Upminster is an interchange station serving the town of Upminster in the London Borough of Havering, Greater London. It is on the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway (LTSR), 15 miles 20 chains (24.5 km) down the line from London Fenchurch Street; it is the eastern terminus of the District line on the London Underground; and it is the eastern terminus of the Romford to Upminster Line on the London Overground network. The station is managed by c2c, which operates the LTSR main line services.
The side entrance to Upminster station
|Local authority||London Borough of Havering|
|Number of platforms||7|
|Accessible||Yes (except platform 6) |
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||1.003 million|
|Original company||London, Tilbury and Southend Railway|
|Post-grouping||London, Midland and Scottish Railway|
|1902||District line started|
|1905||District line paused|
|1932||District line resumed|
|London transport portal|
The station was opened in 1885 by the LTSR; its original entrance and structure beside the main line platforms and car-park survive from that date. A larger entrance and ticket hall on Station Road was built by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway in 1932 and has since been extensively modernised and includes a number of retail units. Today the station is owned by Network Rail. Upminster is located within Travelcard Zone 6.
The London Tilbury and Southend Railway (LTSR) connected the City of London and its terminal station at Fenchurch Street with the port at Tilbury Dock in 1854, extending out to the seaside town of Southend in 1856. The route to Southend was not direct, taking a considerable diversion in order to serve the docks at Tilbury. Between 1885 and 1888 a new direct route from Barking to Pitsea was constructed, with the station at Upminster opening on 1 May 1885. The next station to the east was East Horndon (now called West Horndon) and to the west was Hornchurch.
Branches were opened by the LTSR to Grays in 1892 and Romford in 1893. The Whitechapel and Bow Railway opened in 1902 and allowed through-services of the Metropolitan District Railway to operate on the LTSR line to Upminster. The District Railway converted to electric trains in 1905 and services were lost at Upminster when they were curtailed at East Ham due to the tracks between that station and Upminster not yet having been electrified. The LTSR was purchased by Midland Railway in 1912 and was amalgamated into the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMSR) from 1 January 1923.
The District Railway electric service extended eastward as far as Barking in 1908. Delayed by World War I, an additional pair of electrified tracks were extended by the LMSR and services of the District resumed to Upminster in 1932. The District Railway was incorporated into London Transport in 1933, and became known as the District line. A new station at Upminster Bridge on the District line became the next station to the west in 1934. After nationalisation of the railways in 1948, management of Upminster station passed to British Railways.
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The station was greatly expanded in 1932 by the LMSR and the main station building, the two footbridges and the buildings on the remaining platforms were constructed in typical 1930s style. A further platform for services to Romford was a later addition. The primary station building, which gives access to the main Station Road, has been extensively redeveloped in contemporary style and includes three retail units. The original Victorian station structures remaining beside the main-line platform 1 have been refurbished and now include a secondary ticket office and waiting room with an exit to Station Approach and the car-park. The original platforms were linked by a subway which has since been abandoned.
The station is the location of a London Underground signal box at the eastern end of the platforms and, several hundred yards further east, the modern signal control centre for all main-line operations on the LTSR. Step-free access is available to all platforms with the exception of platform 6, for the Romford branch line.
Platform 1A is a bay platform only used during engineering works and on Sundays for services via Ockendon. Platform 1 is generally used by services to Fenchurch Street and Liverpool Street, platform 2 for Grays, Southend and Shoeburyness. Platforms 3, 4 and 5 are served by the District line, and platform 6 is utilised by services to Romford operated by London Overground.
The typical off-peak service of trains per hour (tph) is:
- c2c, main-line:
- London Overground, Romford to Upminster Line:
- 2tph to Romford.
- London Underground, District line:
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|Preceding station||London Overground||Following station|
|Romford to Upminster Line||Terminus|
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
- "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. March 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
- Our route - Upminster
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- "London, Tilbury and Southend Railway", Local Studies Information Sheets, Barking and Dagenham London Borough Council, 2008, archived from the original (PDF) on 11 February 2010, retrieved 12 January 2010
- Clive's Underground Line Guides - District line
- Douglas Rose (1999). The London Underground: A diagrammatic history (7 ed.). Douglas Rose. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
- Wolmar, Christian (2005). The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. p. 268. ISBN 1-84354-023-1.
- c2c - Train name unites c2c and Network Rail
- "District line timetable: From Upminster Underground Station to Upminster Bridge Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- "Buses from Upminster" (PDF). Transport for London. March 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2015.