Hastings and Rye (UK Parliament constituency)
|Hastings and Rye|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Hastings and Rye in East Sussex
Location of East Sussex within England
|Electorate||76,422 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Amber Rudd (Independent Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Hastings, Rye|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Hastings and Rye is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Amber Rudd, an independent, formerly Conservative.[n 2] Rudd served as Work and Pensions Secretary in Theresa May's and Boris Johnson's Cabinet from 2018 until 2019, and as Home Secretary under May from 2016 to 2018. Rudd resigned from the cabinet and gave up the Conservative whip on 7 September 2019 in protest against the expulsion of "moderate Conservatives" from the party and over the Brexit policies of Johnson.
Since 2001 (inclusive) election campaigns have resulted in a minimum of 35.1% of votes at each election consistently for the same two parties' choice for candidate, and the next-placed party's having fluctuated between 3.3% and 15.7% of the vote — such third-placed figures attained higher percentages in 1992 and 1997.
The result in 2017 was the 24th-closest nationally (of 650 seats), whereby 174 voters would have been capable of changing the outcome by their choice of candidate, the margin of votes being 346.
1983–2010: The Borough of Hastings, and the District of Rother wards of Camber, Fairlight, Guestling and Pett, Rye, and Winchelsea.
2010–present: The Borough of Hastings, and the District of Rother wards of Brede Valley, Eastern Rother, Marsham, and Rye.
As its name suggests, the main settlements in the constituency are the seaside resort of Hastings and smaller nearby tourist town of Rye. The constituency also includes the Cinque Port of Winchelsea and the villages of Fairlight, Winchelsea Beach, Three Oaks, Guestling, Icklesham, Playden, Iden, Rye Harbour, East Guldeford, Camber, and Pett.
The constituency is set in a relatively isolated part of the southeast from the railways perspective and so does not enjoy some of the more general affluence of this part of the country. In the 2000 index of multiple deprivation a majority of wards fell within the bottom half of rankings so it can arguably be considered a deprived area. Hastings has some light industry, while Rye has a small port, which includes hire and repair activities for leisure vessels and fishing. Hastings is mostly Labour-voting, whereas Rye and the rest of the areas from Rother council are Conservative.
The constituency was created in 1983 by combining most of Hastings with a small part of Rye. The Conservative MP for Hastings since 1970, Kenneth Warren, won the new seat.[n 3]. Warren held Hastings and Rye until he chose to retire in 1992; during this period its large majorities suggested it was a Conservative safe seat, with the Liberal Party (now the Liberal Democrats) regularly coming second. Jacqui Lait won the seat on Warren's retirement, but in 1997 the Labour candidate Michael Foster narrowly defeated Lait, becoming the second-least expected (on swing) Labour MP in the landslide of that year and since 2001 setting a pattern that suggests the seat is a two-way Labour-Conservative marginal. Foster held the seat, again with slim majorities over Conservatives, in 2001 and 2005, but lost it to Conservative Amber Rudd in 2010. Rudd was re-elected with an increased majority in 2015.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|2010||Amber Rudd||Conservative||Home Secretary (2016-2018)|
Minister for Women and Equalities (2018, 2019)
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (2018-19)
|2019||Independent||Resigned the Conservative Party whip|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Brexit Party||Tom Bewick||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Nick Perry|
|Liberal Democrat||Nick Perry||1,885||3.4||0.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Nick Perry||1,614||3.2||−12.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Nick Perry||7,825||15.7||+0.6|
|English Democrat||Rod Bridger||339||0.7||+0.7|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+3.3|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Stevens||6,479||15.1||+4.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Viscount Clarkey of Rochdale Canal Ord-Clarke||207||0.5||0.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Graem Peters||4,266||10.3||−17.6|
|Monster Raving Loony||John Ord-Clarke||198||0.5||+0.2|
|Rock 'n' Roll Loony||Brett McLean||140||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Monroe Palmer||13,717||28.0||−7.3|
|Referendum||Christopher J.M. McGovern||2,511||5.1||N/A|
|Liberal||Jane M.E. Amstad||1,046||2.1||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Derek Tiverton||149||0.3||0.0|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+18.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Monroe Palmer||18,939||35.2||−0.8|
|Labour||Richard D. Stevens||8,458||15.7||+2.6|
|Monster Raving Loony||Lord of Howell Derek Tiverton||168||0.3||−0.1|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Monster Raving Loony||Lord of Howell Derek Tiverton||242||0.4||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- The Conservative MP for the abolished seat of Rye (since 1955) Bryant Godman Irvine retired
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Shipman, Tim [@ShippersUnbound] (September 7, 2019). "BREAKING: Amber Rudd has resigned the Conservative whip and plans to run as an independent Conservative at the general election. See the Sunday Times" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- "Amber Rudd quits government over Johnson's Brexit stance". BBC News. 7 September 2019. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
- Library, House of Commons (June 23, 2017). "GE2017: Marginal seats and turnout".
- "Local statistics". Office for National Statistics.
- Khan, Shebab (2 July 2017). "Election 2017: Labour say they have 'every chance of winning' Home Secretary Amber Rudd's seat". The Independent.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)
- Rudd, Amber [@amberruddhr] (7 September 2019). "I have resigned from Cabinet and surrendered the Conservative Whip. I cannot stand by as good, loyal moderate Conservatives are expelled. I have spoken to the PM and my Association Chairman to explain. I remain committed to the One Nation values that drew me into politics" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Pickard, Jim [@pickardje] (8 September 2019). "I can reveal that Amber Rudd is going to stand as an independent at the next election - but not in Hastings & Rye" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Powling, Joshua (5 August 2019). "Brexit Party chooses Hastings and Rye election candidate". Hastings & St. Leonards Observer. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
- "Find your local Labour MP or candidate". vote.labour.org.uk.
- Wynn-Davies, Stephen (4 September 2019). "Opposition parties challenge Hastings MP Amber Rudd on Brexit stance". Hastings & St. Leonards Observer. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- "Ready for the challenge – Perry will be Lib Dem candidate when election comes". August 27, 2019.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "08 May 2015 Parliamentary Election – Results". council web site. Hastings Borough Council. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Official announcements from Hastings council". Archived from the original on 2011-06-10.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.