Council|
|• Control||Ind + Con + LD (council NOC)|
|• Total||2,667 sq mi (6,907 km2)|
|• Rank||Ranked 2nd|
|• Rank||Ranked 27th|
|• Density||32/sq mi (12/km2)|
|ISO 3166 code||GB-AGB|
Buteshire and Argyll were two of the historic counties of Scotland, having originated as shires (the area controlled by a sheriff) in the Middle Ages. From 1890 until 1975 both counties had an elected county council.
In 1975, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, Scotland's counties, burghs and landward districts were abolished and replaced with upper-tier regions and lower-tier districts. The Strathclyde region was created covering a large part of western Scotland. Strathclyde was divided into nineteen districts, one of which the 1973 Act called "Argyll", covering most of the former county of Argyll, but also including the Isle of Bute from Buteshire. The shadow authority elected in 1974 requested a change of name to "Argyll and Bute", which was agreed by the government before the new district came into being on 16 May 1975.
As created in 1975 the Argyll and Bute district covered the whole area of fourteen of Argyll's sixteen districts and part of a fifteenth, plus two of Buteshire's five districts, which were all abolished at the same time:
- Campbeltown Burgh
- Cowal District
- Dunoon Burgh
- Inveraray Burgh
- Islay District
- Jura and Colonsay District
- Kintyre District
- Lochgilphead Burgh
- Mid Argyll District
- Mull District
- North Lorn District: the Lismore and Appin, and Ardchattan electoral divisions only, rest (Ballachulish and Kinlochleven electoral divisions) went to Lochaber district of Highland
- Oban Burgh
- South Lorn District
- Tiree and Coll District
- Tobermory Burgh
The two Buteshire districts together corresponded to the whole Isle of Bute. The rest of Buteshire, being the Isle of Arran and The Cumbraes went to Cunninghame district. The Ardnamurchan district from Argyll went to the Lochaber district of Highland. The new district was made a single Argyll and Bute lieutenancy area.
Local government was reformed again in 1996 under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, which abolished the regions and districts which had been created in 1975, replacing them with unitary council areas. Argyll and Bute became one of the new council areas, but had its territory enlarged to include the town of Helensburgh and surrounding rural areas which had been in the Dumbarton district prior to 1996, and had formed part of the county of Dunbartonshire prior to 1975. The Helensburgh area had voted in a referendum in 1994 to join Argyll and Bute rather than stay with Dumbarton.
The main railway line in Argyll and Bute is the West Highland Line, which links Oban to Glasgow, passing through much of the eastern and northern parts of the area. From the south the line enters Argyll and Bute just to the west of Dumbarton, continuing north via Helensburgh Upper to the eastern shores of the Gare Loch and Loch Long. The line comes inland at Arrochar and Tarbet to meet the western shore of Loch Lomond. At the northern end of the loch the lines leaves Argyll and Bute to enter Stirling council area. The Oban branch of the West Highland Line re-enters the area just west of Tyndrum, and heads west to Oban: stations on this section of the line include Dalmally and Taynuilt railway station. The majority of services on the line are operated by ScotRail: as of 2019 the summer service has six trains a day to Oban, with four on Sundays. In addition to the ScotRail service is the nightly Caledonian Sleeper, although this does not run on the Oban branch.
- The A82, which runs along the western shore of Loch Lomond, providing the main route between Glasgow and Fort William.
- The A83, which leaves the A82 at Tarbet, heading west and then south to eventually reach Campbeltown by way of Inveraray and Lochgilphead.
- The A85, which leaves the A82 at Tyndrum (just outside Argyll and Bute) and heads west to Oban via Dalmally.
- The A828, which leaves the A85 at Connel and north through Appin to join the A82 at Ballachulish.
- The A815, which leaves the A83 in Glen Kinglas near Cairndow, heading south through Strachur and Dunoon and ends at Toward 40 miles later, on the southern tip of the Cowal peninsula. The A815 is the main road through Cowal.
- The A886, which leaves the A815 at Strachur, passing through Glendaruel, the route includes a ferry link to the Isle of Bute, Colintraive - Rhubodach terminating at Port Bannatyne to the north of Rothesay.
Ferry services edit
Due to its heavily indented coastline and many islands, ferries form an important part of the council area's transport system. The main ferry operator in Argyll and Bute is Caledonian MacBrayne (CalMac), which operates services from the mainland to most of the inhabited islands. Several other routes are operated by commercial operators, usually on contract to the council, although the Western Ferries service across the Firth of Clyde is run on a commercial basis.
- Bute is served by a route across the Kyles of Bute between Rhubodach and Colintraive in Cowal, as well as a route between Rothesay to Wemyss Bay in Inverclyde. Both routes are operated by CalMac.
- Coll and Tiree are each served from Oban, via a CalMac service that also provides links between the two islands, and a once-weekly link to Barra.
- Gigha is served by a CalMac route from Tayinloan in Kintyre.
- Islay is served by a CalMac route from Kennacraig in Kintyre. The service is timetabled to utilise either one of two ports on the island, with both Port Askaig and Port Ellen having a service to the mainland.
- Feolin on Jura is linked to Port Askaig on Islay via a vehicle ferry run by ASP Ship Management on behalf of Argyll and Bute Council. There is also a passenger-only service between the island's main centre, Craighouse, and Tayvallich on the mainland that is operated by Islay Sea Safaris.
- Kerrera is linked to Gallanach (about 3 km (1.9 mi) southwest of Oban) by a passenger-only service operated by CalMac.
- Lismore is served by two ferries, a vehicle and passenger service operated by CalMac that runs from Oban, and a passenger-only service from Port Appin that is operated by ASP Ship Management on behalf of Argyll and Bute Council.
- Mull is served by a route between Oban and Craignure on the island's east coast, as well as routes across the Sound of Mull (between Lochaline and Fishnish, and Tobermory and Kilchoan). All three routes are operated by CalMac.
- The island of Seil, which itself is linked to the mainland via the Clachan Bridge, has links to two further islands: Easdale and Luing. Both services are operated by ASP Ship Management on behalf of Argyll and Bute Council.
There are also routes connecting some mainland locations in Argyll and Bute to other parts of the mainland:
- There is a CalMac service across Loch Fyne which provides a link between Portavadie in Cowal and Tarbert in Kintyre.
- The Cowal peninsula route is a passenger-only service from the Dunoon Breakwater to Gourock pier, giving easy access to ScotRail services at Gourock railway station with onward transport to Glasgow Central station. This route was for a period run by a CalMac subsidiary company, Argyll Ferries, but has since January 2019 been operated directly by CalMac.
- CalMac provide a limited (3 ferry each way per week) service between Cambeltown in Kintyre and Ardrosssan in North Aryshire during the summer months.
- Western Ferries, a commercial operator, runs a vehicle and passenger service between Hunters Quay to McInroy's Point that also provides a link between Cowal and Inverclyde in (partial) competition with the subsidised CalMac service.
- A service operated by Clyde Marine Services on behalf of Strathclyde Partnership for Transport runs between Kilcreggan and Gourock pier, providing a link from the Rosneath peninsula to the rail network at Gourock.
Argyll and Bute also has ferry services linking it to islands in neighbouring council areas:
- Oban is the mainland terminal for services to Barra in Na h-Eileanan Siar (the Outer Hebrides).
- Lochranza on Arran, in North Ayrshire, has a year-round service to Kintyre: during the summer the mainland port used is Claonaig, however in winter the service is reduced to a single daily return crossing from Tarbert.
There is also a passenger-only ferry service linking Campbeltown and Port Ellen on Islay with Ballycastle in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, running seasonally from April to September, operated by West Coast Tours as the Kintyre Express.
Cultural references edit
- Arrochar, Tarbet and Ardlui
- Avich and Kilchrenan
- Colintraive and Glendaruel
- Cove and Kilcreggan
- East Kintyre
- Glenorchy and Innishail
- Hunters Quay
- Kilninver and Kilmelford
- Kilmore and Kilbride
- North Knapdale
- The Laggan
- Luss and Arden
- Rhu and Shandon
- Rosneath and Clynder
- Seil and Easdale
- South Cowal
- South Knapdale
- Strachur and District
- Tarbert and Skipness
- West Kintyre
- West Lochfyne
Largest settlements by population:
|Settlement||Population (mid-2020 est.)|
- Achahoish; Airdeny; Appin; Ardbeg (Islay); Ardbeg (Bute); Arden; Ardfern; Aldochlay; Ardlui; Ardmay; Ardgartan; Ardpeaton; Ardrishaig; Arduaine; Arrochar; Ardentinny; Ardnadam
- Barcaldine; Bellochantuy; Benderloch; Blairglas; Blairmore; Bonawe; Bowmore; Bridge of Orchy
- Cairndow; Cardross; Carradale; Clachan; Cairnbaan; Campbeltown; Clachan of Glendaruel; Cladich; Clynder; Colgrain; Colintraive; Connel; Coulport; Cove; Craigendoran; Craighouse; Craignure; Craobh Haven; Crarae; Crinan; Clachaig; Carrick Castle;
- Dunoon; Dalavich; Dalmally; Druimdrishaig; Drumlemble; Duchlage; Dunbeg;
- Faslane Port; Ford; Furnace;
- Glenbranter; Garelochhead; Geilston; Glenbarr; Glencoe; Glenmallan; Grogport;
- Helensburgh; Hunters Quay;
- Innellan; Inveraray; Inverbeg; Inveruglas Isle;
- Kames; Keillmore; Kilberry; Kilchattan Bay; Kilchenzie; Kilcreggan; Kilmadan; Kilmartin; Kilmore; Kilmun; Kilninver; Kilmelford; Kilfinan; Kirn;
- Lagavulin; Lochawe; Lochgair; Lochgilphead; Lochgoilhead; Luss;
- Machrihanish; Millhouse; Minard; Muasdale;
- Oban; Ormsary; Otter Ferry;
- Peninver; Portavadie; Port Askaig; Port Bannatyne; Port Charlotte; Port Ellen; Portincaple; Portnahaven; Portkil;
- Rahane; Rhu; Rosneath; Rothesay;
- Saddell; Salen; Sandbank; Shandon; Skipness; Southend; Stewarton; Strachur; Succoth; Strone; St Catherines;
- Tarbert (Kintyre); Tarbet (Dunbartonshire); Tayinloan; Taynuilt; Tayvallich; Tighnabruaich; Tobermory; Torinturk; Toward;
- Whistlefield; Whitehouse;
Places of interest edit
- Ardbeg distillery
- Argyll Forest Park
- Arrochar Alps
- Avinagillan standing stone
- Beinn Dorain
- Ben Cruachan
- Cruachan Power Station (pumped storage)
- Ballochroy (standing stones)
- Ben Donich
- Benmore Botanic Garden
- Carrick Castle
- Castle Stalker
- Castle Sween
- Crinan Canal
- Dun Skeig – Iron Age forts near Clachan
- Fincharn Castle
- Fingal's Cave
- Gare Loch and Faslane Naval Base
- Gulf of Corryvreckan
- Inveraray Castle
- Iona Abbey
- Kilchurn Castle
- Kilmartin Glen
- Loch Goil Mountains
- Loch Goil
- Loch Lomond and Cowal Way
- Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park
- Loch Melfort
- Mull of Kintyre
- Old Castle Lachlan
- Puck's Glen
- River Orchy
- Saddell Abbey
- Saddell Castle
- Skipness Castle
- Tarbert Castle
- West Highland Way
- Cara Island
- Island Davaar
- Fladda, Slate Islands
- Fladda, Treshnish Isles
- Glunimore Island
- Lunga, Treshnish Isles
- Lunga, Firth of Lorn
- Sanda Island
- Seil (not always regarded as an island)
- Sheep Island
- Shuna, Firth of Lorn
- Shuna Island, near Appin
See also edit
- "Lord-Lieutenant for Argyll and Bute: 14 July 2020". GOV.UK.
- Council, Argyll and Bute (24 September 2020). "Robin Currie". Argyll and Bute Council.
- Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 (52 & 53 Vict. c. 50)
- "Historical information from 1973 onwards". Boundary-Line support. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
- "Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 1973 c. 65, retrieved 26 February 2023
- "No. 14911". The Edinburgh Gazette. 8 November 1932. p. 920.
- "The Lord-Lieutenants Order 1975", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, SI 1975/428, retrieved 26 February 2023
- "Was Argyll and Bute move right decision?". Helensburgh Advertiser. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 20 February 2023.
- "Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 1994 c. 39, retrieved 21 February 2023
- "OS Maps: online mapping and walking, running and cycling routes". osmaps.ordnancesurvey.co.uk.
- "Timetable: Glasgow to Oban, Fort William and Mallaig" (PDF). Abellio ScotRail. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- "Dunbartonshire - Glasgow, Cumbernauld & Falkirk Grahamston Timetable" (PDF). Abellio ScotRail. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- "Scottish trunk road network map". Transport Scotland. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- "Roads (Scotland) Act 1984, List and description of roads which are the responsibility of the Scottish Ministers" (PDF). Transport Scotland.
- "A815 - Roader's Digest: The SABRE Wiki". www.sabre-roads.org.uk.
- "A886 - Roader's Digest: The SABRE Wiki". www.sabre-roads.org.uk.
- "Bute: Colintraive - Rhubodach". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Bute: Wemyss Bay – Rothesay". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Coll & Tiree: Oban – Coll – Tiree". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Gigha: Tayinloan – Gigha". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Islay: Kennacraig – Port Ellen/Port Askaig". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Home". www.aspships.com.
- "Port Askaig – Feolin". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Jura Passenger Ferry". Jura Passenger Ferry. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Kerrera: Gallanach – Kerrera". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Lismore: Oban – Lismore". Caledonian MacBrayne. Archived from the original on 29 June 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Port Appin – Lismore". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Mull: Oban – Craignure". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Ardnamurchan and Mull: Tobermory – Kilchoan". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Mull: Lochaline – Fishnish". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Iona: Fionnphort–Iona". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Cuan – Luing". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Ellenabeich - Easdale". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Cowal & Kintyre: Tarbert Loch Fyne – Portavadie". Caledonian MacBrayne. Archived from the original on 11 December 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Dunoon: Gourock – Dunoon". Caledonian MacBrayne. Archived from the original on 31 July 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Gourock – Kilcreggan". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "CalMac to take over Dunoon to Gourock ferry next month". The Lochside Press. 12 December 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- "Kintyre: Ardrossan – Campbeltown". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- "Kilcreggan Ferry". Strathclyde Partnership for Transport. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- "Barra: Oban – Castlebay". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- "Arran: Claonaig – Lochranza". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- "Arran: Claonaig/Tarbert – Lochranza". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- "Kintyre Express | Ferry Service to Ireland". West Coast Tours. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
- "From Russia with Love (1963) - IMDb" – via www.imdb.com.
- "Community Councils". Argyll and Bute Council. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
- "Mid-2020 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
- Visit Scotland, Argyll & Isles - website
- National Records of Scotland - Website Archived 9 August 2022 at the Wayback Machine
- Statistics Scotland, Argyll & Bute - Webpage
- Argyll and Bute Council
- Argyll and Bute at Curlie