Loch Fyne (Scottish Gaelic: Loch Fìne, pronounced [l̪ˠɔx ˈfiːnə]; meaning "Loch of the Vine/Wine"), is a sea loch off the Firth of Clyde and forms part of the coast of the Cowal peninsula. Located on the west coast of Argyll and Bute, Scotland. It extends 65 kilometres (40 mi) inland from the Sound of Bute, making it the longest of the sea lochs in Scotland. It is connected to the Sound of Jura by the Crinan Canal. Although there is no evidence that grapes have grown there, the title is probably honorific, indicating that the river, Abhainn Fìne river Fyne, was a well-respected river.
|Loch Fyne (Loch Gilp, Loch Shira)|
|Location||Cowal, Argyll and Bute, Scotland.|
|Coordinates||Coordinates: , grid reference|
|Native name||Vine (wine) lake Loch Fine or Loch Fyne|
|River sources||Curl Arstich burn, river garron river Fyne lingerton burn king las water allt na craobh uinsinn Allt oigh Allt oich allt na Craig Abhainn Mor Inverneill river Allt Airigh na brodaig Douglas water dalchenna burn Allt Airigh na brodaig Abhainn Srathain Ardfenaig burn Crinan Canal Inverdrishaig water Allt an bog|
|Basin countries||Scotland, United Kingdom|
|Surface elevation||Sea Level|
The loch has several roads surrounding it. The A83 goes round the head of the loch then travels down the west coast of Loch Fyne, from Ardrishaig to Tarbert along the Knapdale coast. Leaving the A83 north of Cairndow the A815 travels down the east shore of Loch Fyne along the Cowal peninsula coast to Strachur, where to continue down the east shore the A886 leads to Newton. Where you turn off onto the B8000 which carries on down the east shore to Millhouse, where you can go to Portavadie or Kames (direct) or via the Ardlamont peninsula, a longer route to Kames.
The Crinan Canal connects Loch Fyne at Ardrishaig and the Sound of Jura at the hamlet of Crinan itself, giving a shortcut for smaller vessels out to the Hebrides saving the longer route of going around the Kintyre peninsula. The canal was built between 1794 and 1801 when the canal was opened, under the supervision of John Rennie. In 1816 Thomas Telford redesigned parts of the canal to remedy technical issues with water supplies for the canal. There are fifteen locks along the canal's 9-mile (14 km) length.
World War TwoEdit
During the Second World War, the HMS Quebec (shore establishment) also known as the "No 1" Combined Operations Training Centre (CTC) was centred a few miles south of Inveraray and used the shores of the Loch Fyne and surrounding coastline. It trained personnel in the techniques involved in the use of landing craft and the setting up of a beachhead. The No1 CTC was manned and trained personnel from all three services, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force and the Army, troops of the allies were also trained. This important military facility was set up in October 1940, around 250,000 personnel passed through the training centre by 1944. The main site is now occupied by Argyll Caravan Park.
Nature and conservationEdit
Loch Fyne has a reputation for its oyster fishery, and as a consequence, the loch has given its name to the once locally owned Loch Fyne Oysters and to the associated Loch Fyne Restaurants. It is also notable for its herring-fishing industry, and hence the famous Loch Fyne Kipper, originally caught using the drift-net method. In the mid-19th century, Loch Fyne was the centre of the battle between the traditional drift-net fishermen and the new trawl-net fishermen who sprang up around Tarbert and Campbeltown in 1833.
Several Scottish sea-fishing records have been set in the loch:
|Dogfish black mouthed||02-13-08 (1.29 kg)||J. H. Anderson||1977||Boat|
|Poor cod||01-00-00 (0.45 kg)||F. Johnstone||1970||Shore|
|Tadpole fish||01-04-00 (0.57 kg)||H. Donnelly||1995||Shore|
|Blue whiting||01-12-00 (0.79 kg)||J. H. Anderson||1977||Boat|
Sport and leisureEdit
Loch Fyne is a popular area for sport diving. Off the coast at St Catherines, is a boulder field and a wrecked speedboat. At Kenmore Point is Stallion Rock, a single rock that rises from the sea bed.
It is also a popular tourist destination with attractions such as Inveraray Castle, Dunderave Castle, Kilmory Castle, Minard Castle and the nearby ruins of Castle MacEwen and Old Castle Lachlan around the shores of Loch Fyne.
- "MSPs seek action over Tinkers' Heart in Argyll". BBC News. 2014-09-30. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
- "Portavadie Port Information | Cowal & Dunoon | CalMac Ferries". www.calmac.co.uk.
- "Crinan Canal Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland". Undiscoveredscotland.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-03.
- "No. 1 Combined Training Centre, Inveraray". Combinedops.com. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
- "Upper Loch Fyne and Loch Goil". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
- Dunkley, Daniel (2016-03-27). "Loch Fyne on the block". The Sunday Times.
- The Rinn-Net Fishermen, Martin
- "St Catherines Dive Site Loch Fyne - C-Divers Central Scotland Dive Club".
- "View source for Loch Fyne" – via Wikipedia.
- "Crarae Garden - Glorious Gardens of Argyll & Bute". www.gardens-of-argyll.co.uk.
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