London Transport Board

The London Transport Board was the organisation responsible for public transport (except main-line trains) in London, England, and its environs from 1963 to 1969. In common with all London transport authorities from 1933 to 2000, the public name and operational brand of the organisation was London Transport.

London Transport Board
PredecessorLondon Transport Executive
SuccessorLondon Transport Executive (GLC)
Formation1 January 1963
Dissolved31 December 1969
TypePublic body
Legal statusDissolved
PurposeTransport authority
Headquarters55 Broadway, London
Region served
Greater London and within 30 miles (48 km) of Charing Cross
Chairman
Maurice Holmes
Main organ
London Transport
Parent organisation
Government of the United Kingdom

HistoryEdit

The London Transport Board (LTB) was established on 1 January 1963 pursuant to the Transport Act 1962 and replaced the London Transport Executive (LTE) upon the dissolution of the British Transport Commission. It was an independent statutory undertaking reporting directly to the Minister of Transport, whose responsibilities were similar to those of the LTE, but with the addition of some railway lines previously the responsibility of British Railways. The first Chairman was Alexander Valentine, who had been the Chairman of the LTE.[1][2]

The LTB was responsible for the London Underground and for bus and coach services within the London Passenger Transport Area, an area with a radius of about 30 miles from Charing Cross established when the London Passenger Transport Board was formed in 1933.

Services were generally maintained and not cut as elsewhere in the country, as train services were under the Beeching cuts. The board was responsible for the Bus Reshaping Plan in 1966, a comprehensive programme of changes to bus services.

By 1970 the roads in London had become so congested that the Greater London Development Plan included in its scope policy to reduce dependence on the car.[citation needed] On 1 January 1970 responsibility for public transport within Greater London passed to the Greater London Council (GLC) under the Transport (London) Act 1969, with the London Transport brand retained by the GLC.[3] Bus services outside the GLC area and Green Line Coaches were passed to a new company, London Country Bus Services, formed on 1 January 1970 as a subsidiary of the National Bus Company.[4][5][6]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Day & Reed 2008, p. 163.
  2. ^ Cooke 1964, p. 739.
  3. ^ News Railway Gazette International 2 January 1970 page 3
  4. ^ GLC and London Transport Buses issue 177 December 1969 page 515
  5. ^ Day & Reed 2008, p. 172.
  6. ^ Witton 1978, pp. 12,26.

ReferencesEdit

  • Cooke, B.W.C., ed. (September 1964). "The Why and the Wherefore: London Transport Board". The Railway Magazine. Westminster: Tothill Press. 110 (761).
  • Day, John R.; Reed, John (2008) [1963]. The Story of London's Underground (10th ed.). Harrow: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-316-7.
  • Witton, A.M. (February 1978). Telfer, R.L.; Witton, A.M. (eds.). Fleetbook 15: Buses of Greater London. Manchester: A.M. Witton. ISBN 0-86047-151-9.
Preceded by
London Transport Executive
London public transport authority
1963–1969
Succeeded by
London Transport Executive (GLC)