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London Borough of Redbridge

The London Borough of Redbridge (About this sound pronunciation ) is a London borough in East London,[2] England.

London Borough of Redbridge
London borough
Coat of arms of London Borough of Redbridge
Coat of arms
Official logo of London Borough of Redbridge
Council logo
Redbridge shown within Greater London
Redbridge shown within Greater London
Status London borough
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Created 1 April 1965
Admin HQ Ilford
 • Type London borough council
 • Body Redbridge London Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet
Leader, Cllr Jas Athwal
Deputy, Cllr Elaine Norman (Labour)
 • Mayor Cllr Linda Huggett
 • London Assembly Keith Prince (CON) AM for Havering and Redbridge
 • MPs John Cryer (LAB)
Iain Duncan Smith (CON)
Mike Gapes (LAB)
Wes Streeting (LAB)
 • EU Parliament London
 • Total 56.41 km2 (21.78 sq mi)
Area rank 263rd (of 326)
Population (mid-2016 est.)
 • Total 299,200
 • Rank 39th (of 326)
 • Density 5,300/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
 • Ethnicity[1]

34.5% White British
1.4% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
6.6% Other White
1.1% White & Black Caribbean
0.6% White & Black African
1.2% White & Asian
1.2% Other Mixed
16.4% Indian
11.1% Pakistani
5.7% Bangladeshi
1.1% Chinese
7.4% Other Asian
4.4% Black African
3.2% Black Caribbean
1.2% Other Black
0.6% Arab

2.1% Other
Time zone GMT (UTC)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcodes E, IG, RM
Area code(s) 020
ONS code 00BC
GSS code E09000026
Police Metropolitan Police

Its administrative headquarters is at Redbridge Town Hall in Ilford. The local authority is Redbridge London Borough Council.



The name comes from a bridge over the River Roding which was demolished in 1921. The bridge was made of red brick, unlike other bridges in the area made of white stone. The name had first been applied to the Redbridge area and Redbridge tube station was opened in 1947. It was earlier known as Hocklee's Bridge.[3]

Places of interestEdit

Parks and open spacesEdit

Redbridge is one of London's greenest Boroughs, with more than 35 parks, playgrounds and open spaces to enjoy. These include Hainault Forest Country Park, with 300 acres of countryside including adventure play areas, cafe and petting zoo. Roding Valley Park, a wildlife sanctuary with a wide range of flora and fauna and woodland areas to explore. Fairlop Waters Country Park, which offers a huge range of activities both on and off the water. The award-winning Valentines Park, situated next to the beautiful Valentines Mansion, ornamental gardens, bowling green and outdoor gym among other attractions. Claybury Woods and Park, a conservation area that features and ancient area of oak and hornbeam woodland, meadows and wildlife ponds.

Six parks have attained the prestigious Green Flag Award.

For more information, see Redbridge parks and open spaces

Arts and cultureEdit

Valentines Mansion is a Georgian country house and gardens in the grounds of Valentines Park, Ilford. The 300-year-old restored building attracts thousands of visitors every year. There is also a Gardener's Cottage Café and regular art installations and exhibitions.

Redbridge Drama Centre in Churchfields, South Woodford, offers young people aged five to 21 the chance to take part in a professional performance and gives the public a year-round opportunity to see live shows in this part of the Borough. It has a television studio and edit suite where film and videos are made.

Kenneth More Theatre in Oakfield Road, Ilford opened in 1975 and the theatre in Ilford Town Centre has since served up a diverse programme of amateur and professional performances to the local community with new shows most weeks.

Redbridge Museum is situated in Redbridge Central Library, Clements Road, Ilford, Redbridge Museum explores the many places, people and events in over 150,000 years of the Borough's history. The museum also features interactive displays, a multi-media Children's Trail and touch displays to help bring the past to life. There are also regular changing exhibitions for visitors to enjoy.


Redbridge has 13 libraries across the Borough. This includes the Redbridge Central Library, in Clements Road, Ilford, which had a major refurbishment in 2012. The libraries offer a number of services including reading clubs, story time sessions, study areas and learning resources. The libraries in Redbridge are:

  • Aldersbrook Library
  • Clayhall Library
  • Fullwell Cross Library
  • Gants Hill Library
  • Goodmayes Library
  • Hainault Library
  • Redbridge Central Library
  • Keith Axon Library
  • Seven Kings Library
  • South Woodford Library
  • Uphall School Library
  • Wanstead Library
  • Woodford Green Library

There is also a mobile library, making weekly stops at several locations in the borough.

Sport and leisure facilitiesEdit

Redbridge has a number of sports and leisure facilities including the fantastic road and off-road cycling tracks at Redbridge Cycling Centre, top class water sports at Fairlop Activity Centre, in Fairlop Waters and sporting facilities at Redbridge Sports and Leisure Centre, in Forest Road, Fairlop. Fullwell Cross Leisure Centre, in Barkingside features a swimming pool, dance studio and spa.

There are also a number of outdoor gyms in the Borough's parks:

  • Ashton Playing Fields
  • Claybury Woods and Park
  • Elmhurst Gardens
  • Forest Road Playing Fields
  • Goodmayes Park
  • Ray Park
  • Valentines Park

There are two local football teams both playing in the Isthmian League Division One: Redbridge F.C. (not to be confused with Dagenham & Redbridge) and Ilford FC. In addition there is fellow Non-League football club Barkingside F.C. who play at The Oakside stadium.

The borough was one of the locations of the 2010 Mayor of London's Sky Ride. Along with Ealing, it was the first time the event took place in Outer London boroughs as well as in central London.

Redbridge's Valentines Park in Ilford acted as one of Essex County Cricket Club's home grounds in 1923-4 and from 1935 until 2002, when the club stopped playing there due to financial constraints.[4]

Redbridge is home to several Scouting districts and Groups. One such group is 4th Goodmayes Scout Group, which celebrates its 90th year in 2016.


A map showing the wards of Redbridge since 2002


In 2011 the population of Redbridge was recorded at 278,970.[5] In common with the other London boroughs this continues a period of growth; between the 1991 and 2001 censuses the increase was 7.5%[6] with a further rise of 15.3% by 2011.[5] Redbridge has the third highest proportion of children and a higher-than-average proportion of older adults while the proportion of working age adults is slightly lower than average.[7] The population density was last recorded at 4,945 residents per km2 (the London regional density is 5,199, far higher than the England and Wales figure of 371).[5]

The healthy life expectancy (HLE) at birth for Redbridge residents stands at 65.5 years for males and 62.4 years for females (the England average HLE is 63.4 for males and 64.1 for females).[8]

Redbridge is one of the most ethnically diverse local authorities in the UK. 34% of respondents to the 2011 census stated that they were born outside the UK and 65.5% identified as belonging to an ethnic group other than white British.[9] Redbridge's largest ethnic group is White British (34.5%), followed by Indian (16.4%),[9] and Pakistani (Redbridge has the highest proportion of Pakistani residents of any London borough).[9]

Year Pop. ±%
1801 4,909 —    
1811 6,317 +28.7%
1821 7,829 +23.9%
1831 8,572 +9.5%
1841 9,290 +8.4%
1851 9,921 +6.8%
1861 16,409 +65.4%
1871 22,897 +39.5%
1881 29,385 +28.3%
1891 51,250 +74.4%
1901 77,621 +51.5%
1911 117,735 +51.7%
1921 152,209 +29.3%
1931 196,790 +29.3%
1941 230,876 +17.3%
1951 270,876 +17.3%
1961 254,605 −6.0%
1971 239,337 −6.0%
1981 224,724 −6.1%
1991 231,198 +2.9%
2001 238,628 +3.2%
2011 278,970 +16.9%

Ethnic and religious changeEdit

In common with many London boroughs, the most recent (2011) census showed notable ethnic and religious population mobility in Redbridge. Ethnic groups whose proportions[9] fell in Redbridge were White British (-23% of the borough's total), Irish (-0.9%), and Caribbean (-0.6%). Ethnic groups whose proportions rose include Pakistani (+4.9%), other Asians (+4.4%), Bangladeshis (+3.9%), and other White (+2.9%). Religious groups whose proportions fell in Redbridge were Christian (-13.9%) and Jews (-2.5%). For Jews this represented a fall of over 50% of their number in some wards. Religious groups whose proportions rose include Muslims (+11.4%) followed by Hindu (+3.6%).

Educated 30–40 years old *British-born* Asian residents of Redbridge who participated in a 2012 academic research project[11] expressed nostalgia for an earlier Redbridge they described as more culturally diverse, by which they meant fewer British Asians.


Walking and cyclingEdit

The Roding Valley Way is a designated walking and cycling route between Woodford and Ilford.[12]

TfL RailEdit

Fairlop Loop (Hainault Loop)
Central line to Epping
(formerly to Ongar)
Roding Valley
M11 motorway
Grange Hill
Hainault depot
Newbury Park
A12 Eastern Avenue
connection closed 1956
(Ilford curve closed 1947)
Gants Hill
Central line to Central London
TfL Rail to Shenfield
Seven Kings
Junction now site of Ilford Depot
TfL Rail to Liverpool Street
Route Frequency
TfL Rail service between London Liverpool Street and Shenfield 6 trains per hour
Station Image Opened[13] Notes[13]
Ilford   20 June 1839 map 1
Seven Kings   1 April 1899 map 2
Goodmayes   18 February 1901 map 3
Chadwell Heath   11 January 1864 map 4

These services serving these stations will be rebranded from TfL Rail to Crossrail in 2017.

London UndergroundEdit

Central line Fairlop Loop Epping Branch.

Station Image Opened[13] Notes[13]
Snaresbrook   14 December 1947 map 5
South Woodford   14 December 1947 Opened as South Woodford (George Lane); renamed 1947map 6
Woodford     14 December 1947 Terminus of Hainault Loopmap 7

Hainault Branch following the route of the A12 road from Wanstead to Newbury Park.

Station Image Opened[13] Notes[13]
Wanstead   14 December 1947 map 8
Redbridge   14 December 1947 map 9
Gants Hill   14 December 1947 map 10
Newbury Park   14 December 1947 map 11
Barkingside   31 May 1948 map 12
Fairlop   31 May 1948 map 13
Hainault     31 May 1948 map 14
Grange Hill   21 November 1948 map 15


Ilford Hainault Street Bus Station, where nine different bus routes terminate.

Numerous London buses run through and within the borough. These include routes 20, 62, 173, 368, 387, 397, 549; night bus routes N8, N15, N86; school bus route 667, 675, 679; and other routes 958. And also these routes :

Route Number Route Via Operator Operation
25   Ilford Hainault Street to Oxford Circus  Holborn  , Aldgate  , Stratford     First London 24 Hours. London Buses service. Times
66   Leytonstone Station   to Romford Station   Wanstead  , Redbridge  , Gants Hill  , Newbury Park   Arriva London Daily. London Buses service. Times
86   Stratford Bus Station    to Romford Station   Manor Park, Ilford  , Seven Kings   Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses service. Times
101   Wanstead Station   to Gallions Reach Shopping Centre Manor Park  , East Ham  , Beckton   Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses service. Times
123   Ilford Hainault Street to Wood Green Bus Station Gants Hill  , Walthamstow, Tottenham, Turnpike Lane   Arriva London Daily. London Buses service. Times
128  Claybury Broadway to Romford Station   Barkingside, Gants Hill  , Ilford  Arriva London 24 Hours. London Buses service. Times
145  Leytonstone  to Dagenham Asda Redbridge  , Ilford , Becontree  Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses service. Times
147  Ilford Hainault Street to Canning Town station    East Ham  , Newham General Hospital, Custom House  Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses service. Times
150   Chigwell Row to Becontree Heath Bus Station Hainault   Barkingside, Gants Hill  , Ilford   Arriva London Daily. London Buses service. Times
167   Debden   to Ilford Hainault Street Loughton  , Barkingside, Gants Hill   Blue Triangle Daily. London Buses service. Times
169   Barking Town Centre     to Clayhall The Glade Ilford  , Newbury Park, Barkingside   Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses service. Times
179   Chingford   to Ilford Hainault Street Woodford Green, South Woodford  , Gants Hill   First London Daily. London Buses service. Times
247   Barkingside Station   to Romford Station   Hainault  , Collier Row Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses service. Times
275   Walthamstow St James Street Station   to Barkingside Tesco Highams Park, Woodford Green, Woodford Bridge Arriva London Daily. London Buses service. Times
296   Ilford Sainbury's to Romford Station   Gants Hill  , Newbury Park , Rose Lane Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses service. Times
308   Wanstead Station   to Clapton Park Millfields Road Forest Gate  , Stratford    , Leyton   First London Daily. London Buses service. Times
362   Grange Hill   to King George Hospital Hainault, Marks Gate, Chadwell Heath Blue Triangle Daily. London Buses service. Times
364   Ilford Hainault Street to Dagenham East Station   Goodmayes  , Becontree, Dagenham Heathway   Blue Triangle Daily. London Buses service. Times
366   Redbridge Falmouth Gardens to Beckton Station   Redbridge  , Ilford , Barking     Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses service. Times
396   Ilford Sainbury's to King George Hospital Gants Hill  , Newbury Park , Little Heath Stagecoach London Daily. London Buses service. Times
462   Hainault The Lowe to Ilford Hainault Street Grange Hill  , Barkingside, Gants Hill   Arriva London Daily. London Buses service. Times
EL1   Ilford Station   to Barking Reach Ilford Lane, Barking   , River Road Blue Triangle 24 Hours. London Buses service. Times
EL2   Ilford Station   to Dagenham Dock Station  Barking   , Thames View Estate, Dagenham Blue Triangle Daily. London Buses service. Times
W12   Walthamstow Coppermill Lane to Wanstead Station   Walthamstow Central   , Whipps Cross Hospital, South Woodford   HCT Group Daily. London Buses service. Times
W13   Woodford Wells to Leytonstone Station   Woodford Green, Snaresbrook  , Wanstead   HCT Group Daily. London Buses service. Times
W14   Leyton Asda to Woodford Bridge South Woodford  , Wanstead  , Leytonstone   Tower Transit Daily. London Buses service. Times
W19   Walthamstow Angel Avenue to Ilford Station   Walthamstow Central   , Leytonstone  , Manor Park   Blue Triangle Daily. London Buses service. Times

Travel to workEdit

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 23.5% all residents aged 16–74; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 18.4%; train, 6.2%; bus, minibus or coach, 4.6%; on foot, 3.7%; work mainly at or from home, 2.6%; passenger in a car or van, 1.5%.[14]


The borough was formed in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 as a merger of the former area of:

Redbridge Town Hall on Ilford High Road
Former local government district Population (1961)[15]
Municipal Borough of Ilford 178,024
Municipal Borough of Wanstead and Woodford 61,416
northern part of the Municipal Borough of Dagenham around Hog Hill 3,569
south eastern part of Chigwell Urban District around Hainault 7,071

All of which had been transferred from Essex to Greater London by the Act.

Destruction of Hainault ForestEdit

An act of parliament in 1851 permitted the virtual destruction of Hainault Forest and 92% of the forest was cut down using machines specially designed for the task. The loss of this habitat outraged public opinion far beyond the local area. The naturalist Oliver Rackham argued that this led to the creation of the modern British conservation movement with the creation of organisations which successfully opposed such a fate happening to Epping Forest, which only lost around 10% of its area.

Redbridge London Borough CouncilEdit

Summary of Council results:

Overall control Conservative Labour Lib Dem Others
2014 Labour 25 35 3 0
2012 No Overall Control 29 25 7 2
2010[16][17] No Overall Control 30 26 7 0
2009 No Overall Control 31 14 13 5
2006[18] Conservative 33 18 10 2
2002 Conservative 33 21 9 -
1998 No overall control 23 30 9 0
1994 No overall control 24 29 9
1990[19] Conservative 42 18 3
1986 Conservative 45 17 1
1982 Conservative 51 12
1978 Conservative 50 13
1974 Conservative 45 15
1971 Conservative 42 18
1968 Conservative 55 5
1964 Conservative 45 15


Redbridge Council is the Local Education Authority. The Borough has the accolade of sending more young people to university than any other borough in the country in both 2011 and 2012. GCSE and A Level results are consistently higher than the Country's average.

All schools in the borough take part in the Redbridge Schools Choral Festival, a biennial music festival held in the Royal Albert Hall in Knightsbridge.[20] It was inaugurated in 1976. Around 1,900 children from Redbridge schools take part in each festival, with the latest edition being held in 2012.


  1. ^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
  2. ^ "London Places" (PDF). Greater London Authority. GLA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Mills, A., Dictionary of London Place Names, (2001)
  4. ^ "Valentine's Park". Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c "Population change 2001-2011". Office for National Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population statistics". Redbridge i. Redbridge Council. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "2011 Census - Population". Redbridge i. Redbridge Council. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "How long can you expect to live in 'Good' general health?". Office for National Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d "2011 Census - Diversity". Redbridge i. Redbridge Council. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "Redbridge: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 6 September 2011. 
  11. ^ Saha, Anamik; Watson, Sophie (2013). Suburban drifts: mundane multiculturalism in outer London. Resourceful Cities, Research Committee 21, 29–31 August 2013, Humboldt-University Berlin, Institute for Social Science, Dept for Urban and Regional Sociology. 
  12. ^ Sustrans,
  13. ^ a b c d e f Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. London: Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. OCLC 59556887. 
  14. ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013.  Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance.
  15. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Redbridge. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
  16. ^ "REDBRIDGE: Council election count - LIVE". East London and West Essex Guardian Series. 
  17. ^
  18. ^ "2006 Local election results". 
  19. ^ GLA. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2016. , London Borough Council Elections May 2010, March 2011, accessed 21 April 2011.
  20. ^ Redbridge Music Service - Redbridge Schools' Choral Festival

External linksEdit


Coordinates: 51°34′N 0°05′E / 51.567°N 0.083°E / 51.567; 0.083