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Hainault is a London Underground station in Hainault, east London, England. The station is on the Central line between Fairlop and Grange Hill stations.[3] Since 2 January 2007 the station is in Travelcard Zone 4.[3] This station is also home to one of the three Central line depots.

Hainault London Underground
Hainault stn building.JPG
Station entrance on New North Road
Hainault is located in Greater London
Hainault
Hainault
Location of Hainault in Greater London
LocationHainault
Local authorityLondon Borough of Redbridge
Managed byLondon Underground
Number of platforms3
AccessibleYes[1]
Fare zone4
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013Increase 3.15 million[2]
2014Increase 3.48 million[2]
2015Increase 3.61 million[2]
2016Increase 3.74 million[2]
2017Increase 3.80 million[2]
Railway companies
Original companyGreat Eastern Railway
Pre-groupingGreat Eastern Railway
Post-groupingLondon and North Eastern Railway
Key dates
1903Opened (GER)
1908Closed (GER)
1930Reopened (LNER)
1947Closed (LNER)
1948Opened as terminus (Central line)
1948Became through station
Other information
External links
WGS8451°36′12″N 0°05′36″E / 51.6033°N 0.0933°E / 51.6033; 0.0933Coordinates: 51°36′12″N 0°05′36″E / 51.6033°N 0.0933°E / 51.6033; 0.0933
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

Contents

HistoryEdit

The station was opened on 1 May 1903 as part of the Great Eastern Railway's (GER) Fairlop Loop branch line from Woodford to Ilford.[4][5] The line was designed to stimulate suburban growth but was closed on 1 October 1908 due to a lack of custom and did not reopen until 2 March 1930.[6] In 1923, GER was merged with other railway companies to form the London & North Eastern Railway (LNER) under the 1921 Railways Act. As part of the 1935–1940 "New Works Programme" of the London Passenger Transport Board, the majority of the loop was transferred to form the eastern extensions of the Central line. Although work on this commenced in 1938, it was suspended upon the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 and work only recommenced in 1946.

Steam train services serving Hainault were suspended on 29 November 1947 and electrified Central line passenger services, to Central London via Gants Hill, finally commenced on 31 May 1948. The line from Newbury Park to Hainault had been electrified for empty train movements to the new depot at Hainault from 14 December 1947. The services to Woodford via Grange Hill were reintroduced on 21 November 1948.

Alterations at Hainault included a new island platform on the west side of the station to allow the bulk of services via Gants Hill to be terminated here as well as allowing access to Hainault Depot. This, situated to the north of the station, is the major train depot on the eastern end of the line. The depot building was completed in 1939 but was used by the US Army Transportation Corps until 1945. The depot was in use for Central line stock from 14 December 1947.

From the mid-1960s until the early 1990s the Woodford-Hainault section was largely operated separately from the rest of the Central line, using four-car (later three-car) trains of 1960 Stock.[7] The three car units had a 1938 tube stock middle carriage. These trains were adapted for Automatic Train Operation (ATO): the Woodford-Hainault section became the testing ground for ATO on the Victoria line.[7] Some Victoria line (1967 Stock) trains were also used to operate this section[7] and named FACT, "Fully Automatic Controlled Train". The separate operation has now been abolished, the 1960 Stock withdrawn and through trains to Central London now operate, albeit via Hainault[8] and the 1960 Stock (along with the rest of the Central line's 1962 Stock) has been superseded by trains of 1992 Stock.

Station ImprovementsEdit

The station has recently been the focus of a refurbishment programme. The ticket office has been refurbished, a new Station Supervisor's Office in the ticket hall was completed in June 2009 and lifts have been installed to allow step-free access to the platforms.[1][9] The lifts are the shallowest on the London Underground network, having a descent of just 0.67 metres.[citation needed]

Services and connectionsEdit

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:

Hainault is half a mile (800 m) from Fairlop Station,[12] which can be seen from the platforms by looking down the line.[13] Central line trains take just 65 seconds on average to travel between the two stations.[13] However the minimum walking or driving distance between the two stations is considerably longer.[12]

London Bus routes 150, 247 and night route N8[14][15] serve the station.

GalleryEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. March 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  3. ^ a b Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. May 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
  4. ^ Connor 2007, p. IV.
  5. ^ Jarrier, Franklin. "Greater London Transport Tracks Map" (PDF) (Map). CartoMetro London Edition. 3.7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 November 2018.
  6. ^ "Railways to Epping and Ongar". Cravens Heritage Trains. 1 October 2011. Archived from the original on 25 November 2018. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  7. ^ a b c Railfanning London's Railways - Central line
  8. ^ On the branch line…from Woodford to Hainault
  9. ^ "Avoiding Stairs Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. December 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  10. ^ "Central line timetable: From Hainault Underground Station to Grange Hill Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  11. ^ "Central line timetable: From Hainault Underground Station to Fairlop Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  12. ^ a b http://www.bing.com/maps/#Y3A9NTEuNTE3Nzk5fi0wLjEwMjIwMCZsdmw9NiZzdHk9ciZlbz0wJnE9SGFpbmF1bHQlMkMlMjBMb25kb24lMkMlMjBVbml0ZWQlMjBLaW5nZG9t
  13. ^ a b Tube Facts - Stations that are less than 60 seconds apart
  14. ^ Hainault Underground Station - Bus
  15. ^ "Buses from Hainault Station and Fullwell Cross" (PDF). Transport for London. 24 August 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2015.

BooksEdit

External linksEdit