Ealing Broadway station
Ealing Broadway is a major single-level interchange station in Ealing in London, England. It is in the London Borough of Ealing, West London and is served by the London Underground and also National Rail on the Great Western Main Line. On the Underground, it is one of three western termini of the District line, the next station being Ealing Common, and it is also one of two western termini of the Central line, the next station being West Acton. On the National Rail network, it is a through-station on the Great Western Main Line, 5 miles 56 chains (9.2 km) down the line from London Paddington, between Acton Main Line and West Ealing.
|Local authority||London Borough of Ealing|
|Managed by||TfL Rail|
|Number of platforms||9|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||0.107 million|
|Original company||Great Western Railway|
|Pre-grouping||Great Western Railway|
|Post-grouping||Great Western Railway|
|London transport portal|
The station is managed by TfL Rail and is served by Great Western Railway and TfL Rail services. The station is currently being upgraded and expanded as part of the Crossrail project, with a rebuilt ticket hall and the provision of step free access.
The Great Western Railway (GWR) opened its pioneering broad gauge tracks through Ealing Broadway between Paddington and Taplow on 6 April 1838, although Ealing Broadway station did not open until 1 December of that year. As the only station in the area when it opened, it was initially named 'Ealing', but was renamed Ealing Broadway in 1875.
District Railway (DR, now the District Line) services commenced on 1 July 1879, when the DR opened a branch from Turnham Green on its Richmond line. The DR built its own three-platform station to the north of the GWR one. However, following the installation of a connection between the two railways to the east of the stations, DR trains also served the GWR station from 1 March 1883 to 30 September 1885, on a short-lived service running to Windsor and Eton Central station, which quickly became unprofitable. It was also intended to use the connection for a service to Uxbridge Vine Street station (via West Drayton), but this was never introduced.
Following electrification of the main District line route through Ealing Common to South Harrow in 1903, the section to Ealing Broadway was electrified in 1905, and the first electric trains ran to Ealing Broadway on 1 July 1905. The original brick-built DR station was replaced with a stone-faced building in 1910.
Prior to World War I, plans were made by the GWR to construct a new, mainly freight, line between Ealing and Shepherd's Bush, to connect west-to-south with the West London Railway. The Central London Railway (CLR, now the Central Line) would use the line by extending its tracks the short distance north from its terminus at Wood Lane (now closed), to meet the new GWR tracks. CLR services to two new platforms at Ealing Broadway, built between the GWR and DR stations, started on 3 August 1920, with, initially, just one intermediate stop at East Acton. The line also carried GWR steam freight trains until 1938, when the links at Ealing Broadway and west of North Acton were removed, and the line was fully transferred to London Underground.
Originally separate companies, by 1920 the DR and the CLR were both owned by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL). Despite this, the CLR services operated via the GWR station building, not the Underground one.
The GWR-built station was demolished in 1961 and replaced by a low concrete structure containing shops and a ticket hall, opened in 1965, with a high-rise office building above. The new station building serves all the lines, and the separate District Line station ticket hall was closed, although the building remains, and the original station facade is now the entrance for multiple shops.
In the early 1990s, the Crossrail project was proposed to serve Ealing Broadway. After many years of planning, the project was approved in 2007. An interim TfL Rail service between suburban stations and London Paddington began in 2018, and full Elizabeth Line services underneath Central London are currently due to begin in 2021.
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- On 16 November 1937, a steam railcar overran signals and crashed into the signal box.
- On 20 December 1973, an express passenger train was derailed when an unsecured inspection door on the locomotive hauling it struck point rodding, causing a set of points to move under the train. Ten people were killed, 94 were injured.
- On 19 July 2000, a Real IRA bomb was planted near tracks in the station. It was discovered and destroyed by police under a controlled explosion.
The station todayEdit
The combined station has nine platforms:
- four National Rail (platforms 1 to 4). Trains do not stop at platforms 1 and 2, except during engineering works or other disruption. Platforms 1 and 3 are on lines leaving London, while 2 and 4 are on lines into London. Most of the National Rail platforms are open to the elements, although there are some waiting rooms on each platform.
- two Central line (5 and 6), which have a shared awning canopy.
- three District Line (7 to 9). District Line platforms 8 and 9 are partially covered by a short canopy, and retain one original example and a number of replicas of early solid-disc Underground signs, used before Edward Johnston designed the familiar roundel in 1919.
All platforms are accessed through a gateline of ticket barriers.
2010s station upgradeEdit
As part of the Crossrail project, the station is being upgraded and expanded to meet increased passenger numbers, improve the interchange between various rail and local bus services and provide step free access.
Initially, only minor station improvements were planned as part of the Crossrail project, such as platform lengthening. However, after local and regional campaigning, the station will be upgraded and step free access provided. After further criticism by local people of poor design, the station entrance was redesigned with a large glass frontage and a long curved canopy to the street.
- A new double height ticket hall, twice as large as the previous ticket hall.
- Improved and enlarged public realm outside the station with new paving, seating and street trees.
- Step free access from street to platform via new lifts, making the station fully accessible.
- Refurbishment and upgrade of existing platforms, including new signage, waiting rooms and customer information screens.
- Platform extensions to accommodate the longer Class 345 trains used by Crossrail.
- New footbridge at the eastern end of the station linking platforms 1–4.
In the early 2010s, the West London Business group backed a Surbiton-to-Brent Cross light metro tube line, called the West London Orbital underground railway, based on Copenhagen Metro technology, which would include a station underground at Ealing Broadway. The London Borough of Ealing does not support the proposal, saying "no consensus to progress this project [due] to extremely high costs".
In 2008, the London Group of the Campaign for Better Transport published a plan for an off-road orbital North and West London Light railway (NWLLR), sharing the Dudding Hill Line freight corridor, and using the middle two of the six track beds at North Acton. In April 2009 Ealing Council voted to call on Transport for London to look into the proposal.
The station would have been served by the West London Tram, however this proposal was cancelled in 2007 as it was opposed by the councils of all three London Boroughs that would have been served by the line.
National Rail services are provided at the four Great Western Main Line platforms by Great Western Railway and TfL Rail. London Underground provide services to the three District line and the two Central line platforms.
The typical off-peak service frequency (trains per hour – tph) is:
- 6tph on the District line to Upminster via Earl's Court
- 9tph on the Central line of which:
- Central line trains also operate a Night Tube service on Friday and Saturday nights, with 1-2 tph to each of Hainault and Loughton (20-minute combined frequency)
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
Ealing Broadway Branch
Ealing Broadway Branch
|London Paddington||Great Western Railway
Great Western Main Line
|Southall or Hayes & Harlington|
|Acton Main Line
Paddington - Heathrow Terminal 4
|Acton Main Line
Paddington - Heathrow Terminal 4
|London Paddington||TfL Rail
Paddington - Reading
|Preceding station||Crossrail||Following station|
towards Heathrow Airport
towards Abbey Wood
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
towards Mansion House
- Station facilities for Ealing Broadway
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures (2007-2017)" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
- "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 21 August 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- "Ealing Broadway station". Crossrail. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- MacDermot, E T (1927). History of the Great Western Railway. 1 (1 ed.). London: Great Western Railway.
- Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley - page 54
- Connor, Piers (1993). "The District Looks West". Going Green: The Story of the District Line. Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. pp. 14, 16. ISBN 1-85414-157-0.
- Day, John R. (1963). "The Metropolitan District and the Inner Circle". The Story of London's Underground (1st ed.). Westminster: London Transport. pp. 24–25.
- Demuth, Tim (2004). "1881-1890". The Spread of London's Underground (2nd ed.). Harrow: Capital Transport. pp. 8–9. ISBN 1-85414-277-1.
- Rose, Douglas (December 2007) . The London Underground: A Diagrammatic History (8th ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-315-0.
- "Ealing Broadway District Line Station in 1903" on Flickr. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- Railway Magazine January 1961 p. 62
- "Stop 3: Ealing Broadway station". londonpostcodewalks.wordpress.com. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- Anonymous (15 February 2010). "Ealing Broadway". Mayor's Question Time. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- Clarke, Hedley (2007). Underground Bullseyes 1972-2000. Colchester: Connor & Butler. pp. 6, 7, 50. ISBN 978-0-947699-40-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Leboff, David (1994). London Underground Stations. Shepperton: Ian Allan. p. 42. ISBN 0-7110-2226-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- "Heathrow Express". Railway Technology. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Crossrail – from its early beginnings". Crossrail. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Crossrail Project Update". Crossrail. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- Trevena, Arthur (1980). Trains in Trouble. Vol. 1. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 41. ISBN 0-906899-01-X.
- Vaughan, Adrian (1989). Obstruction Danger. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens Limited. pp. 235–38. ISBN 1-85260-055-1.
- "BBC News | UK | Bomb scares hit capital".
- Anonymous (8 March 2010). "The Future of Ealing Public Transport (1)". Mayor's Question Time. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- Russell, Michael (7 October 2009). "Boris faces calls to improve Ealing Station". getwestlondon. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- Mann, Nick (26 November 2013). "Crossrail submits plans for major improvements to Ealing Broadway station". Crossrail. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Friends of Haven Green - Ealing Broadway Station". www.friendsofhavengreen.com. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- Mann, Nick (2 June 2014). "Improved Ealing Broadway station designs revealed". Crossrail. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Crossrail Surface Stations • Projects • Bennetts Associates". www.bennettsassociates.com. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Ealing Council download - Ealing Broadway station public realm improvements consultation | Council and local decisions | Consultations | Past consultations | Past consultations 2019". www.ealing.gov.uk. Ealing Council. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Ealing Broadway Station canopy delayed – Ealing Civic Society". ealingcivicsociety.org. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Ealing Stations Major Milestone Timeline July 2019" (PDF). Crossrail. July 2019.
- West London Orbital Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "West London Orbital 2008 Update" (PDF). February 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- "LIP Public Consultation Meetings". London Borough of Ealing. 7 June 2011. Archived from the original on 14 October 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- London Campaign for Better Transport North and West London light railway (NWLLR) / Brent Cross Railway (BCR) plan
- "Notes Of Council Meeting - 21st April 2009". Ealing Council. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Controversial tram plan derailed BBC News 3 August 2007
- GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Tables 117 & 118
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ealing Broadway station.|
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
- www.londonstation.com - Platforms 8 and 9 with early roundel signs visible