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Renfrewshire (UK Parliament constituency)

Renfrewshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 until 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885.

Renfrewshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of ScotlandRenfrewshire
17081885
Number of membersOne
Replaced byRenfrewshire Eastern
Renfrewshire Western

Contents

CreationEdit

The British parliamentary constituency was created in 1708 following the Acts of Union, 1707 and replaced the former Parliament of Scotland shire constituency of Renfrewshire.

BoundariesEdit

The constituency covered the county of Renfrewshire, minus the parliamentary burgh of Renfrew throughout the 1708 to 1885 period, and minus the parliamentary burgh of Port Glasgow and the Paisley and Greenock constituencies from 1832 to 1885.

The burgh of Renfrew was a component of Glasgow Burghs until 1832, when it became a component of Kilmarnock Burghs. Port Glasgow became a parliamentary burgh in 1832, and another component of Kilmarnock Burghs.

HistoryEdit

The constituency elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system until the seat was abolished in 1885.[1][2][3][4][5]

In 1885 the Renfrewshire constituency area was divided into two new constituencies: Renfrewshire Eastern and Renfrewshire Western.


Members of ParliamentEdit

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Patrick Maxwell Stewart 959 50.4
Conservative William Mure 945 49.6
Majority 14 0.7 N/A
Turnout 1,904 83.2
Registered electors 2,289
Whig gain from Conservative Swing

Stewart's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 9 December 1846: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Mure Unopposed
Conservative gain from Whig
General election 1847: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Mure Unopposed
Registered electors 2,306
Conservative gain from Whig

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Mure Unopposed
Registered electors 2,450
Conservative hold

Mure resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.

By-election, 14 May 1855: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Shaw-Stewart Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1857: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Shaw-Stewart Unopposed
Registered electors 2,649
Conservative hold
General election 1859: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Shaw-Stewart Unopposed
Registered electors 2,877
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1865: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Archibald Alexander Speirs 938 52.9 N/A
Conservative Michael Shaw-Stewart 836 47.1 N/A
Majority 102 5.7 N/A
Turnout 1,774 77.9 N/A
Registered electors 2,276
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General election 1868: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Archibald Alexander Speirs Unopposed
Registered electors 3,571
Liberal hold

Speirs' death caused a by-election.

By-election, 25 January 1869: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Bruce Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870sEdit

Bruce was elevated to the peerage, becoming Lord Aberdare and causing a by-election.

By-election, 13 Sep 1873: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Archibald Campbell 1,855 52.5 N/A
Liberal William Mure 1,677 47.5 N/A
Majority 178 5.0 N/A
Turnout 3,532 80.5 N/A
Registered electors 4,385
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
General election 1874: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Mure 1,991 51.1 N/A
Conservative Archibald Campbell 1,903 48.9 N/A
Majority 88 2.3 N/A
Turnout 3,894 85.2 N/A
Registered electors 4,572
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Mure 2,815 54.6 +3.5
Conservative Archibald Campbell 2,341 45.4 −3.5
Majority 474 9.2 +6.9
Turnout 5,156 85.4 +0.2
Registered electors 6,038
Liberal hold Swing +3.5

Mure's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 30 Nov 1880: Renfrewshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Crum Unopposed
Liberal hold

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Renfrewshire". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Renfrewshire". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Renfrewshire". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Renfrewshire". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Renfrewshire". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Stooks Smith, Henry (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections: Containing the Uncontested Elections Since 1830. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 209–210. Retrieved 18 August 2019 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "Election Proceedings". Fife Herald. 15 July 1841. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 18 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 600–601. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.