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William Pitt the Younger led the government of the Kingdom of Great Britain from 1783 to 1801.

First Pitt ministry
1783–1801
Pitt the Younger.jpg
Date formed19 December 1783 (1783-12-19)
Date dissolved14 March 1801 (1801-03-14)
People and organisations
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterWilliam Pitt the Younger
Total no. of ministers38 appointments
Member parties
Status in legislature
Opposition party
Opposition leaders
History
Election(s)
Outgoing election1801 co-option
Legislature term(s)
PredecessorFox–North coalition
SuccessorAddington ministry

In 1800, the Acts of Union between Great Britain and Ireland were accepted by their respective parliaments, creating the new United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (UK), which would be governed by the former Parliament of Great Britain (now the UK Parliament). Pitt governed this new state for the first month of its existence, until differences with King George III over Catholic emancipation caused him to resign.

CabinetEdit

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
 William Pitt the Younger*19 December 1783 (1783-12-19)14 March 1801 (1801-03-14)Tory
Lord Chancellor The Lord Thurlow23 December 1783 (1783-12-23)June 1792 (1792-06)Tory
 The Lord Loughborough28 January 1793 (1793-01-28)14 April 1801 (1801-04-14)Independent
Lord President of the Council The Earl Gower19 December 1783 (1783-12-19)1 December 1784 (1784-12-01)Tory
 The Earl Camden1 December 1784 (1784-12-01)18 April 1794 (1794-04-18)Tory
 The Earl Fitzwilliam1 July 1794 (1794-07-01)17 December 1794 (1794-12-17)Whig
 The Earl of Mansfield17 December 1794 (1794-12-17)1 September 1796 (1796-09-01)Tory
 The Earl of Chatham21 September 1796 (1796-09-21)30 July 1801 (1801-07-30)Independent
Lord Privy Seal The Duke of Rutland23 December 1783 (1783-12-23)27 November 1784 (1784-11-27)Independent
 The Earl Gower27 November 1784 (1784-11-27)1794 (1794)Tory
 The Earl Spencer1794 (1794)16 July 1794 (1794-07-16)Whig
 The Earl of Chatham16 July 1794 (1794-07-16)14 February 1798 (1798-02-14)Independent
 The Earl of Westmorland14 February 1798 (1798-02-14)5 February 1806 (1806-02-05)Tory
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs The Earl Temple19 December 1783 (1783-12-19)23 December 1783 (1783-12-23)Tory
 The Duke of Leeds23 December 1783 (1783-12-23)May 1791 (1791-05)Tory
 The Lord Grenville8 June 1791 (1791-06-08)20 February 1801 (1801-02-20)Tory
 Lord Hawkesbury20 February 1801 (1801-02-20)14 May 1804 (1804-05-14)Tory
Secretary of State for War Henry Dundas11 July 1794 (1794-07-11)17 March 1801 (1801-03-17)Tory
Secretary at War William Windham1794 (1794)1801 (1801)Whig
Secretary of State for the Home Department The Earl Temple19 December 1783 (1783-12-19)23 December 1783 (1783-12-23)Tory
 The Lord Sydney23 December 1783 (1783-12-23)5 June 1789 (1789-06-05)Whig
 The Lord Grenville5 June 1789 (1789-06-05)8 June 1791 (1791-06-08)Tory
 Henry Dundas8 June 1791 (1791-06-08)11 July 1794 (1794-07-11)Tory
 The Duke of Portland11 July 1794 (1794-07-11)30 July 1801 (1801-07-30)Tory
First Lord of the Admiralty The Viscount Howe1783 (1783)1788 (1788)Independent
 The Earl of Chatham1788 (1788)1794 (1794)Independent
 The Earl Spencer1794 (1794)1801 (1801)Whig
 The Earl of St Vincent1801 (1801)1804 (1804)Whig
Master-General of the Ordnance The Duke of Richmond1784 (1784)1795 (1795)Tory
 The Marquess Cornwallis1795 (1795)1801 (1801)Independent
President of the Board of Trade The Earl of Liverpool23 August 1786 (1786-08-23)7 June 1804 (1804-06-07)Tory
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Earl of Northington3 May 1783 (1783-05-03)12 February 1784 (1784-02-12)Independent
 The Duke of Rutland12 February 1784 (1784-02-12)27 October 1787 (1787-10-27)Independent
 The Marquess of Buckingham27 October 1787 (1787-10-27)24 October 1789 (1789-10-24)Tory
 The Earl of Westmorland24 October 1789 (1789-10-24)13 December 1794 (1794-12-13)Tory
 The Earl Fitzwilliam13 December 1794 (1794-12-13)13 March 1795 (1795-03-13)Whig
 The Earl Camden13 March 1795 (1795-03-13)14 June 1798 (1798-06-14)Tory
 The Marquess Cornwallis14 June 1798 (1798-06-14)27 April 1801 (1801-04-27)Independent

ChangesEdit

  • March 1784 – The Duke of Rutland becomes Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, remaining also Lord Privy Seal.
  • December 1784 – Lord Gower (Lord Stafford from 1786) succeeds Rutland as Lord Privy Seal (Rutland remains Viceroy of Ireland). Lord Camden succeeds Gower as Lord President.
  • November 1787 – Lord Buckingham succeeds Rutland as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • July 1788 – Lord Chatham, Pitt's elder brother, succeeds Lord Howe as First Lord of the Admiralty.
  • June 1789 – William Grenville (Lord Grenville from 1790) succeeds Lord Sydney as Home Secretary.
  • October 1789 – Lord Westmorland succeeds Buckingham as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • June 1791 –
  • June 1792 – Lord Thurlow resigns as Lord Chancellor. The Great Seal goes into commission.
  • January 1793 – Lord Loughborough becomes Lord Chancellor.
  • July 1794 –
  • December 1794 –
    • Chatham succeeds Spencer as Lord Privy Seal.
    • Spencer succeeds Chatham as First Lord of the Admiralty.
    • Fitzwilliam succeeds Westmorland as Viceroy of Ireland.
    • Lord Mansfield succeeds Fitzwilliam as Lord President.
  • February 1795 – Lord Cornwallis succeeds the Duke of Richmond as Master-General of the Ordnance.
  • March 1795 – Camden succeeds Fitzwilliam as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • September 1796 – Chatham succeeds Mansfield as Lord President. Chatham remains Lord Privy Seal.
  • February 1798 – Westmorland succeeds Chatham as Lord Privy Seal. Chatham remains Lord President.
  • June 1798 – Cornwallis succeeds Camden as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, remaining also Master-General of the Ordnance.
  • February 1801 – Grenville, Spencer, and Windham resign from the Cabinet. The first two are succeeded by Lord Hawkesbury and Lord St Vincent, while Windham's successor is not in the Cabinet.

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Cook, Chris; Stevenson, John (1980). British Historical Facts: 1760–1830. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 978-0-333-21512-8.
  • Porritt, Edward (1909). "The Evolution of the Non-partisan Speaker". The Unreformed House of Commons. CUP Archive. p. 461.
  • Wakeman, Henry Offley (1909). Charles James Fox (3rd ed.). London: Gibbings. OL 7116684M.
Preceded by
Fox–North coalition
Government of Great Britain
1783–1801
Acts of Union
First
Government of the United Kingdom
1801
Succeeded by
Addington ministry