Kerrera (//; Scottish Gaelic: Cearara or Cearrara) is an island in the Scottish Inner Hebrides, close to the town of Oban. In 2016 it had a population of 45 divided into two communities in the north and south of the island.
|Gaelic name||Cearara (help·info)|
|Meaning of name||Norse for 'Kjarbar's island' or possibly 'copse island'|
Kerrera shown within Argyll and Bute
|OS grid reference|
|Area||1,214 hectares (4.7 sq mi)|
|Area rank||44 |
|Highest elevation||Carn Breugach 189 metres (620 ft)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Council area||Argyll and Bute|
|Population rank||57 |
|Population density||2.8 people/km2|
The island is around 7 km (4 mi) long and around 2 km (1 1⁄4 mi) wide, and is separated from the mainland by the Sound of Kerrera, about 500 m (1⁄4 mi) wide. The island is linked to the mainland by two ferry services. In the middle of the island, the Caledonian MacBrayne passenger ferry MV Carvoria operates from the Gallanach Road (about 3 km (2 mi) southwest of Oban). From the landing place, tracks lead to the scattered settlements in the centre and south of the island. The south end circular walking loop takes around 3 hours to walk. The northern tip of the island can be accessed by a separate marina ferry service operating from North Pier in the centre of Oban. The service runs to Oban Marina near Ardentrive Farm, which is linked by a track to the rest of the island.
The island is known for the ruined Gylen Castle, a small tower house built in 1582. It was also the place where Alexander II of Scotland died in 1249. The highest point on Kerrera is Carn Breugach at 189 m (620 ft). Most of the island is owned by the McDougalls of Dunollie, who are descended from the Norse-Gael Somerled. The four-acre (1.6 ha) tidal island at the north-east tip of Kerrera, Rubh a' Chruidh, was sold for £426,000 in 2010 to Lanarkshire businessman David Hamilton. who built an American beach style three bedroom house and a helipad on the island.
In the 2011 census, Kerrera had a population of 34. However in 2019, residents say that the population has doubled to 68 people, including 18 children. There are no public buildings or facilities (apart from two compost loos provided by the community) on the island. In July 2019, the Isle of Kerrera Development Trust (community organisation, www.isleofkerrera.org) purchased the old primary school building, close to the public ferry slip and right in the heart of the island. The building had sat empty and was sadly deteriorating since closing the doors to the last pupil in 1997. The community plan to restore the building into a multi-functional centre.
The main industries on the island are farming (sheep and Highland cattle) and tourism. There was an exotic bird sanctuary but it is now closed (2017). There is a tea room/café (Kerrera Tea Garden & Bunkhouse) at the south end near Gylen Castle but (in 2016) no metalled roads, no shop and no pub. The castle itself was restored to some extent in 2006 and is open to the public.
- Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands over 20 ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
- National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7.
- Mac an Tàilleir, Iain (2003) Ainmean-àite/Placenames. (pdf) Pàrlamaid na h-Alba. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
- Ordnance Survey. OS Maps Online (Map). 1:25,000. Leisure.
- Anderson, Joseph (ed.) (1873) The Orkneyinga Saga. Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. Edmonston and Douglas. The Internet Archive. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- "Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland database". Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- Humphries, Will (2016-12-14). "Divided island seeks funds for first road". The Times. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
- Moira Kerr (15 February 2010). "Scottish island Rubh'a Chruidh sells for £426,000". The Scotsman. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
- "Now you could own an island… for less than a London studio flat". Mail Online. 2016-04-14. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
- Ardill, Thomas (2012-12-01). "Gylen Castle, Kerrera and the Firth of Lorn from the North 1831 by Joseph Mallord William Turner". Tate. J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours.
- McLennan, Louisa (2013-06-19). "Scotland to a tea: Kerrera Tea Garden". The Herald. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
- "Castle reopens after restoration". News, UK, Scotland, Glasgow and West. BBC. 2006-05-12. Retrieved 2016-12-14.