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Campbeltown (// (listen); Scottish Gaelic: Ceann Loch Chille Chiarain or Ceann Locha) is a town and former royal burgh in Argyll and Bute, Scotland. It lies by Campbeltown Loch on the Kintyre peninsula. Originally known as Kinlochkilkerran (an anglicization of the Gaelic, which means "head of the loch by the kirk of Ciarán"), it was renamed in the 17th century as Campbell's Town after Archibald Campbell (Earl of Argyle) was granted the site in 1667. Campbeltown became an important centre for Scotch whisky, and a busy fishing port.
|Population||4,852 2011 census|
|OS grid reference|
|• Edinburgh||101 mi (163 km)|
|• London||352 mi (566 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Campbeltown is one of five areas in Scotland categorised as a distinct malt whisky producing region, and is home to the Campbeltown single malts. At one point it had over 30 distilleries and proclaimed itself "the whisky capital of the world". However, a focus on quantity rather than quality, and the combination of prohibition and the Great Depression in the United States, led to most distilleries going out of business. Today only three active distilleries remain in Campbeltown: Glen Scotia, Glengyle, and Springbank.
The well known folk song titled Campbeltown Loch, I wish you were whisky is based on the town's history in this industry.
Campbeltown boasts a museum and a heritage centre. The museum has a varied collection of items from Campbeltown's past, and prehistoric items excavated from sites around Kintyre, such as axeheads, jewellery and combs. The 19th century building, by John James Burnet, also houses the Registrars office and Customer Service Point for Argyll and Bute council and has plaques or exhibits related to famous Kintyre people: for example, William McTaggart and William Mackinnon. Near the museum is the cinema known as the Wee Picture House, a small but distinctive Art Nouveau building of the Glasgow School dating from 1913 and believed to be the oldest surviving purpose-built cinema in Scotland. These buildings are on the waterfront, as is a 14th-century Celtic cross that also served as a mercat cross.
St Kieran (Ciarán of Clonmacnoise) lived in this area before the town existed. A cave named after him can be visited at low tide, as can the cave on nearby Island Davaar where pilgrims and tourists go to see a 19th-century crucifixion painting.
Campbeltown also hosts the annual Mull Of Kintyre Music Festival, which has seen acts ranging from up-and-coming local bands to well-established groups such as Deacon Blue, The Stranglers and Idlewild perform.
A recent addition has been the Kintyre Songwriters Festival, a fairly low key annual gathering aimed at promoting the wealth and variety of original music across the area. The festival is held during the last weekend of May and is open to anyone interested in performing.
On Friday 16 June 2006, First Minister Jack McConnell flew to Campbeltown to officially open Campbeltown's new 'Aqualibrium' Centre. Aqualibrium, designed by Page\Park Architects, replaced the old Campbeltown swimming pool, which was previously closed due to safety concerns; the centre houses Campbeltown's library (with the old building being the museum only), swimming pool, gym, conference centre and 'Mussel Ebb' Cafe.
Argyll FM is a local radio station based in Campbeltown on 106.5, 107.1 and 107.7
In May 2012 Campbeltown and Dunoon were jointly named in a report by the Scottish Agricultural College as the rural places in Scotland most vulnerable to a downturn. The "vulnerability index" ranked 90 Scottish locations according to factors associated with economic and social change.
The town is the westernmost town in the island of Great Britain (if the port of Mallaig is not counted as a town). It has the population of a large village, but lays claim to its town status based on its port and its central close grid of streets. Its position near the end of a long peninsula makes for a time-consuming road journey, and to some extent the area relies on sea and air transport, like the Inner Hebrides. However it is linked to the rest of Scotland by the A83 (to Tarbet) and A82 (from Tarbet to Glasgow). Bus service is provided by West Coast Motors.
Ferries sail from Campbeltown to Ballycastle in Northern Ireland, operated by Kintyre Express. An earlier service had been suspended in June 2002; the new service, which runs to Ballycastle every Friday to Monday during summer months and on Mondays and Fridays during the winter months, commenced in 2011.
In 2006 a foot passenger ferry operated by Kintyre Express ran between Campbeltown and Troon every Monday, Wednesday and Friday with a crossing time of one hour in calm weather. By 2007 this ferry no longer ran, although the vessel can be chartered privately.
Campbeltown was linked to Machrihanish by a canal (1794-mid-1880s) that was superseded by the Campbeltown and Machrihanish Light Railway, which closed in 1932. The railway, which was originally built to serve the Machrihanish Coalfield, ran from Campbeltown railway station to Machrihanish railway station.
|Preceding station||Ferry||Following station|
As with the rest of Scotland, Campbeltown experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters. The nearest official Met Office weather station for which online records are available is at Campbeltown Airport/RAF Machrihanish, about 3 mi (4.8 km) west of the town centre.
The lowest temperature to be reported in recent years was −12.9 °C (8.8 °F) during December 2010.
|Climate data for Machrihanish, 10 m (33 ft) ASL, 1981-2010|
|Average high °C (°F)||7.8
|Average low °C (°F)||2.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||128.5
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||17.7||13.9||16.0||12.2||12.2||11.5||13.0||14.0||15.0||17.8||17.8||16.7||177.7|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||47.8||75.1||101.6||163.4||214.8||181.1||157.7||159.7||126.8||87.1||54.7||42.8||1,412.5|
|Source: Met Office|
Campbeltown is one of the few communities in the Scottish Highlands where the Scots language predominated in recent centuries, rather than the previously widespread Scottish Gaelic, an enclave of Lowland Scots speech surrounded by Highland Scottish speech. This was due to the plantation of lowland merchants in the burgh in the 17th century. The dominant position that Lowland Scots had in the town has today been taken by the English language, in the form of the Scottish English dialect.
- Alexander Beith, divine and author
- Hugh Henry Brackenridge, American writer, lawyer, judge, and justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court
- John Campbell Mitchell, landscape artist
- T. Lindsay Galloway, civil and mining engineer and coal master of Argyll Colliery
- James Gerald Gulliver, founder of Argyll Foods
- Sir William Mackinnon, 1st Baronet, Scottish ship-owner and businessman
- Norman Macleod (Caraid nan Gaidheal), Scottish divine and miscellaneous writer, served at the parish of Campbeltown, father of Norman Macleod (below)
- Norman Macleod, Scottish clergyman and author
- Angus MacVicar, author and broadcaster
- Neil Mathieson, chemist and businessman
- Neil McBain, professional footballer and football manager
- Paul McCartney, musician, singer, songwriter and leader of Wings and a member of the Beatles owns a farm near the town
- Jill McGown, British writer of mystery novels
- Gilbert McKechnie, Ontario merchant and political figure
- Duncan McNab McEachran, Canadian veterinarian and academic
- Dan McPhail, professional footballer who made 437 appearances in the Football League
- William McTaggart, landscape artist
- Denzil Meyrick, author of Kinloch novels.
- John Neil Munro, journalist and author of biographies
- Rodney Pattisson, English yachtsman
- George Pirie, artist who was associated with the Glasgow Boys in the 1880's
- Kieran Prendergast, diplomat and a former Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs at the United Nations
- Bob Pursell, footballer who played for Liverpool F.C. in the early 20th century
- Peter Pursell, footballer. he won one cap for Scotland in 1914
- Very Rev James Curdie Russell, Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland minister of Campbeltown
- Angus Stewart, Lord Stewart, lawyer and Senator of the College of Justice, a judge of the Supreme Courts of Scotland
- John Stewart, Australian politician
- Gerald Tait, Olympic sailor
- Lawrence Tynes, placekicker in the National Football League. Grew up in Campbeltown when his father was with the US Navy
- George Wylie, member of the Wisconsin State Assembly and State Senate
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- Historic Environment Scotland. "St John Street and Hall Street, Public Library and Museum, with Librarian's House, Garden, Railings, Gates, and Gatepiers (Category A) (LB22964)". Retrieved 2 April 2019.
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- Campbeltown Cross,Hall Street
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- Bayer, Josef. "Schottland zu Gast". www.asamnet.de.
- for Campbeltown
- Come to Campbeltown
- Campbeltown Website
- Campbeltown Courier - source for local news
- Mull Of Kintyre Music Festival- official site
- Kintyre Songwriters Festival- official site
- The Picture House
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Campbeltown.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Campbeltown.|