South Gloucestershire

South Gloucestershire is a unitary authority area in the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire, South West England. Towns in the area include Yate, Chipping Sodbury, Thornbury, Filton, Patchway and Bradley Stoke, the latter three forming part of the northern Bristol suburbs. The unitary authority also covers many outlying villages and hamlets. The southern part of its area falls within the Greater Bristol urban area surrounding the city of Bristol.

South Gloucestershire
Part of the shopping centre at Yate, the administrative centre of South Gloucestershire
Part of the shopping centre at Yate, the administrative centre of South Gloucestershire
Shown within Gloucestershire
Shown within Gloucestershire
Coordinates: 51°28′44″N 2°22′48″W / 51.479°N 2.380°W / 51.479; -2.380Coordinates: 51°28′44″N 2°22′48″W / 51.479°N 2.380°W / 51.479; -2.380
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth West England
Ceremonial CountyGloucestershire
Combined authorityWest of England
Admin HQYate
Government
 • TypeUnitary authority
 • BodySouth Gloucestershire Council
 • Leadership(Conservative)
 • MPsJack Lopresti (C)
Chris Skidmore (C)
Luke Hall (C)
Area
 • Total191.87 sq mi (496.94 km2)
 • Rank91st (of 309)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)[1]
 • Total285,093
 • Rank50th (of 309)
 • Density1,500/sq mi (570/km2)
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code00HD (ONS) E06000025 (GSS)
OS grid referenceST735757
PoliceAvon and Somerset
FireAvon
AmbulanceSouth Western
Websitewww.southglos.gov.uk

South Gloucestershire was created in 1996 to replace the Northavon district of the abolished county of Avon. It is separate from Gloucestershire County Council, but is part of the ceremonial county and shares Gloucestershire's Lord Lieutenant (the Sovereign's representative to the county).[2] Because of its history as part of the county of Avon, South Gloucestershire works closely with the other unitary authorities that took over when that county was abolished, including shared services such as Avon Fire and Rescue Service[3] and Avon and Somerset Police,[4] together with co-operation in planning strategy for transport, roads and housing.

HistoryEdit

Prior to the implementation of the Local Government Act 1972 on 1 April 1974, the area that now forms South Gloucestershire formed part of the shire county of Gloucestershire, comprising the urban districts of Kingswood and Mangotsfield and the Rural Districts of Warmley, Sodbury and Thornbury. However, under the terms of that act, the area was removed from Gloucestershire, and became part of the county of Avon, forming the districts of Kingswood and Northavon.

In 1996, the county of Avon was abolished, and South Gloucestershire was created as a unitary authority area comprising the former districts of Kingswood and Northavon. The area borders the city and county of Bristol, the Bath and North East Somerset unitary authority area, and the shire counties of Gloucestershire and Wiltshire.

The geographic area currently known as South Gloucestershire should not be confused with Southern Gloucestershire. Nor should organisations or bodies in the past titled 'South Gloucestershire' (meaning Southern Gloucestershire) be confused with the area covered by the unitary authority.

DemographicEdit

At the 2001 census, the population of South Gloucestershire was 245,641.[5]

At the 2011 census, the population had increased to 262,767.[citation needed]

At the 2021 census, the population estimate for South Gloucestershire is 290,400. [6]

According to the 2001 census estimates, 97.6 percent of the population was described as white, 0.8 percent as dual heritage, 0.7 percent as Asian or Asian British, 0.4 percent as Black or Black British and 0.5 percent as Chinese or other.[5]

Much of the population is in towns that form the 'suburbs' to the north and east of Bristol. There are also the large towns of Yate and its neighbour Chipping Sodbury, Thornbury, the large villages of Winterbourne and Frampton Cotterell, Wickwar, Alveston, Olveston and Tockington.

EconomyEdit

The main employers are the local authority with 9,500 people and the Ministry of Defence Headquarters for Defence Procurement and the Naval Support Command with 7,000 employees. Other key employers include Airbus, Rolls Royce and the Royal Mail, which dominates the Filton-Patchway area of South Gloucestershire. Friends Provident and Hewlett Packard also have major offices in nearby Stoke Gifford.[7]

Many employers operate in the heavily developed area between the northern edge of Bristol and the M5 motorway, an area sometimes described as the North Fringe of Bristol. This includes the Cribbs Causeway shopping centre, comprising The Mall regional shopping centre and the surrounding retail parks. East of Patchway are the Aztec West and Almondsbury business parks either side of the A38, extending to Bradley Stoke and the M4/M5 Almondsbury Interchange. Employers with sites in this area include EE and the RAC.

EducationEdit

South Gloucestershire is home to 99 primary schools, 16 secondary schools, and post-16 colleges and centres.[8] There is one university, the University of the West of England, which was a former polytechnic. In 2008, DCSF figures revealed that there was a 6.6% overall absence in the district's secondary schools, whilst 7.4% is the national average.[9]

Key Stage 4 results (2008)[10] 5 or more grades A*-C including English and maths GCSEs % Level 2 in functional English and maths Level 1 in functional English and maths Level 2 (5 or more grades A*-C) Level 1 (5 or more grades A*-G) 2 grades A*-C which cover the Key Stage 4 science programme of study A*C in a modern foreign language A*G in a modern foreign language At least one qualification
Local Authority average 48.1% 56.9% 92.8% 63.6% 93.0% 50.3% 30.6% 49.7% 98.0%
England average 48.1% 52.0% 90.2% 65.3% 91.6% 50.3% 30.7% 44.8% 98.6%

In 2005, the then Chancellor of the Exchequer recognised the City of Bristol's ties to science and technology by naming it one of six "science cities", and promising funding for further development of science in the city,[11] with a £300 million science park planned at Emerson's Green, in South Gloucestershire.[12]

GeographyEdit

The River Severn forms the north-western edge of the area, with a wide coastal plain terminated by an escarpment. East of this is the wide River Frome Valley drainage area. Further east is another escarpment running roughly north–south, passing between Yate and Chipping Sodbury and west of Pucklechurch. The Cotswolds Escarpment forms the eastern edge of South Gloucestershire, while the western half is mainly urbanised.

A small part of the Cotswolds and the National Trust site of Dyrham Park are also in the district. South of the motorways are suburbs of Bristol while areas north are rural. Some of the inner green belts have been taken away by developments like the new town of Bradley Stoke.

TransportEdit

 
Map of South Gloucestershire; the blue lines are motorways.

South Gloucestershire is a major transport hub with many areas of South Gloucestershire having easy commuting access to Bristol (via A38 and M32), Bath to the east, as well as westward to South Wales and Cardiff via the two Severn bridges. The M5 and M4 motorways provide access to Gloucester and London. Bristol's northern and eastern ring road, the A4174, passes through South Gloucestershire.

This network of roads is of paramount importance to the industries and distribution centres in the area, as well as to the regional shopping centres – which give it a prime location.

South Gloucestershire is working with the City and County of Bristol in developing a large Metrobus system.

The area also has an important and well used railway network, with many direct routes to towns and cities across the UK. This includes eastward to London and westward through the Severn Tunnel to Cardiff and the rest of South Wales. There are also routes down to the South-West counties and north to England's second city, Birmingham. Many routes cross in Stoke Gifford at the Bristol Parkway railway station. There are six stations within the district, mainly located near the border with Bristol in the west of the district.

South Gloucestershire is home to the eastern ends of the two Severn Bridges, which are the main arterial routes by road to and from South Wales.

Mode of transport[5] South Glos % National %
Car driver 65.4 55.2
On foot 7.3 10.0
Bus or coach 6.5 7.4
Car passenger 6.3 6.3
Bicycle 3.0 2.8
Motorcycle 1.8 1.1
Train 0.6 4.1
Taxi 0.2 0.5
Other 0.3 0.5
Work from home 8.5 9.2

SettlementsEdit

Other towns and villagesEdit

Places of interestEdit

DemocracyEdit

The Conservatives have held an overall majority on the council since 2015, with the only other majority being held by the Liberal Democrats from 1999 to 2003. In 2012, it became one of the first authorities in the UK to return to a Committee System, abolishing the single party Cabinet, as allowed under the Localism Act.[13] This was later reverted to a leader and cabinet system in 2017 during the Conservative majority, a move which was criticised by Labour and Liberal Democrat councillors.[14]

Under the Boundary Commission proposals, which took effect at the 2010 general election, the authority has been divided between three new constituencies, all lying within the authority boundary. These are:

County/Borough is a legal term denoting the type of constituency. County is a rural area, Borough is an urban area.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019". Office for National Statistics. 6 May 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Schedule 1: Counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies in Great Britain". Lieutenancies Act 1997. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  3. ^ "About us". Avon Fire & Rescue. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  4. ^ "History of the Force". Avon and Somerset Constabulary. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  5. ^ a b c "South Gloucestershire Census Profile". South Gloucestershire Council. 12 January 2003. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
  6. ^ "Census 2021 | BETA - South Gloucestershire Council". beta.southglos.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 November 2022.
  7. ^ "Major Employers in South Gloucestershire" (PDF). South Gloucestershire Council. 1 June 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2009. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
  8. ^ "UK Schools & Colleges Database". Schools Web Directory. 20 April 2009.
  9. ^ "Local Authority : South Gloucestershire". DCSF. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
  10. ^ "Local Authority: South Gloucestershire". DCSF. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
  11. ^ "Vice-Chancellor's speeches and articles". University of Bristol. 11 November 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2007.
  12. ^ "City science park partner named". BBC News. 20 April 2006. Retrieved 6 May 2007.
  13. ^ South Glos Council. "South Gloucestershire adopts committee system".
  14. ^ Sims, Aaron (23 March 2017). "Conservative-led South Gloucestershire Council votes to adopt executive cabinet structure". Retrieved 20 May 2019.

External linksEdit