Mendip is a local government district of Somerset in England. The district covers a largely rural area of 285 square miles (738 km2)[2] with a population of approximately 112,500,[2] ranging from the Wiltshire border in the east to part of the Somerset Levels in the west. The district takes its name from the Mendip Hills which lie in its northwest. The administrative centre of the district is Shepton Mallet but the largest town (three times larger than Shepton Mallet) is Frome.

Mendip

Mendip District
Official logo of Mendip
Shown within Somerset
Shown within Somerset
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth West England
Ceremonial countySomerset
Admin HQShepton Mallet
Created1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district
 • LeaderRos Wyke[1]
 • CouncilLiberal Democrats
 • MPs:James Heappey (Conservatives), David Warburton (Cons)
Area
 • Total285.50 sq mi (739.44 km2)
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total114,881 (Ranked 207th)
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Post Code
Area code(s)01749
Websitehttp://www.mendip.gov.uk/
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the municipal boroughs of Glastonbury and Wells, along with Frome, Shepton Mallet, Street urban districts, and Frome Rural District, Shepton Mallet Rural District, Wells Rural District, part of Axbridge Rural District and part of Clutton Rural District.

ToponymyEdit

Several explanations for the name Mendip have been suggested. Its earliest known form is Mendepe in 1185. One suggestion is that it is derived from the medieval term Myne-deepes.[3][4] However, A D Mills derives its meaning from Celtic monith, meaning mountain or hill, with an uncertain second element, perhaps Old English yppe in the sense of upland, or plateau.[5]

An alternative explanation is that the name is cognate with Mened (Welsh mynydd), a Brythonic term for upland moorland. The suffix may be a contraction of the Anglo-Saxon hop, meaning a valley. Possible further meanings have been identified. The first is 'the stone pit' from the Celtic meyn and dyppa in reference to the collapsed cave systems of Cheddar. The second is 'Mighty and Awesome' from the Old English moen and deop.[6]

GovernanceEdit

The district falls under the jurisdiction of Mendip District Council. As of the 2019 Local elections, the Council went to No Overall Control.

Party Seats Net Gain/Loss
Liberal Democrat 22 +11
Conservative 10 -22
Green 10 +7
Independent 5 +4

SettlementsEdit

The five main settlements in Mendip are:

Frome, Glastonbury and Shepton Mallet are the only towns in the district, as Wells has city status and Street has maintained its status as a village despite a population in excess of 11,000.[7]

Other villages and hamlets include:

ParishesEdit

Image Name Status Population[8] Former local authority Coordinates Refs
  Ashwick Civil parish 1,352 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°14′N 2°31′W / 51.23°N 2.52°W / 51.23; -2.52 (Ashwick) [9][10]
  Baltonsborough Civil parish 864 Wells Rural District 51°07′N 2°38′W / 51.11°N 2.64°W / 51.11; -2.64 (Baltonsborough) [11][12]
  Batcombe Civil parish 439 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°09′N 2°26′W / 51.15°N 2.44°W / 51.15; -2.44 (Batcombe, Somerset) [10][13]
  Beckington Civil parish 983 Frome Rural District 51°16′N 2°17′W / 51.26°N 2.28°W / 51.26; -2.28 (Beckington) [14][15]
  Berkley Civil parish 344 Frome Rural District 51°14′N 2°16′W / 51.24°N 2.27°W / 51.24; -2.27 (Berkley, Somerset) [15][16]
  Binegar Civil parish 313 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°14′N 2°33′W / 51.24°N 2.55°W / 51.24; -2.55 (Binegar) [10][17]
  Buckland Dinham Civil parish 381 Frome Rural District 51°16′N 2°21′W / 51.26°N 2.35°W / 51.26; -2.35 (Buckland Dinham) [15][18]
  Butleigh Civil parish 823 Wells Rural District 51°05′N 2°41′W / 51.09°N 2.68°W / 51.09; -2.68 (Butleigh) [12][19]
  Chewton Mendip Civil parish 585 Wells Rural District 51°17′N 2°35′W / 51.28°N 2.58°W / 51.28; -2.58 (Chewton Mendip) [12][20]
  Chilcompton Civil parish 2,062 Clutton Rural District 51°16′N 2°30′W / 51.27°N 2.50°W / 51.27; -2.50 (Chilcompton) [21][22]
  Coleford Civil parish 2,313 Frome Rural District 51°14′N 2°27′W / 51.24°N 2.45°W / 51.24; -2.45 (Coleford, Somerset) [15][23]
  Cranmore Civil parish 667 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°11′N 2°29′W / 51.19°N 2.48°W / 51.19; -2.48 (Cranmore, Somerset) [10][24]
  Croscombe Civil parish 603 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°12′N 2°35′W / 51.20°N 2.58°W / 51.20; -2.58 (Croscombe) [10][25]
  Ditcheat Civil parish 725 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°08′N 2°32′W / 51.13°N 2.54°W / 51.13; -2.54 (Ditcheat) [10][26]
  Doulting Civil parish 618 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°11′N 2°31′W / 51.19°N 2.51°W / 51.19; -2.51 (Doulting) [10][27]
  East Pennard Civil parish 348 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°08′N 2°37′W / 51.14°N 2.62°W / 51.14; -2.62 (East Pennard) [10][28]
  Emborough Civil parish 148 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°16′N 2°33′W / 51.26°N 2.55°W / 51.26; -2.55 (Emborough) [10][29]
  Evercreech Civil parish 2,334 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°08′N 2°31′W / 51.14°N 2.51°W / 51.14; -2.51 (Evercreech) [10][30]
  Frome Town 26,203 Frome Rural District
Frome Urban District
51°14′N 2°19′W / 51.23°N 2.32°W / 51.23; -2.32 (Frome) [15][31]
  Glastonbury Town 8,932 Glastonbury Municipal Borough 51°09′N 2°43′W / 51.15°N 2.71°W / 51.15; -2.71 (Glastonbury) [32][33]
  Godney Civil parish 237 Wells Rural District 51°11′N 2°44′W / 51.18°N 2.74°W / 51.18; -2.74 (Godney) [12][34]
  Great Elm Civil parish 171 Frome Rural District 51°14′N 2°22′W / 51.24°N 2.36°W / 51.24; -2.36 (Great Elm) [15][35]
  Hemington Civil parish 640 Frome Rural District 51°17′N 2°23′W / 51.28°N 2.39°W / 51.28; -2.39 (Hemington, Somerset) [15][36]
  Holcombe Civil parish 947 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°14′N 2°28′W / 51.24°N 2.46°W / 51.24; -2.46 (Holcombe, Somerset) [10][37]
  Kilmersdon Civil parish 541 Frome Rural District 51°16′N 2°26′W / 51.27°N 2.44°W / 51.27; -2.44 (Kilmersdon) [15][38]
  Lamyatt Civil parish 183 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°07′N 2°29′W / 51.12°N 2.49°W / 51.12; -2.49 (Lamyat) [10][39]
  Leigh-on-Mendip Civil parish 514 Frome Rural District 51°14′N 2°26′W / 51.23°N 2.44°W / 51.23; -2.44 (Leigh-on-Mendip) [15][40]
  Litton Civil parish 240 Clutton Rural District 51°17′N 2°35′W / 51.29°N 2.58°W / 51.29; -2.58 (Litton, Somerset) [22][41]
  Lullington Civil parish 162 Frome Rural District 51°16′N 2°19′W / 51.26°N 2.31°W / 51.26; -2.31 (Lullington, Somerset) [15][42]
  Lydford-on-Fosse Civil parish 511 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°04′N 2°37′W / 51.07°N 2.62°W / 51.07; -2.62 (Lydford-on-Fosse) [10][43]
  Meare Civil parish 1,304 Wells Rural District 51°10′N 2°46′W / 51.17°N 2.77°W / 51.17; -2.77 (Meare) [12][44]
  Mells Civil parish 638 Frome Rural District 51°14′N 2°23′W / 51.24°N 2.39°W / 51.24; -2.39 (Mells, Somerset) [15][45]
  North Wootton Civil parish 317 Wells Rural District 51°10′N 2°37′W / 51.17°N 2.62°W / 51.17; -2.62 (North Wootton, Somerset) [12][46]
  Norton St Philip Civil Parish 858 Frome Rural District 51°17′N 2°19′W / 51.29°N 2.32°W / 51.29; -2.32 (Norton St Philip) [15][47]
  Nunney Civil parish 844 Frome Rural District 51°13′N 2°23′W / 51.21°N 2.38°W / 51.21; -2.38 (Nunney) [15][48]
  Pilton Civil parish 998 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°10′N 2°35′W / 51.17°N 2.59°W / 51.17; -2.59 (Pilton, Somerset) [10][49]
  Priddy Civil parish 624 Wells Rural District 51°15′N 2°41′W / 51.25°N 2.68°W / 51.25; -2.68 (Priddy) [12][50]
  Pylle Civil parish 160 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°08′N 2°34′W / 51.14°N 2.56°W / 51.14; -2.56 (Pylle) [10][51]
  Rode Civil parish 1,025 Frome Rural District 51°17′N 2°12′W / 51.28°N 2.2°W / 51.28; -2.2 (Rode, Somerset) [15][52]
  Rodney Stoke Civil parish 1,326 Wells Rural District 51°15′N 2°44′W / 51.25°N 2.74°W / 51.25; -2.74 (Rodney Stoke) [12][53]
Selwood Civil parish 798 Frome Rural District 51°14′N 2°19′W / 51.24°N 2.31°W / 51.24; -2.31 (Selwood, Somerset) [15][54]
  Sharpham Civil parish 130 Wells Rural District 51°08′N 2°46′W / 51.14°N 2.77°W / 51.14; -2.77 (Sharpham) [12][55]
  Shepton Mallet Town 10,369 Shepton Mallet Urban District 51°11′N 2°33′W / 51.19°N 2.55°W / 51.19; -2.55 (Shepton Mallet) [56][57]
  St Cuthbert Out Civil parish 3,749 Wells Rural District 51°11′N 2°41′W / 51.18°N 2.69°W / 51.18; -2.69 (St Cuthbert Out) [12][58]
  Stoke St Michael Civil parish 926 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°13′N 2°29′W / 51.22°N 2.48°W / 51.22; -2.48 (Stoke St Michael) [10][59]
  Ston Easton Civil parish 550 Clutton Rural District 51°17′N 2°32′W / 51.28°N 2.54°W / 51.28; -2.54 (Ston Easton) [22][60]
  Stratton on the Fosse Civil parish 1,108 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°15′N 2°29′W / 51.25°N 2.49°W / 51.25; -2.49 (Stratton-on-the-Fosse) [10][61]
  Street Civil parish 11,805 Street Urban District 51°07′N 2°44′W / 51.12°N 2.74°W / 51.12; -2.74 (Street, Somerset) [62][63]
  Tellisford Civil parish 182 Frome Rural District 51°17′N 2°17′W / 51.29°N 2.28°W / 51.29; -2.28 (Tellisford) [15][64]
  Trudoxhill Civil parish 423 Frome Rural District 51°11′N 2°22′W / 51.19°N 2.37°W / 51.19; -2.37 (Trudoxhill) [15][65]
  Upton Noble Civil parish 128 Frome Rural District 51°09′N 2°25′W / 51.15°N 2.41°W / 51.15; -2.41 (Upton Noble) [15][66]
  Walton Civil parish 1,106 Wells Rural District 51°08′N 2°46′W / 51.14°N 2.77°W / 51.14; -2.77 (Walton, Somerset) [12][67]
  Wanstrow Civil parish 489 Frome Rural District 51°10′N 2°25′W / 51.17°N 2.41°W / 51.17; -2.41 (Wanstrow) [15][68]
  Wells City 10,536 Wells Municipal Borough 51°13′N 2°39′W / 51.21°N 2.65°W / 51.21; -2.65 (Wells) [12][69]
  West Bradley Civil parish 277 Shepton Mallet Rural District 51°08′N 2°38′W / 51.13°N 2.64°W / 51.13; -2.64 (West Bradley) [10][70]
  West Pennard Civil parish 670 Wells Rural District 51°08′N 2°39′W / 51.14°N 2.65°W / 51.14; -2.65 (West Pennard) [12][71]
  Westbury Civil parish 801 Wells Rural District 51°14′N 2°43′W / 51.24°N 2.71°W / 51.24; -2.71 (Westbury-sub-Mendip) [12][72]
  Whatley Civil parish 245 Frome Rural District 51°14′N 2°23′W / 51.23°N 2.38°W / 51.23; -2.38 (Whatley, Mendip) [15][73]
  Witham Friary Civil parish 399 Frome Rural District 51°10′N 2°22′W / 51.17°N 2.37°W / 51.17; -2.37 (Witham Friary) [15][74]
  Wookey Civil parish 1,311 Wells Rural District 51°13′N 2°41′W / 51.21°N 2.69°W / 51.21; -2.69 (Wookey) [12][75]

TransportEdit

Major roadsEdit

  • A37 from Bristol to Yeovil
  • A361 from the M5 to Frome
  • A371 from Weston-super-Mare to Wincanton
  • A39 from Bath to Bridgwater

RailwaysEdit

Railway stationsEdit

East Somerset RailwayEdit

Railway stationsEdit

served by the East Somerset Railway.

EducationEdit

County schools (those which are not independent) in the five non-metropolitan districts of the county are operated by Somerset County Council.

For a full list of schools see: List of schools in Somerset

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mumby, Daniel (21 May 2019). "What the first Lib Dem leader in Mendip for 16 years says she will do". SomersetLive. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Somerset Intelligence Network" (PDF). Mendip District Council. Retrieved 19 May 2009.
  3. ^ "Mendip Hills Natural Area profile" (PDF). English Nature. January 1998. Retrieved 16 July 2006.
  4. ^ "Autumn newsletter 2007" (PDF). Mendip Hills AONB. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 November 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  5. ^ Dictionary of English Place Names
  6. ^ Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset Place Names. Wimbourne: The Dovecote Press Ltd. ISBN 1-874336-03-2.
  7. ^ "Street Parish Council". Street Parish Council. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
  8. ^ Somerset County Council. Mendip Parish Population Statistics [archived 21 November 2009; Retrieved 3 July 2008].
  9. ^ "Ashwick Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Shepton Mallet RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  11. ^ "Baltonsborough Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Wells RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  13. ^ "Batcombe Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  14. ^ "Beckington Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Frome RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  16. ^ "Berkley Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  17. ^ "Binegar Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  18. ^ "Buckland Dinham Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  19. ^ "Butleigh Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  20. ^ "Chewton Mendip Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  21. ^ "Chilcompton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  22. ^ a b c "Clutton RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  23. ^ "Coleford Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  24. ^ "Cranmore Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  25. ^ "Croscombe Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  26. ^ "Ditcheat Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  27. ^ "Doulting Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  28. ^ "East Pennard Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  29. ^ "Emborough Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  30. ^ "Evercreech Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  31. ^ "Frome Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  32. ^ "Glastonbury Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  33. ^ "Glastonbury MB". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  34. ^ "Godney Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  35. ^ "Great Elm Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  36. ^ "Hemington Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  37. ^ "Holcombe Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  38. ^ "Kilmersdon Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  39. ^ "Lamyat Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  40. ^ "Leigh-on-Mendip Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  41. ^ "Litton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  42. ^ "Lullington Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  43. ^ "Lydford-on-Fosse Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  44. ^ "Meare Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  45. ^ "Mells Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  46. ^ "North Wootton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  47. ^ "Norton St Philip Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  48. ^ "Nunney Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  49. ^ "Pilton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  50. ^ "Priddy Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  51. ^ "Pylle Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  52. ^ "Rode Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  53. ^ "Rodney Stoke Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  54. ^ "Selwood Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  55. ^ "Sharpham Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  56. ^ "Shepton Mallet Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  57. ^ "Shepton Mallet UD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  58. ^ "St Cuthbert Out Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  59. ^ "Stoke St Michael Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  60. ^ "Ston Easton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  61. ^ "Stratton on the Fosse Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  62. ^ "Street Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  63. ^ "Street UD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  64. ^ "Tellisford Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  65. ^ "Trudoxhill Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  66. ^ "Upton Noble Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  67. ^ "Walton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  68. ^ "Wanstrow Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  69. ^ "Wells Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  70. ^ "West Bradley Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  71. ^ "West Pennard Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  72. ^ "Westbury Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  73. ^ "Whatley Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  74. ^ "Witham Friary Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  75. ^ "Wookey Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.

External linksEdit